Medication for osteochondrosis
If we rephrase a well-known proverb, then we can say with certainty that for the treatment of osteochondrosis, all means are good. In the presence of this pathology, medical gymnastics, massage, acupuncture, physiotherapeutic procedures and even treatment with folk remedies are successfully used. But, despite the effectiveness of these methods, the fundamental is the medical treatment of osteochondrosis. Simply put, in the fight against osteochondrosis without drugs, not to do.
Types of treatment and types of medicines
The medicines used in osteochondrosis are intended to have an effect on all stages of the onset and development of the disease:
- To warn the causes that contribute to the development of the disease - etiological treatment
- To suppress the pathological processes and complications that occur in the body with osteochondrosis - pathogenetictreatment
- Eliminate negative external signs and unpleasant sensation in osteochondrosis - symptomatic treatment
LecaGUSTs will be effective in the event that will provide all of the above types of treatment of osteochondrosis. Unfortunately, monotherapy for osteochondrosis, as with many other diseases, is impossible. In other words, physicians and pharmacists have not yet invented a drug that would provide all the effects necessary to improve the condition in osteochondrosis. Therefore, treatment with medications for this disease is complex, using the following groups of drugs in different combinations:
- General and topical pain killers
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
- Sedatives and tranquilizers
- Drugs that enhance blood circulation at the capillary level
- Specific agents that enhance metabolic processesin cartilaginous tissue
- Immunomodulators - drugs that stimulate immunity and strengthen the immune system
Pain in osteochondrosis is noted in most cases. Because of pain, the patient most often consults a doctor. Although the very process of ossification of the intervertebral discs is painless, sooner or later the intervertebral disks move, resulting in infringement and reactive inflammation of the roots of the spinal nerves. And this is already accompanied by a palpable pain.
Anesthetics for osteochondrosis are used in various dosage forms( tablets, ointments, patches) by ingestion, injection and external treatments. You can use the good old analgin with diphenhydramine, and with severe pain - drugs are stronger( renalgans, dexalgin, ketones).Diphenhydramine interferes with the release of histamine, responsible for the intensification of pain. In addition to these drugs, local anesthesia can be administered with novocain in the form of paravertebral blockades.
Although these drugs effectively eliminate pain, they do not affect pathological processes in osteochondrosis. Anesthesia by relieving inflammation is achieved using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) and steroid hormones. The first group includes butadione, indomethacin, diclofenac. These medications for osteochondrosis are applied in the form of intramuscular injections and externally by rubbing ointments and applying therapeutic patches. Steroid hormones( hydrocortisone, prednisolone) are also used externally in the form of ointment preparations.
Improvement of blood supply and strengthening of immunityEufillin
Normalization of metabolic processes in the cartilaginous tissue is achieved in two ways: restoration of the affected cartilage tissue and improvement of blood supply( microcirculation).Microcirculation is improved by the introduction of appropriate drugs - euphyllin, pentoxifylline, trental. These drugs are administered intravenously drip on physiological saline.
Restoration( regeneration) of cartilage is carried out by the introduction of specific drugs( chondroprotectors) - rumalon, chondroxide, chondroitin sulfate. These drugs are taken orally in tablets or injectively. To achieve the desired effect, there should be a course treatment for a long time.
Insolvent immunity, weak protective forces of the body - the most probable cause of osteochondrosis. To stimulate immunity apply immunomodulators - t-activin, thymalin, tsikloferon. These funds along with immunity increase the resistance of cartilaginous tissue to the influence of unfavorable factors. Exchange processes in tissues are enhanced after using anabolic drugs - riboxin, methyluracil, potassium orotate.
Application of vitamins and nootropics
Vitamins also contribute to strengthening metabolic processes and strengthening immunity. Especially effective is ascorbic acid( vitamin C), the effect of which on the human body is difficult to overestimate. Apply and other vitamins - A, K, R, group B. They are used both in isolation and in the composition of vitamin complexes.
With some forms of cervical osteochondrosis, the brain may suffer, in turn, it leads to sleep disturbance and mental disorders. To optimize brain processes, the so-called nootropics - pyracetam, mexidol, neuromidine, thiocetam - are used.
Calming effect is the reception of sedative drugs( preparations of motherwort, valerian) and tranquilizers( sibazone, diazepam, Relanium).These drugs with osteochondrosis normalize sleep, eliminate feelings of depression, irritability. In addition, they enhance the effect of painkillers.
With all the variety of drugs used, the standard treatment regimen for osteochondrosis does not exist. In each case, drug therapy is focused on the individual characteristics of the patient's body, the prescription of the disease, the presence of complications, the localization of the pathological process and many other factors.Also you can read: Treatment of osteochondrosis of the thoracic part
As an example, one can cite the peculiarities of the treatment for osteochondrosis of different parts of the spine. With medical treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis, anesthesia comes to the fore, as the sciatic nerve is often involved in the pathological process, the pain syndrome is most pronounced here. A drug treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, along with analgesics, steroids and NSAIDs involves the use of nootropics and funds that improve cerebral blood flow.
All drugs used to treat osteochondrosis should only be used for the intended purpose and under the further supervision of the doctor. The information given in this article is not a guide to self-treatment. After all, many medicines have significant contraindications and side effects. The same analgesics and NSAIDs are contraindicated in diseases of the stomach and intestines, in some cases they can trigger an attack of bronchial asthma. And tranquilizers are on special account and are released only on prescription. Therefore, before taking medication for osteochondrosis, a qualified specialist is needed.
How to cure osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
What unites the accountant, the programmer and the driver? Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine! All these people and many others have serious risk factors for the development of this pathology. The prolonged static load due to the presence of the head in one posture, as well as its inconvenient position lead to degenerative-dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs and the development of osteochondrosis with its consequences.
Cervical osteochondrosis significantly reduces the quality of human life. Given that the neck is a very important part of the body( there are vital organs, vessels and nerves), then the symptoms of osteochondrosis are hard transferred by patients.
Many people, suffering from osteochondrosis of the neck, complain of a headache, dizziness, limitation of mobility of the cervical spine, pain in the muscles of the shoulder girdle and in the neck, numbness of the hands and other various pathological manifestations.
In osteochondrosis of the cervical region not only vertebrae suffer, but also vessels with nerve fibers
Initial signs of osteochondrosis of the neck appear already in twenty years. And the earlier the disease is diagnosed and the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is started, the better the prognosis for a person. We must immediately note that it is impossible to cure this pathology, but it is possible to slow down or stop for a long time the progression, to prevent complications, for example, the development of a herniated disc.
Currently, there are a large number of methods of traditional and alternative treatment, which allows each person to choose for themselves an effective therapeutic complex.
Treatment of acute stage
Osteochondrosis of the spine is a chronic illness that occurs with alternating remissions and exacerbations. The latter can be provoked by anything, for example, prolonged overload, one awkward and abrupt movement, a general infection of the body, overheating or overcooling. In such cases, each person has an acute pain syndrome, which is a priority task of therapy. The exacerbation of osteochondrosis with medicines is treated, and the treatment regimens include tablets, injections, ointments and other preparations for topical application. Use medicines from the following groups.
Analgesics and NSAIDs
These are the drugs of choice to eliminate acute pain. As a rule, non-narcotic analgesics( dexalgin, analgin, baralgin) are used. They quickly eliminate pain, are administered intramuscularly 1-2 times a day or more( as needed).But it is important to remember that they can not treat the disease itself, but only eliminate the pain. Increase the effectiveness of analgesics can be by their intravenous drip in the composition of lytic mixtures.
If the pain is very intense and non-narcotic analgesics do not help, drugs( tramadol, nalbuphine) can be given a short course( 1-3 injections).
Ketorol is an effective remedy for rapid pain relief in the neck
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs not only cope with pain, they have a good anti-inflammatory effect. Therefore, they are the drugs of choice for eliminating the symptoms of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis. The most commonly prescribed:
Almost all of these drugs exist in tablet forms and in injectable solutions, which allows for more complex treatment of the problem.
It's important to remember! Although NSAIDs belong to the group of OTC medicines, their chaotic use and abuse threaten with serious side effects. Therefore, this therapy should appoint only a doctor.
Muscle relaxants almost always complement the effective treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. At an exacerbation, and during remission, there is a pathological muscular spasm of the neck. It strengthens the pain, in addition, it helps to squeeze the anatomical structures of this part of the body( vessels, nerves), which aggravates the situation even more. Therefore, the elimination of the tension of the neck muscles is pathogenetically expedient. But it is important to remember that, as an independent application, muscle relaxants will not benefit.
Popular medications are Medocals, Tizalud, Sirdalud. As a rule, they are appointed as intramuscular injections for the period of exacerbation, after which they are applied up to 1-2 months in the form of tablets.
Anesthetics and glucocorticoid hormones
Drugs from these groups are used mainly for blockade of the cervical spine. Their introduction into the near-vertebral soft tissue turns off the transmission of the pain signal, which allows you to quickly get rid of the pain, but not for long. The action of the blockade depends on the drugs that are used. The most effective blockades are those containing anesthetics( lidocaine, novocaine) and long-acting glucocorticoids( Diprospan, Kenalog).
Blockade of the spine is performed only by a specialist in strict aseptic conditions.
. Ambien is an excellent preparation that effectively fights pain with osteochondrosis. It is a complex medicine in injections that contains an analgesic, NSAID, anesthetic, GCS and vitamin B12.
Antidotech, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, medications to improve microcirculation, vitamins and chondroprotectors can be used as additional medications. All other methods of treatment, for example, medical gymnastics, massage, physiotherapy, are contraindicated in the acute period of the disease.
Treatment during remission of
After the acute period of the disease is overcome, the main stage of treatment begins, which is not only therapeutic, but also preventive. The purpose of this stage is to strengthen the muscles of the neck, improve blood supply to the tissues of the spine, improve its mobility. There are several methods of therapy that can be performed at home.
Therapeutic physical training
This is an integral and practically basic part of the treatment and prevention of osteochondrosis of the neck. The complex of exercises is selected depending on the stage of the pathological process, the concomitant diseases and preferences of the patient. To effectively engage in exercise therapy at home, it is important that the instructor or the physiotherapist teach all the intricacies of these exercises.
Effective and simple exercises for the cervical spine:
Massage is a great way to eliminate chronic pain in the neck, strengthen and increase the elasticity of muscle fibers, improve their blood supply.
It's important to remember! Massage should be done only by a graduate, as clumsy manual manipulations in the cervical spine can be deplorable, even to the extent of disability.
Today, there are many effective techniques for self-massage, which can be mastered by everyone. Also on sale you can find excellent massagers for the neck, which are especially popular among women.
Physical methods of treatment are actively used at the stage of treatment of osteochondrosis during remission, and also during rest in sanatoriums. Various methods are used:Also you can read: Ointments for cervical osteochondrosis treatment
- laser therapy,
- mud treatment,
- paraffin and ozocerite applications.
A good effect can be achieved with the use of reflexotherapy, in particular acupuncture.
Treatment with folk remedies
Folk recipes can be used in the complex therapy of cervical osteochondrosis, but they should not be the main method of treatment, as it is not a substitute for physical exercises. Also, before applying a prescription, it is advisable to consult a doctor, since many recipes have contraindications.
Several recipes for neck health:
- A pack of horseradish leaves. For its preparation you will need a green sheet of horseradish and honey. Treat the inner surface of the plant with honey and attach to the neck. Top with a handkerchief or bandage. Keep the compress all night long. The course of treatment is 10-14 procedures.
- Compress from potatoes. Raw potatoes( 1 pc.) Should be grated on a fine grater and add a teaspoon of honey to the mush. Evenly distribute the clean cloth and attach to the neck. Top with a bandage wrap. Hold it for 2 hours. The course of treatment is 2 weeks.
- Therapeutic ointment. For its preparation, you will need, based on one dose, a tablespoon of interior fat or butter and the same amount of ground hop cones. Fat should be melted in a water bath and mixed with vegetable raw materials. After cooling, the mixture should be used as an ointment. To process a neck it is necessary 2 times a day during 2 weeks.
Traditional methods of treatment of osteochondrosis are very popular among people, but they should not replace basic therapy
Surgery for cervical osteochondrosis is prescribed in rare cases. Indications for surgery are:
- the presence of complications( intervertebral hernia, spinal canal stenosis, spondylolisthesis), which are accompanied by intense pain, compression of the spinal cord or high risk of the latter;
- constant intense pain, which can not be eliminated by all conservative methods for 6 months.
Today, there are a large number of techniques for conducting operations on the spine, including minimally invasive and modern ones. In each case, the type of surgical intervention is chosen by the spinal surgeon. But it is important to remember that surgery on the spine, especially in the cervical region, is always a big risk, so you must first try all the conservative methods of treating the osteochondrosis of the neck.
How to cure osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is a common back disease. It is characterized by degenerative changes in the space between the vertebrae. The connective tissue becomes thinner under the influence of the disease, and the pulpous nuclei in the discs become inflamed. Osteochondrosis acts in several directions, therefore its treatment can not be called simple. Let's explain more specifically how to cure osteochondrosis of the lumbar department, focusing on specific methods of treatment.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar region affects not only the vertebrae itself, but also the tissues that surround them. Arteries also suffer. Only complex treatment of lumbosacral osteochondrosis can eliminate the disease, affecting several causes of it.
- Vasodilators are necessary to ensure that the arteries around the affected area continue to properly flow through the blood. The fact is that the inflamed nerve root causes a spasm of blood vessels, resulting in a significant decrease in blood flow. Vasodilator funds relieve spasms and dilate blood vessels.
- Chondroprotectors promote the renewal of damaged tissues. Without these medicines, one simply can not do, because osteochondrosis mercilessly destroys cells of cartilaginous tissue, not allowing it to be updated.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are aimed at eliminating the focus of inflammation, and even if it is in deep tissues. NSAIDs are often used in the treatment of osteochondrosis, but these drugs have a number of contraindications. It is not recommended to drink these medicines for more than 10 days, as it threatens with disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract.
- Vitaminized complexes. Osteochondrosis causes a severe shortage of calcium, magnesium and all groups of vitamins. Therefore, doctors rush to prescribe vitamins, in order to eliminate the shortage.
- Analgesics and painkillers. Needless to say, osteochondrosis causes severe pain. Often, only strong analgesics or even psychotropic substances can alleviate the pain syndrome.
Speaking about how to cure lumbar osteochondrosis, we can not fail to mention ointments, which are also used to treat osteochondrosis.
Folk methods of treatment
Lumbar osteochondrosis can be treated with some folk methods, which, in tandem with conservative treatment, lead to an excellent result. For therapy, you can use chamomile pharmacy, rosemary, mother-and-stepmother, string and skullcap. These plants can be used either inward as a tincture or outward in the form of an ointment.
In general, there are three groups of medicinal components of traditional medicine that can help in the treatment of this disease:
- Chemical substances such as turpentine, iodine, etc.
- Natural ingredients: needles, plants, bark, etc.
- Substances of animal origin: bile, fat, honey.
Of all these components, effective medicines can be created to combat osteochondrosis. Treatment with folk remedies is not able to eliminate the disease on its own. This therapy should be used exclusively in tandem with medical
. Note the effective recipe for rubbing, which should be used with a severe pain syndrome. In a glass of alcohol add a tablespoon of iodine and dissolve in this mixture 10 tablets of analgin. A tablespoon of camorphic alcohol will also not be superfluous. The resulting solution actively rub the diseased areas before going to bed. This will allow a person to go to sleep in complete rest, since the pain will not bother until the morning.
There are many decoctions and tinctures, which are designed to treat osteochondrosis of the waist. Do not underestimate traditional medicine, but use its methods should be after consulting a specialist - neuropathologist.
Treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis should be performed in a complex combination of several methods and methods. Therapeutic physical training is an excellent addition to medical therapy, which can alleviate the suffering of the patient and help him to cheer up. Exercises for the waist are not difficult, but at the same time, they perfectly unload the back muscles. LFK helps relieve tension from the waist, which experiences a colossal load.
To understand the causes and first signs of osteochondrosis, this video will help you:
Symptoms of the disease
How to treat cervical osteochondrosis, the symptoms of which are quite common? About this talk later, but for now consider the most common signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine:
- Constant pain in the neck, with spreading to the occiput.
- Heaviness in the head, sensation of pulsation of blood vessels, headache.
- Sensation of "swelling" of the muscles of the upper limbs, weakness in the hands.
- Dizziness, with nausea and noise in the ears.
- Impairment of hearing and vision, change in taste, "flies" before the eyes.
- Pain in the heart that does not stop( not eliminated) by the intake of cardiac drugs.
Without treatment, cervical osteochondrosis can lead to unstable blood pressure and impaired cerebral circulation.
Before you understand how to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical spine of a person, it is necessary to conduct a complete examination of the patient. To this end, the following research methods are used:
- Radiography of the spine in 2 projections( lateral and straight).
- MRI( magnetic resonance imaging) is more informative. Scanning the spine allows you to more accurately determine the localization of the pathological process.
- The method of computed tomography is inferior to the informative method of MRI, but with its help you can determine the presence of a hernia or protrusion.
- Electrocardiography( ECG), ultrasound( ultrasound), endoscopy. These diagnostic methods can be prescribed by a doctor to exclude heart diseases, digestive organs, central nervous system( CNS) and other ailments.
- Laboratory methods of investigation( general and biochemical analysis of blood).
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
How to treat cervical osteochondrosis - drugs, by surgery or other methods? The treatment plan is developed by the doctor after examining the patient and obtaining the results of the examination. In any case, complex treatment is applied, which is aimed at reducing the burden on the spine department, normalizing blood circulation and increasing the blood supply to cells that feed cartilage tissue, ligaments, and bones.
How to treat cervical osteochondrosis with medicines? Drug therapy for osteochondrosis includes the following groups of drugs:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) - relieve pain and inflammation. One of the drugs of this group is Diclofenac. The drug is available for both oral and injectable solutions.
- Muscle relaxants - relax the muscles, relieve muscle tension in the neck and relieve pain."Midokalm" is an effective drug from this group that helps with exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis.
- Chondroprotectors and B vitamins - restore metabolic processes in tissues. These drugs are used both inward and in injections.
The treatment regimen includes sedatives( valerian, "Afobazol") and preparations for the treatment of osteochondrosis, which improve blood circulation and strengthen the vestibular apparatus( "Betaserk").
How to treat cervicothoracic osteochondrosis? The auxiliary methods of treatment of the disease include: physiotherapy, exercise therapy( physiotherapy exercises), massage. Physiotherapeutic treatment of osteochondrosis is a therapy with drug electrophoresis, paraffin applications, diadynamic current.
The basis of physiotherapy - the impact on the affected area of the spine of various factors: cold, electric field, heat, radiation. Physiotherapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine stimulates the recovery processes in the human body, helps in the removal of pain.
Consider how to treat cervical osteochondrosis with exercises. Complex LFK is developed by a specialist in therapeutic gymnastics for each patient, depending on the diagnosis and the general condition of the person. It is desirable to perform all exercises in the position of lying or sitting. If gymnastics is preventive, then exercises can be performed standing. Daily gymnastics and yoga for the spine prevents the development of cervical osteochondrosis.
Unprepared people are not recommended to rotate their heads.
One of the simple sets of exercises for pathologies of the cervical spine:
- The shoulders and head are held straight. Smoothly turn the head to the left until it stops. The same motion is repeated to the right.
- Slowly throwing your head back. We touch the left shoulder with our left ear. The same movement, only the opposite - with your right ear touching the right shoulder.
- We lower the chin to the neck. We turn the head first to the left, then to the right also.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with another set of exercises for strengthening the cervical spine:
Some patients prefer to treat cervical osteochondrosis at home. An obligatory stage of home treatment should be therapeutic exercises for the neck. From traditional medicine for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, you can offer such a recipe:
Take dry juniper needles and leaves of the laurel of the noble( laurel leaf), grind them in a coffee grinder. Stir 1 tablespoon.laurel powder with 1 tbsp.a powder of a juniper. To this mixture, add 2 tablespoons of fresh butter. Thus, you get an ointment, which must be transferred to a glass jar and put overnight in the refrigerator. Rub the ointment on the neck in the morning and evening.
Methods of traditional medicine at all times are widely used in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine, but one should not forget about the variety of symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis. When treating the spine at home, it is impossible to determine the correct diagnosis. Where to treat cervical osteochondrosis - at home or in the hospital, the patient decides, but consulting a doctor and receiving treatment recommendations are mandatory.
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- Do you suffer from osteochondrosis? It is strongly recommended that you familiarize yourself with effective courses of cervical and thoracic osteochondrosis without resorting to medication.
Complex treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis: methods and variants
Spine of patient with osteochondrosis
It is unlikely that today there will be a person who has not felt at least 1 time in his life back pain. Bending to brush your teeth or put on socks, we suddenly freeze in the most uncomfortable position, with the slightest attempts to straighten causing acute pain. Together with the benefits of technological progress, freeing or sharply limiting the person in motion, brought and the disease - osteochondrosis.
A person sitting or standing to get to work, for a long time is in the same position at the machine or in the office at the table. Therefore, the treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis is so important today. It is often noted that one of them is overloaded and underloaded by another muscle group and joints. And not every person can benefit from morning exercises, swimming, various in the movement of housework. A lot of opportunities for the movement are given by the plot of land or a dacha, but you need to prepare yourself for such work, so as not to overdo it.
Methods and objectives of treatment
In the treatment of lumbosacral osteochondrosis, the following methods are used:
- Manual therapy, therapeutic exercises and massage;
- Surgical intervention;
- Traditional medicine.
For the treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis the following injections are used: analgin, renalgan, dexalgin. Most often they are administered together with diphenhydramine. This simple combination reduces or relieves pain completely, but anesthesia does not lead to elimination of the causes and negative processes that accompany lumbar osteochondrosis. Steroid hormones and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in injections and ointments can eliminate radicular pain, relieving inflammation and edema of the radicular nerves. The main tasks in the treatment of neurological manifestations of lumbar osteochondrosis:
- Eliminate factors that compress and irritate the spinal nerve roots.
- Suppress the arising pathological reactions.
- Stimulate recovery reactions of the body.
- To form an adaptive motor stereotype in the patient.
These tasks can be successfully solved using the step-by-step treatment of osteochondrosis. The treatment scheme for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine looks like this:
The first stage: treatment of pain syndrome using anesthetic cocktails, solux, amplipulse, compresses and rubbing.
Second: symptomatic differentiated care, which includes pain blockades, vasodilator drugs - a solution of nicotinic acid, baralgin, etc., dehydrating drugs - furosemide, lasix.
The third stage is in a stationary neurological department and includes:
- differentiated pathogenetic treatment;
- traction and manual effects;
- various physiotherapeutic and reflex effects.
The fourth is held in sanatoriums or dispensaries. The treatment is aimed at restoring the lost functions and creating an adaptive motor stereotype.
It should be noted that the treatment with ointments of osteochondrosis of the lumbar region based on traditional medicine can give an excellent effect. For example, you can cook and rub twice a week such ointment: 1 part of pork fat and 2 parts of potatoes and fried horseradish. Of course, the success of treatment and rehabilitation directly depends on how actively the patients themselves will participate, how conscientiously they will follow the recommendations of the motor regime, the hygiene of the poses and the required movements.
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine can be avoided if one adheres to some simple rules: often change postures and position of the body. With sedentary work, every hour you need to get up and knead your lower back with circular movements with your torso and careful inclinations to the sides. The chair or armchair should be comfortable and fit the physiological configuration of the spine.
The spine should not sag during sleep, so the bed should be stiff. In the morning, practice gymnastics to strengthen the abdominal press and back muscles. The correct posture is promoted by swimming. Choosing walking shoes, with discomfort in the lower back can not walk on his heels.
Timely cure of small pelvis and internal organs, avoid excess weight. When pain occurs in the lumbar region, consult a doctor.
Causes of lumbar osteochondrosis can be divided into 2 groups:
- Internal( endogenous);
- External( exogenous).
Main causes: excessive load and back injury. In this case, endogenous factors, in particular heredity, are more frequent. Having not so high-quality "building material", the person is more often subject to diseases by an osteochondrosis. From the genetic constitution of a person, by and large, the choice of his profession must also depend.
Athletes and people with great physical exertion initially experience pain - myalgia, myositis, and osteochondrosis can develop later and affect only one vertebral-motor segment. People who are overweight are often prone to exacerbations of the lumbar osteochondrosis: treatment for them is a permanent condition.
Symptoms and Symptoms
Massage Therapy will help to relieve the acute pain
The choice of treatment and the symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis have a direct effect. Pain is the first and dominant symptom of the disease. Most often, the pain is localized. Distinguish lumbago - a sudden stiffening acute pain, which does not allow you to move.
Appears when exercising, abruptly rising, tilting. Lumbalia is a drawing monotonous pain that occurs when you are long in an uncomfortable position or after a dream. Lumboishialgia is a pain in the lumbar region that extends to the legs.
Sensitivity disorders: a sensation of crawling, a sensation of temperature and pain. Tension of muscles: trying to spare the spine, the muscles strain, which leads to a curvature of the spine.
If certain nerve roots are damaged or the blood vessels are squeezed, the symptoms of osteochondrosis are supplemented by disorders in the pelvic organs, there are problems with urination, lameness, impotence are possible.
The most common sign of lumbar osteochondrosis is aching pain in the lumbar region, which gives in the leg. In this case, the pain appears both after physical exertion, and with a simple change in the position of the body and even disturb at rest.
Therapy during periods of exacerbations of
During exacerbation of lumbar osteochondrosis, treatment consists in arresting acute pain syndromes. To this end, they resort to anesthetics, anti-inflammatory ointments, and patches. It is important to completely immobilize the patient, put it on a firm, level surface. You can do this before you seek help from a doctor, however, do not delay medical advice.
Massage and physiotherapy
In lumbar osteochondrosis, treatment with tablets is not enough. Physiotherapeutic procedures have a good healing effect. These can be traditional methods: phonophoresis, amplipulse, darsonvalization, and the latest developments - laser treatment, magnetic resonance therapy.
In addition to physical therapy, the treatment is done with acupuncture, special health gymnastics and, of course, with a massage. Massage in the case of lumbar osteochondrosis is performed in a supine position, in which the lumbar spine is least subject to stress. The classic option is the position on the photo - lying on your stomach.
To maximize the alignment of the spine, rollers are placed under the ankle and ankle joints. The masseur smoothly rubs and kneads tight muscles of the waist, collar zone, pelvic region and lower limbs. It is desirable that the massage be performed after the thermal procedure, with increased blood circulation. Mass
From all that has been said above, it is possible to treat the osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine in several ways. But none of them individually can not bring the desired result. We need a comprehensive qualified approach with consultations from a neurologist, a physician at the exercise gym, and other specialists. Without this, the treatment of lumbar spine osteochondrosis can be not only useless, but harmful. It is necessary to be prepared that the treatment will last for a long time, and it will take a lot of effort and show considerable zeal.