Nutrition for osteochondrosis of the spine
In the treatment of such an unpleasant spinal disease as osteochondrosis, apart from the use of medicines, exercise therapy, manual therapy and physiotherapy procedures, nutrition is of no small importance. It must be remembered that nutrition for osteochondrosis of the spine must necessarily be fractional. Portions should be small. Eating should occur at approximately equal intervals, preferably every 3-4 hours. In addition, remember that your last portion of food for the day should be only a glass of yogurt.
Fundamentals of proper nutrition with osteochondrosis
To absorb the maximum benefit of ostiochondrosis, you should remember the list of foods that must be excluded from the diet, as well as those that you should pay special attention to.
So, proper nutrition for osteochondrosis means following the following rules:
- should be minimized or completely excluded from eating foods such as grapes and everything that is associated with it. It is forbidden to use legumes, sorrel, meat broths, baked pastries, various seasonings and refined products;
- eat more dishes from vegetables and fruits;
- meat is preferably used in boiled form, low-fat varieties are preferred. It can be rabbit meat, chicken lean, beef meat;
- to minimize the use of bread, let's say rye bread.
It is worth mentioning the importance of the proper functioning of the digestive tract. To properly eat and not overeat, you need to know how our body digests food. The process of food intake should not be delayed for more than 20 minutes. This time the body is enough to quench hunger. During the meal, you must thoroughly chew the food, so you will help the body cope with digestion. At the moment when you chew food, it already begins to be digested by the action of saliva. The more saliva produce salivary glands, the better and faster the food is digested. Therefore, what you eat should look appetizing and tasty, so the saliva production increases.
Next, gastric juice is used for the work, special enzymes in the stomach split the food into components.
It has long been no secret that the overall health depends on how well balanced our diet is. It is the balance and rationality of nutrition that are the guarantee of the full functioning of the organism, ensure its vital functions, help to withstand stress and various diseases, increase the capacity for work of a person. Proper nutrition is designed to extend the life of our healthy and active life.
A balanced diet means nutrition, which is necessary to maintain normal life of the body. The ratio of 1 part of protein, 1 part of fat and 4 parts of carbohydrates is optimal. In addition, eating in a balanced way, you can prolong the youth of your body, normalize your weight. And, as you know, it is the fight against excess weight that becomes especially urgent for patients with osteochondrosis. Therefore, the issue of nutrition in the osteochondrosis of the spine is very acute.
It is very important not to over-eat in any case, as overeating causes excess body weight. Correctly to calculate the portion size will help counting calories. Here it is necessary to consider how many calories the person will spend on various activities, both mental and physical. To maintain life, the human body needs so many calories, how much is the optimal body weight for its growth. This figure is multiplied by 24 hours and by 1 kcal. To the result add 400-600 kcal, which are necessary for the implementation of some kind of activity. The figure, resulting in the end, and is the daily rate of calories that your body should receive.
Nutrition for osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis is a serious disease that affects the core of the intervertebral discs. In addition, the destruction of the intervertebral tissue occurs under the influence of osteochondrosis. The disease is degenerative and can affect several parts of the spinal column at the same time. In view of this, doctors prescribe a rather long and complex treatment, since otherwise the disease simply can not be overcome. Nutrition for osteochondrosis is also part of the therapy, but, unfortunately, not many approach this aspect seriously.
Osteochondrosis gradually becomes younger. He suffers from both adult and very young people. The reason for this is one - a sedentary lifestyle. Modern youth is rapidly losing interest in mobile games and physical education, as all have replaced games in the computer and the Internet. Studies of European centers provided the results of statistics. The fact is that more than 85% of people around the world, in different periods of their lives, experience back pain. More than half of the cases are facilitated by osteochondrosis. Complex treatment should be appointed by a doctor. It is not recommended to take medications on your own, because illiteracy in this matter and the desire to be cured as soon as possible can play a cruel joke on the patient.
Proper nutrition with osteochondrosis is very necessary, but not all patients know what it is and what role it carries.
With the advent of bole in the back people rush to the doctor. It is logical that the psycho-emotional background of the patient is unstable. The pain syndrome is capable of getting rid of anyone, even the most patient person. Often you can see a picture that the patient convulsively smokes a cigarette behind a cigarette, because he experiences tremendous discomfort and pain in the area of inflammation. Some people rush to drink alcohol, in order to reduce their own sensitivity to pain. These are gross errors.
Osteochondrosis is very sensitive to intoxication of the body. This suggests that toxins can cause increased pain and inflammation in general. Even when the disease "fell asleep" for several weeks, it is cigarettes and alcohol that can activate the ailment. Each cigarette smoked will respond in an inflamed area, let alone alcohol. Of course, due to the effect of alcohol, a person for a while will not feel the aching pain so distinctly, but then these sensations will come with a new force. In case the patient drinks an excessive amount of alcohol, the pain will then be so unbearable that even strong analgesics can be powerless.
Nutrition for osteochondrosis and diet generally exclude all bad habits. If there is no way to completely refuse, for example, from cigarettes, then their daily amount should be significantly reduced. It should be understood that the effect of treatment will be minimized if a person throughout his lifetime consumes alcohol and smokes.
As already mentioned, osteochondrosis is a versatile and severe disease that can disable not only the spine department, but also a number of internal organs. According to experts, osteochondrosis does not cause pathologies in the heart and other internal organs, but is able to respond like an echo in them. In other words, there will be no osteochondrosis - there will not be concomitant pains in other organs.
Nutrition for osteochondrosis of the cervical, lumbar and thoracic involves a number of certain limitations. You can not call them significant, because they can come to the benefit, both in the treatment, and for the health and figure of the patient.
- Smoked products and dishes. Their number should be as close to zero as possible, and it is better to exclude it altogether. This is necessary to ensure that the body does not receive harmful substances in the smoke. They are able to settle in the body, and this does not help to purify the body.
- Fried is also necessary to be excluded. With him in the body comes not the right oil, which is also postponed, and in the most undesirable places. Vegetable fat is difficult to split, so part of it remains in the body.
- Sweets. Lovers of sweet must establish rules for themselves. First of all, you can replace milk chocolate for bitter and eat it at 50-70 grams per day. In addition, you can eat bitter chocolate only in the morning.
- Carbonated drinks - delete! It's not just about colored "soda", but also about mineral water. Gases do not contribute to either cleansing or peristalsis of the intestine as a whole.
These are the main limitations that must be taken into account.
How to eat and maintain a diet for osteochondrosis
Nutrition for osteochondrosis includes a special diet, limiting the intake of salt, the use of B vitamins. It is useful in case of dosing fasted. You should also take foods rich in minerals.
Consider the principles of normalizing the diet in degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the spine in more detail.
Principles of the correct diet
The diet for osteochondrosis presupposes the restriction of salt. Sodium chloride pulls a large amount of water. To eliminate dehydration of the spine, a decrease in salt intake is required. It is desirable, of course, to abandon its use, but if it does not work, reduce its daily content in food.
The diet assumes the exclusion from the menu of smoked foods, pickles, condiments, and sweet foods. This has no direct effect on the vertebral column, but it is very important for the normalization of biochemical metabolism.
Carbonated mineral water has a negative effect on the gastrointestinal tract, so it is desirable to abandon it. Care should be taken to select it to prevent negative effects on the intestines.
It should be understood that the highest quality diet can not be observed with excess weight, so you need to learn the principles of proper nutrition. In the menu of a person with diseases of the spine, must be included intractable carbohydrates - coarse bread, biscuits, rye bran.
A popular rice diet for osteochondrosis involves the following procedures:
- prepare 6 half liter cans of rice;
- number them in order;
- add to each jar 2 tablespoons of rice grains;
- fill each container with water and cover it with gauze;
- a day, drain the liquid from the first can;
- boil the rice in 500 ml of water.
Eat rice cereal for breakfast. After that, you will not be able to drink water and consume food for 4 hours. Pour 30 grams of rice( 2 tablespoons) into an empty jar. In the remaining vessels, change the water. Repeat the procedure after 1 month. Such a diet will help to remove salt from the body. This eliminates the dehydration of intervertebral discs and prevents cracks and tears.
Once again we draw the reader's attention that with degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the spine you need to drink a lot of liquid that will help prevent dehydration. Lack of water leads to damage to the cartilaginous tissue and intervertebral discs.
Nutrition for osteochondrosis of the spine is actively discussed not only among doctors, but also in patients. The discussion leads to a somewhat distorted view of the menu for the spinal column. Consider the obvious failures of nutritionists in the preparation of a diet for people with degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the spine.
What principles of nutrition are wrong in the treatment of back pain:
- Consumption of large amounts of calcium and phosphorus is recommended by doctors with degenerative-dystrophic diseases. In the specialized food for patients, these trace elements are necessarily added. They are contained in sausage, meat, yoghurts. Phosphates in the diet of modern man is enough. Such an abundance of microelements in the diet is fraught with a negative effect on health. Elevated concentrations of calcium and phosphorus increase the risk of stone formation in the kidneys and gall bladder.
- Nutrition for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine should limit the intake of purine bases and protein. This opinion was based on a diet that is used in the treatment of gout. When the metabolism of uric acid is disturbed, the mechanism for the exchange of nitrogen compounds changes. They are contained in coffee, cocoa, red wine and chocolate. Obviously, with degenerative changes in the spine, there will not be a significant effect on the nutrition of intervertebral cartilages.
- Diet in case of illness should include fractional meals( 5-6 times a day).The opinion is erroneous, since with degenerative processes, the supply of nutrients must be constant. This diet is characteristic for diseases of the gallbladder, liver, stomach, intestines.
- Marine products for osteochondrosis in the diet include necessarily. This is not so, because the content of mucopolysaccharides in them is in small amounts, and the concentrations of calcium and phosphorus can have a negative effect.
Vitamins for osteochondrosis improve the metabolism of substances in the body. They are used to maintain the structure of bones. Microelements and vitamins of group B, C and D help to normalize metabolic metabolism.
To increase the concentration of the chemical compounds described above, it is not necessary to purchase multivitamin complexes. These substances are found in eggs, cottage cheese, offal, seeds, cabbage and nuts. To fill the concentration of magnesium, you can take cucumbers, avocados, peas, potatoes, bananas, almonds.
Increase the concentration of vitamin B12 byproducts. Kidneys, heart and liver are a rich source of microelement data. These vitamins prevent the pathology of blood supply. At a lack of this microelement anemia( anemia) can be observed. It worsens the pathology of the spinal column.
Group D vitamins can be found in fish oil. To make up for the shortage of these substances, you should stay on the sun for a long time. Under the influence of ultraviolet there is a synthesis of this substance in the skin of a person. Nevertheless, according to the recommendations of oncologists under the open sun can not be more than 30 minutes a day.
Vitamins for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine should necessarily include ascorbic acid. It is found in citrus fruits, fruits and vegetables. Note that vitamin C is destroyed by heat, so it is better to eat foods in kind.
In any case, the disease is useful for moderate fasting. It will prevent serious complications arising from the use of a large number of different products. However, if you adhere to a diet for the cervical and lumbar spine, you can not worry about additional discharges of the body.
Keep track of your diet and do not eat harmful products. From sausage, smoked products and fish it is better to refuse, as the harm of them is more useful. True, there are quality products, but they are expensive.
Warning, if after taking certain components you have flatulence, constipation and diarrhea, it is better to refuse them!
There is a full-fledged diet containing a whole list of micronutrients useful to the body. If you follow it, you can be sure that degenerative-dystrophic diseases will no longer progress.
Nutrition for osteochondrosis, different departments of
- Products containing chondroprotectors
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a disease based on degenerative-dystrophic changes in the spinal and motor segments. This leads to the appearance of unpleasant painful sensations along the spine, limiting movement, sometimes disrupting the function of the limbs.
Complex treatment, including medications, massage, physical therapy, allows to successfully eliminate symptoms of the disease and restore motor activity. Proper nutrition in osteochondrosis also plays an important role. It allows to stop degenerative changes of intervertebral disks, as well as surrounding connective tissue structures.
The basic principles of proper nutrition for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are as follows:
- Reducing the caloric intake of the diet;
- Variety, as well as a balanced menu, including all the necessary vitamins and minerals;
- Limitation of the amount of table salt;
- Use in food of products containing chondroprotectors.
Reducing the caloric content of the diet
Most patients with osteochondrosis have excessive body weight. Additional kilograms significantly increase the load on intervertebral disks, thereby contributing to the occurrence of pathological changes in them.
The most optimal option for people suffering from diseases of the spine is to follow a low-calorie diet. Such a diet contains a lower amount of fats and carbohydrates.
First of all, the quantity of fats of animal origin decreases. The menu should contain significantly less than usual, butter, offal, fatty meats, sausages with high fat content.
Preference should be given to vegetable oils: olive, sunflower, corn, flaxseed. Especially shown in osteochondrosis is flaxseed oil containing large amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6. These organic acids help improve metabolic processes in the body, enhance the regeneration of cartilaginous tissue.
The diet of the patient with osteochondrosis should include a limited amount of digestible carbohydrates. Potatoes, white flour products, confectionery products are not recommended. Contraindicated sweet dishes that contain simultaneously easily assimilated carbohydrates and fats, for example cakes, cream cakes. Such desserts, which are very popular with in women , should be replaced with a sweet fruit: apple, pear, kiwi.
Carbohydrates with a low glycemic index should be included in nutrition. Such products include: legumes, mushrooms, tomatoes, cauliflower, broccoli, oatmeal or buckwheat porridge.
Vitamins and microelements
In patients with spine diseases, a diet must necessarily include foods rich in vitamins and trace elements. The most important for such people are vitamins C and K. The following foods should be consumed: dog rose, black currant, spinach, Brussels sprouts, plums, tomatoes.
Also of great importance is the increased content in the menu of foods rich in calcium, potassium and magnesium. When combined osteochondrosis of the spine and osteoporosis, the amount of calcium supplied with food should be at least 1500 g per day, also the presence of vitamin D( 200-400 IU) is also necessary. The diet includes large quantities of fermented milk products, low-fat cheeses, nuts, green leafy vegetables, salad.
To obtain the required amount of potassium, the following products are recommended: sea kale, peaches, apricot or dried apricots, black currants, kohlrabi, legumes, soybeans. Large quantities of magnesium are found in buckwheat groats, nuts, bran, dog rose, beans.
Specialists often recommend patients with osteochondrosis multivitamin complexes, which can be purchased in a pharmacy without a prescription. For example: Duovit, Vitrum, Vitiron-suuskapps, Quadevit.
Restriction of table salt
Since the common opinion about the "deposition of salts" in osteochondrosis of the spine is not supported by doctors and scientists, the role of table salt in recent years has lost its significance. However, most nutritionists still recommend that patients with osteochondrosis reduce the intake of table salt, as this helps to reduce tissue edema, improve microcirculation in the structures of the spine.
The amount of salt should not exceed 5 grams per day. A good alternative to common salt is sea salt, which contains large amounts of trace elements.
Products containing chondroprotectors
Nutritionists recommend that patients with osteochondrosis include a diet with products containing chondroprotectors. These substances are the "building material" for cartilaginous tissue, improve the repair processes in it, increase the elasticity and elasticity of the intervertebral discs.
To products containing a large number of chondroprotectors, it is possible to include a cold meat, pouring meat or fish. An excellent source of chondroprotectors are chicken wings, baked on the grill, they perfectly compensate for the lack of fatty meat.
A large number of mucopolysaccharides contain such desserts as jelly and sambuk. In addition, they have a low calorie content, thus do not contribute to weight gain.
Nutrition for osteochondrosis should be balanced and, importantly, individual. In this case, the presence of excess weight in the patient, concomitant diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, individual food preferences should be taken into account. A well-designed menu will help reduce relapse of the disease, eliminate excess body weight and increase motor activity.
Nutrition for cervical osteochondrosis
The fight against osteochondrosis is always carried out in a complex way, which allows to achieve a relatively positive result relatively quickly. As a rule, doctors will prescribe traditional medicamental treatment, performing recreational physical culture complexes, manual and physiotherapy procedures. In addition, an experienced neurologist will necessarily advise the patient on proper nutrition with cervical osteochondrosis, as this will allow the treatment to show its results more quickly and will have a general positive effect on the body.
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It is worth noting that there is no question of a rigid diet for osteochondrosis of the cervical department, as the patient just needs to adhere to fairly simple recommendations. These include:
- portions of food should be small;
- should be fed frequently( approximately every 2-3 hours);
- before going to bed it is necessary to drink 1 tbsp.low-fat kefir.
Basic nutrition rules for patients with osteochondrosis
To get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of the cervical osteochondrosis and return the joint mobility to the joints, you can go further by eliminating fatty and rich in carbohydrates from the diet, adding more fresh fruits and vegetables. In general, it is worthwhile to adopt a few simple rules.(Learn about a diet with cervical osteochondrosis).
- Abstain from grapes.
- Exclude baked pastries, sweets and various refined products.
- Minimize the consumption of bakery products.
- Eat only dietary poultry meat, rabbit meat and boiled beef.
It is not superfluous to recall some features of food intake, which should also be taken into account.
- For food, you should spend no more than 20-25 minutes, not sitting at the table.
- Food should be thoroughly chewed, which will help its faster absorption.
- Also on the speed and quality of digestion affects the amount of saliva produced, so it is desirable that the food had a pleasant taste and appetizing appearance.
If osteochondrosis has entered into one of the severe forms, then it can be allocated one day a week as a discharge. Optimum for these purposes consider Fri, in which it is desirable to eat nothing, having allowed an organism within 24 hours to concentrate on its cleaning. If at first it will be difficult to refrain from eating such a long term for the average person, then you can periodically snack with apples during the day.
From school, people are told about the importance of balanced nutrition, which is the key to normal functioning of the human body, strengthens immunity and allows you to overcome stressful situations. In general, proper nutrition can significantly prolong the life span, making it more complete.
The nutrition is considered to be balanced, where the basic elements arrive in the body in a certain ratio:
- 4 parts of carbohydrates;
- 1 part of fat;
- 1 part of proteins.
Controlling these simple proportions, a person can prolong the youth of his body and prevent the collection of excess weight. This is a very important point, since excessive weight significantly aggravates the patient's condition and promotes the progression of the cervical osteochondrosis. Accordingly, moderate and proper nutrition plays a very large role.
It is extremely important to exclude the possibility of overeating, as this is the main reason for rapid excess weight gain. To properly measure the size of a portion, you need to learn how to make simple calorie counts, necessarily taking into account the kind of professional human activity. When calculating the optimal number of calories, look at what body weight is suitable for a person's growth. For a male body, it is required to subtract 100 from the growth in centimeters, which will give a normal mass index. For example, for a man with a height of 190 cm, the optimal body weight is 90 kg. Having calculated this figure in this way, it is multiplied by 1 kcal and by 24 hours. The resulting number is the daily rate of calories for maintaining the vital functions of the body. To this figure, another 500-700 kcal are added to perform different actions.(Read about vitamins for cervical osteochondrosis).
If the patient with osteochondrosis of the cervical region is overweight, then the caloric value obtained must be significantly reduced so that the body starts using deferred substances for work. In general, the presence of extra pounds indicates a violation of metabolic processes, so in addition to control over nutrition should also carry out the performance of useful physical exertion.
Simple variants of diets with osteochondrosis
Under rational nutrition with osteochondrosis of the cervical region, the right combination of plant foods, dairy products, meat, eggs and honey is understood. The latter component deserves special attention, since honey contains over 6 dozens of vitamins and vitamins useful for the body, which strengthen protective functions and have a general positive effect.
When cervical osteochondrosis should refrain from a strict vegetarian diet, since removing fish, eggs, milk and meat from the diet, you can get a deficiency of protein, calcium and some vitamins. Patients with osteochondrosis should always consult a physician before taking a diet.
The most common and simple diets can be attributed lean, which should be used for 6 days. A week "postpone", you can easily throw off 2-3 kilograms. What is this diet?(See also: diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis).
For the first day only milk is intended. During the day, you can drink it no more than 1.5 liters. On the second day will also be "milk", or rather - 2 liters of curdled milk. The third day allowed to eat 6 "cool" cooked eggs. On the fourth day you can consume 300-400 grams of boiled beef. On the fifth day you can eat only vegetables( except potatoes), using only 500-600 grams. The sixth day is spent on eating fruits, which in total can be eaten up to 1.5 kg.
If there is no willpower to sit on such a diet, then you can, as already mentioned, spend one unloading day a week. For those who are afraid of the idea of staying for a whole day without food, special "recipes" will do.
- Vegetable day - it is allowed to eat a lot of carrots, cabbage and cucumbers. The total amount of food during the day should not exceed 1.5 kg, and it should be divided into 5 servings of 300 grams.
- Meat day allows the reception of low-fat boiled meat in an amount of 500-600 grams, which can be supplemented with one fresh cucumber, 2 tbsp.l.green peas and 2 tbsp.broth of dog rose.
- Curd - allows 500-600 g of low-fat cottage cheese and 50-60 g of low-fat sour cream. As in the meat day, consumption of 2 cups of wild rose broth is allowed.
- Apple Day - it is allowed, as the name suggests, only the reception of apples, also in the amount of 1.5 kg for five desks.
- Milk or kefir day assumes the intake of a suitable liquid in an amount of 1.5 liters.
In general, proper nutrition in osteochondrosis of the cervical region should balance the balance between plant and animal food, and therefore a good effect is provided by a combined diet that allows the use of plant food on a par with dairy and eggs. The main idea of such a diet is to limit the total amount of plant food in the diet at 50%.In addition to these eggs and milk, you can use vegetable oil and rye bread.
It is worth paying attention to some products that can worsen a patient's condition with active consumption. It is about the kitchen salt, strong tea, coffee and all spicy food. Bad influence is made by carbonated drinks, baked pastries, sweets. Also it is necessary to impose a ban on all "conservation" and mayonnaise. All these products do not bring any benefit to the body, but harm from them is enough.(Read about contraindications for cervical osteochondrosis).
The food of the patient must be as healthy as possible, contain many ingredients in which there is calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, copper, essential vitamins from groups A, C, E and especially B. Thus, all dairy products should be added to the diet, vegetables, wholemeal bread, eggs, greens, fish, seeds, nuts and so on.
Controlling your diet, you can relax the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis and significantly accelerate recovery. Proper nutrition can normalize the metabolism, reach normal body weight and increase the stock of vitality.
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