Physiotherapy for cervical osteochondrosis: basic types of
Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis is in addition to the main treatment, seriously improving the patient's condition. At the same time, physiotherapeutic methods of treatment act selectively on the focus of pain, due to which a rather high efficiency of this method of treatment is achieved and almost no side effects.
Thanks to this method of treatment, a doctor can reduce the doses of drugs that are prescribed to the patient, thereby reducing the risk of side effects and the emergence of allergies.
In general, physiotherapy helps improve the condition of tissues and organs, normalize metabolism, improve microcirculation of blood in the affected area, stop pain, remove swelling and inflammation, and activate immunity.
Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis can be used in a complex or independently, depending on the patient's state of health. The following types of physiotherapy can be distinguished:
- laser therapy;
- shock wave therapy;
- detensor therapy;
- vibration effects( vibrating massages, ultrasound therapy);
- ultraviolet irradiation.
This is probably the most common method. Physiotherapy with cervical osteochondrosis, and with problems in other parts of the spine, almost always includes electrotherapy.
In this case, the effect occurs by means of an electric current, under the influence of which heat in the tissues arises, thereby increasing local blood circulation. This effectively eliminates discomfort and pain, and accelerates treatment. However, this type of physiotherapy is contraindicated in people who have metal devices and parts in their body, or pacemakers.
This type of therapy is based on the action of a constant magnetic field. During the procedure, field inductors are located on the affected limb or spine, while using a continuous mode of operation with the induction of a sufficiently strong magnetic field. One procedure lasts about 20 minutes.
This kind of physiotherapy treatment is not very common and has not yet proved its unconditional effectiveness.
Laser therapyPhysiotherapy for cervical osteochondrosis often includes laser therapy. In this case, the healing effect is achieved due to the action of helium-neon lasers, which activate bioelectric processes in the tissues of the nervous system. It is believed that this type of physiotherapy treatment has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing properties.
In the procedure, the laser passes along the inflamed nerve roots of the spinal cord. It can also be used to influence the near-vertebral zones of the affected area. The exposure time for each zone is no more than 2 minutes, with the total time of the procedure usually not exceeding 14 minutes.
It should be noted that this method is quite new, it has not proved its effectiveness in practice yet. Often people believe advertising, believing that using a laser means using high technology. In fact, it is worth consulting with a doctor before going to take such a method of treatment.
This is also a fairly new method of physiotherapy, which has not yet received a very wide distribution. There are also a lot of disputes about its effectiveness, although in some cases it shows very good results.
The very method of treatment consists in the action of an acoustic wave on the affected area of the body. Due to this, pain is eliminated, metabolism improves and blood microcirculation improves.
Detensor therapy consists in stretching the spine with the weight of the body of the patient. It should be noted that this is an old enough method, but at the moment it is the cause of many disputes. There is an opinion that an excess of such procedures can be harmful to the patient and lead to the formation of new hernias and protrusions. In addition, stretching itself has only a temporary anesthetic effect, which is manifested by removing the load from damaged discs. By and large this is not a cure, but only a way to reduce pain for a while.
BalneotherapyThe benefits of mineral waters and curative mud are known to everyone long enough. This is the basis for this method of treatment, such as balneotherapy. It involves the use of swimming pools, showers, general and local baths with mineral waters, as well as therapeutic mud. During the procedures with mineral waters, substances penetrate through the skin and affect the nerve centers and receptors.
When treatment with mud is applied to the body due to the chemical composition and temperature of the therapeutic mud. This method is usually applied in the form of applications.
This method of treatment reduces inflammation, improves blood circulation and stimulates metabolism.
P.S.On this site you can learn all the effective methods of cervical osteochondrosis treatment.
Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis: how does it work?
Physiotherapy as a method of treatment has been around for a long time, because it allows you to deliver the medicine in the right area quickly and without pain. Exposure to physiotherapy is exclusively on the affected area( without affecting the entire body), it has no side effects, does not cause allergic reactions and is shown to patients of very different ages and physical states. That is why physiotherapy for osteochondrosis is a popular, although not the main, method of treatment.
Physiotherapy allows to accelerate the healing process 1,5 - 2 times and to stop the development of chronic disease
. For what and how physiotherapy is carried out.
. The essence of physiotherapy consists in exposure to the body of various physical factors - heat, cold, electric and magnetic fields, various radiations, mechanicalimpact.
In osteochondrosis, physiotherapy is prescribed in order to stimulate the body's recovery processes and help to remove painful symptoms. The procedure is aimed at:
- pain relief;
- elimination of signs of inflammation;
- relaxation of spasms;
- restoration of blood microcirculation in the affected area;
- release of pinched nerve roots;
- normalization of metabolism in the lesion focus.
Of the general beneficial effect of physiotherapy on the body can be noted:
strengthening of immunity;
stimulation of the cardiovascular system and motor activity;
reduced the need for medications and reduced the duration of treatment.
There are many kinds of physiotherapy procedures prescribed for osteochondrosis. Usually they are used in a complex, but depending on the degree of the disease, the general condition of the patient and the presence of contraindications, the doctor can prescribe only one kind of physiotherapy.
Contraindications for physiotherapy:
- oncological diseases;
- general body condition;
- phase of active exacerbation of osteochondrosis;
- severe disorders of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, liver and kidney;
- acute mental disorders;
- skin lesions in the affected area.
There are also narrower indications and contraindications for each type of procedure.
Types of physiotherapy with osteochondrosis
Treatment is carried out by means of an electric current, a field. This method warms tissues, improves blood circulation and metabolic processes in them. Procedures effectively relieve pain. In addition, with the help of an electric field, drugs can be delivered directly to the source of the disease. For example, physiotherapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical region will affect only the neck area.
Types of electrophysiotherapy:
Electropuncture - irritation with a weak electric current of the exit points of the roots of the vertebral nerves. The method is good for relieving pain and relaxing the muscles.
Diadynamic current - heating by currents of different frequencies. Quickly relieves pain and cramps.
Interference is the rhythmic action of a multi-frequency electric field. Effectively relieves acute pain.
CMT therapy - treatment with sinusoidal modulated currents. Has analgesic effect and relaxes muscles.
Drug electrophoresis - delivery of medicines directly to the source of the disease.
Ultraviolet irradiation( quartz) promotes the production of vitamin D( necessary for the assimilation of calcium), warms up, relieves inflammation and pain, stimulates immunity.
The effect of helium-neon laser on the area of the outlets of vertebral nerve roots removes pain, inflammation, spasms, activates the regenerative processes.
Method of spinal traction on special devices under the influence of the patient's body weight.
Application of low-frequency electromagnetic field has a positive effect on blood circulation in the affected area.
Exposure to vibrations of ultrasound waves removes inflammation and pain.
In addition to these methods, there are other types of physiotherapy of osteochondrosis. Each of them is good in its own way, however, the body of each person reacts to the procedures in different ways, so a universal way that would be good for everyone simply does not exist. And the most suitable methods for you are those appointed by your doctor.
Physiotherapy for cervical osteochondrosis: indications and contraindications
Osteochondrosis of the cervical region can be treated with therapeutic mud and mineral water baths. The patient's health is strengthened by the penetration of minerals through the skin to the nerve centers. Muds are applied to the affected area in the form of applications. The desired effect of the procedure is achieved due to the specific temperature and chemical composition of the mud mixture. Mineral water is used for baths, showers or pools. After the application of balneotherapy, blood circulation and cellular metabolism of the cervical region are stimulated with osteochondrosis, inflammation is eliminated.
Detensor-therapy is a method of gradual extension and unloading of the spine
Extension of the patient's spine under the influence of his own weight for therapeutic purposes is called detensor therapy. The method is known to medicine for a long time, at the moment many experts dispute its effectiveness and safety. In the opinion of the opponents of the method, prolonged therapy can lead to the appearance of complications - new protrusions, hernias.
As a result of the detensor therapy, pain is temporarily removed. This effect is achieved by relieving tension from damaged discs. Treatment of this therapy is difficult.
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This physiotherapy has been used for cervical osteochondrosis relatively recently. Its effectiveness raises doubts in some doctors. The procedure involves the impact of acoustic waves on the patient's back area. As a result, metabolism improves, blood flow in the tissues of the cervical region becomes more active, pain passes.
Magnetic and Laser Therapy
Complex therapy for cervical osteochondrosis often implies the appointment of magnetotherapy. For the procedure, the physiotherapist installs the magnetic field emitter sensors, adjusts the field strength for optimal effect. Under the influence of the magnetic field, the effect of the medicines used is enhanced, cell nutrition is stimulated.
With complex application, magnetic physiotherapy can reduce inflammation and improve blood circulation, relieve pain. After a course of physiotherapy, osteochondrosis can be completely cured and the patient's condition is greatly improved.
Laser therapy does not bring an unconditional positive result, but within the framework of complex treatment helps to improve the patient's condition. The effect of helium-neon lasers on the tissues of the nervous system leads to the activation of bioelectric processes.
Laser therapy involves the impact on the inflamed roots of the spinal cord, tissues in the near-vertebral zone. The lasers used have a healing effect, anesthetize, relieve inflammation.
Among other methods of physiotherapy, electrotherapy is prescribed more often than others. With osteochondrosis of the cervical department, this method is the most effective. The effect of electric current on the area affected by the disease leads to an increase in the temperature of the tissues. After this, the local circulation becomes more active, pain and discomfort are eliminated.
Physiotherapy is not prescribed for patients with pacemakers and metal elements in the body.
Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis will significantly improve the patient's condition. Various types of therapeutic effects are used in conjunction with drug treatment to ensure maximum results.
Physiotherapy for cervical and lumbar osteochondrosis at home
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When a shock wave procedure is applied, an acoustic acoustic wave is sent to the painful focus, which is capable of transferring energy by 7 centimeters deep. The course of treatment includes 5 sessions. Its influence helps to remove severe pain, improve metabolism and microcirculation.
This method today treats such diseases as disc hernias, osteochondrosis, tendenitis, epicondylitis, the consequences of fractures, salt deposits in the joints and others. It is used in treatment and in rehabilitation medicine.
But shock wave therapy has contraindications: it is forbidden to those who have bleeding disorders, infectious diseases, tumors, pregnant women. Shockwave therapy is contraindicated for the treatment of underage children. It does not apply to a patient's oncological disease. If the patient needs a shock-wave procedure, and he currently has high blood pressure, the procedure should be temporarily postponed.
The patient's neurological problems are another reason why shock wave therapy should not be used.
Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis by electrotherapy is the most common procedure. It uses Bernard's diadynamic currents, sinusoidal currents, and electrophoresis on the bone tissue of the sore spot. This improves the flow of blood and eliminates pain. Toki Bernara serves a special device - SNIM-1.
The course of treatment with electric current includes a maximum of 6 procedures. Already after the first of them the patient feels a significant improvement in the condition. For each painful point, 15 minutes of current influence from 20 to 50 Hz is given. For three years, the effect of such physiotherapy is preserved.
The device SNIM-1.With the help of it, electrotherapy is performed.
There are many types of electrotherapy. One of them is amplipulse therapy. Amplipulse with osteochondrosis is used, mainly to relieve pain. During therapy a special sinusoidal current is used.
Bernard's diodinamic currents are currents of a semi-sinusoidal form. Frequency - from fifty to one hundred gigahertz. They relieve the pain. Due to the fact that the currents of Bernard are directed to the diseased area, the sensitivity of the pain receptors and the pain threshold are reduced. The course of treatment with Bernard currents is a maximum of 10 days.
The influence of electric current on the human body is treated also with osteoarthritis, joint pains of the limbs, neck pain, shoulders, headaches, disc hernias. It is impossible to use Bernard's currents on patients with the presence of metal elements in the body and with pacemakers.
Ultrasound is able to penetrate into the tissues of the human body to a depth of about 6 centimeters. Therefore, ultrasound treatment is so effective in diseases of the spine.
Ultrasound has a healing property due to mechanical impact from sound pressure, thermal influence, biochemical exposure. Ultrasound has properties that improve blood circulation, relieve muscle spasms, eliminate pain and inflammation. When osteochondrosis, using ultrasound, drugs are introduced, which speeds up the disappearance of pain. Ultrasound therapy is also used for diseases such as myositis, arthritis, arthrosis, edema, bursitis, radiculitis.
Ultrasound also has contraindications. It can not be used for people with oncology, blood diseases, thrombophlebitis, heart failure, pregnant women. Do not recommend to operate the ultrasound machine in the region of the heart, the head. Ultrasound is also contraindicated for jaundice, hepatic and renal colic, vegetovascular dystonia.
In laser therapy, the affected part is affected by quantum particles( light flux, infrared ray) and electromagnetic waves. Infrared ray has the property of deep penetration into tissues and a great ability to stimulate metabolic processes and activation of the restoration of cartilaginous tissue. Laser therapy improves microcirculation, restores compressed nerve endings, due to which contact is established between the central nervous system and other organs. In general, it has a health effect on the body.
Contraindications: this method of therapy is not for patients with thyrotoxicosis, diabetes, an open form of tuberculosis, cardiovascular or pulmonary insufficiency.
Balneotherapy is the treatment of mud and mineral waters. In the treatment with mineral waters, there is a positive effect on receptors and various nerve centers.
In the treatment of mud, the temperature and chemical composition of it influences well in sick areas. So the metabolism is stimulated, blood circulation improves, the inflammation is removed.
Contraindications: not for those suffering from malignant neoplasms, severe atherosclerosis, severe diabetes, epilepsy, fungal diseases of the skin.
One of the additional means of treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is the use of physiotherapy as an additional method of eliminating pain and inflammatory processes. The main symptoms of osteochondrosis are pain syndrome, edema and, in exceptional cases, convergence weakness and diplopia( visual impairment in which objects are doubled) when looking down or forward. With the skillful use and proper selection of procedures, this method helps to significantly alleviate the course of the disease, thereby enabling you to positively influence the cervical area.
As the long-term experience shows, the use of physiotherapy in osteochondrosis of the cervical region does not cause symptoms of exacerbation and allows reducing medication, while at the same time reducing the risk of allergic reactions and concomitant effects. If we consider physiotherapy as a method of treatment, then these procedures cause such improvements:
- activate and improve the immune function of the body as a whole;
- increase blood circulation in the area of defeat by osteochondrosis;
- normalizes the metabolism;
- reduces edema and inflammatory processes in the cervical region;
- reduces disorders that are directly related to musculoskeletal functions.
Basic methods of physiotherapy for osteochondrosis
There are basic procedures that are widely popular in the practice of treatment of cervical osteochondrosis. These include:
The magnetotherapy method is one of the most popular and involves the use of a static static magnetic field. During the procedure, special inducers are placed on the affected area, with the help of which a continuous magnetic field is created in the range from 28 to 35 mT.Under the influence of this field in the tissues of the cervical region there are electric discharges, under the influence of which the properties of a physico-chemical character change. In turn, these changes entail a change in the rate of biochemical processes that effectively influence the course of treatment of osteochondrosis.
This method is always included in the treatment of osteochondrosis. In this case, use an electric current, with proper use of which increases the effect of physiotherapy in general. Under the action of a local current, heat in the tissues appears, which in turn leads to an increase in blood circulation in the affected area. The electrotherapy procedure effectively reduces pain and discomfort in the cervical region, and accelerates the healing process itself. This method uses:
- pulse current method. The use of low-frequency pulses reduces pain in the neck, since it directly affects the nerve receptors;
- diadynamic therapy. The method involves continuous exposure with a double or a wave current. The course lasts mainly up to 10 days. After a full course of rehabilitation, the muscles come in tone, they normalize the mobile functions of the cervical region of the spine;
- interference therapy. Characterized by a rhythmic change in the frequency of the current. The duration of the procedure is 10-15 minutes;
- through the skin electrical neurostimulation. It consists in the stimulation of nerves without a direct effect on the musculoskeletal structures. Carried out using electrodes with hydrophilic gaskets.
When using electrotherapy, it must be remembered that this procedure is prohibited for patients in whom there is a pacemaker or metal objects in the body.
This method involves the use of helium-neon lasers that effectively influence and activate bioelectric processes in tissues, helping to relieve the inflammatory process in this area. The duration of the process is 2-3 minutes. Since the method is quite new, you should consult your doctor before use.
The method involves the use of acoustic waves on the affected area of the cervical region. The method helps alleviate pain, improves blood microcirculation and metabolism.
The procedure is fairly simple to use and consists in lengthening the patient's spine with the help of body weight. Since this method can, in very rare cases, cause complications in the form of a hernia or protrusion, it is necessary to consult before use.
The method consists in using high-frequency sound waves at a frequency of 20 kHz. The method affects the elimination of pain symptoms and the removal of edema. Contraindicated in patients with oncological and psychiatric disorders.
Irradiation of this type effectively affects the formation of vitamin D in the skin, with which calcium assimilation takes place. The procedure is carried out with the help of irradiators, which are characterized by bactericidal and anti-inflammatory functions. In the case of cervical osteochondrosis, this method is used on the surface of the neck, subclavian region and upper part of the scapula.
Balneotherapy for osteochondrosis includes the use of therapeutic mud and mineral waters. The procedure improves metabolism, relieves pain and improves blood circulation.
Another of the traditional methods of treatment is electrophoresis. It is used at all stages of the disease, including complications. Electrophoresis is the introduction of a special solution with the help of an electric current through an intact skin area. Since the method is localized, the impact occurs only on the selected site and does not affect other organs. The procedure of electrophoresis relieves pain, normalizes metabolism and improves the condition of the body as a whole.