How the heart aches with osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis is a common disease that affects millions of people around the world. The damage is due to the detrimental effect on the cartilaginous tissue between the vertebrae. Osteochondrosis causes thinning of the intervertebral space, which causes a number of disorders in the patient's body. People suffering from this disease should know what to expect from it and, in particular, how the heart aches with osteochondrosis.
This disease affects people, mostly of middle age. But, many analysts note that osteochondrosis is getting younger every year. At the moment even school children often face this disease and, fortunately, the therapy in their case is not so long and painful. Diseases of the spine deserve special attention, because any disturbances in the spine threaten the disorder of the whole motor activity of the organism.
Cervical-type dystrophic disorders in articular cartilage and pain in the heart can be related, as a violation of the blood supply to the neck can contribute to heartbeat disorder.
Pain in the heart as a symptom of osteochondrosis
Pain in the heart is a serious and quite common reason for an urgent call to a cardiologist. Discomfort in the heart causes a person, at least, fear, so the trip to the doctor, as a rule, do not postpone. There is an extensive list of causes that can cause soreness. There are cases when all conceivable methods of diagnosis do not reveal any pathologies, but the pain is also quite strong. In such situations, a cardiologist can send his patient to a consultative appointment with a neurologist. This specialist should examine a person for the presence of diseases of the spine. This disease, surprisingly many, can easily cause cardialgia and other heart lesions.
Heart pain in osteochondrosis is not uncommon, so it is not necessary to have heart disease to experience a very tangible discomfort in his area. Such a symptom of dystrophic disorders is called a cardiac pain syndrome. Do not be afraid of serious pathologies of the heart due to osteochondrosis, as this ailment is, fortunately, not able to cause them. Cardiological pain syndrome is not dangerous for the patient's life, nevertheless, it can seriously affect the psycho-emotional state of the patient. Unpleasant feelings can disappear for a while, and then "attack" with renewed vigor. In general, the period of remission for osteochondrosis is common. This disease can subside for several months, and then again enter into an active phase.
disease Osteochondrosis requires comprehensive and long-term treatment. Doctors - neuropathologists make a scheme of treatment, which is aimed at eliminating several causes of the disease. Pain in the heart due to dystrophic disorders in articular cartilage also require certain treatment.
Medical treatment, of course, can significantly reduce the impact of the disease on the body, and even eliminate it altogether. If osteochondrosis gives to the fibrous-muscular hollow organ, then it may be necessary to help not only medicines, but also methods of alternative medicine. But first of all we will designate the groups of medicines that are necessary for conservative treatment.
- Non-steroidal and steroid anti-inflammatory drugs. They eliminate the inflammatory process at the heart of the disease.
- Chondroprotectors are aimed at stimulating the recovery process in damaged cells. Thanks to these drugs, the process of cell regeneration will be significantly accelerated. Anesthetics and psychotropic drugs. Two of these groups of drugs are able in a few minutes to completely stop the pain syndrome.
Communication of osteochondrosis with palpitation
Osteochondrosis and palpitations are interrelated, since the first affects blood pressure and circulatory system in general. In some cases, when a person suffers from cervicothoracic osteochondrosis, the main organ of a person receives an inadequate amount of oxygen from the blood, so that the heartbeat may increase.
Effect of osteochondrosis on the heart - extrasystole, arrhythmia, tachycardia
The effect of osteochondrosis on the heart is due not only to the infringement of the nerve roots in the thoracic region, where the cardiac plexuses depart. They participate in the regulation of the heart and internal organs.
The degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the spine are significantly affected by arterial pressure. Under the movement of increased nerve impulses, the vessels spasmodic. Against this background, the load on the heart increases, therefore, in diseases of the spine, hypertension is observed.
About these diseases and their relationship with the pathology of the spinal column, let's talk in more detail in the article.
How the heart is affected by the disease
Extrasystolia with osteochondrosis does not appear immediately. Rapid palpitation at first appears briefly. When tilting, bending or against a background of severe physical stress, the nerve root is impaired. If there is compression of the nerve in the thoracic region, the work of the cardiac muscle - the myocardium is disrupted.
If the symptom is prolonged, the probability of chronic hypoxia of the heart muscle is high. Extracorporeal disease is only the first sign of pathology. Periodic involuntary contractions of the heart initially appear only with intense physical exertion. When the myocardium does not have enough oxygen to push through the blood accumulated in the chambers of the heart, additional cuts are needed.
Other causes of heart palpitations:
- nervous experiences;
- emotional stress;
- cholecystitis and osteochondrosis;
- is an inflammation of the lung tissue.
Minor extrasystoles appear in healthy people. Before treating the disease, you need to understand its causes.
Thoracic osteochondrosis and arrhythmia are combined types of pathology. Due to the prolapse of the intervertebral discs, the nerve root is infringed. If the cardiac nerve is squeezed, arrhythmia develops( a violation of the synchronism of the heart rhythm).At the same time, an increase in the size of the heart can lead to osteochondrosis and scoliosis of the spinal column.
Doctors separately distinguish extrasystole against the background of increased impulse of the vagus nerve. Physical loads that are adequate to the age-specific features of the body, do not cause hemodynamic disorders and contribute to the strengthening of muscle tissue, incl.and myocardium. Too strong training forms the hypoxia of skeletal muscle.
Rapid heart rate, arrhythmia and extrasystole are conditions that are interrelated. The cyclic mechanism of cardiac pathology must be eliminated at an early stage in order to rule out more serious problems - ischemic disease and myocardial infarction.Interruptions in the heart appear on the background of cervical osteochondrosis. The mechanism of formation of this pathology is closely related to the compression of the vertebral artery. This vessel nourishes the blood of a fourth of the brain tissue. When there is a lack of oxygen in the brain tissue, hypoxia is formed. This ailment leads to a violation of the central innervation of the internal organs. Against this background, it is difficult to exclude interruptions in cardiac activity.
Obviously, the pathological states described above are better defined at early stages.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis with cardiac pathology:
- Strong points behind the sternum( increased palpitations).
- Voltage between the blades.
- Periodic pre-hypotension.
- Feeling of lack of air and anxiety.
- Sweating, fever and general discomfort.
- Amplified pulse with periodic strong waves - extrasystoles.
- The volume of extrasystolic ejection is higher than normal( when measured with a medical tonometer).
Degenerative-dystrophic changes in the thoracic spine of the initial degree can not be uncomfortable for a person. Nevertheless, even at the 2nd degree of pathology, arrhythmia and extrasystole can be strongly pronounced.
Doctors prescribe the treatment of an ailment when the number of extraordinary cardiac contractions exceeds 700 times a day. To treat this complication of osteochondrosis will be a cardiologist.
Causes of hypertension
Hypertension and osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are interrelated states. They often exist together. As a result, in all patients with degenerative-dystrophic heart disease, doctors always measure blood pressure. For many, it is higher than 140/80 mm Hg. Art.
Degenerative changes in the cervical spine often lead to hypertension. The relationship between these types of pathology is not revealed. In practice, it has been established that changes in the thoracic and cervical spine produce a slight increase in blood pressure.
When the pathology is attached to the infringement of the vertebral artery in the transverse processes of the vertebrae, a crisis course of the disease arises. With hypertensive crisis, the blood pressure figures rise to the level of 220/110 mm Hg. Art. Against this background, it is likely that the heart will be interrupted.
The relationship between degenerative-dystrophic processes of the spine and hypertension is not fully understood, therefore doctors can not completely cure hypertension, but only prescribe medications for temporary pressure reduction.
Hypertension in a number of cases occurs at the initial stage of cervical osteochondrosis. At her arterial pressure rises slightly. When there is compression of the vertebral artery, a special form of pathology is formed-cerebral-ischemic.
Scientific studies have also proved that any type of cervical osteochondrosis complicates the course of hypertension. They contribute to increasing resistance to antihypertensive therapy.
Thoracic osteochondrosis and hypertension on its background lead to other changes in the internal organs. For example, in 40% of patients with these types of ailments, tachycardia( rapid heart rate) can be traced. Especially often this condition is observed in the elderly at the age of 40-60 years.
Young people for osteochondrosis are more typical changes in heart activity, such as increased heart rate, arrhythmia and extrasystole.
To eliminate these pathological changes, it is necessary to cure high blood pressure in the initial stages.
What symptoms suggest a combination of spine degeneration and hypertension:
- impaired consciousness;
- flickering "flies";
- general weakness;
- double vision.
To determine the optimal therapy of pathology, you should constantly measure blood pressure.
In 5% of patients with osteochondrosis of the thoracic and cervical spine, low blood pressure is observed. This form of pathology is treated with great difficulty.
The main pathogenetic connection between hypertension and diseases of the spinal column is the infringement of the vertebral artery localized along the vertebral axis. This vessel can be pinched by muscles or bone osteophytes during decompression, which leads to an increase in intravascular pressure.
Tachycardia against a background of pathology is a concomitant condition. To "pump" the blood, the body needs to increase the heart rate. External manifestation of the cardiac load - palpitation.
Arrhythmia and extrasystoles occur when the heart can not cope with increased stress.
In osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, the adrenal cortex releases an increased amount of catecholamines - chemicals that spasmodic vessels. This state additionally provokes pressure drops in the form of jumps. Each release of prostaglandins leads to a crisis pressure figure.
Thus, hypertension, extrasystole, arrhythmia and palpitations in osteochondrosis are dangerous complications of pathology, which are better treated at the initial stages.
Pain in the heart with chest osteochondrosis: symptoms and treatment
Causes of heart pain in osteochondrosis
Spinal nerve rootlets become inflamed, jammed between the vertebrae - resulting in cardiac pain.
Patients with a diagnosis of "chest osteochondrosis" develop cardiac pain syndrome. Then, when it's quiet, then again, it can last from several weeks to several months. Pain syndrome can increase after severe physical exertion. For the patient's life, heart pain of this origin is not dangerous, but can contribute to the development of heart pathologies.
Differences in "real" heart pain from pain due to osteochondrosisPain caused by osteochondrosis. Angina caused by angina, myocardial infarction and other cardiac diseases
|Pain syndrome lasts from several weeks to several months.||Pain of a short duration.|
|Heart pain can be intensified for 3 days, then gradually subside.||The pain is intense.|
|Pain syndrome is not life-threatening.||Cardiologic pains are life threatening.|
|Cardiological pain syndrome does not subside and does not disappear when using pharmacological cardiac drugs.||From the use of cardiac drugs, the pain syndrome can subside or disappear altogether.|
|In the cardiogram, there are no abnormalities in the examination.||When examined on a cardiogram, pathological abnormalities are clearly visible.|
|Patients do not feel fear and anxiety.||Often, patients develop a fear of death.|
|Pain syndrome increases if the spine is stressed, or when exposed to it.||The pain syndrome is permanent and does not depend on the load and the impact on the spine.|
Osteochondrosis: arrhythmia and hypertension
Causes of hypertension
The effect of the disease on the function of the heart is due not only to the pinching of the inflamed nerve roots in the thoracic spine, where the main nerve plexuses are involved in the regulation of the internal organs and the heart,.Vessels spasmodized under the movement of increased nerve impulses - as a result, the load on the heart increases. That is why in patients with pathological disorders of the spine, hypertension is present in patients.
The disease has a significant impact not only on blood pressure, but on the circulatory system: the blood vessels are pinched, the heart loses the required amount of oxygen, resulting in a rapid heartbeat, arrhythmia, blood pressure.
Reasons for arrhythmia
Thoracic osteochondrosis and arrhythmia are two types of pathologies that combine with each other. Intervertebral discs fall out in the thoracic spine, as a result of which the nerve roots are impaired. If the cardiac nerve is contracted or squeezed, there arises, and then a disturbance in the synchronism of the heart rhythm develops-that is, an arrhythmia.
Rapid heart rate, extrasystole, arrhythmia - these conditions often occur against the background of chest osteochondrosis. All of them must be eliminated at the earliest stages, so that the problems will not develop even more serious.
Diagnosis of the disease
Without a thorough diagnosis, the correct definition of a diagnosis is indispensable. Specialists appoint patients ultrasound of the heart, to identify abnormalities. If the cardiogram with repeated examinations is still without pathological changes, normal cholesterol, pressure is not increased is osteochondrosis. For more accurate diagnosis, the specialist will prescribe an additional examination for MRI to identify joint arthrosis, osteophytes, hernias.
After elimination of the causes of this illness, the pain syndrome, the arrhythmia caused by the disease, hypertension, and other related illnesses will disappear.
Only a doctor, taking into account the diagnosis, can prescribe a course of treatment that is aimed at eliminating several causes of the disease.
Treatment with pharmacological drugs will significantly reduce the impact of the disease, eliminate it. Specialists can prescribe non-traditional methods in parallel with medications. But, at first we will define with preparations for conservative treatment:
- is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. These drugs are designed to eliminate inflammation in the locus of the disease;
- hondoprotectors. This group of pharmacological agents stimulates the restoration of cartilage, tissues of damaged vertebrae. Thanks to hondoprotectors, regeneration of cells is accelerated;
- painkillers and sedatives. These drugs stop the pain syndrome, calm the patient.
Non-traditional methods of
Treatment of cardiac syndromes caused by osteochondrosis is performed by manual therapists, acupuncturists, specialists who have deep-impact techniques on the affected parts of the spine, for example, with the technique of acupressure. For the treatment of ailment apply:
Extrasystoles in osteochondrosis, or cardiac arrhythmia( arrhythmia), occurs when the nerve endings and blood vessels are squeezed by the intervertebral discs. The pathological condition can affect both the entire myocardium and some of its departments. Physiologically this is manifested by the appearance of extraordinary impulses and contractions of the heart muscle.
Arrhythmia with osteochondrosis occurs when the nerve endings and blood vessels are squeezed by the intervertebral discs
Should I go to the cardiologist?
Arrhythmia, and often pain in the heart, is a good reason to contact a cardiologist. That's only at inspection it can be found out, that disturbance of synchronism of pulse or pain in a breast have arisen not because of problems with heart, and absolutely for other reason - because of development of an osteochondrosis of a backbone.
The fact that osteochondrosis can cause a cardiac syndrome:
- Neuralgia( pain localized in the spine, but echoing in the chest).
- Provokes arrhythmia and tachycardia.
Why does this happen, and what consequences for the patient can have arrhythmia and chest pain in osteochondrosis?
Many experts believe that the arrhythmia that occurs with osteochondrosis is not dangerous. In part, this can be considered a correct conclusion: osteochondrosis is eliminated - arrhythmias disappear. But not everything is so simple: often the patient ignores the treatment of the underlying disease, all efforts directed at suppressing various kinds of symptoms that occur with osteochondrosis. As a result, the situation is aggravated and a whole bunch of new problems is added to the irregularities in the work of the heart.
Arrhythmia in osteochondrosis can talk about serious violations - neglected osteochondrosis causes the development of cardiac and vascular pathology, which may result in cerebral stroke, pulmonary thromboembolism, ischemic disease and myocardial infarction.
Pathogenesis and symptomatology
Arrhythmia, extrasystole and tachycardia with osteochondrosis appear due to compression of the vertebral vertebral artery. Blood accumulates in the heart, for its pushing the heart produces additional contractions, which is a violation of the functionality of the heart muscle. In 80% of arrhythmia, tachycardia and extrasystole are observed in the osteochondrosis of the thoracic region, less often - with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
Periodically occurring dizziness signals possible osteochondrosis
In addition to arrhythmia, extrasystole and tachycardia, a number of symptoms can speak about the pathology of cardiac activity. You should be alerted by the appearance along with a violation of heart rate synchronism:
- A feeling of tension in the area of the scapula.
- Difficulty in breathing( feeling like there is not enough air).
- Periodically occurring dizziness.
- Feeling of general weakness.
By the way, there is also a feedback. Sometimes heart problems cause the development of osteochondrosis. This is especially true in cases of diseases in which there is an increase in the size of the heart muscle, which increases the burden on the spine and provokes the development of serious diseases of the motor apparatus.
Do not think that extrasystole( arrhythmia) will manifest immediately and in full. Initially, it manifests itself short-term interruptions with increased physical exertion, when there is a jamming of the nerve endings in the thoracic spine. With such insignificant phenomena, as a rule, the patient does not think about osteochondrosis, completely believing that the rhythm disturbance or pain in the heart area is provoked by external factors.
In some cases, the causes of rapid heart rate may be:
- Stress and cholecystitis.
- Inflammation in the lung tissue.
- Nervous overload.
Also, a minor arrhythmia can occur in completely healthy people, therefore, before you begin to eliminate the symptom, you need to understand in detail the causes of its appearance.
Often combining pathologies - thoracic osteochondrosis and arrhythmia, malfunctioning of the heart and chest pain - arise as a result of compression of the nerve endings when intervertebral discs fall out. When the cardiac nerve is infringed, the synchronism of the heart rhythm develops. In the opposite case, with an increase in the size of the heart, scoliosis and osteochondrosis are observed.
If the cardiac nerve is contracted, the arrhythmia develops
Specifics of manifestation and types of
If the patient begins to worry about chest pain and arrhythmia, then the first thing to do is turn to the cardiologist and make an ECG.A more detailed result will be provided by the Hotler monitoring of the ECG, in which case it will be possible to establish exactly which disturbances in the rhythm of the cardiac activity are present and whether treatment is required.
Frequency of occurrence of extrasystoles:
- In rare cases( several dozens per day).
- Average of the indicators( hundreds).
- Often manifested( repeating several thousand times).
When osteochondrosis of extrasystole( arrhythmia) is characterized by the manifestation of paired extrasystoles( bigemini - two in a row, trigeminia - three in a row).In turn, one of the difficult to treat points in osteochondrosis is the presence of ventricular extrasystoles;the longer they are, the longer the therapy will be.
The effect of osteochondrosis on the heart has been proven by specialists for a long time. In diseases of the spine in various areas, unpleasant symptoms( including pain behind the sternum) can develop as a response to even minor movements. Osteochondrosis can cause any kind of discomfort from the internal organs, and arrhythmia is one of the few such manifestations. The nature of pain is similar to angina, but there are a number of significant differences in symptoms, usually a gradual onset, a long duration and pain even when a person is at rest.
Thoracic and cervical osteochondrosis can cause cardiac pathology
Breast osteochondrosis can cause cardiac pathology, and arrhythmia, tachycardia and extrasystole are conditions that are closely interrelated. If the patient gives for the sternum, hurts in the heart, it is necessary to be able to distinguish more serious pathologies( ischemia, infarction) from degenerative changes in the area of the spinal column.
Interruptions in the work of the heart muscle can cause and cervical osteochondrosis, which is due to the clamping of the vertebral artery, which nourishes 1/4 of the brain. Hypoxia, resulting from this, disrupts the innervation of internal organs, although it is difficult for a person far from medicine to imagine that the heart is hurting from the beginning of osteochondrosis and distinguish arrhythmia from angina pectoris.
All therapeutic measures are important to start as soon as possible, doctors advise to go to the patient full course of treatment already in the case when the number of extraordinary cuts per day approaches 600-700 times. Therapy is complex, taking place in close cooperation between a neurologist( vertebrologist) and a cardiologist.
Pain in the heart with osteochondrosis and treatment errors
Among diseases of various organs the heart occupies one of the leading positions. As a rule, patients who are already over 40 turn to the doctor, but the pain caused by angina and even myocardial infarction can manifest at a much earlier age. Often it happens that during the diagnostic examination, no signs of heart damage can be identified, and pain, nevertheless, are present.
The paradox of the situation is that instrumental methods do not reveal any deviations, and heart pain not only does not stop, but even does not lend itself to cupping with the use of potent cardiac drugs. Such patients can run from one specialist to another for months until they can properly interpret the results of the study - osteochondrosis of the spine.
Osteochondrosis of the spine, mostly affecting the thoracic region, is often accompanied by pain in the region of the heart. As a rule, such patients develop the cardiological pain syndrome, which does not lead to the pathology of the heart muscle. It is noteworthy that the pains in the heart caused by the development of osteochondrosis of the spine can last for months, the intensity of the sensations may increase and decrease.
Pain in the heart with osteochondrosis does not endanger life. The difference in sensations is that with angina pectoris there is a short-term pain of high intensity, often accompanied by myocardial infarction, while vertebrogenic heart pain is not so intense and can be long-lasting without a threat to life.
Vertebrogenic cardialgia and its treatment
As a rule, vertebrogenic cardialgia is treated by various methods based on deep impact on vertebral tissues. The main specialists practicing the treatment of this ailment are doctors-acupuncturists, as well as manual therapists. General health massage does not have a positive effect, since it only affects the muscles, and with osteochondrosis, the joints located much deeper than the muscle layer are affected.
In men and women, the spine is not equally deep: the thickness of the muscular layer in men is 5-6 cm, while in women the spine is covered with a 3-4 cm thick muscle layer. When performing classical massage, the effect is applied to tissues that are at depthabout 2 cm, and with a deep massage - about 3 cm.
This is why deep massage can be effective in the treatment of osteochondrosis.
Advantages and disadvantages of
ointments In view of the foregoing, it can be concluded that the use of warming ointments in the treatment of osteochondrosis is absolutely useless.
Ointments made on the basis of turpentine, tea tree oil, snake and bee venom, in case of rubbing into the skin, provide an anesthetic and warming effect, and also increase the heat release of tissues in the application area.
However, these ointments affect only those tissues that are not deeper than 2 cm, so their use can be justified only if the lower and upper extremities are affected, since damaged tissues are not deeper than 0.5-1.5 cmNo ointment has a sufficient penetrating effect, so it is not able to influence the operation of intervertebral discs.
Often, people suffering from radiculitis and osteochondrosis resort to various kinds of thermal procedures as a treatment - a sauna, a sauna, a solarium, warming up, etc. Such treatment is not always possible with such diseases, and can guarantee a positive effect.
So, with radiculitis, heat almost always has an anesthetic effect, while in osteochondrosis, the result of a visit to a steam bath or a bath can be exacerbation, manifested by intense pain. Sometimes the pain can be so intense that it is almost impossible to get out of bed.
No less useless, and often dangerous for back pain, is home disc drive. To this procedure, patients often attract their relatives and friends who are not specialists in this field. Sometimes they try to fix disks by simple pressing on the sick places, even worse - when the patient lies down on the floor and asks to walk along the back.
Such procedures are quite dangerous, as they can cause the pinched nerves and the appearance of intense pain in the heart with osteochondrosis. Especially dangerous is the independent repositioning of the cervical vertebrae, since such a procedure can only be performed by a graduate who has previously got acquainted with the results of an x-ray examination.
The use of painkillers for various types of osteochondrosis, although it does not help in curing the disease, can bring considerable relief to the patient, saving him some time from pain. It is not necessary, however, to forget that the result of uncontrolled use of analgesics can be side effects, which are manifested by a violation of the liver, changes in the blood picture and even the appearance of a drug gastritis.
In the treatment of osteochondrosis, it is necessary to use complex measures determined by a qualified specialist. In addition to the above methods, when osteochondrosis is affected, the use of anti-inflammatory and diuretic drugs, as well as agents that improve microcirculation of blood, will be justified.