Osteoarthritis of the fingers
Often the age can be judged not only in the face, but also in the appearance of the hands. Knotty fingers willy-nilly add their owner a couple of decades. And, as luck would have it, the diseases of the fingers are ten times more common in women than in men. It is in the beautiful half of humanity, whose caring hands are the keepers of the home. Osteoarthritis of the fingers is another name - deforming osteoarthritis or polyosteoarthrosis( multiple arthrosis of the fingers).
The disease affects not one joint, but several( interphalangeal, metacarpophalangeal).What happens in this case? In the joints affected by arthrosis, the pathological process begins, the loss of synovial( lubricant) fluid, thinning, cracking and inflammation of the cartilaginous tissue. Joints are deformed and begin to ache, there is an increase in osteophytes - neoplasms on the edges of bones. Violently violated fine motor skills, in neglected cases, a person is not able to unscrew the lid on the bottle and pick up the fork.
Causes of developing arthrosis of the fingers
The first and main cause of the development of the disease is the genetic predisposition of .If your parents and grandparents had their fingers affected by arthrosis, then it is necessary to worry about the beauty and health of their hands already in their youth. And by inheritance is transmitted not the disease itself, but features of metabolism, the structure and density of bones and cartilaginous tissue.
Another reason for the destruction of cartilage - - increased stress on the fingers. Among the increased risk of developing arthrosis are such professions as: masseur, pianist, as well as office workers who have to type a lot of text on the computer.
The provoking disease can sugar diabetes, endocrine diseases and other metabolic and pathological disorders.
Hormonal changes in women( menopause) contribute to the fact that the body, together with a decrease in the level of estrogen, begins to actively lose moisture, resulting in cartilaginous tissue becoming thinner, joints and bones more fragile.
The most common cause of arthrosis is injuries to the flanks of the fingers and wrist joints of , especially if inflammation starts after an injury.
Abuse of smoking and alcohol also leads to the development of pathological changes in tissues in the body.
Symptoms of the disease
Patients turn to specialists already at the stage of the disease, when the seals appear on the hands, called the nodules of Geberden and Bushard. However, development begins long before their formation.
The first signals indicating arthrosis are aching finger pains, predominantly appearing at night and receding in the afternoon, and small edema of , with joint movement not yet limited, but may already have an unpleasant crunch. With the development of pathology and the destruction of cartilaginous tissue appears on joints . Geberden's nodules are usually formed in the first to third interphalangeal joints of the hand and resemble dense tumors ranging in size from a rice seed to a pea. Sometimes the nodules burst, and the contents pour out, but if a breakthrough does not occur, the seals harden and become almost painless. During their growth, the skin becomes red, and the patient feels burning and pain( not all patients). The Bushara nodules appear on the lateral surface of the joints, usually together with the Heberden nodules. These neoplasms lead to deformation of the joints of the fingers.
Diagnosis of arthrosis of the fingers
For the diagnosis of the disease, the doctor conducts an visual examination, palpation of the of the affected areas and, in order to avoid mistakes in the diagnosis, the patient is referred to the and x-ray diagnostic and for clinical and for rheumatic tests( from the vein).X-ray photographs show narrowing of the joint cracks of the affected joints, deformation of bones, osteophytes. In blood tests, there should be no abnormalities, but if they are still present, this indicates the development of more serious diseases( eg, arthritis).
Treatment of arthrosis
Treatment of arthrosis involves the restoration of the motor function of the joints, the prevention of the development of pathological processes, the reduction of pain syndrome, the improvement of blood circulation in the affected joints. It is very important in the treatment to maintain systematic and regularity.
Complex treatment of arthrosis includes:
- - application of analgesics;
- - non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- - glucocorticosteroid hormones;
- - chondroprotectors;
- - vitamin complexes;
- - intraarticular injections of hyaluronic acid;
- - baths with broths of herbs;
- - physiotherapy methods( magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, laser therapy, ozocerite and paraffin applications, mud therapy);
- - massage and manual therapy for improving blood supply to tissues;
- - special physical exercises for maintaining joint mobility( squeezing of expander or rubber ball);
- - methods of traditional medicine.
If treatment does not work, use surgical interventions( arthroscopic surgery, osteotomy).In the most neglected cases, the affected joints are completely replaced with dentures.
Treatment of arthrosis with folk methods
Before applying compresses, infusions and baths, you should consult your doctor, exclude allergic reactions to components and ensure the quality and safety of the ingredients used.
- Honey and table salt should be mixed in equal parts until homogeneous, and then used as a compress on the affected joints( apply before bedtime, taking off in the morning).
- Clay appliques on the fingers give a good result for the condition of the skin and cartilaginous tissue. Apply them for 20 minutes daily, after which they lubricate the skin with glycerin.
- Tincture of the turn is used as an anti-inflammatory and wound-healing agent.2 spoons plants pour a glass of boiling water, insist for twenty minutes, filter and drink 2 tablespoons three times a day. Course 1 month.
- 40 grams of crushed root horseradish are mixed with fifty grams of Vaseline and lubricate the diseased joints. Ointment helps to relieve inflammation and reduce pain in the fingers.
- The burdock leaves are ground, then applied fresh to the fingers, the compress is insulated.
- In case of arthrosis, general restorative teas for the organism are made from rose hips, thyme, mint, cowberries.
- Chunk chalk grind, add a bit of yogurt to make a gruel and put on your fingers for the night in the form of a compress.
- Devyasil( 20 g) is mixed with vodka( 100 g) and insisted in a dark place for 12 days. Then rub the joints of the fingers.
Prevention of arthrosis
Follow the diet, avoiding the appearance of excess weight and metabolic disorders. Avoid bad habits( smoking and alcohol).Spend more time in the fresh air so that tissues are saturated with oxygen. To improve the blood supply to the joints, massage hands and baths with medicinal plants. A few minutes a day, give exercises with an expander or a ball. These simple measures will help reduce the risk of developing arthrosis of the fingers and keep their beauty and health.
How to treat arthrosis of the fingers?
With age, every woman's organism undergoes irreversible changes and a sharp hormonal reorganization, which affects the condition of the joints. Therefore, many representatives of the fair sex suffer from arthrosis of the fingers, which is a chronic disease that causes deformity and deterioration of the functionality of the joints. If therapy is not started on time, pathology can lead not only to appreciable aesthetic defects, but also to a significant limitation of mobility.
Treatment of arthrosis of the joints of the fingers
The main task of drug exposure is to stop the degenerative changes in the cartilage as soon as possible, as well as restore its functions. But before treating arthrosis of the fingers, it is necessary to conduct symptomatic therapy aimed at the removal of pain and inflammation. For this, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used:
Anesthetic medications can be used in the form of tablets, injections and topical preparations( ointment, gel, solution).
After relief of pain and stopping of inflammatory processes, the following treatment regimen is prescribed:
- Reception of preparations for restoration of cartilage and synovial fluid production - Chondroxide, Glucosamine.
- Attending physiotherapy sessions - electrophoresis, laser, shock wave and electromagnetic effects, ozocerite baths, paraffin applications.
- Perform a gentle percussive massage to improve blood circulation and nutrition of the joint.
- Visiting exercise therapy and special gymnastics. Some simple exercises can be done at home - to squeeze, unclench kulaks, picking rosary.
- Compliance with the prescribed diet. The diet should include bone broths, berries, dairy products, rye bread, sea fish, fresh vegetables, natural birch sap.
Treatment of rizartroza or arthrosis of the thumb
In the early stages of the pathology in question, all the techniques described in the previous section are effective enough. In addition, when rizartrose is recommended:
- clay treatment;
Arthrosis of the thumb at the 3-4 stage of progression involves more serious measures - intraarticular injections of glucocorticosteroid hormones, hyaluronic acid.
If the proposed treatment methods have not been effective, surgical intervention is prescribed:
- plastic joint;
- Thumb arthroplasty;
Treatment of arthrosis of finger joints folk remedies
Recipes of alternative medicine are recommended only as an auxiliary symptomatic therapy. They well relieve the signs of the disease, but have a weak therapeutic effect.
For the relief of pain, swelling and inflammation in the joints, warm baths with decoction of pine or spruce needles help. It is enough to hold your hands in such a solution 15-25 minutes before bedtime to ease the condition.
Lime from cabbage leaves acts similarly.It is possible to wrap each diseased joint with a whole sheet, or finely grate the product, applying a pulp in the form of a compress.
Ointment from arthrosis of the fingers:
- Carefully mix the mustard powder - 100 g and about 200 g of fine sea salt.
- Dilute the dry mixture with 30-40 ml of purified kerosene.
- Stir ingredients until smooth.
- Rub the obtained ointment into each damaged joint before going to bed.
- It is recommended to continue treatment no more than 14 days.
Features of arthrosis of the joints of the fingers and its treatment
Arthrosis of the fingers( osteoarthrosis) is a degenerative-dystrophic disease of interphalangeal joints. Pathological process is less common arthrosis of large joints. In most cases, it affects women in the post-menopausal period. Progression of the disease causes pain in the hands and impaired motor function of the fingers, which can lead to disability - loss of ability to work and self-service.
Causes of the disease
Arthrosis of small joints of the hands develops when blood circulation and feeding of the cartilaginous layer of the intraarticular surfaces of bones are disturbed.
As a result, the cartilage becomes thinner, loses its elasticity, and defects appear on its surface. Violation of synovial fluid synthesis, movements in the joints become painful, inflammation of the affected tissue occurs.
Prognostic factors of disease development:
- genetic predisposition( mutation of the gene responsible for the synthesis of collagen);
- menopause period in women( decreased estrogen production);
- endocrine disorders( diabetes mellitus, thyroid pathology);
- trauma and hypothermia of the hands;
- professional activity( secretaries, programmers, pianists);
- pathology of the musculoskeletal system( rheumatoid, psoriatic, gouty arthritis);
- infectious diseases( chlamydia).
The disease progresses slowly and should be detected in the early stages of development, which increases the effectiveness of therapy and improves the prognosis for recovery.
Depending on the clinical manifestations and anatomical changes in the joints, osteoarthritis of the fingers is divided into several stages.
Appearance of brushes at the first stage of osteoarthritis - swelling of affected joints
The first stage of
It is characterized by initial manifestations of degenerative changes - a violation of cartilage nutrition and loss of its elasticity. With timely treatment, you can achieve a good therapeutic effect and stop the progression of the disease.
Symptoms of the first stage of osteoarthrosis of the fingers:
- pain in the hands occur after considerable physical exertion and pass at rest;
- crunching in articulations when moving with phalanges of fingers;
- swelling of the joints of the hands, tension of the periarticular muscles.
Motor activity of brushes is not broken, the work capacity is preserved.
Progression of the disease leads to a thinning of the cartilage, a decrease in synthesis of the synovial fluid and a change in its composition, a violation of the cushioning function of the joints. Inflammation of the joint tissues develops, an effusion can accumulate in the joint cavity.
The location of the nodules in the 2nd stage of osteoarthritis
Symptoms of the 2nd stage of the osteoarthrosis of the fingers:
- the pain in the hands becomes permanent;
- discomfort in the fingers is strengthened after physical exertion;
- pain syndrome worries at night;
- puffiness and burning sensation of affected joints;
- atrophy of muscle fibers in the lesion site;
- limitation of the functional ability of the fingers.
In the area of interphalangeal joints appear seals, which eventually become firm and usually do not lend themselves to reverse development. These are the so-called nodules of Bushard and Geberden. The first are localized on the distal parts of the fingers( near the nail), while the latter are located in the proximal areas( in the region of the middle part of the finger).
At the last stage of the disease, the cartilage is completely destroyed, the bone tissue thickens, bone spines appear, and the periarticular soft tissue is atrophied. Fingers are deformed and unable to perform elementary movements.
Symptoms of the third stage of osteoarthrosis of the fingers:
- permanent pain of intense character in the affected joints;
- bending of fingers;
- ankylosis of the joints( immobilization).
Detection of the disease in the advanced stage has an unfavorable prognosis for recovery, and the treatment is aimed at eliminating the symptoms of the pathological process. Deforming arthrosis often requires surgery to remove bone deformities and areas of destroyed cartilage.
Treatment of the disease
Timely diagnosis of arthrosis of the fingers can stop the progression of the disease, prevent severe anatomical and functional disorders. Therapy begins with conservative methods, to which you can add folk recipes to get rid of the disease. Treatment is carried out with the help of medicines, massage, physiotherapy, therapeutic gymnastics. Importance is attached to proper nutrition.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) are used to eliminate pain syndrome and inflammatory response in the tissues of affected joints. Preparations of this pharmacological group refer to symptomatic therapy - they affect the clinical manifestations of the disease. Diclofenac, indomethacin, ibuprofen, movalis, nimesulide are prescribed for 10-14 days. More prolonged use of drugs can cause ulcerative lesions of the digestive tract.
Appearance of brushes at the third stage of osteoarthrosis - deformation of fingers
Treatment of arthrosis of the fingers, affecting the cause of the pathology, is carried out by chondroprotectors. These drugs contain glycosamine and chondroitin sulfate, which restore the structure of the cartilage and prevent its destruction. The group of chondroprotectors includes such drugs as chondroxide, donna, teraflex, aflutop, which are prescribed by long-term therapeutic courses for 4-6 months.
In the case of intense pain, drugs with a pronounced analgesic effect are used. Assign non-narcotic analgesics( ketoral, baralgin), glucocorticoids( hydrocortisone, kenalog), novocaine blockades. To improve metabolism and strengthen blood vessels in the inflammation focus recommend the intake of vitamin-mineral complexes, ascorbic acid, proteolytic enzymes( wobenzym, Iruksol).We also recommend reading: Treatment of osteoarthritis with folk methods
Massage is applied at the stage of abatement of the pain syndrome in a sparing mode, so as not to aggravate the destruction of damaged joint tissues. Conducting effleurage( percussion), stroking, rubbing, kneading the brush and fingers. As a result, blood circulation improves, metabolism normalizes, nutrients enter the cartilaginous tissue, pathological spasm of muscle fibers decreases.
To treat osteoarthritis with the help of physical factors begin after remission of acute inflammatory process and reduction of painful sensations. Physiotherapy procedures fix the positive effect achieved by the use of medications. Treatment has a favorable effect on muscle tone, local blood flow, metabolic processes, which restores the motor activity of the fingers. The most effective procedures are electrophoresis with novocaine, ultrasound with hydrocartisone, magnetotherapy, ozocerite and paraffin.
Therapeutic gymnastics, or exercise therapy, is a technique for the rehabilitation of affected joints. It consists of metered exercises that are aimed at restoring the function of the joints of the hands - strengthening the muscles and bones, increasing the elasticity of the ligament apparatus, achieving physiological amplitude of movements, preventing ankylosis.
Fingerprints for arthrosis relieve pain and improve local blood flow
A simple set of exercises for doing at home:
- hit the pads on the hard surface of the table, simulating the piano;
- connect the pads of the fingers of both hands, make springy movements with brushes, without separating the fingers;
- connect the palms and fingers of the hands, apply pressure from one hand to the other, and then do the same exercise with the fingertips;
- bend and unbend fingers, not squeezing into a fist, 8-10 times;
- rub palms and brushes, shake with brushes.
exercise therapy should be performed regularly three times a day, supplemented with self-massage techniques.
You can treat osteoarthritis with proper nutrition. The main principles of the diet is to reduce the content of fat in the diet of animals, digestible carbohydrates, salt( up to 5 grams / day), spices, seasonings, smoked foods, semi-finished products. Food should be saturated with vegetable fiber, contained in vegetables, greens, fruits. Necessarily daily consumption of dairy products, dietary meat, fish, nuts. The meal should be at least 5-6 times a day.
Treatment with folk remedies is prescribed to prevent exacerbation of arthrosis and is part of complex conservative therapy. Effectively used baths with hay, mother-and-stepmother, the root of the livid, the turns, which spend 15-20 minutes. Painful sensations and inflammation in the small joints of the fingers eliminate compresses based on salt and honey. To do this, the raw materials are mixed in equal proportions, placed on the affected joints, pribintovyvayut and left overnight. Inside, it is recommended to take a decoction of birch leaves, which normalizes metabolism and exerts a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect.
Arthrosis of the joints of the fingers refers to a chronic progressive disease that causes disability. To prevent irreversible changes in the hands, you should consult a doctor at the first symptoms of the pathological process.
How to treat arthrosis of the fingers: what do doctors recommend?
By the term "arthrosis" is meant a chronic degenerative-inflammatory process in the cartilaginous tissue of the joints. In contrast to acute arthritis with arthrosis, structural changes occur in the joint - the articular( synovial) membrane thickens, the fluid accumulates in the joint cavity, and osteophytes appear on the joint surfaces. Arthrosis changes almost any joint in the body, including the joints of the fingers and toes. In this case, interphalangeal joints of the fingers and feet are most often affected, as well as metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints of the first fingers of the hands and feet.
This disease affects people over 40 years, mostly women. At the same time, due to constant pain, discomfort and a decrease in the volume of movements, many household and professional skills are lost. In turn, this leads to a deterioration in the patient's quality of life. That's why an adequate treatment of arthrosis of the fingers is of fundamental importance. In order to understand the treatment, it is first necessary to find out the etiology of arthrosis changes in the fingers and feet.
Arthrosis of the fingers occurs due to such reasons as:
- Systemic collagenoses( rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis)
- Injuries to the hands and feet
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Weak immunity
- Allergic processes
- Regular exposure to unfavorable environmental factors( cold, cold water, vibration)
- Heavy physical labor.
Arthrosis of the toes, in addition to the above reasons, develops due to wearing tight uncomfortable shoes, hypothermia of feet, frequent and prolonged walking over long distances, due to excessive load with a large body weight.
Initially arthrosis of the joints of the fingers is manifested with pain. The pain is not sharp, intermittent. Later the pain syndrome progresses, the pain becomes permanent and stronger. As a rule, not one, but several joints( by the type of polyarthritis) is affected. With an external examination of the affected joints of the hands, pathological connective tissue growths-the so-called Bushar's nodules-are visible.
Because of pain and sprains, there is a stiffness of the movements of the fingers and toes. Arthrosis of the thumb is noted mainly in women over 40 years of age and leads to the loss of precise movements. Osteoarthritis of the big toe appears as a characteristic "bone".Subsequently, due to a decrease in the volume of movements, there is atrophy of muscles and ligaments of hands and feet, fragility of bones.
Treatment of arthrosis of the fingers and the forefeet includes:
- Use of medicines
- Physiotherapeutic procedures
- Surgical treatment
- Traditional medicine recipes.
All medicines for the treatment of arthrosis are used only for the doctor's prescription. First of all, it is NSAIDs - non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that suppress inflammation in the cartilage. These include acetylsalicylic acid, orthophene, diclofenac, ketones. Although the effectiveness of NSAIDs in the treatment of arthrosis is disputed by many, these remedies must necessarily be included in the medical arsenal. For the treatment of this pathology, the means for restoring cartilaginous tissue, chondroitin sulfate, chondroxide, glycazamine, are also used. Recently, complex vitamin-mineral complexes with a high calcium content are used to treat arthrosis.Also you can read: Treatment of polyarthritis on the fingers
Calcium is also used in physiotherapy with electrophoresis and phonophoresis. A good effect is the use of ozocerite, paraffin, magnetotherapy, laser treatment. Massage with arthrosis of the hands and feet should be gentle, by the type of percussion massage. The masseur places his brush on the wrist or foot of the patient. And with the fingers of the second brush, she strikes lightly striking blows on the first brush.
Wellness gymnastics for arthrosis of hands and feet is simple, but effective. It is recommended to drum your fingers on the table, pick out the rosary, play plush toys. With arthrosis of the toes, a good effect is provided by rotational movements in the hips, rolling from the heel to the toe. Showing swimming in the pool with warm water.
Among folk remedies are popular baths with essential aromatic oils, ointments based on wax, propolis, flaxseed. A good effect gives immersion of the hands and feet in the herbal infusions and decoctions of the saber, fern, birch leaves. Very important is the right diet with the exception of high-calorie foods, salt and spices. Preference is given to fresh vegetables, fruits and rye bread.
Patients suffering from arthrosis and feet should learn - the treatment of this disease is a long process. And even if you follow all the doctor's recommendations accurately, you will have to wait for the effect for a long time. Therefore, you should be patient. If necessary, conservative treatment resort to surgical intervention - excrete abnormal growths, conduct joint plastic surgery.
Osteoarthritis of fingers and fingers symptoms and treatment |How to treat arthrosis of the fingers
The main causes of the appearance of this disease: it is a constant load on the joints of the hand, microtrauma in the bones and in the joints of the fingers and also X-ray irradiation. Osteoarthritis of the fingers often arises against a background of chronic arthritis. This disease most often affects women after 45 years.
Manifestations of arthrosis of the fingers
First there is pain in the joint, not sharp, but constantly aching. The pain intensifies at night. The following symptoms of arthrosis are swelling in the soft tissues around the joints. But the patient's movements remain normal.
At the second stage of the development of the disease of the hands the pain intensifies and becomes regular. Even with a small load on the hands and fingers, there is a sharp pain. During the movements in the joints, crackling is heard. Atrophy of the muscles of the affected fingers and hand begins to appear. The joint begins to increase in volume.
And at the last stage of the disease, joint stiffness joins the symptoms of arthrosis. They are in the position to which they were forced by the forced situation. When arthrosis of the fingers is almost completely broken trophic interarticulate cartilage and bones. This, in turn, leads to their destruction. The enlarged marginal nodules begin to deform, and this leads to fragility of the bones and their fractures. Around the diseased joint with arthrosis of the fingers appears redness and swelling.
Symptoms of deforming arthrosis of the hands
Deforming arthrosis of the hands is a joint disease in which the cartilaginous tissue of the joint is affected and at the same time the structure of the bony heads begins to deform and change. Symptoms of the disease are immediately noticeable - this is1.4.
deforms the joints and bones of the fingers of the hand.
The first symptoms of deformation are the changes of the thumb. In case of arthrosis of the fingers, deformity of all the fingers is also found. All the phalanges of the fingers begin to bend simultaneously.
How to treat arthrosis of the fingers of this form, not everyone knows and turns to doctors who in turn help in the treatment of arthrosis. But do not forget that in this case you can, and you can also use folk remedies.
How to treat arthrosis of the fingers
First of all, what needs to be done in this situation:1.
Restore the mobility of the joints of the fingers4.
Restore the trophic exchange
At the initial stage of arthrosis of the hands, the treatment passes faster and will be more effective than already inneglected form.
Methods of therapy of hand arthrosis
Massage. It will slightly improve the blood supply and trophism of tissues. You can do it yourself and no matter where you are now - before or at work. It only takes a few minutes.2.
Exercises. They are well done before bedtime, after taking a warm bath.3.
Physiotherapy in the treatment of arthrosis of the hands. After it, the cartilage trophy is improved. Procedures - magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, laser therapy.4.
Paraffin applications, you can also ozokerite. After their application, the pain with arthrosis of the fingers decreases or disappears altogether.5.
Folk application of herbs and various products from natural products.6.
To reduce the pain of arthrosis of the fingers, it is necessary to apply anesthetic injections, the simplest, but effective, is a shot of lidocaine. Can be used to treat arthrosis and a soluble / insoluble corticosteroid. Medications only relieve the pain symptom and inflammatory reaction. That is, drugs do not fight the cause of joint disease. These are basically analgesics. Also, ointments and rubbers are used.7.
There are times when you can not do without surgical intervention. But, let's start to treat for the beginning, and after that, in case of emergency, we will leave the operation, perhaps it will not be useful.
These were a few simple methods for treating arthrosis of the fingers. Now let's move on to the next, slightly unpleasant, moment - complications of arthrosis.
Treatment of complications of arthrosis1.
When arthrosis symptoms of complicated forms appear in the form of synovitis and periarthritis, hydrocortisone phonophoresis, which is placed on the diseased joint or enter the internal corticosteroid, gives a good effect.2.
In case of erosive arthrosis, local treatment is used. Positive effect of injection of anti-inflammatory drugs.3.
With rizartroze of fingers it is necessary to have a surgical full immobilization of the joint - arthrodesis.
How to treat folk remedies with arthrosis of the fingers?
As always, do not forget about folk medicine, it is the main assistant to our modern medicine. For the treatment of various kinds of tinctures, lotions, decoctions, ointments, compresses on the composition of herbs are used.1.
Preparation of the tincture:
Grinded 100 gr.eucalyptus, then poured 0.5 liters.vodka and insists for a week in a dark place. Then, every day, rubbed into the aching joint before going to bed.2.
Baths from arthrosis of fingers of hands from grasses, for example, use such herbs: thyme, three-color violet, juniper, shoots of wild rosemary, mackerel grass.3.
Compresses made of honey and salt or alcohol. Make them better at night.4.
Take three heads of garlic, grind, juice from 10 lemons. There also put one teaspoon of shredded horseradish. All mix and insist 3 weeks in a warm, dark place. Take 1 teaspoon of elixir, diluted in 1 glass of water, 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening. The course of treatment of arthrosis of the fingers continues until the elixir is finished.5.
Eating green tea.6.
For pains in joints with arthrosis of the fingers it is recommended to apply compresses from crushed green potatoes. Grind the potatoes. The resulting mass is heated to a temperature just above 38 C. Then the potatoes, without pressing, put in a bag of sacking. The thickness of the potato layer should be 1.5-2 cm. Wrap the sore spot so that nothing flows out of the compress. With the compress should go to bed. Compresses for diseases of the joints of the hands must be done daily at night, for 7 days, or by the result.
Herbal collections in the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers
Herbalists recommend the following folk remedies to be used:1.
Leuzea root, mint leaves, hop cones, celandine grass in one part, cotton grass, yarrow herb in two parts.2.
Folk remedy for arthrosis of fingers: peppermint leaves, hop cones, yarrow, marigold flowers, weed grass, celandine grass, licorice roots, all taken equally.3.
Take calendula inflorescences, juniper fruits, buckthorn bark, elder flowers, nettle leaves, horsetail grass, willow bark, birch leaves, all taken evenly.
For treatment, you need to take 2 tablespoons of the collection, pour them with a liter of boiling water, bring to a boil and simmer for 10 minutes in a sealed container. After that, merge with the grass into the thermos and insist all night. To take a folk remedy for arthrosis of the fingers is necessary throughout the day for 150 ml for half an hour before meals. The course of treatment of folk remedies should be from three to four months. After that, you need to take a break for fifteen days and change the composition of the collection.
Causes and prevention of arthrosis of the fingers
Every third person in our time suffers from this ailment. The causes of arthrosis of the fingers are different. Someone has metabolic disorders in the body, who has a genetic disease.
Causes of developing arthrosis of the fingers:1.
Arthrosis of the fingers - clinical picture of the disease
Disturbance of the synthesis of the intercellular substance entails the drying and cracking of the cartilage tissue of the joint. Such a condition in medical practice is called arthrosis of the fingers. When this disease occurs, joints deform and their stiffness develops. This ailment proceeds with periods of exacerbations and remissions, which replace each other for no apparent reason.
Causes of the disease
Arthrosis of the joints of the fingers in the clinical practice is often called deforming osteoarthritis. Unfortunately, to date, specialists have not been able to establish the true cause of the development of this disease, however, there is an assumption that this ailment often occurs in patients with hereditary heredity. So, there were many cases when in some families arthrosis affected several generations( mostly women).In the process of development of the pathological process articular cartilage gradually begin to lose its natural lubrication, because of what they dry up and crack. Due to excessive friction, the joints begin to become inflamed, and in the synovial bags a pathological articular fluid is developed, which expands the joints from within and causes strong pain sensations. However, in addition to genetic factors, arthrosis can be triggered by various metabolic disorders, as well as endocrine pathologies( diabetes and thyroid diseases).
The main symptoms of
As a rule, interphalangeal distal joints suffer, however, there are cases when arthrosis of the hands proceeds with the defeat of all the joints of the fingers. According to the nature of the course of the pathological process, this disease is divided into three main stages:
- Periodic aching pains are typical for stage I, which most often disturb the patient at night. At the same time, muscle tension is noted in the affected area, and minor edema is formed. At the same time, finger movements are not hampered.
- In stage II, pain symptoms of arthrosis of the fingers affect the patient constantly, increasing with strain. Movement is limited, and a characteristic crunch appears. The muscles of the entire hand( or the affected fingers) begin to atrophy, the joint begins to increase in volume.
- For the III stage of the pathological process, the mobility of the diseased finger is characterized. The articular cartilage and the bones that it connects begin to collapse, and nodules appear in this area. In the case when they are formed on the back or lateral distal surface of interphalangeal joints, they are called Geberden's knots. As a rule, these formations develop symmetrically, with marked hyperemia of affected joints, pain and burning.
Bouchard nodules are formed on the middle joints of the fingers. Their development is very slow, and is not accompanied by exacerbations. In both cases, as the pathological process progresses, the arthrosis of the small joints of the hands leads to deformation of the joints and development of stiffness.
Note: despite the fact that the disease completely deforms the brush, it does not affect the activity of internal organs and the general condition of the body.
Much less common in clinical practice is arthrosis of the wrist joint. As a rule, it develops after trauma( fracture or dislocation).
How to treat arthrosis of the fingers
As a rule, with adequate treatment of arthrosis of the hands, the outcome of the disease is favorable. However, first of all, it is necessary to eliminate the damaging factor that caused the development of the disease. The best results for the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers give an integrated approach. It includes a course of manual therapy, procedures aimed at improving blood circulation in the affected joint, as well as treatment with chondroprotectors and intraarticular injections of hyaluronic acid. In conclusion, I would like to clarify how and how to treat arthrosis of the hands to improve blood circulation in the joint. For this purpose, experts recommend mud treatment, paraffin therapy, ozocerite, electrophoresis, magnetic and laser therapy, as well as the use of compresses with medical bile and bischofite.1 Comment
Half a year ago my health deteriorated. Namely, problems with the fingers. The doctor diagnosed arthrosis of the hands. Than I just did not smear my hands. But hitting on your article also learned about the treatment with chondroprotectors and intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid. Perhaps this will help me. I will believe in a positive effect.
Treatment of arthrosis of the joints of the fingers
- Arthrosis of the joints of the fingers: treatment without exacerbation
Arthrosis of the joints of the fingers is a chronic degenerative-dystrophic disease of interphalangeal joints, characterized by nodular, spindle deformity, curvature of fingers and violation of the function of the hand.
Arthrosis of the interphalangeal joints of the fingers is the primary osteoarthritis, which develops against the background of genetically determined disorders in the synthesis of collagen. Injuries of the hand are of secondary importance, since initially the "weak" cartilaginous tissue is unable to withstand even the usual loads. Osteoarthritis proceeds with frequent exacerbations, manifested by constant pain, joint stiffness, reddening, swelling and systematically leads to deformation of the fingers. How to treat arthrosis of the fingers?
Principles of the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers
Treatment of deforming osteoarthritis of the hand joints is carried out in accordance with the general principles of therapy of the disease, aimed at arresting inflammation, restoring the cartilaginous tissue of the joints and increasing the mobility of the joints.
- Medication includes the administration of drugs that have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, chondroprotective effect.
- Physiotherapy treatment helps with arthrosis of the fingers to cope with the pain, improves the metabolic processes in the cartilaginous tissue.
- Therapeutic exercise is aimed at activating the metabolic processes in the joint and increasing the volume of movements.
- Massage improves blood circulation and cartilage nutrition, eliminates muscle spasms.
- Surgical treatment is used only for arthrosis of the thumbs and implies an arthrodesis - immobilization of the joints in order to eliminate the pain syndrome.
- Folk treatment of arthrosis of the joints of the hands allows reducing the doses of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, improving the metabolic processes in the joints.
Treatment of arthrosis of the fingers in the acute stage
Therapy for arthrosis of the interphalangeal joints of the brushes depends on the stage of the disease. With exacerbation of arthrosis and the appearance of signs of inflammation of the joints, it is aimed at reducing pain and arresting the inflammatory process.
It is recommended not to load joints, do not perform works that require small movements in interphalangeal joints, do not tolerate gravity.
The basis of drug therapy is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs), which have the ability to reduce edema, relieve joint pain caused by inflammation. The "gold standard" among NSAIDs is Diclofenac, manufactured by various companies, in various dosage forms: as injectable solutions, tablets, suppositories and gel for external use. With exacerbation of arthrosis of interphalangeal joints of the hands, the drug is prescribed in calculation for both local and systemic action.
Synaptic or periarthritis symptoms help phonophoresis with hydrocortisone, sometimes intra-articular hormonal administration is used.
Osteoarthrosis arthrosis: treatment without exacerbation
Osteoarthritis therapy outside the exacerbation stage is aimed at restoring the cartilaginous tissue and increasing the functional capabilities of the joints. For this, chondroprotective drugs are used: chondroxide, chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine and others. Treatment with chondroprotectors is long, effective, mainly, only in the initial stages of arthrosis, when there is still no pronounced deformities of the fingers and contractures.
Physiotherapeutic procedures are aimed at activating blood circulation in the joints and improving metabolism in the cartilage. A good effect is the use of paraffin, ozocerite in the form of local baths and applications, magnetotherapy, laser therapy.
Massage for arthrosis of small finger joints should be shaking, as excessive stress on the joints can cause cartilage trauma and accelerate the development of the disease. Basically, stroking, easy trituration and brushing on the brush are used.
Therapeutic gymnastics for the hands is simple and includes finger picking, playing with small plush toys, rhythmic tapping with fingers on the table. Before classes it is recommended to warm up the joints with the help of a hand bath.
Popular instruments are popular with baths with aromatic oils, ointments based on propolis, wax, flax seed, sabelnik, birch leaves, fern.