Gout treatment and diet
Gout treatment and diet
In ancient times, gout was popularly called "a disease of kings".
A bit from the history of
The roots of the disease go back to the past. Ancient Greek and Roman physicians also left descendants with a description of gout. She was known for not sparing influential and famous people of that time. Because gout is an ancient disease, everyone knows about its origins and methods of treatment for a long time. The Egyptian mummies had evidence of deposits of uric acid, and more accurate data was presented by the doctor of the ancient Greeks Hippocrates.
He believed that the basis of the disease is an imbalance of four vital body fluids. These include;black and yellow bile, mucus and blood. According to the doctor, gout developed as a result of accumulation of one of them in the joint.
Features of the disease
But the connection of this disease with excessive consumption of food and alcohol was discovered by a Roman. Based on this, the Roman historian for the first time called the disease - the disease of the rich. As noted, but the rest of the population and wealthy people are much more likely to suffer from gout.
So, gout is a problem with metabolism. In the course of which, uric acid crystals accumulate in the articular parts of the bones. There is not a particular prevalence of pathology in the modern world, but it affects 3 people per thousand. It, in turn, happens, both acute type, and chronic.
Possible causes of
As already mentioned, there is an attack of gout due to an increase in the level of vital fluid in the body. In the process of the disease, urate crystals spread through the joints or internal organs. Significant deposits cause deformation of the joint, it can occur completely or partially. Taking into account this peculiarity, the situation has a microcrystalline character. As a rule, the level of acid in the body is affected by the kidneys, and precisely if they can not completely remove it from the body.
The main reason for the appearance of gout is a congestion of uric acid
Specialists note a tendency of growth in the number of people affected. All because, the current food is rich in purine( crystals forming salts), as well as a large percentage of people consuming alcohol a lot. There are two points of the causes of this disease:
- abuse of food with a large calorie and vegetable protein capacity;
- overheating or hypothermia of joints, as well as large and excessive physical exertion.
Before you start to treat something, you need to determine what it is?
In order to determine whether this is gout, there are specific characteristic symptoms. Basically, this is the most common attack of gouty arthritis, which means inflammation of one joint, and in most cases it is the thumb of the lower limb. The peculiarity of seizures is that they manifest themselves in the morning or at night. There is a pressing pain, swelling of the affected joint and redness of the skin around. Elevations of the temperature of the painful area are noted.
The attack can last for several days. If you allow periodic repetitions, then it can affect other joints, and also in principle destroy it.
In those places where gout develops, tofusi( narost) appear, and the level of acid rises significantly. During the opening of tofus you can see crystals of uric acid, they are whitish in color. Affected areas can be troubling, which prevents them from fully living and moving.
What should I do if the disease still comes?
Gout treatment and diet, these two factors can be discussed for a long time. In the treatment of many diseases must be ensured bed rest. If to talk about drug treatment, then three groups of drugs are distinguished: Painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs and those that are necessary for the normalization of metabolic processes. It is very important to treat the attacks so that the seizures do not recur. To do this, you need to drink plenty of fluids, lose weight( if necessary), give up alcoholic beverages. Many medicines have their side effects.
Appearance of gout
Gouty drugs can cause diarrhea or vomiting, the occurrence of allergies and internal bleeding. This all says that you need to consult only with a doctor before taking any measures. Untimely initiated treatment leads to the development of gouty arthritis or urolithiasis.
As a rule, gout can not provoke a fatal outcome, but it can promote the formation of kidney stones. That is why gout, not only that requires careful diagnosis, so also a serious attitude and adequate treatment.
What to do during a gout attack? Remember, an acute manifestation can not stop instantaneously. First, you need to observe complete peace, and put your feet on a hill. If the pain is unbearable, you can put ice. After this, you can begin to prepare compresses with Vishnevsky ointment. Taking pain medication is not a fact that will help. Another thing is anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs, they benefit a little more.
The peculiarity of gout is the incorrect exchange of high molecular organic substances in the body. In the blood of the patient constantly there are many crystals of acid, urates are concentrated. It is not rare that the disease manifests itself as a recurrent arthritis, acute. Since it is impossible to completely eliminate it, it is possible to influence the frequency of exacerbations, as well as their duration by proper nutrition.
Proper nutrition is the best diet for gout
The main goal of therapy is the reduction of uric acid compounds. The intake of medications of the appropriate action is supplemented by a decrease in the volume of purines that enter the stomach through food. Fats, animal origin, proteins and carbohydrates should be completely eliminated. It is forbidden to eat smoked sausages, beans and table salt.
A patient with a diagnosis of gout is not recommended to eat meat products of a certain origin and fish, mushrooms and lard. It is not recommended to use seasonings and spices. You can not alcoholic strong drinks, cocoa, chocolate, strong tea, salty cheeses and meat broths.
What you can eat, but in a certain amount: low-fat milk;Butter as an additive to the main dietary dish. You can also, only carefully eat birds in boiled form, trout and salmon. Sometimes patients allow themselves tomatoes, cauliflower, radish and greens. In fruits, with care you need to use plums.
Approximate menu of a gouty patient
In a diet vegetable soups with groats, rabbit meat and pasta should prevail. Low-fat yogurts, sour cream and cheeses are allowed. You can not be afraid to use dill and seize the main dishes with bread, both black and white. All animal proteins are replaced by plant proteins. It is allowed to eat one egg a day, not forbidden vegetables, green apples and berries, except for raspberries, oranges and tangerines, they can not be. You can even have some sweets: marshmallows;jam or marmalade.
When talking about liquids, you should prefer green tea with milk or lemons. By the way, it is allowed to drink mors, compotes and kvass. Very useful is cucumber juice and mineral specialized water.
Vegetables contribute to the excretion of uric acid
The recommended daily intake includes vegetable fat, apple pudding with carrots, egg, boiled soft. Lunch: milk soup with pasta;pancakes and jelly. And for a mid-morning snack to eat fresh apples. Cabbage rolls without meat, sour cream with a weak tea can come for dinner. Before going to bed, it is better to drink a decoction on wheat bran. By its structure, the diet should have both liquid and semi-liquid food. When a doctor makes up a menu, he always considers other chronic diseases, if any.
Sometimes, people try to help folk methods of treating gout. Due to the fact that it is known for a long time, it made it possible to accumulate many recipes, for all occasions.
Video - Gout treatment and diet
Gout: treatment, symptoms, photos. Diet for gout
• Surgical manipulation.
Signs and Symptoms of
The first signs of gout begin with a lesion of the big toe joint on the lower limbs. Appears tumescence, pain, which tends to build up, redness of the skin and hyperthermia in the lesion. Even the symptoms of gout are expressed by the fact that it is difficult for a sick joint to move and it is impossible to touch it due to severe pain.
We should not exclude the fact that in rare cases, mainly in women, the disease can begin with joint damage on the upper limbs and spread to other small joints. Gout may be accompanied by symptoms of general intoxication - temperature, chills, increase in leukocytes in the blood, etc., making it difficult to diagnose.
The disease has a favorable prognosis and can pass independently without therapeutic intervention. But if after the subsidence of a gout attack subsides, the pain syndrome persists, it indicates the presence of the underlying disease, which requires additional examination.
Repeated attack of gout
After the debut of the disease can pass from 1 to 10 years, for which the symptoms experienced in gout are almost forgotten. Repeated relapses of the disease will occur each time with a significant decrease in the period of remission and with worsening of the signs of gout with each exacerbation. Gradually, neighboring joints will be affected, and the disease will acquire a migratory character.
The inflammatory process in the primary joint will expand with the involvement of the joint bag and ligament apparatus in the process. Gradually, because of excessive formation of urate and settling them on the surface of the joints, nodes - tofusi are formed. In the absence of treatment for gout on the surface of tofusov, there will be manifestations from which a pasty substance is released.
Treatment of the disease
Treatment of gout is divided into medicamental and not medicamentous. Medical treatment consists of the following principles:
1. Urgent correction of gout attack.
2. Achieving a therapeutic effect to prevent the development of complications( destruction of the articular surface, development of tofus and kidney damage).
3. Identify and eliminate the causes of triggering the appearance of gouty arthritis.
Gout may be present in the human body and not be seen for a long time. Therefore, when the first symptom appears, it is necessary to consult a doctor with a view to the prompt occurrence of remission.
Treatment of gout with medicines. Elimination of an attack of gout is done by several groups of drugs:
- Colchicine; - Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs); - Glucocorticoids.
The drug is selected individually, depending on the severity of the condition and the effectiveness of the previous treatment. Some NSAIDs may be prescribed as an anesthetic.
Home treatment for gout is also made up of several items:
1. Preventing obesity; 2.Decrease in urate production by diet; 3.Cold and rest on the affected joint; 4.Control of fluid intake.
When you reach the period of remission, do not forget about dieting with gout. Meals should be regular and moderate, becauseovereating and hunger strikes can provoke a new gouty attack.
• Meat - lean meat( rabbit, chicken), seafood • Spices and sauces - tomato, sour cream, milk sauces, vanillin, cinnamon, bay leaf, citric acid • Drinks - chicory, green tea, juice, kvass, compote, mors • Dessert - pastille, marshmallow, marmalade, jam • Fruits - apricots, oranges, apples, pears • Vegetables - aubergines, potatoes, cucumbers, carrots, zucchini, white cabbage • Dairy products- brynza, low-fat cheese and cottage cheese • Other - eggs, whole grains, vegetable oil, white and black bread.
What can not be eaten with gout:
• Meat - by-products, fatty meat • Legumes - beans, beans, peas, soy, lentils • Spices - pepper, horseradish, mustard • Drinks - coffee, alcohol, cocoa, strong tea;• Dessert - chocolate, cream, cake • Vegetables - cauliflower, asparagus, celery, spinach, pepper, radish, rhubarb • Dairy products - salty and spicy cheese, milk • Other - mushrooms, buns, animal fat, creambutter.
It is the right food for gout that will let you forget about this problem for a long time. Very often, various relief products are included in the treatment of gout, which help to reduce weight and normalize metabolism. To such discharges carry:
1. Curd-kefir diet. Unloading consists of 400 gr.low-fat cottage cheese and 500 ml.kefir during the day;
2. Fruit and vegetable diet. Is the most optimal and sparing. You can use 1.5 kg per day.any permitted vegetables and fruits;
3. Kefir unloading is a heavy type of diet that allows the intake of up to 2 liters.kefir for a day.
Folk treatment of .Despite the mass of positive reviews in favor of unloading diets, you should not self-medicate and choose such kind of discharge without the permission of the doctor. It is also possible to supplement the basic treatment of gout with folk remedies. Here are some recipes that are used at home:
- Infusion of cranberry leaves - 1 tablespoon each.several times a day;
- Nettle juice - 1 tsp each3 times a day;
- Decoction of birch leaves - use on?glass 3 times a day;
- Treat affected joints with animal fat, cover with cellophane and wrap with a downy shawl. It is best to do this procedure at night;
- Herbal foot baths made from sage, chamomile, oat straw, etc. Baths should not be hot, tk.it will strengthen the inflammatory process.
Gout - diet: permitted and prohibited products
There are diseases that can be controlled by diet: gout, gastritis, cholecystitis, obesity. The list can be continued. Gout, or arthritis of the gouty type, is caused by the deposition of salts of uric acid in the joints. It can develop due to congenital metabolic disorders, lead poisoning, and accompany certain blood diseases.IMPORTANT TO KNOW!A new means of restoring joints in 99% of subjects. The pain goes away 100%!Read more here - & gt;
Factors leading to the development of gout are: inadequacy;lack of clean, fresh air and an unfavorable ecological situation;disturbed drinking regimen. But the most important factor is malnutrition. The disease, unfortunately, is incurable, but the condition can and should be stabilized with the help of a diet. By giving up a number of foods and eating other healthy foods, you can alleviate the symptoms of gout.
General principles of the diet for gout
Gout - symptoms, treatment and diet is an extensive field of medical research, which it is not difficult to familiarize with.
However, there is still a common perception that gout is a disease of glutton, and it is enough not to overeat, give up fatty and fried foods, smoking and alcohol, then gout will recede. Alas, this is not entirely true.
When gout is almost the most important is the diet. Meals should be oriented at the same time each day. You need to eat 4 or 5 times, without overeating , but without limiting yourself in nutrients. Excess weight is harmful, but it is also harmful and a sharp decrease in weight. Therefore, you need to monitor yourself, arranging unloading days as needed and do not eat high-calorie foods.
Gout: Prohibited Foods
The diet for gout is a temporary measure, it is a principle of nutrition, even a way of life based on taking care of one's health. First of all, in your diet, you must necessarily reduce consumption( or exclude altogether) those products that contain purines - compounds involved in the synthesis of uric acid. The daily norm of purines for gout is about 100-150 mg. In a healthy person, it is much higher - up to 800 mg of purines.
It's the food rich in purines that is forbidden for gout. High purine products include:
- black tea( 2800 mg), coffee( 1200 mg), cocoa( 1,900 mg), chocolate( 620 mg);
- peas( 45 mg), beans( 44 mg), lentils( 70 mg), rice( 18 mg), oats( 30 mg);Veal( 48 mg), beef( 40 mg), goose( 33 mg), low-fat pork( 70 mg), fat pork( 48 mg), liver( 95 mg), animal language( 55 mg);
- sardines( 120 mg), river fish( 48-54 mg), herring( 79 mg), sprats( 92 mg);
- spinach( 23 mg), asparagus( 14 mg).
Purines in black tea, cocoa and coffee are not split into uric acid. But they have diuretic properties, so they dehydrate the cell and thereby increase the concentration of uric acid. It is much more useful to drink a sweet compote. It is better to use sugar as a sweetener. Honey and gout are not the best combination. Honey contains oxalic acid, harmful for gout.
Harmful also salty, spicy food and alcoholic beverages. Vodka and gout are the most harmful combination, so alcohol should be banned. In liquor, many purines, in addition, vodka and other alcohol dehydrates the body and thereby increases the concentration of uric acid, which leads to intoxication of the body. Alcohol and gout - an mutually exclusive combination, even in the smallest doses.
Useful products for gout
Foods in which there are few purines, but in which a high content of substances useful to humans, are conditionally considered useful for gout.
You need to eat as many high-fiber foods as possible, which helps maintain normal weight. These can be cereals, whole grains, muesli or diet breads.
Another group of healthy foods - vegetables, fruits and nuts, containing the essential vitamins C, E, A, D, as well as B vitamins, various minerals, antioxidants( lycopene, polyphenols, anthocyanins). Antioxidants strengthen the body's immune properties , increase your ability to withstand various ailments.
When gout is useful not only vegetables, berries and fruits, but also a variety of greens( except sorrel): parsley, dill, coriander. They need to eat every day and a lot. Cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage, carrots, tomatoes, pumpkin, melon, pineapple, watermelon, celery, strawberries, cranberries, black currants should be regularly on the gout table. In these fruits, there are few purines, but a lot of fiber, vitamins and "good" carbohydrates.
Gout: what you can eat
During periods of exacerbation of the disease, you should completely eliminate the consumption of meat and fish.
At such times it is useful to spend unloading days when full refusal of food is practiced, only juices, compotes and kissels, as well as alkaline mineral water and non-aerated water purified by reverse osmosis technology, are used.
During the remission period, only low-fat dietary meats with low purine content should be eaten: white chicken fillet, turkey fillet, low-fat rabbit meat( legs).Cottage cheese and cheese do not contain purines( or contain them in an insignificant amount, for example, in cheese "Adyghe" only 0.4 mg), so they should be in the menu of gout. There are no purines in the egg whites, and there are very few of them in the yolk.
Tomatoes are one of the best foods in the diet for gout. Tomatoes and gout are the right combination: eating tomatoes, you can reduce the manifestations of this disease. Tomatoes contain a huge amount of B vitamins, while they include very little protein.
Gout: diet 6 classic
For the treatment of gout, many different diets have been developed that take into account the needs of gout in certain substances.
Diet No. 6 is the most common and easy-to-follow type of diet for people who have gout: nutrition with gout should comply with the requirements of this diet. The essence of diet number six is as follows:
- use a minimum of protein( to limit the consumption of meat and legumes).Animal proteins should be half of the total;
- it is necessary to limit the amount of refractory fats( pork, beef, mutton, culinary);
- you need to eat melted butter and vegetable oils;
- significantly limit the consumption of products containing oxalic acid;
- it is impossible to eat broths( mushroom, fish, meat);
- if the kidney and heart without abnormalities, drink at least two liters of water per day;
- completely abandon the salt or tightly limit its amount( up to 1g per day).
In a diet with gout it is necessary to include products from soy, for example, cheese tofu. Soy contains substances that remove uric acid from the body. Garlic and gout are the recommended combination, since garlic is a source of a variety of vitamins, macronutrients, has antibacterial properties. Allicin in garlic lowers the percentage of bad cholesterol in a person and has anti-carcinogenic properties.
Gout: treatment with folk remedies
Diet for gout can be combined with treatment with various infusions, decoctions of medicinal plants. For example, you can make tea from black currant and cranberry leaves and wild rose berries, mixed in equal proportions.
With gout, the compositions of chamomile, litter, and the roots of the stone-lipped femur are very helpful. These broths are prepared from the calculation of 3 teaspoons of raw materials for 2 cups of boiling water. Take the medicine you need half the glass 2-4 times a day before meals.
Ginger drink is used as a folk remedy for gout. Preparation: 10-20 g of root rub and brew with a glass of boiling water. Take half a glass a day on an empty stomach. Ginger and gout are a good combination. The root of ginger has a useful property - it cleanses the body, removes toxins and toxins.
Infusion of leaves of grapes and juice from berries should be drunk at least once a day before breakfast. Eat fresh grapes, too, and gout will gradually go into remission. Also for the treatment of gout in folk medicine is used decoction of flax seeds. Preparation: 2 teaspoons of seeds insist 15 minutes in 3.5 cups of boiling water, filter and take inside on a tablespoon 4 times a day.
Switch completely to diet food - gout will begin to recede within a week. With the help of diet it is possible to avoid the increase of gout symptoms, reduce the risk of deep development of this disease and improve the quality of one's life. It is important to take into account specific features of human health, its taste preferences. This approach will allow to achieve positive results in the treatment of a complex disease.
Gout: symptoms, treatment, diet for gout
Who among you has never seen a disfiguring leg in the people near the big toe!"Shishka" or "bone" - as people call these growths. You are lucky if you do not belong to the number of people who "wear" such "jewelry" on their feet. But, unfortunately, nothing lasts forever, and health, too. Scary bones, turning the big toes, is nothing more than one of the manifestations of gout.
Gout is susceptible equally to both men and women. In men, by the way, gout begins to develop at a younger age - after 40 years. Women tend to surrender to the mercy of "cone" is closer to the age of sixty. However, gout can begin to develop rapidly and at a younger age, "giving" suffering in the form of severe pain and eternal farewell to beautiful shoes with high heels.
Even if you are absolutely sure that you will never suffer this fate, it is better to know the likely enemy in person. Gout is younger and chooses its victims among young people. This is a chronic disease, getting rid of it completely will not succeed. The first symptoms may appear as early as 30 years. If in a family someone from the older generation has "bumps" on his legs, then with a high probability you can predict a not too joyful future for your joints. Gout is an inflammatory joint disease.
What is gout, gout symptoms
A typical development of gout is gouty arthritis. It starts with the inflammation of one joint, more often - near the big toe. Sometimes several joints can be affected at once, both small and large: knee, ankle, joints of hands. But in the vast majority of cases gout begins its attack on the body precisely on the joint near the big toe.
The disease develops rapidly, more often - at night. Suddenly, for no apparent reason, the joint begins to ache heavily, it swells, the skin in this place turns red and feels hot. Sometimes the body temperature rises to 39 degrees. The patient's joint becomes immobile, and the pain syndrome can not remove the usual pain medications. In the afternoon the pain subsides, that by the night, flare up with renewed vigor.
Such symptoms torment the patient from two to seven days. Sometimes an acute period can last for weeks, literally exhausting a person.
Then, even without any treatment, the inflammation seems to go away by itself. Only a small increase in the joint remains, yet not deforming the foot. So the period of remission comes. It can last six months, a year, and then again there is an exacerbation, which will further increase the joint. After several attacks, the thumb can be already turned out from the outside, the "bump" will grow - and the person will be deprived of many joys of life, in particular, wearing beautiful open shoes.
But not only this is fraught with gout. The sprouting joint near the thumb is only the first swallow. Next, other joints can also become inflamed, the disease will spread throughout the body, eventually not only disfiguring the body, but also making painless movement impossible.
In addition to joint damage, the symptoms of gout are the appearance of kidney stones. Periodically, renal colic may occur, blood pressure may rise. This is typical for twenty percent of patients. In extremely rare cases, gout can affect the heart muscle.
The main reason for the occurrence of such a formidable and unsympathetic disease is called a metabolic disorder.
Treatment of gout
Treatment of gout includes several methods: medication, directed, first, to normalize the metabolism, and secondly, to reduce the pain during the period of exacerbation;dietary( the diet is able to normalize the metabolism) and folk remedies.
If you already have problems, you need to see a doctor. Given the general state of our healthcare, be prepared that a doctor can not "see" anything serious in your condition. Insist your local therapist on the need to pass urine tests( with gout in the urine found traces of protein) and examination by an endocrinologist. Then, actually, and begin treatment.
The main task that is put in the treatment of gout is a decrease in the level of uric acid compounds, which provoke inflammation of the joints and cause the appearance of kidney stones. The doctor will prescribe special, so-called, uricosuric drugs that promote the excretion of uric acids from the human body. Usually a three-, four-week admission of special drugs is enough to alleviate the condition of the patient. In addition, treatment will be prescribed to relieve the inflammation of the joint. Doctors say that it is important during the treatment to drink at least two liters of clean drinking water - it also helps to remove salts from the body.
There are many unconventional methods of treating gout, radioactive substances possess a very strong effect in the fight against this disease. In particular, radon or hydrogen sulphide baths perfectly stop pain, relieve inflammation and permanently save from new exacerbations, since salt is removed in a short space. The same effect has also the inhalation of radium emanation.
Gout is a chronic disease. It is impossible to get rid of it, but it is possible to remove the onset of a new exacerbation for an indefinite period by competent therapy and preventive measures, thereby saving yourself from "happiness" to see on your feet disgustingly twisted fingers. By the way, overgrown "bumps" can be removed only surgically, and surgeons are very reluctant to take under the knife ladies of mature age with a bunch of chronic health problems. Therefore, all the forces should be directed to prevention.
Diet for gout
One of the most important methods for both treating gout and its prevention is to follow a diet aimed at reducing the number of uric acid compounds.
The most important condition for nutrition is to minimize the flow of salts into the body, as well as products that can trap salts in the body.
What you can not eat categorically
First, any sausages and smoked products, as they contain in large quantities of salt, and not only traditional cookery. By the way, it must also be included in the list of prohibited products. The salt-cellar will have to be removed from the table. Forever!
Secondly, meat and fish dishes. They are the source of purine bases, which should be avoided. Among such products are also peas, beans and beans. Mushrooms and lard are also banned.
Since it is impossible to completely abandon fish and meat dishes, and from the point of view of health it is unsafe, meat, poultry and fish can sometimes be eaten - about twice a week. Portion should be calculated from the calculation of grammes of meat per kilogram of weight. It should be dishes cooked with a minimum amount of salt and spices.
You can not eat canned food - the content of salts in them literally goes off scale: and it is difficult for a healthy organism to cope with such content of harmful salts.
Under the ban, rich meat and fish broths, strong non-alcoholic drinks, such as coffee and tea, and alcohol. Especially you can not drink beer and wine.What you can eat without fear
All kinds of vegetables are allowed, except for sharp ones( horseradish and radish type), and cauliflower, celery, sorrel and spinach. Prohibited vegetables contain a large number of salts.
You can eat all the fruits, both from our Russian gardens( plums, apples, pears), and the gifts of southern countries( oranges, bananas, grapes).
Low-fat, and better - skim milk and dairy products, useful yogurt and low-fat cottage cheese.
You can eat cheeses that are not too salty and fatty.
Chicken and quail eggs are also on the list of allowed products.
All kinds of vegetable oils, as well as butter, are allowed. Margarine and pork fat are banned.
You can eat any cereal, preferably cereals of whole grains: buckwheat, millet, rice, oatmeal.
Unsweetened pastries are allowed. However, you should not abuse rolls - they can provoke an increase in the level of uric acid.
Any kind of nuts, including exotic ones, as well as honey can be placed on the table.
Unloading with gout
With gout it is important to have a healthy water-salt balance. Support it in the norm will help mineral water. However, what and in what quantities of water to drink, should advise the doctor. Improperly selected water can worsen the condition.
In medical nutrition, great importance is given to unloading days. For example, in one day eat up to two kilograms of cooked vegetables or fruits. During the unloading day, you can eat only one type of product. For example, two kilograms of baked apples or two kilograms of boiled potatoes without salt.
Other options for unloading days will be advised by your doctor.
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Gout - treatment, symptoms, diet
Brief description of the disease
The appearance of gout is associated with the deposition of urate( salt of uric acid), which accumulate in the body and, eventually, affect the joints. About this disease affects about three people out of a thousand. In the risk group are men after 40 years, as well as women immediately after the end of menopause. It is especially unpleasant that gout affects any joints - feet, knees, fingers, elbows and brushes, that is, the symptoms of the disease can manifest completely in all parts of the body.
The causes of gout development are different. This is diabetes, and hypertension, and unhealthy lifestyle, and hereditary predisposition. When the diagnosis of gout is made, the diet becomes an integral part of the treatment, as the attacks of the disease often develop against the background of alcohol consumption or overeating. As a rule, exacerbations of the inflammatory process occur at night. In this case, acute pain can be caused by the most insignificant reasons, for example, the weight of the sheet. Gout, the treatment of which for some reason has dragged on, with the passage of time appears more and more, and the periods of aggravation become more prolonged.
Gout - symptoms and clinical picture
In most cases, inflammation occurs only in one joint, but if you do not take care of urate output, it spreads to other parts of the body. Typical symptoms of gout are:
- acute, sometimes unbearable pain in the affected joint, and none of the known painkillers can not eliminate the pain syndrome;
- swelling of the joint, redness of the skin in the region of the inflammation focus;
- increase in body temperature up to 39-40 degrees;
- numbness of the patient joint, which occurs during the daytime.
The acute period of the course of the disease lasts from two to seven days. Then the pain and other symptoms go away, the patient becomes easier, but this is just a "military trick."Do not even doubt that gout will reassert itself, and it can happen both in a few days, and in two or three months after the end of the first attack. The longer a person is sick, the more frequent exacerbations occur. Over time, gout, the treatment of which was not performed, moves to new joints and leads to the complete destruction of bones.
If the inflammatory process lasts more than three years, then the patient will have dense knobs under the skin. This is the accumulation of urate crystals of uric acid. Sometimes these formations burst for no apparent reason. At the same time out of them come out white or gray crumbs. Another extremely unpleasant consequence of gout is kidney stones that occur in about 20% of patients. In rare cases, the disease affects the heart system, affects the pericardium and heart valves.
Gout - treatment with traditional methods
I want to say right away that no doctor can guarantee complete recovery of the patient, but the spread of the inflammatory process is quite successfully controlled with the help of modern medical preparations, diet and special procedures. To prevent the formation of kidney stones and reduce the acidity of urine, the patient is prescribed corticosteroid hormones. Gout, the symptoms of which do not pass after the course of treatment with medications, require surgery. Surgeons remove the deposits of uric acid in soft tissues, which allows the patient to live a normal life for a while.
However, the operation is an extreme measure. Necessity in it arises quite rarely, since in recent years several methods have appeared at once, allowing to control the course of the disease without the involvement of surgeons. One of them - plasmaphoresishemosorption - the procedure for purifying blood with the help of special equipment. Improve the state of the patient with gout and some other activities - physiotherapy, fighting with metabolic disorders, treatment of primary diseases - diabetes mellitus or hypertension.
Gout: Diet as an integral part of the
treatment process Because gout is characterized by a metabolic disorder, adherence to a diet is very important in terms of maintaining the patient's overall well-being. First of all, it is necessary to substantially limit the number of animal proteins in the standard diet. In addition, fatty acids and digestible carbohydrates are also dangerous. Proceeding from this, it is possible to make an approximate list of useful products:
- any vegetables, except for horseradish, cauliflower, radish, sorrel and spinach;
- almost all fruits, including citrus fruits;
- skim milk and dairy products, not too salty and fatty sorts of cheese. Cottage cheese and yogurt are extremely useful;
- chicken or quail eggs;
- porridge, especially whole-grain;
- unsweetened baking in reasonable quantities;
- nuts and bee honey.
Smoked meats, sausages, table salt, peas, legumes, mushrooms, lard, fried fish and meat, canned food, spices and seasonings, cocoa, chocolate, tea, coffee and alcoholic beverages are excluded from the diet. For patients diagnosed with gout, a diet is the surest way to improve well-being, so you must strictly follow the doctor's recommendations and eat right. With regard to the number of meals, then the standard scheme of lunch-breakfast-dinner is better to replace the five meals a day and limit the amount of food consumed at one time.
Traditional treatment for gout
Important note: if you have been diagnosed with gout, folk remedies must necessarily be taken with traditional medications, because they alone alleviate the symptoms, but do not eliminate the cause of the disease.
- pour fresh needles with boiling water so that the water level is 1-2 cm above the level of the needles. Infuse the mixture for 1 hour, then put it on a water bath and cook for 40-50 minutes over low heat. The resulting broth cools and is used for compresses that are done daily before bedtime;
- a collection of St. John's wort( 4 parts), flax seeds( 2 parts), dandelion roots( 3 parts), tansy flowers( 1 part) and hop cones( 3 parts) are poured with 0.5 liters of boiling water and infused for 12 hours. Infusion is taken during periods of exacerbation at 5-6 tbsp.spoons;
- collection of birch leaves( 1 part), roots of elecampane( 3 parts), currant leaves( 3 parts) and dill fruits( 2 parts) are poured with 0.5 liters of boiling water. The mixture is infused for 12 hours. It is taken during periods of exacerbation( 2 tablespoons after meals) and for preventive purposes( 1/3 cup 3-5 times a day).
The national treatment of gout is extremely diverse, and on the Internet you will find many more valuable recipes. We just want to note that before using them, consult with your doctor in order to protect you from mistakes and prevent the development of unpleasant complications that often arise after improper use of folk remedies, decoctions and infusions.
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