The use of exercise therapy in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
LFK is the most common non-drug treatment for various types of arthritis, arthrosis, osteoporosis, osteochondrosis and other ailments associated with the condition of bones, joints, muscles, intervertebral discs and periarticular tissues. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is the most common disease in people whose activities are not related to physical activity. LFK at an osteochondrosis of a cervical department is capable to improve a circulation and a metabolism. Moreover, it has a number of advantages that are not available in medical methods of influence.
Therapeutic exercise will help reduce pain symptoms and stop the development of the disease if you perform all the exercises, strictly following the recommendations of the doctor. In combination with medicines, changing the working and rest mode, proper nutrition, it is really capable of doing miracles.
Cause and Effect
Eastern medicine claims: most neck diseases are associated with a person's lifestyle. The causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are a direct confirmation of this. A sedentary lifestyle is a fertile soil for the onset of this disease.
Cervical osteochondrosis sneaks up suddenly, and at first doctors do not know exactly what the deterioration of the person's health is connected with. With osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, not only pain in the neck appears. Painful symptoms are observed in the chest and shoulders.
Numbness of the extremities can also be a sign of this ailment, even the tongue can not dumb. Headaches - an indispensable companion of various types of osteochondrosis, including cervical. Dizziness, general fatigue are common to many diseases. It is these symptoms that will be the first to indicate the presence of osteochondrosis in a person, as well as various difficulties with hearing, tinnitus.
In osteochondrosis of the cervical region, arthrosis and degenerative-dystrophic pathologies of the spinal column often develop in man. This ailment is the cause of arthrosis. Osteochondrosis of the neck passes through several stages of development. As it progresses, it changes into cervicothoracic osteochondrosis.
Immediately need to clarify: physical exercises, physiotherapy, medications can help a person to conserve the development of the disease only at first. In later stages of osteochondrosis, only surgical intervention is able to stop the disease. Therapeutic gymnastics, exercises are selected by doctors depending on the stage of the disease, the specifics of its development and the complications caused to it, the patient's overall health, age, lifestyle and physical activity.
When forming a complex of exercise therapy for patients with osteochondrosis, medical specialists choose exercises that will affect certain lesions.
Medical gymnastics works wonders
Therapeutic gymnastics is really capable of performing a miracle, if you do it regularly. It is useful to people suffering from cervical osteochondrosis, and those who are predisposed to this disease. Its main goal is to reduce tissue disorders in the intervertebral cartilage. LFK gently, gently suppresses the process of destruction of intervertebral discs, neutralizes squeezing of nerve roots, reduces pain symptoms. It does not allow the appearance of pathological growths on the bone tissue of the vertebrae. That is, the neck and spine are beginning to gradually return to full flexibility.
Only therapeutic exercises for cervical osteochondrosis can stop the atrophy of the back muscles. The blood supply to the brain directly depends on the condition of the neck, which, when performing therapeutic exercises, improves significantly. This positively affects the human psyche, its memory, performance, while saving it from insomnia. In people suffering from cervical osteochondrosis, blood pressure is also severely impaired. If you properly distribute physical activity, it can come back to normal.
Do gymnastics even at the desktop
Metabolism is a special issue, because it is both the cause and the consequence of various ailments. If you can improve it with exercises and medications, it's possible that disruptions in the functioning of the spine will not affect the state of the lungs and cardiovascular system.
On the video, which shows preventive exercises that help fight with osteochondrosis, you can see how a person turns his head. Many people purely intuitively perform this movement, if they have to stay in a static position for a long time. After such a simple exercise, there is really relief. What happens during it? The blood flows better to the brain, the functioning of the vessels and nerve endings is improved, and therefore, the backs.
While practicing exercise therapy, it is necessary to observe several simple rules, this will make the exercises as effective as possible.
- Gymnastics can not be performed during an exacerbation of the disease.
- During the lesson you need to monitor your posture in order to prevent possible injuries of the spine.
- During exercise, there should be no pain.
Watching the performance of gymnastics on video, you can see that the amplitude of movements from the beginning to the end of the complex of exercise therapy increases slightly. Physical exercise should increase with the continuation of therapeutic gymnastics. But overloading the body can lead to unpleasant consequences, so the number of exercises and the number of approaches in each of them should not exceed the recommended by the doctor. Each movement should be soft and smooth, but in no case sharp. If there are pain, exercise should be stopped immediately.
Warm-up exercises in the exercise of exercise therapy are mandatory. Exercise exercises are especially effective for the body if combined with swimming, manual therapy, massage.
Is everything right?
It is not uncommon to hear from patients complaining that they performed therapeutic gymnastics, but it did not bring the desired result. What is the reason? It's not enough to look at the video exercises that you need to perform, and just repeat them. It is necessary to correctly distribute the burden on the weakened organism by fighting with the disease. It should be clearly known: any tension, spasms or stretching can aggravate osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
The first exercise is usually walking. It includes two types of warm-up: stepping on the full foot and rolling from the heel to the toe. The video recorded that the person's neck at this time is not in a static position, but also smoothly moves from side to side. The next type of exercise: swings your arms - slow, accurate, smooth. If the video at this time shows a person from the back, you can replace how his shoulder muscles move.
The final form of the exercises is for the neck and head only. They combine inclined and circular movements. If all the actions are performed correctly, warmth will be felt in the joints and neck. Only after these warm-up exercises can you go to the main complex, which is performed in a sitting, standing or lying position.
Curative gymnastics for cervical osteochondrosis
As life shows, most often a person with health problems or completely begins to rely on a doctor, or rushes to all serious, engaged in self-medication and without resorting to official medicine.
If the patient is on the side of the doctor - no disease is terrible. .
Both these positions are fundamentally wrong, because no one, even the most qualified doctor, can independently diagnose himself, and no person should prescribe treatment for himself. No wonder the ancient sage said that with each disease there are three sides: the patient, the doctor and the disease. If the patient is on the side of the doctor - no illness is terrible, but in those cases when the patient on the side of the disease - the best doctor is useless.
Cervical osteochondrosis is increasingly diagnosed today, and the patients' behavior and their attitude towards the proposed treatment are completely independent of age. Those patients who think about their future do not forget that therapeutic gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis remains one of the most important elements of treatment, while others simply remain silent and suffer pain and all the symptoms with which this is manifested is very unpleasant and in some casesa life-threatening disease.
Features of cervical osteochondrosis today
Cervical osteochondrosis is a common disorder, rapidly growing younger every year. Pinched nerve endings or displacement of cervical discs cause headaches and heart pain, dizziness, numbness of the tongue. Moreover, pinching of nerves indirectly affects the work of internal organs. Nevertheless, many people simply do not pay attention to the doctor's appointments and do not believe that exercise therapy, especially when used constantly, can improve their condition.
Meanwhile, if a person is diagnosed with cervical osteochondrosis - medical gymnastics is necessary! A violation that does not try to correct will sooner or later become acute, and every new attack of the disease will add unpleasant symptoms to the clinical picture of the disease. Of course, exercise therapy is not a panacea, especially if the degenerative-dystrophic process in the tissues of the spinal column has existed for a long time, but it can inhibit the development of pathological processes, facilitate the general condition and the first step towards recovery.
Major symptoms of osteochondrosis
- Persistent headaches, dizziness. The discomfort is often aggravated by movement and sharp turns of the head, and such a pain in the head practically does not lend itself to the drugs that are traditionally prescribed for relief of this symptom. At the same time, the patient may be concerned about the instability of blood pressure, fits of lightheadedness and noise in the ears, which are best eliminated by therapeutic gymnastics prescribed for cervical osteochondrosis.
- Symptom of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine may be pain in the chest, giving in hands. Often a person feels numbness in his hands and a combination of this symptom with pain in the heart, in which traditional "heart" drugs( nitroglycerin) are ineffective.
In case of occurrence of these complaints, orthopedic doctors advise their patients timely use of physical exertion, the regime and frequency of recurrence of which for each patient should be selected individually. A well-considered program of physical rehabilitation will help prevent the development of displacement of cervical vertebrae and clamping of nerve fibers.
Recommended exercises for the treatment of
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Below is an example of several exercises.
- The patient lies on the floor. One palm rest on the stomach, and the other on the chest. Slow, smooth breath( stomach, and then chest rise), then exhale. Repeat once 8-10.It is necessary to consciously relax the body. Exercise is repeated 3-4 times during the day.
- Position on the floor, but this time on the stomach. Slowly, the head, torso rises, hands have to rest against the floor. In this position, you must be 1 - 1.5 minutes, then smoothly return to its original position. Important! It is necessary to watch, that the shoulders would not "tumble" - keep the posture under control! Exercise is carried out 3-4 times a day.
- Position - lying on the stomach. Hands stretched along the body. Slowly turning his head to the right. You have to try to press your ear to the floor. Then in the opposite direction. Important! Painful sensations should not accompany the exercises! Run 5-6 times. During the day, you can perform this exercise 3-4 times.
- Seated position. Slowly, making an exhalation, lean forward, as close to the breast as possible. Then, on inhalation, slowly throw your head back, trying to look as far as possible. Repeat once 10-15.The exercise itself is repeated 2-3 times a day.
- Do not change the position, you have to press your forehead against your own hands. Providing the greatest possible pressure. Exercise is done on exhalation - this is important! Repeat 5-6 times. During the day, perform 3-4 times.
- If the violation is not strong, you can perform accurate rotation of the head, in both directions.
This set of exercises shows that therapeutic gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis is available to virtually all people regardless of their age. Some of the exercises can be performed at home and at work, and if your own health is empty for the patient, then he will certainly try to listen to the recommendations of the doctor.
As studies of scientists have shown, the performance of such exercises as prevention reduces the risk of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine by 90%!
The effectiveness of therapeutic gymnastics in cervical osteochondrosis at any stage of the disease is proved. As it turned out, even simple trainings, without active manual treatment and use of drugs, significantly reduce pain, and in some cases the achieved strengthening of the neck muscles positively affects the general condition - in some patients partial regress of the disease is observed.
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Therapeutic gymnastics for cervical osteochondrosisThe osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a degenerative-dystrophic lesion of the intervertebral disks of this site( changes in the structure of vertebral bodies due to destruction of the cartilaginous tissue between them, which is why their nutrition is disturbed).Almost every person older than 40 is suffering from this pathology in one way or another. Often, changes in the spine occur even at a young age and progress with age.
What causes osteochondrosis?
Many factors can influence the development of spine joint injuries, which can be conditionally divided into controlled and uncontrolled ones. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine appears due to:
- hereditary predisposition;
- hormonal disorders;
- abnormalities of the development of the musculoskeletal system;
- excessive and incorrect load on the spine( working at a computer, sedentary lifestyle);
- due to mechanical factors( sprain, injury of this part of the spine);
- wrong power supply.
The first three points are uncontrolled causes of the disease, it is almost impossible to cope with them. The last three factors can be influenced by systematic dosed loads, for example, with the help of exercise therapy( LFK).
How does the disease manifest itself?
Manifestations are diverse and concern many systems and organs. Among the most significant symptoms are the following:
- does not show itself at the early stages of the process;
- over time, there may be severe headaches and pain in the neck;
- dizziness and tinnitus;
- limited mobility of joints in the affected area;
- cardiac rhythm disturbances that can be seen on a cardiogram;
- insomiya( lack of full sleep);
- numbness of the limbs;
- spasm of the muscles of the neck, chest and back, shoulder girdle.
Treatment plan for osteochondrosis
The treatment of the disease must be approached in a comprehensive manner, affecting all the links in the development of the painful process. Treatment includes:
- analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs( ketorol, xsefokam, nimesulide, etodolac, diclofenac);
- medicines to relieve muscle spasm and reduce edema of tissues( tyzalud, midocalam);
- vitamins( nicotinic acid, B vitamins);
- chondroprotectors( substances restoring the structure of cartilage);
- has well proven itself in therapeutic gymnastics with osteochondrosis of the cervical department, which is also the prevention of the development of the disease;
- proper nutrition and active lifestyle;
- physiotherapy treatment.
Basic rules for performing the exercises
Classes can be held in special institutions with an instructor and at home, having previously selected an individual set of exercises with the specialist. General rules for exercise therapy:
- does not start gymnastics without having previously completed a comprehensive set of examinations;
- is not recommended to start such treatment alone, it is important to consult an instructor;
- exercises should be aimed at strengthening the muscles of the cervical spine, without excessive strain on the entire vertebral column;
- it is necessary to follow the principle from simple to complex: more effectively gradual increase in the number and duration of classes;
- exercises for cervical osteochondrosis can not be carried out through strength and pain, the movements should be soft and smooth;
- physical education does not end after the onset of relief, it should be performed continuously;
- should not be interrupted.
There are several well-proven techniques for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, we learn what their features are and what their differences are.
Classic exercises for strengthening the neck muscles
All movements are performed in a standing or sitting position for 5-6 repetitions. When performing exercise therapy there should be no sensations of discomfort and acute pain. Complex exercises for cervical osteochondrosis:
- for the beginning should bring the neck in an upright position and relax the shoulders;
- slow and smooth turns to the right and left, 5 times in each direction;
- it is necessary to sit down straight, to throw a head back and to try to reach the right ear to the right shoulder, after doing the same in the other direction;
- put your palms on your forehead and slowly press them head, while the palms should stay in the same place( resist pressure);
- exercise is similar to the previous one, but in this case, the palm should be put on the temple, pressing on it with your head, counting to yourself to five, repeating 3 times alternately on each side;
- to shrug the shoulders forward, raise them upwards as much as possible, then back up and bring it back down, thus describing the circle.
Classes are held in a standing position, smooth light movements of the neck are performed without excessive efforts and pain. Gymnastics should be done for 12 minutes every day to achieve the desired result. A few simple exercises from Butrimov's method:
- stretching the neck and head forward, and then returning it to its original position, while the trunk and shoulders should remain stationary;
- alternate turn of the head to the left and to the right with each turn it is necessary to stretch the chin to the shoulder;
- smooth tilt of the head forward, trying to touch the chin with your chin, after tilting backwards with an attempt to reach the crown to the back;
- maximum slow and quiet turn of the head left and right;
- the following exercise - tilt the head forward and turn in this position in each direction;
- a soft and smooth turn of the head from right to left, maximally stretching the chin forward.
Such physical exercises are important to do daily and after 4-5 months many manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis will disappear. If something does not work, do not try to apply maximum efforts, gradually the muscles will become more elastic and supple.
These classes are primarily aimed at stretching the muscles and improving the supply of vertebrae in this area. After improving the state of health, work on yourself does not end.
Getting rid of osteochondrosis according to Bubnovsky
According to this technique, it is recommended to perform exercises daily. After only two weeks, after improving the state of health, the number of classes is reduced. Than such treatment differs:
- work is spent by a method of a kinesitherapy( treatment by means of movements in which the person participates);
- in order to maximize the effect, special simulators are used, that is, classes take place only in the centers;
- before the start of treatment, doctors fully examine people and select a set of exercises in accordance with changes in the spine;
- primarily in these exercises train the muscles adjacent to the spine, thereby improving the nutrition of the affected vertebrae and the painful symptoms gradually weaken.
Therapeutic physical training is preventive in nature, if you start to deal with before the appearance of violations. In the case when the disease is rapidly progressing or there are pronounced changes, do not immediately abandon the complex exercises. Trust the specialists who will choose a more gentle method, but at the same time significantly facilitates the course of the disease.
Medical specialists note the fact that the risks of development of cervical osteochondrosis can be significantly reduced with the help of physiotherapy exercises. They argue that a specialized physical load is capable not only of being effective prevention of cervical osteochondrosis, but also an effective way of treating it. Special exercises for cervical osteochondrosis are designed to reduce the existing pain syndrome, eliminate inflammation, strengthen the muscular corset and prevent various complications. First of all, it's worth mentioning that therapeutic gymnastics will be effective only if the complex of all necessary physical exercises is performed regularly and technically correctly.
There are several basic rules and regulations concerning exercise therapy:
- any physical exercises can be performed only during the period of remission of the disease, as during the exacerbation of osteochondrosis, such therapeutic measures can seriously aggravate the general health and provoke the emergence of various complications;
- gymnastic movements should not cause painful sensations, at occurrence of physical discomfort it is necessary to stop for a while the pain-provoking exercises;
- in the process of exercise therapy it is important to monitor the position of the back, since the proper performance of the gymnastic complex depends directly on the correct posture;
- any physical exercises for osteochondrosis of the cervical region should be performed slowly and smoothly, without sudden and rapid movements, slopes and turns;
- each complex of exercises should take about 20 minutes, a day is recommended to hold at least three common gymnastic courses.
As therapeutic gymnastics is the basis of cervical osteochondrosis treatment, it is necessary to observe all the above rules without fail. Regular repetition of simple but really effective and useful physical exercises will help to strengthen the muscles, restore the damping functions and mobility of the spine, as well as the structural integrity of the affected areas.
In acute form and during remission of
This complex of gymnastics is used for cervical osteochondrosis of acute form and during remission. It allows to improve the mobility of the vertebrae of the neck and the elasticity of its muscles, as well as relieve tension and normalize blood circulation in the affected and injured zones.
The starting position is sitting or standing, hands should be placed along the body, the back should be flat.
Technique of the exercise - it is necessary to alternately perform slow turns of the head to the right and left, while it is important that the chin is clearly above the shoulder.
Repeat 10 times.
The starting position is the same as the first exercise.
Technique of the exercise - you need to make the head incline down, while the chin should touch the thoracic cavity. Movements should be sprung.
Repeat 10 times.
The starting position is the same as the first exercise.
Technique of the exercise - you should pull your neck back, while it is desirable to draw your chin, and keep your head straight.
Repeat 10 times.
This complex of gymnastics is designed for the treatment of chronic cervical osteochondrosis.
The starting position is standing or sitting.
Technique of the exercise - it is necessary to put the palm on the forehead area and press it with the head tilted forward, thereby exerting maximum resistance to the pressure of the palm.
Repeat 10 times.
The starting position is sitting or standing.
Technique of the exercise - the palm should be alternately applied to the temples and, as in the first exercise, to provide maximum resistance to movement of the head.
Repeat 10 times.
The starting position is standing or sitting.
Technique of the exercise - it is necessary to lift the shoulders to the ears and is in this position for at least 10 seconds. Then you need to relax the muscles of the neck and shoulder joint for 10 seconds, and then lift your shoulders again.
Repeat 10 times.
Specialists of medicine recommend everyone to regularly use the complex of gymnastics, which allows to prevent the appearance of cervical osteochondrosis.
It is necessary to push the forehead for 15 seconds on the palms located on the top of the head, it is important that the palms themselves remain motionless. The effect should be directly on the neck muscles.
Repeat 5 times.
This exercise is performed in the opposite direction. You need to tilt your head forward, and put your hands on the back of your head. Within 10 seconds, the head should be pressed on the hands, and hands should be exerted counter pressure on the head.
Repeat 5 times.
You need to throw your arm over your head to the temple area. Then you need to start pressing your head against your arm, trying to tilt your head to your shoulder. In the process of performing gymnastics, you should give maximum resistance to movement of the head.
Repeat 5 times.
Since osteochondrosis is an intractable disease, it is necessary to take care of the health of your spine before any problems and pathologies arise. To avoid the development of cervical osteochondrosis, you must regularly exercise any of the above listed medical gymnastics.
Exercises for cervical osteochondrosis
Exercises for cervical osteochondrosis have not brought anybody harm, but on the contrary, they helped to cope with the disease. How to properly execute the procedures, what to watch out for and other related information will be discussed below.
The formation of osteochondrosis in the cervical region is becoming an increasingly common problem, with the age limit for this insidious disease falling from year to year, so that everyone's task is to be vigilant and give due attention to prevention. If the disease has already manifested itself, then it is necessary to send a whole set of methods against it, some of which the patient must conduct at home.
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According to the majority of the leading physicians of the planet, it is the therapeutic exercise for today - this is the best way to prevent and combat osteochondrosis in the initial stages, and also a serious help in eliminating the symptoms and during the progression of the disease. Performing exercises for the neck with osteochondrosis, you can restore the natural state of the vertebrae and cartilaginous joints. At the first stages of osteochondrosis development, thanks to special sports complexes, one can completely get rid of the disease, and a general "good" effect of the person will be a good "side effect".
However, do not engage in dangerous experiments and self-medication. If anxiety symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor who will choose the correct dosage of the neck loads and will make up an individual therapeutic and exercise complex( LFK) exercises. Sometimes, when a patient suffers from frequent dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis, they prescribe the exercise of exercise therapy in a sitting or even lying position.
With the appearance of osteochondrosis in children, as well as in the case of development of radicular syndrome, it is possible to ascertain with serious certainty a serious deformation of the spine, which requires urgent application for qualified care. If you ignore this point, a prolonged load will cause deformation of individual intervertebral discs and lead to serious complications. Therefore, one should be vigilant and, at the first symptoms, use against exercise therapy to correct the problem by creating a strong muscular corset.
Carrying out regular exercises from a medical and sports complex, one can count on restoring natural metabolism in the structure of intervertebral disks, improving blood supply in tissues, enriching the brain with oxygen, not to mention the return of mobility in the joints.
To increase the effectiveness of treatment, it must be carried out under the strict supervision of a physician who will control each stage, which in the end is the key to a speedy recovery.
Rules of charging for the cervical spine
Before doing exercises for osteochondrosis of the cervical region, it is necessary to get acquainted with the basic simple rules that will improve the overall effect of the payload and will make the healing procedure not just a means for eliminating the pain syndrome, but allows you to make ita full-fledged kind of treatment.
- To carry out a set of exercises for cervical osteochondrosis, it is necessary at every opportunity. This is an extremely important rule for workers in seated occupations, and it is not difficult to observe it, as simple exercise therapy can be done in 5-10 minutes without even getting up from the chair.
- Every morning and evening should become a time for exercise in standing position, as only the regularity of its performance will achieve sustainable results.
- In the mornings and evenings, every exercise should be performed standing.
- Carry out one or two dozen turns of the neck and turn the head at the same time as in the cervical pain syndrome is formed.
- The charging should be combined with a gentle massage of the cervical region.
- Also, when free time arrives, you should immediately rotate your hands in the shoulder joints.
When working with a computer it is highly recommended to interrupt for 5-10 minutes at least once in 1-1.5 hours. This will prevent the appearance and progression of osteochondrosis, and as an additional effect - will save the eyes. If you do not have the opportunity to do even such short breaks, then every half an hour, at least a minute or two, you can focus on the rotation of the head and light self-massage of the neck.(On the topic: gymnastics for osteochondrosis of the cervical department).
Healthy gymnastics during osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
You can start performing gymnastics only after stopping pain in the neck. In no case should not practice exercise therapy on the background of pain syndrome, as this can cause serious complications. If the seizures are not observed or have already passed, then the doctors allow performing isometric exercises in a calm rhythm, which allows you to get sufficient muscle tension without overloading the cervical vertebrae. As a result, muscles and tendons will be strengthened and create a strong corset that will support the head and neck.
Each of the exercises must be performed at a slow pace, not allowing sharp, puffy movements. Also, before proceeding to the exercise of exercise therapy, you need to decide on a personal method, with a choice that should help a qualified specialist.
- Take a sitting position, straighten your back and neck. To make head turns from left to right, without sharp jerks, having made 10 repetitions.
- From the same starting position, lower your head down, trying to press your chin to your chest and making 10 repetitions.
- Take a sitting position and tilt the head back, also trying to pull the back, perform 10 repetitions.
- From the sitting position with the hands down, it is necessary to raise the shoulders as much as possible, fixing their position for 8-12 seconds. After this, the shoulders are lowered, they are relaxed for 3-5 seconds and again the lifting is repeated. In total, 10 repetitions are performed.
- Lie on a flat, hard surface and warm up the neck and skull in the hairline for 3-4 minutes. Self-massage is done by mild compressive movements in an intense rhythm, which can significantly improve blood supply.
- It will be extremely useful to rub your back for a while in the area of the scapula, between them and above them.
- At last, you can flex the muscles behind your ear and along the occipital part with light movements around the circle.
Performing therapeutic exercises with cervical osteochondrosis, it is necessary to control breathing, watching its calm and slow rhythm. The correct breathing process will help to work concentrated, which in the end will increase the effectiveness of physical exertion. To conduct exercise therapy should be at least twice a day, but it is better to increase the number of repetitions to 3-4.Also, you do not need to immediately try to achieve maximum amplitude during the exercise, observing caution and regularity when performing exercise therapy. If osteochondrosis is already in neglected form, then the most optimal is to get acquainted with the complex of exercises on the floor.(And also: physical education with osteochondrosis of the cervical department).
- Take a lying position on the floor, putting one hand on the stomach, and the other on the chest. Taking a slow breath - raise first the stomach, and then the chest area, allowing the air to calmly fill the entire volume of the lungs. It is necessary to watch, that the exhalation is made more slowly in comparison with the inhalation. In total, it will be enough to perform 10 repetitions.
- Take a lying position on the floor on the abdomen, placing your arms along the trunk line. After that start to rotate the head from left to right, trying to reach the level of the floor with each ear, performing repetitions at least five times.
- Take a sitting position and lower your head forward, and then - back, controlling the smoothness of execution and amplitude, preventing the occurrence of pain. Perform 10 repetitions.
- Sit at the table and lean on it with your elbows, head down on the back of the crossed palms. Occupying this position, you should press your forehead on your hands, achieving maximum muscle tension. Exert tension on the exhale, allowing yourself to relax on the breath. Perform 10 times.
A complex set of exercises
The following exercises for osteochondrosis of the neck can be performed only as a preventive method or to eliminate the first symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. If the development of the disease has already gone too far, then it is better to abstain from doing the exercises, at least before consulting a doctor.
Exercises for relaxation in the cervical part
Occupy standing position with freely lowered arms. After that, strain your hands and straighten your back as much as possible, trying to make sure that the shoulder blades and shoulders do not go up. Lasting for a few seconds( up to 5), relax and give the body and breathing to recover.(On the topic: charging with cervical osteochondrosis).
Twisting in the neck
Twisting is best performed from the standing position, but begins by lowering the head forward, representing how the spine is bent by an arc. It should be noted that this is not just about the bending of the cervical spine, but about the entire spine - from the base. Then it is necessary to make a reverse movement, slowly throwing back his head, trying to bring the shoulder blades together and feel how the spine is curled back. Exercise is repeated until the heat in the cervical region appears.
Waving hands with
From standing position, tilt the body forward so that it occupies a parallel to the ground position, trying to keep the back flat, and hands to dissolve in different directions. Then they make flies with their hands, like a bird flapping wings during the flight. At the same time, it is necessary to control the tension of the muscles of the back in order to prevent the movement due to the inertia of the swing.
It is extremely important to remember that such exercises for the neck with osteochondrosis are allowed only with minor manifestations of the disease. In no case can they be used without medical supervision if the disease has already crossed the initial stage.
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Exercises, exercise therapy and gymnastics for cervical osteochondrosis
Exercises for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are an effective method of curative and preventive treatment aimed at improving blood supply, removing the inflammatory process and symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis. Gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis is constantly needed for a person suffering from this disease. Active way of life will help strengthen the spinal muscles, which in turn will stop the development of impaired functioning of the spine and relieve the patient of the pain syndrome.
Indications and contraindications to the appointment of gymnastics with therapeutic purpose
The main indications for therapeutic gymnastics for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are:
- pains having a vertebrogenic cause;
- any clinical manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis;
- is a high risk of developing intervertebral disc damage, which can lead to fusion of the vertebrae with each other.
- Direct contraindications to exercises for the neck in osteochondrosis specialists believe:
- acute phase of the disease;
- early postoperative period after surgical interventions on the cervical spine;
- chronic neurological disease;characterized by a pronounced coordination disorder;
- diseases of the organs of the vestibular apparatus;
- acute disease or exacerbation of chronic disease;
- high blood pressure levels;
- heart rhythm disturbances( arrhythmia);
- expressed myopia, the development of glaucoma.
With the diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis, exercise should begin no earlier than an hour and a half after eating. If during the medical gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis the patient suddenly feels severe pain, nausea or dizziness, you should stop the exercise and sit down to rest.
Positive effects from curative gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis
Therapeutic exercises with cervical osteochondrosis give effect quite quickly. In some patients, changes in the positive side become noticeable immediately after the first few days of performing exercises with cervical osteochondrosis. The rate of appearance of a positive effect depends on the form and stage of the disease, and if the improvement in the cutoff is not noticeable, the training plan should be adjusted, but it is necessary to continue them and the result will necessarily appear.
But this happens only if the course of exercise therapy is correctly chosen for cervical osteochondrosis. With an incorrectly selected plan for physical training, a drastic deterioration in the condition may occur. In order to choose a set of exercises for cervical osteochondrosis, you must always contact a competent specialist.
Gymnastics for the neck with osteochondrosis brings the following positive effects:
- The dorsal muscles that support the spine are strengthened and become more plastic, this does not allow deforming the spinal column to develop.
- In the cervical spine improves blood flow and lymph flow, resulting in faster metabolism and faster recovery processes.
- Decreased activity of the inflammatory process.
- Restoration of the volume of movements in the spine.
- Decreased pressure on spinal nerve rootlets.
- Acquisition of correct posture.
- Weight reduction with regular exercise of physical therapy in cervical osteochondrosis causes a decrease in the load on the spine and large joints( if the patient has problems with excess weight).
To achieve the best effect, experts recommend alternating static and dynamic type of load and mandatory rest minutes between individual exercises. On the Internet in large numbers you can find video exercises for cervical osteochondrosis.
Recommendations for charging
Therapeutic exercise for cervical osteochondrosis does not require large cash injections, special gym equipment or trips to the gym, it is enough to have sportswear, a rug that will not slide on the floor, a chair with a high backrest or( more preferably) a ballfor fitness .In order to make charging with cervical osteochondrosis bring a positive effect, it is necessary:
- . It's not easy to download video gymnastics from the Internet with cervical osteochondrosis, but always consult a doctor before starting the exercises.
- The first lesson should last no longer than 20-25 minutes and each exercise throughout it has only one approach, afterwards the duration of the charge itself for osteochondrosis of the neck and the amount of the approach can be gradually increased.
- The first few sessions must be carried out under the supervision of a specialist, until the patient learns how to do the gymnastics correctly, and only then you can continue doing exercises at home.
- It is necessary not to forget that in the acute process, it is absolutely impossible to do gymnastics.
- All movements performed with cervical osteochondrosis of the gym should be very slow, accurate, smooth.
- You can not move your head in a circle or throw your head sharply in the direction of your back.
- It is possible to perform stretching exercises or use pulling devices only under the supervision of a doctor, independent extension of the cervical spine can lead to serious injury, even gymnastics video with cervical osteochondrosis can not give an idea how to properly draw.
- Any of the exercises should not cause even the slightest pain.
Complex for cervical-thoracic version of osteochondrosis
The complex of exercises for cervicothoracic osteochondrosis includes static and dynamic exercises that are designed specifically for those suffering from this disease. If you can not figure out how to do the movements yourself, you can watch the LFK video for cervical osteochondrosis. It is not necessary to perform the whole complex in the first lesson, you can do just a couple of exercises, but the main thing is not to forget about the alternation of static load and dynamic movements for the spine.
Performing these exercises requires special slowness and smoothness, the amplitude should be minimal, and the load on the muscles opposite the maximum. At the first lessons, the appearance of weak painful sensations( at the same time it is necessary to stop the exercise).Later, you may need to increase the load, for which you can use dumbbells of different weights.
- The starting position( PI) is standing, hands are apart, palms facing forward. Breathe in, bend and pull back your hands, try to get the blades together. While it is possible to linger in the accepted position, relax during an exhalation( 5-6 repetitions in one call).
- IP - sit on the floor, back straight. On a slow inspiration, turn your head to the side until you feel tension in your muscles, then turn back in exhalation. Then do the same in the other direction( 1-2 repetitions).
- IP - as in the previous exercise, perform a slow inclination of the head to one shoulder, then to the other. Straighten and make the slopes back and forth.
- IP - lie on the stomach, palms on the back of the head. On inhalation, try to lift the chest with muscle, tilt the head and try to touch the chest with your chin. Try to raise your head, under the pressure exerted by your hands.(3-4 repetitions).
The figure shows additional exercises for pain in the upper back.
Dynamic gymnastics for cervicothoracic osteochondrosis is performed at a fast pace, with the alternation of movements with periods of relaxation. The indicators of the correct speed can be considered the rapidity of respiratory movements and heartbeats. Video exercises for cervical osteochondrosis can be found on the Internet, viewing it will help to make the gymnastics correct and get rid of the basic mistakes of the complex, which are encountered practically by all involved.
- IP - standing, perform rotation with your hands 5-12 times forward and as much back. The amplitude of the movements is maximal.
- IP - as in the previous exercise, quickly lift the shoulders, first in turn, then both at once( repeat 5-12 times).
- IP - sitting, arm stretched to the side, try to look at the palm without making a turn in the waist( turning only with his head).Return to the IP and execute in the other direction( repeat 5 to 12 times).
- IP- lie on your stomach, breathing in to lift the chest as high as possible from the floor, hands to pull up, exhaling to lie down on the floor( repeat 5-12 times).
In addition to the basic exercises, you can use yoga in cervical osteochondrosis, it will help relax and strengthen the muscles, as well as stretching the cervical spine.
For those whose work is associated with a long stay in one position( mostly sitting), a good prevention of the development of disturbances in the functioning of the spinal column will be charging for cervical osteochondrosis. It must be done for several minutes every hour and a half of sitting work. Such charging includes turns and inclinations of the head, lifting and lowering of the shoulders, circular movements of the head and shoulders.
You can also read our article about the treatment of osteochondrosis with folk remedies and medicines, and simultaneously with exercises, this can be a great effect.
Video exercises for cervical osteochondrosis:Read more © The joints and ligaments 2015 when copying an active link to the source is required. For communication and accommodation: [email protected] Before using the information, consult a doctor!