The joint of the thumb on the arm hurts

What if I have a joint of the thumb?

Hands play an important role in human life. The functioning of the extremities depends on the condition of each finger of the hand. Many do not pay attention to discomfort in their hands, and then they face the fact that they have joints of the thumbs. The reason for this problem is not only destructive changes in the joint tissue and inflammation of the joints( arthritis), but also other ailments.

Degrees of defeat

As medical statistics show, in women, diseases on the fingers appear much more often than in men. Arthritis gradually changes the shape of the hands, making them inactive. In the fingers of the hands there are destructive changes that can bring a lot of troubles, not only physiological, but also psychological. Pain is one of the first signs of a disease that can lead to disability due to loss of elasticity of the joint tissue. It is necessary to know: arthritis is a chronic disease, and it is completely incurable. But this does not mean at all that the diagnosis should be perceived as a sentence and do not struggle for the state of each finger on the hand. If you start treatment in time, then stop the inflammatory process and significantly reduce the pain symptoms that have affected this area, it is possible.

First you need to identify the area of ​​localization of the symptom. The reasons for which there are pain can be varied:

  • injury;
  • supercooling;
  • infection;
  • salt deposition.

Symptoms may indicate that there are abnormalities in the functioning of the articular tissue on the finger of the hand. The presence of pain in the injured joint is especially strong in the run-up to bad weather. The presence of such pains can indicate a rapidly progressive rheumatoid process, if a person, for example, has supercooled his hands.

Pain can be a sign of gout or Raynaud's syndrome that covers the area of ​​the finger. Psychiatric, infectious and septic arthritis is felt by the presence of pain in the hand. It is impossible to establish which of the diseases caused this phenomenon, it is impossible to establish by visual inspection of the finger of the hand. When joints hurt, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive study to identify the cause of the disease. The mechanism of the occurrence of pain in the hand for each of the listed diseases is different. The deposits of uric acid salts with gout cause swelling and redness of the tissues on the fingers of the hand. The structure of the articular tissue of the finger changes, which is why the joints ache.

Rheumatoid arthritis changes both the structure of the joint tissues and the appearance of the finger on the arm or leg. Nodules are formed on the arm. After a while they become denser and cause pain in the joint. The last symptom can be manifested constantly or periodically on the finger. The severity of the damage to the joint tissue and the duration of the disease depend on the intensity of pain in the joint and the incidence of the syndrome. Numbness in the carpal tunnel indicates Raynaud's syndrome. There are often cases when during the manifestation of the syndrome the hand partially loses its functioning.

An important factor is the appearance of swelling during pain symptoms. It will help to identify the cause of pain in the joint more quickly. When there is an asymmetrical lesion of the fingers, the probability is great: psoriatic arthritis makes itself felt. It does not appear only on one finger of the hand. With it, a plaque appears on the entire skin. Both symptoms cover all the joints on the fingers. Otherwise, rizartrose itself manifests itself. It covers the area of ​​the thumb, if its articular tissue has been under considerable load for a long time.

Pain in the joint of the thumb is not the only symptom of this disease. There will be a noticeable deformation - the curving of the thumb on the arm.

Symptoms of arthritis

Arthritis and osteomyelitis developing in the region of the finger of the hand are often confused with each other. There is a good reason: according to its symptomatic picture, arthritis and purulent inflammation in the bone marrow are similar. Pain symptoms are observed in both cases. They are accompanied by a significant increase in body temperature. There is a decrease in the functioning of the finger on the arm and the affected limb. The hand blushes at the site of the lesion, and swelling appears in the area of ​​the broken articular tissue.

Septic and infectious arthritis are very similar and are accompanied by:

  • with nausea;
  • with vomiting;
  • pain in the head;
  • by dizziness.

How the arm of the patient with arthritis

looks. They are accompanied by a significant deterioration in the person's well-being. Pain accompanies the symptom of intoxication. He often causes suspicion of the patient's food poisoning. Only the doctor can make an accurate diagnosis after a comprehensive study of the patient's state of health. Suspicion of arthritis is quite easy to detect at the first complaints of the patient on the sharply worsened condition of the finger on the arm.

Changes in the skin on the thumb with this disease occurs very quickly, the skin acquires a red tint. When the joint of the thumb hurts with arthritis, there is a crunch. He is one of the prominent signs of this disease, which can develop in parallel with other ailments. When arthritis joints on the thumbs of the fingers gradually change their shape and mobility. When rheumatoid nature of the disease is symmetrical damage to the fingers.

In rheumatoid arthritis, the degree of involvement of the articular tissue always grows. Initially, the joint of the thumb will be struck, then the destructive changes will completely cover the upper limbs. The rheumatoid process on the thumbs often develops into rheumatoid arthritis of the knee and ankle joints. When arthritis stops, the disease snatches not one finger, but the entire lower leg. In the body, there is a deterioration in the functioning of internal organs.

Their condition reflects inflammation in the joint of the thumb, because toxic substances that form during inflammation get into the circulating blood.

How to help the body fight disease?

It is necessary to immediately seek help from a specialist Self-treatment of any joint disease is unacceptable. If symptoms of arthritis or any other ailment have appeared, it is necessary to address without delay to the doctor. When the joints on the thumbs ache, it is impossible to ignore this phenomenon in the hope that the symptoms will pass. Pain in joints can cause stress. It is capable of signaling the presence in the body of a dangerous infectious disease, sprain and rupture of ligaments. If the joint hurts on the thumb, then it can be a serious injury to the brushes. It can cause a lot of complications if you do not start treatment on time.

Detection and treatment of microtraumas is difficult. They often occur in people whose main activity is not connected with heavy physical labor. Often aching joints due to micro-injury from artists, artists, musicians and other representatives of creative professions. In such cases, joint pain becomes the first sign of arthritis.

When the joints are hurting, the first step to fighting the disease is taking pain medications. Treatment is carried out not only with the help of non-steroidal, but also hormonal drugs. The second is necessary to stabilize the hormonal background of the body, because it can provoke pain in the joint or strengthen it. Calculation of the dose of the drug is carried out taking into account the age and health status of the patient, the treatment must necessarily take into account the patient's tolerability of the drug. If the joint is hurting, the intra-articular injection will be able to alleviate the condition. She is appointed in those cases when the patient needs help urgently. When the pain in the joint has arisen due to infection, it is necessary to take a course of taking antibiotics.

They are selected taking into account the causative agents of an infectious disease. Be sure to take into account the side effects of taking medications that affect not only the area of ​​the fingers, but also the entire body as a whole. It is necessary to know: the course of treatment with antibiotics should never be abruptly stopped. The interrupted course of treatment will not improve the patient's condition: the defeat of the thumb will pass into a chronic form.

No less difficult stage is the period of remission. If the joint does not hurt, this is also not a valid reason to stop therapy. Even if there is no exacerbation, treatment continues.

At this time, you must follow the diet and continue to observe the condition of the fingers. Periodically, you have to donate blood and urine for tests.

Ultrasound and other therapies

Treatment of a chronic disease will be carried out for a long time by medicamentous and non-medicamentous methods. Coping with pain will help electrophoresis, it will remove puffiness on the thumb. From physical exertion, when the joint hurts, it is necessary to refuse, but afterwards gymnastics will be required to restore its functioning. If the joint hurts a long time, ultrasound will help to get rid of the symptom. Treatment is considered to be sparing and has practically no contraindications. Ultrasonic therapy will improve the functioning of the fingers by improving the quality of blood circulation in the affected area. Treatment with ultrasound promotes the restoration of the joint tissue.

Without LFK recovery of the fingers is impossible, medical specialists recommend that often perform exercises in the water. It reduces the load on the tissues, and the restoration of the fingers is faster.

Basic finger warm-up for joint diseases Mud baths can also cope with the pain symptoms. They stabilize the condition of the fingers and relieve the consequences of the hypothermia or infectious disease that they have undergone. Massage of the fingers of the hand is also a very good option for the prevention of joint diseases, especially since it can be performed alone, by massaging each finger of the hand for 5-10 minutes.

In the treatment of fingers is positively affected and trays with the use of herbal dues. However, before using them, you should always consult an allergist. If signs of an allergic reaction appear on the finger of the hand, the procedures are terminated.

Pain in the joints of the fingers - is there a salvation from this scourge?

Pain and limitation of mobility in the joints of the fingers is a common occurrence among people of older age groups. According to the statistics of the pathology of small joints in the hands of people over forty years of age is found in every tenth, and after sixty - in every third. In women, this may be due to age-related changes in the hormonal background. However, the joints of the fingers are hurt not only in people after forty - there are diseases in which such a problem can occur at any age.

aching joints of the fingers

Without fingers we can do almost nothing physically

Why there are pains in the joints of the fingers of hands?

Causes of pain of this nature are usually the disease or damage to the joints and periarticular tissues. On the nature of pathology can be judged by the degree of damage - for example, in chronic processes, joints can not only ache, but also deform. Pain in the joints of the fingers is a characteristic sign of such pathologies as:

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis is a common systemic disease associated with an autoimmune( noninfectious) inflammatory lesion in the mostly small joints of the hands and feet.

  2. Osteoarthrosis or polyosteoarthrosis is a non-inflammatory deforming process characterized by thickening of the finger joints and restriction of their mobility.

  3. Stenosing ligamentitis is an inflammatory disease of the ring-shaped ligaments of the joints of the fingers.

  4. Gout is a disease of meat lovers;is associated with the deposition in the joint cavities of acute crystals of salts of uric acid.

  5. Psoriatic arthritis - inflammation of the joints on the background of psoriatic skin lesions.

  6. Infectious arthritis is an inflammation of the bacterial or viral nature.

Predisposing factors to the development of various finger lesions of the hands are:

  • pathology of the immune system;
  • chronic infections;
  • hormonal changes in the background;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • hereditary factors;
  • bruising injuries, including frequent micro-traumas( sports or professional);
  • long-acting harmful factors: the constant presence of hands in cold water, etc.

Let us dwell on each group of diseases.

arthritis joints

In the photo - hand affected by arthritis

Diseases affecting the joints of the hands

Rheumatoid arthritis

This pathology is one of the most common causes of lesions of small joints of brushes. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age - both in childhood and in old age. It is characterized by a symmetrical lesion of different groups of joints, but especially strong - in the area of ​​the fingers. The pain is accompanied by signs of inflammation: swelling and redness. On the affected areas under the skin, sometimes you can find dense formations - rheumatoid nodules. The disease proceeds wavy - with periods of remission and acute attacks.

With prolonged current rheumatoid arthritis, a characteristic deformity of the wrists is often developed as "hands with a lorgnette", "boutonniere" or "swan neck".

Osteoarthrosis and polyosteoarthrosis

This group of diseases is more typical for older women, because the nature of its development is directly related to the estrogenic background. However, there are other causes of osteoarthritis: heredity, metabolic disorders, occupational loads, etc.

In addition to pain for osteoarthritis of the hands, subcutaneous nodules in the region of joints that, along with edema, contribute to the development of deformity of the fingers are characteristic - they take the characteristicknotty appearance. Sometimes the fingers look like a spindle, due to the thickening in the middle. Outwardly it may resemble rheumatoid arthritis, but with arthrosis there is no damage to other groups of joints and internal organs.

Osteoarthrosis of the hands often occurs as a rizartroz, when the joints of the thumbs are isolated. Risartrose often develops as a result of a prolonged overload on the thumb of the hands. Defeat in this area must always be differentiated from such pathologies as gout and psoriatic arthritis, for which this place is a favorite localization.


This disease is associated with impaired metabolism of purines - protein metabolism products, which leads to the deposition of urate salts( urates) inside the joints. Although the joints of the feet are primarily affected with gout, the hands are often involved in the process. First of all, the metacarpophalangeal joints( closest to the tips) of the thumbs suffer.

Pain with gout can be very intense, paroxysmal and have a burning, tearing character. They are accompanied by swelling and redness of the skin over the affected area. Movement in the thumb( as a rule it is he who is affected) during a painful attack is extremely difficult or impossible. Suffer from gout more often men, age 40 - 60 years.

gouty nodules on the fingers

Gouty nodules - tofusi - a characteristic sign of gout

Stenosing ligamentitis

This disease is associated with inflammation of the periarticular tissues - the ring ligament of the finger. Externally, the pathology resembles arthritis or arthrosis, so to clarify the diagnosis do X-rays.

Clinically, ligamentitis occurs typically: with pain during flexion and extension, and sometimes - with wedging of the finger in a bent state, when its extension is possible only with effort. In this case, you can hear the characteristic clicks. Why does such a picture arise? The ring-shaped ligament thickens during inflammation and loses its elasticity.


Psoriatic arthritis of the fingers is a form of psoriasis. Along with the characteristic skin lesion, 10-15% of patients are involved in the process of joints, mainly - distal( nail) phalanges of fingers and feet. The disease sometimes takes the form of dactylitis - a common inflammation of the tissues of the finger. They swell, blush, painfully and with difficulty bend. Externally take the form of sausages.

The diagnosis of "psoriatic arthritis" is usually not difficult, as the disease develops against a specific skin lesion.

joints of the hand

Septic and infectious arthritis

May occur both as a pathology of a single joint( monoarthritis) and multiple( polyarthritis).The cause is always an infectious agent that enters the articular tissues or through damaged skin or blood flow.

The clinical picture can be varied depending on the shape and severity of the lesion. If there is a purulent inflammation - the symptoms will not only be local pain, but also a violation of the general condition - high body temperature, fever, intoxication.

Pain management

First of all, therapeutic measures should be aimed at eliminating the underlying disease. If the pain in the joints of the fingers occurs due to the inflammatory process, antibiotics, hormones and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. In case of dystrophic damage, it is necessary to restore the damaged articular cartilages first with the help of chondroprotectors and auxiliary measures: massage, manual therapy, physiotherapy.

With severe pain, analgesics are given in the form of injections, ointments, tablets, etc. Although, as the elimination of the main pathological process, the pain will pass.

To recover faster, in the treatment of this kind of disease you can use folk remedies. Here are a few popular recipes.

  1. Ointment from the grass hellebore caucasian. For its preparation, mix 20 grams of dry grass hellebore and honey, add 10 grams of vegetable oil and 5 grams of dry mustard. Melt all the ingredients in a water bath and mix until smooth. Cool and transfer to a dark vessel. Lubricate the joints the night before the pain disappears.

  2. Make compresses on the affected area using fruity table vinegar.

  3. Melt a small piece of propolis and mix it with sunflower or corn oil. Use as an ointment.

In order for the treatment to work, you must strictly follow all the recommendations of your doctor. And then the chances of recovery or significant relief will be high.

Pain in the fingers of the hands. Causes of pain in fingers

Article of Dr. Evdokimenko © for the book "Pain and numbness in the hands", published in 2004.Edited in 2011.All rights reserved.

Most often pain in the fingers of the hand cause:

  • polyosteoarthrosis of the fingers;
  • tenosynovit de Cerven;
  • rizartrose.

In addition, pain in the fingers( along with numbness) causes carpal tunnel syndrome and Reynaud syndrome .In total carpal tunnel syndrome and Raynaud's syndrome give about 30-35% of cases of pain in the fingers.

Perhaps, after reading the entire extensive list above, you now think with horror that it is very difficult to understand such a number of diseases and understand which of them causes pain in your fingers. But actually it is not. It will not be difficult to understand.

For example, two diseases immediately stand out from the general list - carpal tunnel syndrome and Raynaud's syndrome, they always flow with the numbness of the hands of . Therefore, if the pain in the fingers is combined with your numbness, read the article on carpal tunnel syndrome and Raynaud's syndrome.

If you have pain in your fingers, but there is no obvious numbness in your hands, you can safely turn off carpal tunnel syndrome and Raynaud's syndrome from the list under consideration. The remaining diseases of the fingers are so characteristic that it is not difficult to distinguish one disease from another. And below I will tell you about these characteristic symptoms. You can only carefully read and compare your feelings with my descriptions. So:

Polyostoarthrosis of the fingers, "knobby fingers"

Polyostoarthrosis of the fingers of the hands gives approximately 40% of all cases of pain in the fingers. People who are not younger than 40-45 years old are sick( people younger than 40 years are ill with this disease in extremely rare cases), but especially people with polyostoarthrosis of the fingers are sick aged 50-55 years and older. Women are sick much more often than men.

For polyointearthrosis of the fingers is characteristic the emergence of special nodules( the so-called nodules Geberden ) on the back or side surfaces of those joints that are closer to the nails. Geberden's nodules most often develop symmetrically, that is, on the right and left hands simultaneously and in the same places. At the same time they can be formed on any fingers of the hands, from large to small fingers.

During the formation of Geberden's nodules in joints, burning and pain may occur under them;sometimes these joints swell and blush. But in a third of patients the formation of Heberden's nodules is asymptomatic, without pain and burning.

In addition to Heberden's nodules, polyostoarthrosis produces painful nodules on those joints that are located approximately in the middle of the fingers( proximal interphalangeal joints).These are Bushar's knots. They are spindle-shaped, develop very slowly and with a rare exception they almost do not hurt.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis - approximately 5-7% of all cases of pain in the fingers of the hands. People of any age are ill, but more often those who are over thirty. Women are sick about 5 times more often than men. The disease develops, usually after severe stress or after a flu, severe colds, infections or hypothermia.

Rheumatoid arthritis usually begins with inflammation and swelling of the metacarpophalangeal joints of the index and middle fingers( ie, with inflammation of the joints at the base of these fingers, in the region of the protruding bones of the compressed fist).Inflammation of metacarpophalangeal joints in most cases is combined with inflammation and swelling of the wrist joints.

Inflammation of the fingers and wrist joints with rheumatoid arthritis is symmetrical, ie, if the joints on the right arm are affected, then almost the same joints on the left arm are affected. The majority of those who suffer from the pain are often involved in other joints of the fingers and toes, as well as large joints - knee, elbow, ankle, etc.

For rheumatoid arthritis, the most common inflammatory rhythm of pain: joint pains intensify in the second half of the night, in the morning. Day and night pains usually weaken somewhat.

Very often listed symptoms are accompanied in rheumatoid patients with a feeling of weakness, fever, slimming and chills, i.e., the disease often leads to a general deterioration in the person's well-being.

Psoriatic arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis - less than 5% of all cases of pain in the fingers of the hands. The disease affects people most often in the age of 20-50 years. In most cases( but not always) the disease develops in people who already have skin psoriasis manifestations - dry flaking reddish spots on the body or on the scalp( psoriatic plaques).

To defeat the fingers in psoriatic arthritis is characterized by the so-called "axial inflammation, when on any finger all of its joints swell at once. The finger at the same time turns red and looks like a sausage. A similar pathology is called - "sausage-like" finger.

In psoriatic arthritis, axial inflammation can occur in any finger. But notice that with this disease, the inflammation of the fingers on the right and left hands is most often asymmetrical, that is, the fingers, as a rule, are affected on one hand;and sometimes at once on two hands, but then on one hand are inflamed one fingers and joints, and on the second hand - absolutely others.

For more information on psoriatic arthritis, see Chapter 19.

Gout, or gouty arthritis

Gout , or gouty arthritis-less than 5% of all cases of pain in the fingers.

People call gout deformity of the big toe, which usually develops in women. But in fact it is not gout, but arthrosis of the big toe. But the "classic", a real gout( gouty arthritis) often happens in men. Women suffer from gout several times less often.

And although the real gout is really often( but not always) begins with long-suffering big toes, it can hit any joints, both on the hands and on the legs.

Gouty arthritis usually occurs at the age of 20-50 years. The first, as already mentioned, the joints of the toes or knee or ankle joints are more likely to become inflamed. On the hands of others, the joints of the thumbs are inflamed more often( but any other fingers, either on one hand or both) can become inflamed.

Inflammation of the joints with gout occurs in the form of attacks. In most cases, a gouty attack happens quite unexpectedly: it usually starts on a background of complete health, most often at night. Pain in the joints with a gouty attack is often very acute: according to the patients' stories, "she wants to climb against the wall".The affected joint blushes with such an attack, the skin above it becomes bright red or crimson and hot to the touch.

Although in some patients, especially in women, seizures flow milder, without redness of the joint and without such acute pain. But in any case, the attack with gout arises unexpectedly and lasts from 3 to 10 days;then he suddenly passes away, as if nothing had happened. However, after a while, the attack also repeats again suddenly.

Here is a paroxysmal course of the disease and is the hallmark of gouty arthritis.

Tenosynovit de Kervena

Tenosynovitis de Kervena - approximately 5% of all cases of pain in the fingers of the hands. It is an inflammation of ligaments and "small" muscles in the region of an exceptionally large finger. Other fingers with tenosynovitis de Kerven are not inflamed.

Tenosynovitis de Kervena can occur at any age in both men and women. Characteristic symptoms: pain at the base of the thumb and under it, where the thumb touches the wrist joint.

Pain can occur spontaneously, "on level ground," but most often they appear when the thumb is loaded, when you try to press your thumb on something or when you try to grab something with your thumb and index finger. In addition, pain intensifies when the thumb is extended to itself, that is, toward the elbow.

For more information about tenosynovitis de Kerven, see chapter 6.

Risartrose - Thumbnail arthrosis

Risartrose - approximately 5% of all cases of pain in the fingers of the hands. Risartrose affects the joint located at the base of the thumb and connects the thumb of the thumb with the radiating joint.

Usually, rizartrose is one of the manifestations of polyointearthrosis of the fingers, and then the diagnosis is not difficult. But in about 20-30% of cases, rizartroz arises as an independent disease, usually in people who are constantly heavily loaded or once extremely overloaded the thumb. In this case, it may be difficult to distinguish between rizartroz and tenosynovitis de Kerven, since the symptoms of these diseases coincide almost 90%.

In this situation, we can distinguish between rizartrosis and tenosynovitis de Kerven deformity of the bones of the patient joint, which is clearly visible on examination and is clearly recorded on the x-ray( with tenosynovitis de Kervena on the x-ray, only soft tissue changes over the joint can be detected - and even that is extremely rare).

For more information on rizartrose, see the chapter on polyostearthrosis of the fingers.

* * *

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Thumb pain can occur after a bruise has occurred, and may also be the cause of the first signs of osteoarthritis and tendonitis of the finger, which in most cases occurs in young people. In such cases, puffiness becomes apparent, which is manifested in the process of writing, when opening the iron cans, or when turning the key in the door.

In addition to pain, there may be a slight tingling sensation when a person tries to hold in his hand any small objects. If osteoarthritis is present, the pain may well be localized in one single joint or spread immediately to several. It is most common among women after forty. In addition, the pain can be the result of various previous injuries of ligaments, any prolonged loads, or because of hereditary causes.

Causes of pain

Pain in the thumb can occur for a variety of reasons. Of course, it may cause a previous injury, sprain, but in most cases the pain is caused by the so-called Reynaud's syndrome or carpal tunnel syndromes. In these two cases, in addition to the presence of pain symptoms, there may also be a numbness in the three fingers. Unpleasant sensations that appear when numbness, as a rule, increase when the arm rises.

Raynaud's syndrome develops due to pregnancy and the use of hormonal contraceptives, as well as after stress and certain systemic diseases( eg, rheumatoid arthritis).The main causes of pain in carpal tunnel syndromes are stretching or various inflammatory processes of the ligaments that promote nerve compression. It develops when repeated repetitive movements of the same type( work on a conveyor or printing, for example) are continued.

In addition, when the finger is very sore, this can be a consequence of polyosteoarthrosis. The main symptom of this disease is the formation of peculiar nodules in the first joint of the finger near the nail. Because of him, this disease is often called knotty fingers. The tendency to such an ailment is seen in most cases in women aged about forty-five years. In addition to pain symptoms( which has a bruise), with the formation of a knot in the joints there is burning and redness occurs.

Another cause of pain is rheumatoid arthritis and a ligament injury. In this case, there is a restriction of motion. As a rule, women are more often affected by this disease than men, and it manifests itself absolutely at any age. The main predisposing factors here are various infectious diseases, the transmitted flu or hypothermia, as well as stress. The predominant feature of this type of arthritis is the defeat of the finger at the same time on two hands( the symptoms are similar to stretching).

The finger of the hand also hurts because of psoriatic arthritis, but before the joints begin to ache, the skin stage of psoriasis is called the so-called psoriatic plaque.

Another of the most common causes of pain symptoms( mainly in men) is trauma and gout. However, immediately gouty arthritis affects the joint located at the very base. Pain sensations in gout, as well as stretching, are characterized by unbearably sharp and severe pains, and the inflammatory process is accompanied by red skin and an increase in temperature at the joint site, so the color of the finger is usually crimson.

As a rule, the process of treating joint diseases is performed by a rheumatologist or neurologist. In some cases, the thumb of the hand may hurt due to the fact that previously there was a trauma to the ligaments( bruise, trauma or burns).In this case, you need to seek the advice of a traumatologist, and he can accurately determine the bruise or stretching of the finger.

Mechanical properties of the thumb

The thumb of the hand is not exactly like the other. Visually, it is smaller than the rest, the reason for this is the presence of two phalanges, and in the other fingers - three, so their bruise is quite dangerous.

The value of this finger is quite large for a person, since it helps him to carry heavy objects, take inconvenient things, so his injury is very dangerous. With the help of these fingers, pressure is applied to the object from one side, and others from the second side, so this thing can be held firmly in the hands without damaging the ligaments.

In this case, one thumb in the grasp process has the same strength as all the others combined. The reason for this is rather large brain particles responsible for the mobility of the thumbs, they are much larger in volume than those controlled by the other fingers.

Pain relief

To ease pain in the thumb, the following conditions must be met:

  • to avoid activities, which can result in injury, as well as causing painful sensations when bending and not provoking a bruise;
  • to allow the thumb to rest without overloading the ligaments at the base;
  • take painkillers;
  • do exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles of the hands;
  • use tools that are specifically designed for people who have arthritis;
  • promptly consult a doctor if pain symptoms limit optimal activity and the thumb does not give a normal life.

Author of the article:

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