Description of dizziness in osteochondrosis, its causes and treatment
Vertigo is associated with irritation of the centers of the brain and the vestibular apparatus. Impulses that enter these parts from certain points in the body can lead to their immediate irritation. Also, irritation can be mediated, i. E.occur as a result of narrowing of the blood vessels and deterioration of the blood supply of certain parts of the brain.
In some cases, patients can clearly and colorfully describe how the head is spinning. This allows the doctor to identify the departments involved in this process, and even make a diagnosis. Very often there is dizziness in the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Moreover, this symptom is never observed in case of osteochondrosis of other parts of the spine( thoracic and lumbar).To understand why in these cases the head is dizzy and how to get rid of this symptom, it is necessary to make a small digression into the causes and process of the disease.
Dizziness may be a symptom of more than 80 different pathologies, including cervical osteochondrosis
Causes of pathological changes of
The causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical department have not been accurately established. It is believed that the disease contributes:
- metabolic disorders and excess weight;
- hereditary predisposition;
- inadequate muscle development;
- sedentary lifestyle and long work at the computer;
- nicotine intoxication;
- influences vibration, for example, related to professional activities.
The most common osteochondrosis develops in the lower cervical spine: between the 6th - the 7th cervical and between the 7th cervical and the 1st thoracic vertebra. Degenerative disc changes lead to complications in the form of intervertebral hernia - protrusion or rupture of the fibrous ring of the disc.
The consequence of degenerative changes is also:
- displacement of vertebrae( subluxation) and trauma of surrounding structures;
- development of inflammation and edema of tissues;
- circulatory disturbance;
- reflex spasm( contraction) of the surrounding muscles, which occurs to protect the affected area.
All this leads to the appearance of pain, displacement, compression and irritation of nerves and vessels, including vertebral arteries. As a result, the flow of blood into the brain and into the trunk portion of the spinal cord decreases( the site of the transition from the spinal cord to the brain).The lack of blood in these departments and the arrival of impulses from other departments cause irritation of the vomiting center, dizziness, a decrease or increase in blood pressure, and other symptoms.
This is facilitated by atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels, the menopause period in women, and the transferred diseases. The protrusion of the disc toward the spinal cord can, in addition to dizziness and lowering blood pressure, lead to a breach of breathing and even death.
Spasmodic muscles and tissue edema in osteochondrosis lead to increased pain. Thus, a vicious circle is obtained.
Now the reader should understand why it is impossible to treat dizziness using a single method. Treatment of the pathological process is possible only as a result of an integrated approach.
Description of dizziness
Complaints that the head is spinning - are frequent at an osteochondrosis of a cervical department. Sometimes this is even the only symptom of the disease.
Vertigo is observed mainly in two syndromes( syndrome is a complex of symptoms):
Vestibular-stem syndrome, which occurs when there is a lack of blood supply and pathological impulses in the vestibular apparatus and the cerebellum. It is expressed in the sense of vibrations of walls or floor, the rotation of surrounding objects, instability or uncertainty when walking. Such dizziness is accompanied by twitching of eyeballs, nausea and vomiting. Unlike other diseases, these symptoms with cervical osteochondrosis appear mainly in the morning when getting up from the bed, with a sudden tilt or turn of the head.
Cochlear-Stem Syndrome. It is manifested by the disturbance of the work of the organs of hearing and balance located in the so-called cochlea of the pyramid of the temporal bones. Repeated attacks of dizziness in this case are combined with ringing, whistling and noise in the ears, congestion and a decrease in hearing on one or both ears. It is important that all these symptoms for cervical osteochondrosis, unlike other causes, are more pronounced or significantly strengthened by with a sudden tilt, a certain forced position or a sharp turn of the head.
Dizziness may accompany other syndromes:
- Hypothalamic. Is manifested by instability of the nervous system and increased fatigue, increased or decreased skin temperature, increased sweating, or, conversely, dry skin, increased urination, increased or decreased blood pressure, a violation of the rhythm of the heart.
- Syncopal. Sudden fall with loss or without loss of consciousness and rapid recovery with residual symptoms in the form of dizziness, tinnitus, flickering of flies and spots before the eyes( photopsy), short-term speech disturbance( sometimes within 2 days).At the heart of this syndrome lies the irritation of the vertebral nerve and spasm of blood vessels.
- Gland-laryngeal. It is manifested by the difficulty of swallowing, the sensation of a foreign body in the throat, itching and persecution, a decrease in the strength of the voice.
- Visual syndrome occurs as a result of disorders in the blood supply system of the vertebral and carotid arteries. It is manifested by photopsy, fog before the eyes, decreased visual acuity.
All these symptoms with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are not permanent. The degree of their severity depends on the period of the disease: when exacerbations they are more pronounced, during remission can be expressed weakly or completely absent. Vertigo is more permanent.
Principles of treatment of
In the diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis, the treatment of dizziness is not limited to the prescription of a particular drug. The complex of therapeutic procedures includes the use of vasodilator, analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs( the latter are especially used for exacerbations).Also, manual therapy, massage, physiotherapy, water procedures and physiotherapy exercises are prescribed - all these methods are aimed at restoring the position of the vertebrae, relaxing the spasms and improving blood circulation.
It is impossible to cure or stop the development of osteochondrosis. But it is quite possible to significantly reduce its manifestations with proper complex therapy. Treatment should be prescribed only by a specialist. It is also necessary to understand that all methods of combating the disease can only be recommended, and without active participation in the patient in the treatment - a positive result is impossible.
Treatment of dizziness in the osteochondrosis of the cervical section of the
The major nerves and vessels that connect the brain to the entire body pass through the neck. Therefore, for cervical osteochondrosis, not only neurological or visceral symptoms are characteristic, but also cerebral symptoms. Long-term problems with blood supply are fraught with ischemic brain disease. Although vertebral arteries deliver approximately 15% of the blood volume to the posterior regions of the brain, and 85% fall on the carotid arteries, deterioration of the cerebral blood supply from the vertebrobilar basin can lead to serious disorders, for example, dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis.
Causes of dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis are uncomfortable head position during sleep, spinal artery syndrome and other causes of
Causes of dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis
A frequent cause of dizziness may be an unfortunate nighttime posture during sleep: too high a pillow compresses the vertebral artery and reduces blood flow. In this case, not only dizziness, but also symptoms:
- darkness or fog before the eyes
- visual and auditory disorders
Spinal artery syndrome
Spasm of the vertebral artery due to irritation of the plexus - a frequent cause of dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis
Another common cause of dizziness in the cervical osteochondrosis is the vertebral artery syndrome( Barre-Liège syndrome) .
The vertebral canal in the cervical region is narrow, therefore the stenosis of the canal( its narrowing) leads to:
- to the compression of nerves and vessels
- spasm of the vertebral artery( due to Frank sympathetic nerves irritation)
Causes of canal stenosis and spinal artery spasm can be
- Sprouted osteophytes
- Subluxation of the vertebra
- Deformations of the lateral hook-like vertebra processes of the cervical spine( uncovertebral syndrome)
Clinical symptoms in vertebral artery syndrome
When spinal spinal artery spasmand the following symptoms are observed:
- Pulsating pain, often on the one hand, in the form of searing lumbago in the occiput, temporal and brow parts
- Hypertension, tachycardia
- Nausea or vomiting
- Pain and rubbing in the eyes, blurred vision
- Impairment of hearing, appearance of extraneous noisein the ears
- Impaired coordination of movements
- Possibility of sudden loss of consciousness with sharp movements and turns of the neck
Vascular dystonia( diencephalic syndrome)
Osteochondrosis of the cervical region is accompanied not by tOnly dizziness, but also vegetovascular dystonia associated with endocrine trophic disorders.
One of the types of such dystonia can become a diencephalic syndrome based on the pathology of the hypothalamus - a segment of the diencephalon that, together with the pituitary gland, is essentially the neuroendocrinal center of the brain, responsible for producing the most important hormones and connecting the endocrine system with the nervous
. Poor blood supply and impaired proteinexchange lead to deficiency of hypothalamic-pituitary function and to diencephalic syndrome.
Symptoms of the diencephalic syndrome
Symptoms of vegetative vascular trophic disorders:
- Neck pain
- Sensation of coldness in the limbs, sweating
- Rapid pulse and high blood pressure
- Heart pain and arrhythmia
- Increased irritability and fatigue
- Insomnia and bad mood
- Digestive disorders
The reason for dizziness is the vestibular-sternal syndrome
Finally, the osteochondrosis of the cervical region can cause dizziness for a reasonthe so-called vestibular-stem syndrome . The reason for this lies in the insufficiency of the blood supply of the vestibular apparatus responsible for the equilibrium.
Major symptoms of vestibular-stem syndrome:
- Severe vertigo( up to vomiting) with any change in head position:
tilting back, turning left and right, even lying down while turning to the other side
Truly, cervical osteochondrosis is a very dangerous disease that opens the gatesfor many diseases through the brain .
Treatment of dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis
When examining osteochondrosis, ultrasound dopplerography( UZDG) of extracranial vessels is considered to be the most important. However, such a survey today is mainly used for carotid arteries, but for vertebrates it is not fully implemented. More accurate - magnetic resonance angiography( MRA) of vertebral arteries.
In the treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical region, especially when the cerebral syndrome, must include vasodilator funds and drugs that restore normal cerebral circulation and supply the brain with oxygen. This is the main specificity of the treatment
Drugs used in the treatment:
- Piracetam, actovegin, euphyllin, cerebrolysin
- Vitamin C, retinol and others
However, treatment aimed at improving brain activity will not eliminate the causes that caused the spasm of the artery. To minimize them, apply the same treatment methods as in general for cervical osteochondrosis:
In the treatment of dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis, drugs are used to improve cerebral circulation and methods to minimize the causes of its violation.
- Physiotherapy methods:
- Vacuum therapy
- Magnetic therapy
- Exogenous bioresonance therapy
For the treatment of neck pain, muscle and arterial spasm are used:
- NPC, muscle relaxants in the form of tablets and injections
- If necessary, a novocain blockade is carried out
- For the cervical-collar zone, external means of application are used:
- Ointments, gels, patch for pain
- Therapeutic exercise
- is also of great importance in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
Vegetosovascular dystonia often have to go to a therapist.
If dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis is frequent, then you definitely need to sleep on an orthopedic pillow.
Video: Vegeto-vascular dystonia with osteochondrosis
How to get rid of dizziness in osteochondrosisOsteochondrosis is perhaps one of the main causes of severe dizziness in a person. Usually it occurs in the morning, in the first minutes after awakening. Especially often in the morning dizziness suffer patients with osteochondrosis, accustomed to sleep on a high pillow.
In addition, at any time of the day the head can spin, if it is sharply rotated, especially when such actions are accompanied by a crunch in the neck. In severe forms of cervical osteochondrosis, severe dizziness often becomes a habitual condition for a person. However, you do not need to fall into despair, you can fight this unpleasant phenomenon. But first you need to understand how dizziness manifests, because of what it arises and by what methods it should be treated.
Why the head is spinning with osteochondrosis
The joints of the cervical spine are quite small, and the load on them is considerable. They are responsible for the retention of the head and the numerous slopes and turns that it makes daily. The cervical spine is more prone to such a serious and dangerous disease as osteochondrosis, and dizziness is only one of the unpleasant symptoms accompanying it.
Even the slightest tension in the neck muscles or displacement of the vertebral joints can provoke compression of the nerve endings and blood vessels in the cervical region. All this leads to the fact that people suffering from osteochondrosis very often complain of severe dizziness and loss of orientation. Such manifestations are a consequence of the pressure exerted on the vertebral artery by sharp bone processes - osteophytes. They form on the vertebrae affected by osteochondrosis. In medicine, this condition is called stenosis.
MRI showed the presence of stenosis in the cervical spine of the patient
Because of stenosis, blood circulation in the spinal cord and the cerebellum occurs, which leads to severe oxygen starvation in some parts of the central nervous system of man. In addition, blood flow to the occipital part of the brain is significantly reduced. But it is in it is located the nerve center, which is responsible for the normal operation of the vestibular apparatus.
Basic symptoms of dizziness
An attack of severe dizziness from osteochondrosis can occur at any time of the day, both in the morning and in the evening. With this disease of the spine, the patient complains not only that his head is spinning. Sometimes the patient may feel that he is not able to keep his balance, that the floor is getting out from under his feet, the walls of the room rotate, and all surrounding objects move to the right.
Vertigo is often accompanied by an unpleasant ringing or strong noise in the ears, acute headaches and pain in the face. You can also feel the swing and shakiness in a quiet state or while driving. In osteochondrosis, dizziness often leads to loss of balance and sweating. Sometimes it causes a strong pallor or, on the contrary, redness of the face, and sometimes - nausea or even vomiting.During dizziness, patients often observe a symptom such as severe pain in the neck region. It can have different intensity and duration. In addition, during the attack, patients often complain about a significant deterioration in vision, floating before the eyes of the "fly" and the feeling of sand in the eyes. Another symptom, which is typical for dizziness in osteochondrosis, is a feeling of numbness in the hands. Usually it occurs at night during sleep. In addition, patients have a significant increase in heart rate, drawing pain and many other extremely unpleasant sensations in the heart area.
Symptoms of dizziness accompanied by osteochondrosis usually last no longer than several hours, and sometimes take place after 5-10 minutes. But in this case, some manifestations, such as a significant decrease in hearing or ringing in the ears, can persist for quite some time.
What to do when the head of
becomes dizzy It should be understood that eliminating only a violent and painful dizziness is a fight against a symptom, not a disease. To permanently get rid of this unpleasant condition, you will need to start treatment for osteochondrosis. After all, it is he who causes you to feel dizzy. What should be done in this situation?
- The first and most important is to seek help from a specialist who will evaluate your condition and make a treatment plan.
- It is very important that the patient is ready to strictly observe all the prescriptions of the doctor, otherwise it will not be possible to achieve a positive result.
- A patient with osteochondrosis, who constantly has a sore neck and is dizzy, will have to seriously reconsider his habits and radically change his way of life.
- Moderate physical activity and adherence to a strict diet are the basis for the treatment of osteochondrosis.
If the patient is not ready to make significant changes to his habitual way of life, then treatment of the disease will only slightly weaken its symptoms. However, this does not mean that you should not try to reduce vertigo in any way. This is especially true during periods of acute illness, when headaches and dizziness manifest themselves particularly strongly.
Methods for dealing with vertigo
Treatment of dizziness in osteochondrosis requires mandatory medication that helps improve blood flow to the brain, dilate blood vessels and reduce the risk of further pathological changes in the joints of the spine. Patients should also pay attention to medicines, tonic vessels. It is important to take medications that help to remove the excessive excitability of the brain areas that are responsible for the vestibular apparatus.
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Do not forget about proper nutrition, and especially about moderation in food. Excess weight increases the symptoms of osteochondrosis, including dizziness. Try to consume more fresh fruits and vegetables, prefer foods high in vitamins B and C. Try to sleep only on a low flat cushion so as not to strain the cervical spine during sleep.
If you have a sore neck and dizzy, you should use folk remedies. To improve the condition, you can apply the ointment made as follows. Take one art.a spoonful of fat( for example, a pork) and mix it with an extract of hops. With the finished ointment, gently treat the most painful areas of the neck.
The following recipe will help not only those who suffer from dizziness and pain in the neck, but also patients who have a low back pain. Mix the crushed aloe and black radish in one container, then add 2 tbsp.spoons of quality vodka and half a cup of honey. Stir well and take it in the morning on an empty stomach immediately after sleep.
Once a week, make a honey-potato compress on your neck. For its preparation grate the potatoes and mix with a small amount of honey. Then apply the finished mass to the neck, cover with a clean cotton cloth and tie with a warm kerchief.
Very effective methods to combat dizziness in osteochondrosis are various water procedures, massage and therapeutic gymnastics. Significant improvement in the patient's condition is promoted by traction of the cervical spine and its reliable fixation.
How is dizziness treated for cervical osteochondrosis?Dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis is a very unpleasant symptom. It often appears after sleep, especially when a person is accustomed to sleeping on a high pillow. In addition, sharp movements of the head, which are accompanied by a perceptible crunch in the neck, can cause dizziness at any time of the day. In some cases, this condition can become permanent, or appear occasionally, with a sharp darkening in the eyes, loss of orientation in space, noise in the ears.
As a rule, such phenomena are short-lived. But in some cases, dizziness may become fainting. However, to bring a person to life in this situation is easy enough - you just need to move a person to a horizontal position, and his head down. In addition, this symptom may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, hearing and vision impairments, coordination disorders.
It should be understood that with a disease such as osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, dizziness is a fairly common symptom. In this case, one should not treat the dizziness itself( many believe that the problem is in the vessels of the brain), namely, the real cause of its appearance.
Why does dizziness occur?
Actually, dizziness arises from the decrease in the amount of blood that enters the brain. Reduces the flow of blood - it means less and the amount of oxygen and nutrients. Dizziness and is a kind of reaction of the brain to such a "starvation."Such a decrease is due to the fact that the vertebral arteries are squeezed - a phenomenon almost natural for cervical osteochondrosis.
Thus, treatment of dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis is precisely the elimination of the underlying cause - spine disease. Other methods can perform an auxiliary function, but they can not solve the problem at all. Therefore, do not experiment with your health, if such a symptom began to appear frequently, then you should immediately consult a doctor.
What kind of treatment is usually done with this problem?
As we have already said, the main task is to cure osteochondrosis. The main drug in this situation are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which are designed to reduce swelling and inflammation, thereby reducing and squeezing the arteries, and hence the blood supply to the brain normalizes.
In addition, a significant role in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is played by physiotherapy methods. These methods play a supporting role, but thanks to them, the patient's well-being can be significantly improved.
Careful to be with manual therapists. In this case, you need to take into account a number of parameters at once - at what stage is your disease, what massage technique is used by this specialist, etc. Therefore, it is worthwhile to consult a doctor in advance, otherwise the manipulator can do more harm than good.
Also necessary and essential components of cervical osteochondrosis treatment are diet and therapeutic gymnastics. It is these two components that can bring you back to a full life. But at the same time it should be borne in mind that exercise exercises and diet should prescribe a qualified specialist.
In addition, to reduce the amount and intensity of dizziness attacks, prescribe drugs that should improve blood microcirculation and vestibular apparatus. Such drugs can not cure the patient, but they are quite able to significantly improve his state of health during the treatment period.
Why should dizziness treatment for cervical osteochondrosis be performed as early as possible? Why does it arise and is it possible to get rid of it in a short time? Dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis often causes too much stress for the spine, a lack of vitamin C in the body, heredity, chronic infections and some other reasons. Due to the course of various diseases or chronic processes, the intervertebral discs lose their strength and elasticity, which is why displacements and hernias occur. In the event that such a bulging disc falls into the intervertebral canal, there are symptoms of compression of the spinal cord.
Dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis causes too much burden for the spine, heredity, chronic infections
What is the pathology?
Incorrect load distribution also affects arteries passing through the transverse processes of the spine, resulting in a spasm. These arteries are responsible for the supply of blood to the back of the brain, where the auditory and vestibular apparatus are located. Symptoms, one of which is dizziness, occur due to improper circulation in this area.
The following pathologies can be identified in the study:
- Insufficient vertebral column stability in the cervical spine.
- Underdeveloped neck muscles.
In turn, dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis is explained by the presence of features of the anatomical structure:
- The presence of important blood vessels and arteries.
- Nerve trunks located in the neck.
- Constant mobility of muscles, which causes an increased load on this department.
Clinical picture of
The main symptoms on which a pathology can be suspected in a person are the following:
- Vertigo is often manifested in the morning, after waking up or at night. Especially dangerous for a patient with cervical osteochondrosis is a dream on high cushions.
- A characteristic sign of the pathology of the cervical region is a crunch when turning the head.
The cause of dizziness may become careless and sharp turns of the head in any direction.
The sign of cervical osteochondrosis is a crunch when turning the head
Symptoms of dizziness
Vertigo in osteochondrosis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- "Reeling" the floor under your feet.
- Defocusing of eyesight, "floating" of furnishings from the field of view.
- Loss of balance.
In addition, the manifestations of dizziness include:
- Noise in the ears and ringing.
- Loss of balance while walking.
Vertigo in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: symptoms, treatment
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Vertigo is an extremely unpleasant phenomenon that can be caused by various causes. But if the problem is in the cervical spine, then it can be accompanied by a shroud pain similar to the one that occurs with migraines. First of all, you need to go to the doctor and do an x-ray. Only then will it be possible to correctly determine the cause and take the necessary measures. If a person suffers from dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis, the treatment will be quite long, requiring systematic and perseverance.
Manifestations and causes of the disease
Osteochondrosis affects the disks between the vertebrae. As a result, they lose elasticity, wear off, bone processes are formed, an unpleasant crunch appears. To this is added general dehydration, lack of vitamins, headaches and muscle pains. One of the symptoms of the disease are dizziness. With cervical osteochondrosis, the treatment is not focused on removing symptoms, but on improving the condition of the neck. As a rule, dizziness is accompanied by nausea, pallor, pressure problems caused by blood flow disturbances, flies or blackouts in the eyes, noise in the ears intensified by sweating.
If there is dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis, the symptoms will intensify under stress, any, especially sharp movements. The reasons are often found in the wrong way of life, nutrition, avoidance of active movements. The result of the development of the disease may be the formation of intervertebral hernia, squeezing the vessels, as well as an increased risk of getting a stroke. Just pills for dizziness with osteochondrosis will not help, the approach should be large-scale and comprehensive.
Where to go and what to do?
How to treat dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis? First of all, you can not delay a visit to a specialist. You can contact a neurologist or a more specialized specialist - a vertebroneurologist who will make up a treatment regimen, examine all the patient's complaints and specify the problem. In addition to X-rays, it is recommended to perform ultrasound dopplerography, as well as magnetic resonance imaging of the neck vessels.
When the doctor determines that you have dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis, treatment can be carried out not only in a hospital environment, but also at home. The approach is always complex: it is medicines, therapeutic exercises, massages, special procedures. You must also take care of yourself: you can not lift heavy objects, bend low, turn your head sharply, stay in closed, too stuffy rooms for a long time.
Nutrition in the treatment of
How to get rid of dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis? Of course, following the recommendations of the doctor. And he inevitably advises to adjust the diet. It is necessary to avoid everything that can cause a set of excess weight, that is, any sweets, pastries, cakes, pastries and the rest of the food from the same row. It should remove all fried foods, spices. It is worth stopping to poison yourself with tobacco, it is advisable to exclude alcohol from the menu. It is not advisable not to overdo with coffee or, in extreme cases, to dilute it with milk.
The necessary medicines
Dizziness medications for cervical osteochondrosis prescribe a variety of, one kind of some kind here can not do. An anesthetic, tonic is taken without fail. Restorative drugs are needed: chondroprotectors, which strengthen the cartilaginous tissue of the spine, as well as medicines with calcium to improve the condition of the bones. Tablets from dizziness in osteochondrosis are drugs that restore normal blood circulation in the brain, because it is the squeezing of the arteries and the disturbance of blood flow that causes such an unpleasant phenomenon. These drugs include muscle relaxants that do not contain steroids, "Cinnarizine" or "Betaserk".
Understanding how to get rid of dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis, we should not forget about the benefits of exercise therapy. During an acute period, of course, it is impossible to be engaged. However, after relieving pain, certain exercises are necessary, because only the pills can not restore the spine.
- Neck extension up. The chin does not move anywhere.
- Slow turns with a delay at the extreme point for a couple of seconds
- Slow writing of the nose in the air of letters or numbers.
- Head inclines.
Despite such simplicity, such movements can strengthen the neck, supplement the prescribed medications for dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis, prevent deterioration, as well as surgeon intervention.
How to treat dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis? Of course, supplementing the classical massage treatment. A qualified specialist will quickly relieve tension in muscles and strengthen them, improve the patient's condition, restore normal blood flow, beneficial effect on intervertebral discs and spine bones. In extreme cases, you can do self-massage, which is a soft stroking movements in the neck and, of course, the entire shoulder girdle.
If a person is dizzy with cervical osteochondrosis, and other symptoms, physiotherapeutic procedures will also help him. They remove pain, relieve inflammation in the neck, normalize metabolism. These are, first of all, magnetic field devices( they improve blood flow), ultraviolet, thanks to which the body absorbs calcium better and feeds on vitamin D, laser beams that trigger useful bioelectric processes in the nervous system, as well as an electric current of low frequency that affects all the samecirculation.
In order to recover from cervical osteochondrosis and get rid of dizziness, it is necessary to follow the prescribed scheme strictly and not only to take medications, but also to practice special exercises, go for massages, procedures, and change your lifestyle, work and rest. Only in this case, a cure is possible.
Causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical department of
Earlier, people under the age of forty were exposed to the disease of the cervical region, but to this day even young patients can suffer from this disease. It may be due to a too passive or vice versa active lifestyle, excessive and incorrect physical activity. The causes of the disease are numerous, it is sometimes difficult to determine what exactly spodviglo education of such a dangerous disease.
Unfortunately, it's impossible to completely protect yourself from the appearance of osteochondrosis and it is not always possible to recognize why it appeared. Here are the main reasons that often occur and play the role of a "catalyst" in the development of cervical spine disease:
- . However strange it may sound, emotional stress, nervous breakdown, depression and stress can lead to the formation of osteochondrosis;
- Strong physical stresses without special warm-up or preparation, also lead to the development of the disease;
- Falls or injuries of the back, spine, cause not only pain, but also destruction of the cartilaginous tissue of the cervical region, leading to the initial stage of the disease;
- Degenerative changes in the cervical region, can also provoke an incorrect position, curvature of the spine, violation of posture;
- Passive lifestyle, work in a sitting position, overweight, malnutrition - all this will sooner or later lead to a "rudiment" of osteochondrosis;
- With regard to athletes: in order to avoid back injuries, abnormal changes in the cervical region, it is necessary to load the body and spine gradually, a sharp start or stopping of the training process, excessive physical exertion that can not affect the whole body.
What are the causes of the disease? First, any impact on the cervical spine can cause pain, discomfort in this area. Secondly, in advanced stages, headache, dizziness, fever, and upper extremities may grow dull. Thirdly, osteochondrosis does not lend itself to the full treatment of , and its complete absence can not only worsen the condition in the affected area, but also pass to the passing nerve roots from the neck to the brain and other. Symptoms that occur during a disease require a professional approach.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
The cervical spine differs from the rest of the spine by the accumulation of blood vessels that pass into the brain. With osteochondrosis, the vessels and nerve roots of the cervical region can be jammed and lead to serious consequences. The signs of cervical osteochondrosis are quite noticeable, first of all there is pain in this area, if you do not take any action, then other unpleasant sensations may arise. When osteochondrosis, the following symptoms appear:
- Headache is quite common in this disease;
- Vertigo in cervical osteochondrosis is often a phenomenon, sometimes leading to loss of consciousness;
- Appears temperature, chills;
- Vision may deteriorate, teeth become spoiled, and sometimes hurt;
- Signs of "ringing" in the ears, hearing impairment, are also inherent in osteochondrosis;
- The voice becomes hoarse;
- Snoring occurs during sleep;
- Because of the disease of the cervical region, upper limbs may suffer: fingers become numb, tingling, and the arms grow numb and weakness appears;
- Often the pain can be irradiated to the shoulder, the movements are constrained.
These are the main symptoms that appear in the early and already developed stages. But if you do not apply the treatment, the symptoms can significantly worsen and lead to bad consequences.
What should be the treatment for osteochondrosis
When the patient seeks a doctor, first of all the treatment is directed to the relief of pain, for this, anesthetics are prescribed - in injections or tablets. The sooner you start treatment, the faster you can get rid of unpleasant manifestations of osteochondrosis, such as: fever, frequent headache, stiffness of movements, numbness of hands, dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis, etc.
Symptoms of cervical disease require an integrated approach, treatment of cervical osteochondrosis passesthe following stages:
- Massage procedures with a specialist;
- Medications with anti-inflammatory, analgesic properties, distracting ointments, etc.;
- Acute osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can be treated with manual therapy;
- Usually all problems of the spine are solved with the help of physiotherapy procedures, cervical osteochondrosis is not an exception;
- You must always perform a special exercise routine on a daily basis, keep a diet, do an independent massage and you can apply the treatment with folk remedies.
So, to start the treatment should be with the adoption of pharmacy medicine in the form of tablets, or excellent cope with the removal of pain, the strengthening of cartilaginous tissues in the cervical section, special intramuscular injections. Injections are usually done from a week to two, but the will depend on everything from the disease stage and individual criteria. To relieve the inflammation, relax tense muscles apply therapeutic massage, in the event that the pain does not recede or intensify, the need for manual therapy sessions. They will help put in place the fallen vertebrae, weaken the jammed nerve roots.
While relieving the exacerbation, it is possible to apply folk remedies, for example, to make various lotions, compresses, home ointments that need to be applied to a sore spot. Coupled with medication, treatment is more effective, but do not forget to spend it every day.
Physiotherapy procedures also help to relieve inflammation and relieve pain. At the time of treatment, you should balance the diet, exclude foods that wash away calcium from the body and consume fortified foods with vitamins and minerals, raw fruits and vegetables. Osteochondrosis of the cervical department needs to be treated, it is best to repeat the treatment at least once a year and observe all the prescriptions of doctors.
Dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis: what are the causes and how to treat?
Headaches, dizziness, periodic loss of coordination, nausea are one of the most unpleasant and frightening symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis. Why do they arise and how to deal with it?
Dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis may occur in the morning or at night, after sleep. Most often dizziness in patients with cervical osteochondrosis occurs after sleep on a high cushion. Dizziness can last from several minutes to several hours, and is accompanied by visual impairment, hearing loss, noise in the ears.
All these symptoms are manifestations of cerebral complications of cervical osteochondrosis and are usually caused by disorders of the cerebral circulation. An acute violation of cerebral hemodynamics( blood circulation of the brain) leads to the development of ischemic attack of the brain, accompanied by various cerebral disorders.
Causes of vertigo and other cerebral disorders in cervical osteochondrosis
The immediate causes of worsening blood supply to the brain tissue can be:
- compression of the vertebral artery by osteophytes in the unco-vertebral articulation;
- subluxation of the upper articular process of the underlying vertebra, as a result of which it squeezes the vertebral artery;
- irritation of the Frank's nerve( the nerve plexus that surrounds the vertebral artery) with osteophytes or intervertebral hernia( or simply protrusions of the disc).
Due to degenerative changes in the cervical vertebrae, resulting in thinning and deformation of the intervertebral disc, the formation of bone outgrowths - osteophytes in the intervertebral space and in the joints of the spine, the spinal canal narrows and squeezes the elements of the vasculature-nervous system located there. The resulting osteophytes, depending on the place of formation and the direction of growth, have an irritating effect on the nervous and vascular tissues.
Osteophytes directed to the muscles cause their reflex spasm, which leads to compression of the intervertebral discs, disruption of the blood supply of the spinal structures( nerves, cartilage tissues), which aggravates the course of the disease. Osteophytes directed to the canal from the transverse processes irritate the sympathetic nerves of Frank, which leads to a spasm of the vertebral artery, and also mechanically squeeze this artery, provoking a violation of the cerebral circulation.
Another reason for squeezing the nerves of Frank and the vertebral artery is the displacement of the disc in the posterolateral and lateral directions or the protrusion of the disc herniation into the intervertebral canal.
In the elderly, the manifestations of osteochondrosis can be aggravated by atherosclerotic changes in the vertebral arteries. Often there is a combination of several pathological factors.
Cerebral disorders in cervical osteochondrosis, which may cause dizziness, most often appear in the form of several syndromes. This is a syndrome of the vertebral artery, diencephalic syndrome, vestibular-stem syndrome, and sometimes cochlear-stem syndrome.
Syndrome of the vertebral artery
The most common dizziness in the neck osteochondrosis is observed in vertebral artery syndrome( posterior cervical sympathetic syndrome Barre-Leu, "cervical migraine").This disease develops as a result of worsening of blood flow in vertebral( vertebral) arteries passing along the vertebrae in the cervical region - in the canal formed by transverse processes of the VI - II cervical vertebrae.
The syndrome is caused by the impact primarily of pathological bone and cartilaginous structures of the spine on the vertebral artery and its sympathetic plexus( Frank's nerve).Most often, on the wall of the vertebral artery, uncovertebral outgrowths( osteophytes) or the anterior margin of the articular process in the case of subluxation of the cervical vertebra or arthrosis with anterior growths medially.
The clinical picture of the vertebral artery syndrome is characterized by dizziness, the headache is pulsating and burning, spreading from the occiput to the temple or the superciliary area. Pain is more often one-sided, worse with movements in the neck. Sometimes nausea, vomiting, palpitation, rising or lowering of blood pressure are possible. Tinnitus, hearing loss, visual disturbances( fog before the eyes), pain in the eyes, or a feeling of sand are also possible. Quite often, with cervical artery syndrome, cervicobrahialgia( pain in the shoulder and arm) are observed.
Vertigo as a symptom of a diencephalic syndrome in cervical osteochondrosis
A cerebrovascular disturbance caused by irritation of the vegetative plexus of the vertebral arteries( Frank's nerve) can provoke the manifestation of a diencephalic syndrome or a special kind of vegetative-vascular dystonia.
For diencephalic syndrome in cervical osteochondrosis, symptoms such as increased heart rate and increased arterial fatigue, irritability, mood swings, coldness of hands and feet, increased sweating, unpleasant sensations in the heart, sleep disorder and other manifestations associated with eating disorders of certainbrain structures( in particular, the hypothalmus).Patients complain of unsharp pain in the cervical spine, and attacks of palpitation and unpleasant sensations in the heart often begin with pain in the cervical region.
Vegetative-vascular syndrome is characterized by the following symptoms: increased sweating, palpitations, unstable blood pressure, spasms of the brain, cardiac and peripheral vessels. The instability of the gastrointestinal tract is also observed.
Vertigo in the vestibular - stem syndrome of cervical osteochondrosis
Often with cervical osteochondrosis, disturbances occur in the vestibular apparatus responsible for the balance. The reason is the high sensitivity of the vestibular apparatus to a lack of blood supply. Dizziness is the first and the main manifestation of this syndrome. In general, vertigo is characteristic of many pathologies in the vertebral artery system, but with cervical osteochondrosis, dizziness occurs when the head is tilted back or the head turns sharply to the sides. In this case, nausea and even vomiting are possible.
Treatment of dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis
The treatment of such manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis as dizziness, headache, is determined by the condition of the spine and the vascular system. A mandatory examination is performed( preferably MRI as the most informative).According to the results of the examination, physiotherapeutic procedures, preparations improving the blood supply in the vertebral artery system and reducing irritation of the nervous system, massage of the cervical collar zone can be prescribed. Ascorbic acid and retinol contribute to the improvement of cerebral oxygenation( supply of brain tissue with oxygen), which eliminates dizziness. But all drugs should be used with caution and remember that prolonged intake of even ascorbic acid, especially in high doses, can harm the body.
Of physiotherapy, electrophoresis is most often used. Its essence is in local increase of temperature and improvement of blood circulation, which relieves muscular spasm, eliminates pain and speeds up the process of treatment. In general, any thermal procedures lead to the removal of muscle spasm and improve blood circulation.
Magnetotherapy implies the use of low-frequency magnetic field inducers aimed at the problem zone, which leads to local expansion of blood vessels, improvement of oxygenation and metabolism, acceleration of toxin removal and reduction of blood viscosity. Due to this magnetotherapy has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-edema effect.
An effective medication in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can be provided by a modern medication - a medical anesthetic anti-inflammatory plaster NANOPLAST forte.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis with medical plaster NANOPLAST forte
In the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, the medical plaster NANOPLAST forte allows you to remove pain and inflammation, improve blood circulation in the affected area, and remove muscle spasms. Depending on the condition and severity of degenerative changes in the spine, the drug can be used both in monotherapy and in the complex treatment of osteochondrosis. Application of the NANOPLAST patch in complex treatment allows to reduce the dose of analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs, to strengthen their action, to speed up the recovery processes.
The patch combines two types of physiotherapeutic effects - deep soft warming and magnetotherapeutic properties. Long-term exposure - within 12 hours - provides a high therapeutic effect of the drug.
In the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, the medical plaster NANOPLAST forte is applied to the troubling neck area, avoiding the front surface, especially the carotid arteries and lymph nodes. We recommend a course treatment of 9 days or more. It is usually recommended to use a patch in the morning for 12 hours, but it is possible to apply it for the night.
High efficiency, uniqueness of the composition, long-term( up to 12 hours!) Therapeutic effect, ease of use and affordable price make NANOPLAST forte the means of choice in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis.