Why can the knee hurt from the inside?
Every day physicians have to face a huge number of patients complaining of pain from the inside of the knee. And these feelings can be experienced by people not only elderly, but also middle-aged, and even children. There are many reasons for this pain, but they can all be divided into 2 categories - trauma and inflammation.
Pain due to
injuries How the knee is arranged: its ligaments and bones
The knee joint is a vulnerable part of the body, because it is exposed to enormous loads every day. Injuries can be light and heavy. The latter type requires special attention and usually leads to surgical intervention. You should know which injuries can cause pain in the knee from the inside and how their symptoms will manifest.
- Rupture of ligaments. The knee swells and begins to ache sharply, not only when walking, but even with a weak turn of the injured leg in place.
- Damage to the meniscus. A person with such a trauma can not straighten his leg in the knee and move without assistance, as he feels severe pain.
- Chronic dislocation of the knee cap. The region of the joint constantly hurts, its shape changes.
- Hemarthrosis. Blood enters the joint cavity. As a result, there is swelling of the knee and unpleasant pain when walking.
- Side ligament injury. When probing the injured place, there is a sharp pain. In some cases, knee mobility is completely absent.
In the event of injuries, it is necessary to limit movement, providing a damaged place for rest. To reduce pain and to remove swelling, you can place on the affected area a package with something cold, but do not keep it there for long. If you have a knee pain from the inside, be sure to contact a trauma specialist. This should be done immediately if the following symptoms occur after the injury:
- the knee is significantly swollen;
- joint is strongly deformed;
- pain lasts longer than 2 days;
- there were clicks or lameness;
- lacks knee mobility.
Pain due to inflammation
Injuries are not the only causes of pain in the knee from the inside. Sources of pain can be such inflammatory processes:
- of Baker's cyst;
- Hoff's disease;
Symptoms of these diseases differ from each other, therefore you can approximately determine the cause of pain. With arthritis, the temperature rises in the knee area. Usually there is swelling, sometimes there is a feeling of general malaise. It can hurt not only from the inside, but also from the side of the knee. Treatment can not be postponed, since the development of rheumatoid arthritis is possible. With such a disease, the knee is much more often hurt from the inside. The disease can last very long. Defeating the cartilage and ligaments, it leads to complete immobility of the knee.If you constantly hear a crunch, clicks, feel aching pain in the knee, which increases after a morning awakening, you have probably developed arthrosis. This disease is chronic and progressive. In the absence of treatment, the cartilage can completely collapse, the joint will stop functioning and the person will become disabled.
One of the serious inflammations is synovitis. In this disease, a person's inner side of the knee is badly hurt, and the amount of synovial fluid in the joint area increases. As a result, a noticeable edema develops.
Inflammation of the tendon of the patella, called tendinitis, can occur for various reasons. For example, they include too much stress on the joint or incorrect posture. The disease is accompanied by severe pain from the inside of the knee and insufficient mobility of the joint.
Often the source of the pain syndrome may be Baker's cyst. In this case, pain in the knee is accompanied by the presence of cystic education. To see it, you need to unbend the joint. Then you will notice the boundaries of the cyst and you can easily feel it. A person who has such a disease, at first, does not experience any inconvenience. But in the absence of treatment, the cyst increases in size and begins to interfere with the bending of the leg. In addition, blood circulation is disturbed, which leads to edema and a feeling of heaviness in the legs, numbness and even thrombophlebitis.
Goff's disease is the most difficult to diagnose from the aforementioned ailments. It appears in the renewal of the fat layer around the joint. If you do not start treatment on time, a person will feel very strong pain in the knee.
MRI identified Hoff's disease
Rickets usually develop in children under 2 years of age. With this disease, the bones soften and break down, which causes quite severe pain. It is necessary to treat the disease immediately, since the ailment threatens the normal development of the joints.
In case of injury, the cause of the pain is obvious. But if the pain sensation occasionally occurs when walking or at a certain time of the day, to determine why this happens is more difficult. If you have a few days of pain inside the knee, be sure to seek help from a specialist to begin treatment on time.
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases
You can get rid of pain only after eliminating the cause that caused it. First you need to see a doctor. He will examine the sore spot and perform some tests, then he will send for radiography or tomographic examination. In some cases, the doctor may prescribe a blood test or synovial fluid.
If the source of pain is an inflammatory process, steroid hormones and joint repair products are used. Also prescribed massage, medical gymnastics, physiotherapy and stretching of the spine. If the pain is due to an injury, surgical intervention may sometimes be required. At not too considerable damages on a foot the bandage, a gypsum or the tire is imposed. After fixing, the leg is placed above the level of the heart. The patient is prescribed painkillers and antibiotics, physiotherapy and performing certain exercises.
It is necessary not only to eliminate the pain, but also to make sure that it does not return. To do this, it is necessary to normalize the body weight, since excess weight gives an additional load on the legs when walking. You also need to walk daily, sleep at least 7 hours a day and give up alcohol and smoking.
Any person, regardless of age, at least once throughout his life encountered such a phenomenon as pain from the inside of the knee. And it is erroneous to consider that elderly people suffer from pathologies in the knee joints. Often, pain occurs within the knee and in young people, as well as as a result of traumatic injuries.
Causes of disorders localized on the inner side of the joint in question can be multiple pathologies. We will become acquainted with the main in more detail.
Internal structure of
Before you figure out why the knee may hurt from the inside, you need to understand how this node works.
It is a combination of two bones: tibia and femur, to which a patella is attached to the front. By its complexity, the knee takes the first place in the human body. The outer part of it is called lateral, and the place inside the knee is called the medial side. The connection of bones for protection when walking on each side is protected by an articular capsule. And it closes and part of the necks of the bones that make up the knee.
At the contact point, to reduce friction, the bones are covered with a special cartilaginous tissue, which forms a special pad - meniscus, which helps to evenly distribute the loads exerted on the knee and prevent pain from rubbing.
Bags surrounding the joint on the inner and outer sides are filled with a liquid that has lubricating properties and promotes unobstructed sliding of bones when walking.
Causes of medial pain
Why can the inner side of the knee hurt? We list the main pathologies leading to similar symptoms:
- traumatic impact - the knee, and especially its internal part, is easy enough to damage both with impact and when falling on a hard surface, which immediately causes severe pain, increasing with walking;
- arthrosis of the knee joint;
- damage to the cartilage tissue of the meniscus, which often causes pain inside the joint;
- inflammatory processes in the tendons that connect the joint into a single whole;
- of the Baker cyst.
Pain after injuries
Knee injuries when walking, running or hitting can be almost invisible and do not cause pain. But often, especially with rupture of ligaments, discomfort becomes very strong. Painful sensations take an acute character, there is swelling, the temperature of the skin rises.
In this type of injury, the patient can not use the injured leg, as it is very painful.
To alleviate pain, you need to apply a source of cold( ice) to your knee, and also protect your foot from any movement. It is advisable to give the body such a position that the place of injury was above the level of the breast to prevent swelling. In particularly difficult cases, it may be necessary to impose a cast bandage, which promotes faster and better rehabilitation.
This pathology of the knee joint is characterized by cartilage damage from the inside. That is, the osteoarthritis of the medial department is diagnosed, the main symptom of which is severe pain.
The disorder occurs in male patients over 40 years of age. The female body resists the described illness more strongly. In addition, the pathology can be caused by professional sports or childhood traumas.
At the initial stage of development of arthrosis is almost not manifested, a small discomfort can be experienced when walking and walking on the stairs. If you do not take measures to treat and prevent, in the future the knee joint will announce itself the appearance of loud crunches and clicks, severe pain and numbness in the knee. A person can become a complete disabled person.
Despite the similarity of names, this disease has a completely different nature of origin. This dysfunction appears due to inflammatory processes in the knee joint area. It can be caused by:
Externally, arthritis is manifested by a significant increase in the size of the joint and pain from the inside of the knee. If you do not tackle the pathology, it can develop very long, gradually destroying the knee joint and leading to a complete immobility of the limb.
Damage to the meniscus
This violation of the proper functioning of the knee joint usually begins gradually and can have different localization sites. In addition, the rupture of the cartilaginous tissue of the meniscus is longitudinal or ray-shaped.
The pain syndrome develops gradually, however, the fibers during walking can completely endure completely, which will require urgent surgical intervention.
Inflammation in the ligaments of
Pathology is inherent in women 40 to 45 years old, suffering from excess weight. Discomfort is felt only in the back of the joint, forward is not transmitted. Increases when traveling down the stairs. Can lead to deformation of the knee. Treatment should be carried out only in a medical institution.
Diseases appear as a result of other pathological processes occurring in the knee joint. Despite the name, Baker's tumor is not a cyst in the generally accepted medical sense of the word.
The swelling is caused by the accumulation of fluid in the joint bag, localized at the back of the knee and provokes severe pain, especially when bending the leg. If the integrity of its shell is compromised, the patient may experience even greater discomfort, and therefore it is recommended to treat this area of the lower limbs cautiously. Moreover, when the fluid flows out, it can turn into pus, causing intoxication of the body with harmful substances.
Many people may suffer from the internal side of the knee. Often the patient experiences severe discomfort already at a late stage of development of a disease. However, no matter what, once you have suspected pathological processes in the knee joint, you should always go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment of the disease
Pathology, which hurts the knee from the inside
Arthritis is characterized by an inflammatory process,which can arise as an independent disease, but it happens that it appears after a cold.
When arthrosis affects the articular cartilage, gradually worn out, the disease leads to the growth of bone. As a consequence, the joint capsule begins to ossify, this leads to the appearance of a characteristic crunch in any part of the knee. Subsequently, pain in the inner part extends to the entire joint.
Meniscopathy or meniscus is a meniscus injury that is located in the joint cavity and is a cartilaginous lining. With an awkward movement, the inner meniscus, which causes pain, may be damaged. A person can not walk and for a long time "breaks down".In order for the leg to function properly, an operation is required that is aimed at restoring the integrity of the meniscus. The operation is called arthroscopy, during which a camera and manipulator are inserted into the joint cavity, all the damaged parts are removed.
In some cases, the cause of what hurts the inside of the knee is vascular disorders. If you do not treat vascular disease, then they persecute a person throughout their lives and can lead to complications or even death. This is atherosclerosis, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis. And these diseases begin with pain, therefore at their first manifestation it is important to consult a doctor. And it is best to prevent their manifestation and adhere to simple rules of prevention.
With periarthritis, the inner side of the knee may also be hurt. The disease itself is characterized by an inflammation of the ligaments located in this area. Often the cause is the stress that can occur, for example, when climbing a ladder or descending on it. This pathology pursues the fair sex, especially after the age of forty and in the presence of excess body weight.
In brief, clinical manifestations will help to understand what is what and in time to visit a doctor, it is enough to carefully observe the symptoms. With arthrosis, chronic pain during movement and in the morning accompanies a crunch and this is typical signs of the disease. In arthritis, the above symptomatology is accompanied by swelling and a rise in temperature in the area of the patient's joint.
After the injury, a pronounced and intense pain characterizes the meniscus damage. A strong constant pain can accompany many diseases. So, with rheumatism, large joints ache, and the local skin temperature over the joint increases.
With pain under the knee along the back surface or along its entire circumference, if the pain is constant and does not stop even at night in peace, it is worthwhile to visit the doctor immediately, as everything indicates a vein thrombosis. In this case, there is a direct threat not only to the limb, but also life. To engage in self-medication in this situation is categorically contraindicated, and there will be little use from this. Traditional medicine can be an auxiliary step, but the main preference should be given to medicines.
There are situations when a visit to the hospital becomes mandatory, such conditions can be:
- increase in overall body temperature;
- injury, after which the knee became deformed;
- sharp and severe pain, which prevents tread on the leg.
Treatment of the disease
First it is necessary to remove the tumor, which is formed immediately after the injury and leads to inflammation. The best way to prevent edema and develop pain is rest and immobilization. The leg should be given rest and the edema will gradually subside, the drugs will help in this, but they can be properly prescribed only by a doctor. In the fight against swelling cold will help, which must be wrapped in a towel or diaper and applied for 20 minutes with a break in half an hour. The procedure can be done throughout the day 4-5 times.
The drug treatment is successfully used, but it is prescribed only by a doctor, taking into account all possible indications and contraindications. The first on the list are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Physiotherapeutic procedures are also widely used. Apply an average of 5 to 10 procedures, after which comes the coveted effect. At the discretion of the doctor, a physical therapy and massage can be prescribed.
An important step is surgical intervention, but for him there must be strict indications that every trauma or disease has its own. Also, any operation has its own contraindications, which are important to consider. There are also factors that help determine the type of operation:
- type of damage and quantity;
- risk of re-injury after surgery;
- a way of life of the person, employment by its sports;
- is a person ready to change their way of life and their attitude to sports activities.
Surgical intervention can be performed in several variants. This is arthroscopy, which allows you to examine the internal structure of the joint and identify violations. Replacement of part of the joint or setting artificial.
Pain on the inside of the knee. What to do?| |Disease of the joints
There is almost no person in the world who has not felt pain at least once in the life from the inside of the knee or from the outside. Until recently, it was believed that such feelings occur only in people in old age or those who received a previous injury. In the modern world, problems of this kind can arise even in children. Pain sensations from the inside of the knee may signal a number of problems, but the main ones are chronic diseases and trauma.
What causes a knee pain from the inside?
To begin with, it is necessary to note the fact that the knee joint has large dimensions and a complex design. It consists of two bones: the femur and the tibia. In this area, a huge number of ligaments( ligaments and cruciform ligaments), a knee cap, a meniscus and articular bags are concentrated. Painful sensations arise when one of these components is damaged.
Find out why the pain after the injury is not very difficult. As for the pain for no particular reason, then, according to most patients, it occurs after forty years. But, they are greatly mistaken, since such an age is not the main reason. The thing is that even minor injuries sustained over a lifetime are manifested at a certain age with pain and subsequent complications.
Pain from the inside of the knee can be triggered by a number of inflammatory pathologies:
- Baker cyst.
Knee joint damage
Knee pain on the inside of the knee can cause severe injuries: stretching, rupture of the medial or one of the accompanying or cruciate ligaments. If the medial ligament is damaged, the patient has a sharp and sharp pain, which does not stop even in the rest position.
During the fall, companion ligaments may tear. If such damage occurs several times, the probability of curing is increased. As for the cruciate ligaments, they are located inside the knee joint and intersect each other. It is very difficult not to notice the damage of the external cruciate ligament, as it is accompanied by a crunch, edema and instability of the knee itself. Trauma does not cause severe pain, instead a tumor appears on the inner side, and the knee itself loses its stability.
If tendons are damaged, this is called tendenitis. It is characterized by the fact that the epicenter of pain is in the calyx or on the front part of the joint. With a complete rupture of the tendon, the victim loses the ability to move. Another consequence of repeated injuries is the so-called free body. It can be a piece of bone or cartilage, detached and "floating."Pain sensations can appear in any part of the knee. Inflammation of the knee joint of a chronic nature
In most cases, pain in the knee occurs if a person is ill with rheumatic or septic arthritis, or gout. All types of arthritis are inflammatory. If a virus or a harmful bacterium gets into the body, this can lead to the development of a septic( purulent) form of the disease. As for rheumatoid arthritis, it is referred to as autoimmune diseases, damaging the ligaments, cartilage and bones, making the knee-jointed area, especially in the morning. In some cases, there is a feeling of general malaise or fever.
Osteoarthritis extends to the cartilage located on the inside of the knee. Often, this disease occurs in the elderly or athletes. The initial stage of arthrosis is characterized by insignificant pain sensations from the inside of the knee, increasing when descending or ascending the stairs. If the disease is not treated, the pain will continue to intensify all the time, a crunch will appear, mobility will be disturbed.
When the volume of articular fluid decreases in one of the articular bags, doctors diagnose bursitis. This disease is characterized by friction of bones against each other and pain in the knee. Another cause of pain in the knee may be inflammation of the tendons. Suffer from him, as a rule, women at the age of forty, who are overweight. The only manifestation of this disease is the inconvenience.
Rickets is diagnosed in children under the age of two. The peculiarity of this disease is that it provokes severe pain on both sides of the knee, and all because of the softening and destruction of bones.
The cyst of Baker arises on the knee joint from the inside. It is difficult for a patient to bend his leg, as liquid is accumulated in the joint bag. In the case of a burst of cysts, a fester can form in the region of the knee.
You should not hesitate to visit a doctor if:
- pain does not stop even when you are at rest;
- the knee began to deform and swell;
- is difficult to keep up;
- body temperature rose.
Diagnosis and therapy for pain in the knee joint
The doctor first examines and tests manipulations, then assigns an X-ray or a CT scan. In case of suspected infection, a blood test and puncture of the joint is performed.
In case of painful sensations due to trauma, cold should be applied to the leg, then fix the knee joint with a bandage, splint or gypsum, to avoid edema, the leg is raised above the heart. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics or analgesics. In parallel with drug treatment, the patient does special exercises and undergoes physiotherapy. Heavy injuries are treated with the use of surgery.
If the pain signals an inflammatory process, then the therapy is to treat the underlying disease. The patient is prescribed steroid hormones, which are administered intraarticularly, chondroprotectors, physiotherapy, massage, stretching, gymnastics.
Risk factors and prophylaxis measures
The primary source of pain in the knee joint may be:
- arrogant weight, increasing the load on the legs;
- severe working conditions or excessive sports;
- poor muscle flexibility;
Several days the right knee hurts, from the inside( that is, to the left of the calyx) at the onset of subsiding. What is it can be
No, the fact that the presence of knees gives certain advantages can not be questioned. But they, these very knees, are also prone to trouble. After all, under the knee cap is a joint, which is a tangle of tendons and ligaments connecting the femur and tibia with the cartilage laid between them. Too fragile and unstable construction, especially taking into account the loads that fall on the knee every day.
Sports such as running, skiing, basketball can injure a fragile knee. But everyday everyday activities like washing the floors also lead to problems.
Pain in the knee is often a sign of overstrain syndrome. This happens when a person who is used to living an active lifestyle thinks that he is all in the same fine physical form as he was still a schoolboy and a student and exposes his body to excessive physical loads. The result is a sick knee. Pain is for the most part experienced by a man when he bends it. Or, when he has been sitting long enough, he suddenly stands up abruptly.
The knees also suffer from bone cracks, sprains and bruises. Cartilage gasket, serving as a kind of shock absorber, is thinned, torn, and tendons become inflamed. Moreover, the knees are especially prone to such a disease as arthritis. If you have injured your knee during a fall or accident, you should immediately consult a doctor so that he or she can examine it and make sure that there are no serious structural changes. But if the pain in the knee is caused by physical overload, then the person can quite cope with the problem and independently.
To get rid of knee pain, the following recommendations will help you. Strong cooling. The pain in the knee will subside when the ice is applied to it. Every two hours, put on the knee an ice pack and hold it for up to 20 minutes, no more. And this package should be put on a towel, not on the bare knee. If the pain has become chronic, then after active physical activities rub around the knee with an ice cube. Try not to limp. If you can not walk without limping, get crutches or a cane. Otherwise, the load on muscles and tendons in the whole body increases, which will only cause additional complications.