Treatment of arthrosis of the fingers
A painful hand is deformed due to depletion of connective cartilaginous tissue
Arthrosis of the fingers is commonly called a purely female disease. This stereotype has developed in public opinion is not unfounded. As soon as a woman turns 40, the risk of starting arthrosis of the phalanx of fingers of fingers increases for her.
There is a saying that it is the hands that give the age of the fair sex. This is indeed so. Not only the skin, but also the joints of the fingers have a property to change with time. Osteoarthritis is chronic. The disease of the joints of the fingers, alas, is not completely cured. But there is an opportunity to slow down, stop the changes in the fingers of the hands, provided that the treatment of the disease is started on time.
Manifestations and causes of the disease
Cartilage of the joints of the fingers is very vulnerable. As soon as the synthesis of the cellular substance is broken in the joints, destructive changes in the tissues begin. The disease carries with it not only the modification of the joints of the hands, but also their stiffness, which leads to disability. Change of any joint does not pass without a trace. Osteoarthritis of the joints of the fingers affects the muscles. In parallel, a person's bones also change. They thicken, gradually on the bone tissue begin to appear outgrowths, further complicating the movement of the fingers.
The disease is closely related to the inflammatory processes in the joint and muscle tissues. Pain of the joints of the fingers is one of the recognizable signs of arthrosis. The causes of the ailment are not only in the age-related changes in the body. Weakened immunity affects both health in general and the condition of each finger separately. If a person has often had an infectious respiratory disease, the risk of disrupting the functioning of the joints of his hands increases. The only effective way to avoid an ailment is prevention from early childhood. Arthrosis phalanx of fingers refers to the category of diseases, predisposition to which is inherited, and this must always be remembered.
The cause of the ailment may be:
- weakened immunity;
- old age;
- bruised injuries experienced in the past;
- frequent respiratory infections;
- in women - the period of menopause;
- genetic disorders that caused defective joint development;
- physical work associated with the load on the fingers and hands;
- thyroid disease;
- negative impact of the environment;
- impaired metabolism in the body;
- infectious diseases;
One of the main causes of damage to the joint tissues of the hands are malnutrition and metabolic disorders. It is remarkable that against the background of inflammatory diseases the first symptoms of arthrosis are often invisible. If the hands are constantly exposed to cold, a person can develop various arthrosis.
If you pay attention to the photos of the hands of elderly people who have done hard work, the signs of arthrosis will be clearly visible. Bruises or bruises of the hands years later can remind themselves of arthrosis of the fingers.
Spread of the disease to other joints
Hand diseases are usually classified by the localization of destructive changes in the joints. The disease most often affects several joints. The most common in women after 40 years of age is arthritis of the thumb. If aching pain is felt in the joints of the hands, this is an alarming signal. The disease usually affects the metacarpophalangeal region. If the finger of the hand is impaired motor function, it is quite possible that this is one of the symptoms of arthrosis.
Arthrosis of the thumb carries yet another name - rizartroz. This disease often gives an unreasonable redness in the area of the affected joint. Edema and an unpleasant crunch of joints are also his symptoms. Patients who have rizartroz, sometimes complain of burning in the area where the destruction of the joint tissue.
Formed nodules on the fingers
Risartrosis is often associated with Geberden's nodules. These are specific neoplasms, which are similar to nodules or small granules. They really are symptoms of arthrosis of the fingers. The first time the nodules are soft, but then harden.
If you look at the photo of a finger, affected by the ailment, the nodules are visually conspicuous. In some cases, they burst, and then some patients mistakenly believe that their joints are healthy again. When Geberden's nodules eventually become firm, when the finger of the hand on which they are placed is felt, pain is felt.
A person who has rizartrose should know that joint diseases are able to progress rapidly, hitting more and more joints. If destructive changes have begun in one joint, as they develop, they will seize new areas. The narrowing of the joint gap accompanies all kinds of diseases.
The sooner the treatment of arthrosis begins, the easier it is to stop all negative processes. In this case, a lot depends on the stage at which the disease is located and what effective measures can still be applied for its conservation.
How to prevent the third stage of
It is believed that the arthrosis of the fingers on the hands in its development is 3 stages. Each of them has certain specific symptoms and needs its own treatment. At the first stage, few of the patients go to a medical facility for help, despite the fact that many symptoms of arthrosis are already pronounced.
If your hands hurt at rest and at night, and while doing physical exercise, they are even more troubling. But the mobility of the hands is not broken, the person is able to do housework, therefore he is not in a hurry to see a doctor. But it was during this period that treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy and physiotherapy could effectively inhibit the development of the disease.
Symptoms of the second stage of arthrosis of the fingers are not only an increase in pain and an increase in the joints in volume, but also dynamically developing muscle atrophy, which is no less dangerous than changes in the joint and periarticular tissues. At the second stage, the treatment is based on the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. Therapeutic gymnastics and diets are mandatory for a person if he is trying to save the mobility of his hands. Treatment with oxygen has recently become increasingly widespread in the fight against various forms of arthrosis. The essence of it is that damaged articular bags are saturated with oxygen, which contributes to the restoration of tissues.
With the started form of arthrosis, the bone tissue becomes denser with time, then on it appear growths, deforming joints. They greatly interfere with the mobility of the joints, causing inflammation. The number of movements decreases due to pain, which leads to subsequent muscle atrophy.
Effective treatment of arthrosis in 3 stages, when muscles are atrophied, movements are constrained and joints lost their mobility, requires surgical intervention. But the operation is not allowed in all cases. To relieve a person of painful attacks, you have to use narcotic analgesics and opioids. Risk of fracture of fingers in the third stage of the development of the disease is significantly increased. At this time, the fingers become completely still.
To avoid negative consequences, it is necessary to consult a doctor at the earliest signs of arthrosis without delay. We must be prepared for the fact that we will have to fight for the health of our hands. The first step along this path will be a complete refusal of alcohol, which is one of the most common causes of the dynamic development of arthrosis and other joint diseases.
Overview of arthrosis of the fingers: causes, symptoms and treatment of the disease
In case of arthrosis of the fingers, the cartilage and bone tissue of the small joints of the hands are destroyed( destroyed).
This pathology occurs mainly in old age. Articular structures begin to wear out faster, bone density decreases, cartilage thinens, crackles, osteophytes( bone outgrowths) are formed. If you do not treat the disease - then as a result of the fingers are bent, there are strong pains that increase after the load on the joints, there are restrictions in movement, stiffness, the functions of the brush are violated.
In the photo: what happens with the
disease Causes of the disease
Osteoarthritis is a multifactorial disease. The following reasons may cause its appearance:
engaging in traumatic sports;
decrease in the production of estrogens in the menopausal period in women;
congenital or hereditary anomalies of cartilaginous tissue;
transferred infectious diseases.
Arthrosis of the joints of the fingers( including arthrosis of the thumb) develops gradually. Symptoms of the disease are not immediately apparent, so many patients begin treatment when the deforming processes are already sufficiently obvious. You should be alerted to the following symptoms:
- crunch of the finger joints;
- aching sensations in the hand after physical activity;
- muscle tension;
- decrease in the amplitude of the movements of the hands.
Subsequently, symptoms of arthrosis become more prominent:
- in the phalanges of the fingers there are special nodules;
- the skin near the joints becomes inflamed, reddens, there is swelling;
- pain in the fingers becomes permanent;
- limb mobility is severely restricted.
At the last stages of arthrosis of the joints of the fingers greatly reduces the quality of life of a person, prevents him from fully working, doing his favorite thing. The sooner the treatment of pathology begins, the higher the chances of the patient to restore the structure of the cartilaginous tissue and the lost functions of the hands.
Principles on which to treat arthrosis of the fingers are similar to therapy for lesions of other joints( for example, knee or hip).Arthrosis of the hands is considered a disease of the elderly, whereas the defeat of large joints is often found in middle-aged people, especially if they are actively engaged in professional sports.
Pathology therapy is a laborious and time consuming process. Methods of treatment are selected only after a comprehensive examination and clarification of all the circumstances of the disease.
- First of all, to stop the degenerative process, it is necessary to relieve tension from the joints: the hands are unloaded as much as possible, it is forbidden to lift weights, do sharp movements with our hands.
- For the relief of pain and inflammation, analgesics( anesthetics), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) are used. These medicines allow you to quickly mitigate the symptoms of the disease, improve the health of a person. At the same time, the treatment of NSAIDs can adversely affect the digestive tract, so these drugs are taken only in short courses, although they treat arthrosis of the fingers well, removing all unpleasant sensations. Long-term use of them leads to damage to the mucous walls of the digestive tract.
- Also, with arthrosis take chondroprotectors - drugs that can repair damaged cartilage. They should treat the illness for a long time, and elderly patients are recommended to take them for life.
- After the acute stage, physiotherapy is prescribed: acupuncture, massage, gymnastic exercises, paraffin therapy. At home, they do warming up procedures( bags of salt or sand, therapeutic warm appliques).
- In case of ineffectiveness of traditional therapy, operative treatment is recommended - partial or full prosthetics of affected joints.
To help people with arthrosis successfully treat pathology, doctors recommend adherence to a special diet that is tailored to the age and health status. In diseases of the joints, sour-milk products rich in calcium are useful, there are often saucer dishes, cold meat, drink decoctions of beef legs. Taking alcohol can trigger the onset of pain and exacerbation of the inflammatory process, so alcohol consumption should be ruled out.
Much of the disease of the joints is curable today, but it is important to contact doctors in a timely manner. To prevent the development of arthrosis, it is worth taking chondroprotectors 1-2 times a year, appointed after a doctor's examination and consultation. Regular preventive examinations at specialists will allow to notice in time the initial symptoms of arthrosis, to start treatment and to avoid the destruction of cartilaginous tissue.
Arthrosis of the joints of the hands: symptoms and treatment
The main cause of the common degenerative disease is arthrosis of the hands - damage to the cartilaginous tissue of the joints. The most often suffer wrist, metacarpophalangeal, distal( located at the base of the finger pad) interphalangeal and proximal( located at the center of the fingers) interphalangeal joints. Significant less often affected elbow or shoulder joints.
In arthrosis, the cartilage of the joint, simply speaking, wears out more quickly. Because of this, the bones begin to rub against each other without damping, there is inflammation, stiffness and painful sensations. To maintain the functionality of the joints and relieve the pain, patients are prescribed medication, special gymnastics, diet, sometimes it is recommended to change the way of life.
Causes and Risk Factors of
The main cause of development of arthrosis is premature wear of cartilaginous tissue. In some people cartilaginous tissue can worn at a fairly young age( 20-30 years), while others in 60 do not know about such a disease. It depends on many factors, some of which can not be avoided in principle.
The disease itself is not inherited, but some factors contributing to its development - yes. This, for example, strength, elasticity and density of cartilaginous tissue, metabolic features, etc.
Age - another uncontrollable risk factor. The older we become, the more all tissues in the body wear out, including articular cartilage, and the higher the risk of developing the disease.
Professional activity can also be involved in the development of pathology. Mainly it concerns people and sportsmen, whose hands are exposed to great loads: builders, loaders, weightlifters, boxers. Due to prolonged and excessive loads, the cartilaginous tissue wears out faster, preventing friction of bones against each other.
Symptoms of arthrosis of the hands can manifest themselves in different ways. The most characteristic are the following:
- painful sensations with various actions performed by the hands: compression of the hand into the fist, gripping objects, flexing the arm at the elbow, shoulder, etc.;
- stiffness, immobility of joints, especially pronounced after a night's sleep;
- atypical difficulty in the performance of ordinary affairs( the feeling that there is not enough strength, for example, to open a jar or move an object from place to place);
- significant weakening of the gripping force( compression) of the brush;
- crunching in the joints;
- swelling, swelling of the fist or area near the wrist;
- formation of Heberden's nodules and / or Bušar's nodules.
Geberden's nodules are osteophytes or bone spurs. These are expanding seals that form on the bones at the junction of phalanges of the fingers. Geberden's nodules are usually round, solid, seemingly swollen. They are formed mainly on the distal and proximal interphalangeal joints. The proximal joints are also called Buschar's nodules.
Modern methods of treatment of
Patients with arthrosis of the hands can be assigned various methods of treatment, including medicamental therapy, therapeutic gymnastics, a special diet. In advanced and severe cases resort to surgical intervention.
Analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) are used for analgesia. NSAIDs dispensed from pharmacies without a prescription can not only relieve pain, but also eliminate inflammation. If these medications do not help, the doctor can prescribe a prescription for stronger means. If, and in that case, the treatment does not give the desired effect, go to injections. When analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs are injected directly into the joint cavity, pain and inflammation recede almost instantaneously, and the result can be preserved for several months.
Exercises of the
Rigid, painful joints strongly affect how a person uses their hands. For many patients, everyday matters become very difficult. Develop joints will help special exercises, which should be performed several times a day:
- unclench and clench fists in turn;
- alternately touch the pincushion of each finger to the base of the thumb, and the thumb pad to the base of the little finger;
- compress in your hand a soft object, for example, a ball, holding the brush in the compressed position for a few seconds;
- placing a palm on a firm surface, lift each finger vertically upwards;
- "go" with your fingers on the table back and forth or on the wall up and down;
- for arthrosis of elbows do the following exercise: sitting at the table, put an elongated hand on the tabletop and do tapping with the fingertips( with the whole brush) for 10-15 minutes - these are exercises for elbows;
- if the shoulder joint is affected, it is possible to do the swinging movements, but it is much more effective to perform them in the water - think about entering the pool.
By changing their lifestyle, patients can better control their illness and suffer less from it. Hot paraffin baths and cold compresses are a good folk remedy for pain and swelling. Use compresses as needed, as well as between medications.
Wearing special bandages, gloves or elastic bandages stabilizes the position of the affected joints and gives them the necessary support. Due to this, you can avoid exacerbating the symptoms. Ask your doctor which supplements will work best for you.
Think about replacing certain items in your home( kitchen utensils, cleaning tools).Such things should have thick and comfortable handles that do not require much effort to grip and use.
Be sure to follow the rules of healthy eating. The diet should include vegetables, whole grains, low-fat fish and meat. Keep an eye on the amount of sugar, salt and fat consumed - this will help to avoid excess weight gain( with excessive body weight, the joints are subjected to an additional load).Pay attention to vegetables and fruits of dark color( see the list below) - they contain substances that suppress inflammatory processes in the whole body, including joints.
Recommended for use:
red and violet grades of grapes;
forest berries( raspberries, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, etc.);
greens( spinach, lettuce, parsley, celery, etc.);
citrus fruits( especially red orange and grapefruit).
When the disease does not respond to drug treatment, does not respond to changes in lifestyle and nutrition, the question arises of surgical intervention. In the case of treatment of larger joints( knee, hip, elbows), they are usually assigned a partial or complete replacement. Small joints( interphalangeal) simply bind or reconstruct. By combining the bones, the affected part of the hand is immobilized, but with it the pain also disappears. During the reconstruction, the cartilage is replaced, the soft tissue for which is taken from other parts of the body.
In the photo - the female hand completely
The defeat of the hands with arthrosis starts slowly, with the passage of time the symptoms intensify, and the tissue damage becomes more pronounced. This disease can not be cured, but can be successfully controlled. In time, having seen the symptoms and taking timely measures, it is realistic to expect a comfortable life without pain and torture. If you notice the first signs of ailment, do not try to mask them or suffer pain - consult a doctor for diagnosis and( if necessary) drawing up an effective treatment program.
How to treat arthrosis of the fingers with traditional and traditional medicineUsually joint diseases occur in most cases in people of mature age.
But today, due to the hormonal reconstruction of the body, you can meet many young girls suffering from arthrosis of the fingers of the hands with an inflammatory process that is localized on the joints of the hands.
Similar manifestations cause discomfort to the fair sex, not only because of the cosmetic effect, but also the loss of functions. To start treatment should be immediately, even at the stage of initially manifested symptoms.
Concept and characteristics of the disease
Arthrosis - inflammation of the joint or joints - has not yet been accurately studied.
Scientists can not identify the exact causes of the manifestation of this ailment, although they give several hypotheses. The main hypothesis is the cause of the disease as a hereditary factor.
That is, a person has a gene from his or her birth that can lead to an inflammatory process immediately, as soon as there are grounds for this - the reasons for the disease.
Osteoarthritis of the fingers is no exception. In this form, all the inflammatory processes of the joints occur on the phalanges of the fingers.
In rare cases, the joints of the hands suffer - in this case, the disease is polyarthrosis. The presented disease is dangerous for a person by its irreversible manifestations. So, in advanced cases, the deformity of the joint itself and the bone to which it adjoins is diagnosed.
Such features of the disease are already unrecoverable, and to improve the standard of living, experts suggest an operation.
The patient has a characteristic seal in the joints between the phalanges.In the process of development, these seals are visible to the naked eye. In addition to a cosmetic defect, the patient suffers pain in the hands and fingers, which leads to a partial loss of the functions of the hands.
Causes and risk factors of the disease
The disease has the following reasons for the occurrence:
- the elderly patient's age is due to the characteristic depletion and thinning of the articular cartilage;
- during the period of hormonal malfunction( menopause in women and other diseases) there is a metabolic disorder of the cartilaginous tissue;
- weakened immunity affects the exacerbation of an existing arthrosis, and also provokes its initial occurrence;
- injuries and bruises of the fingers;
- genetic features that caused deformation and other defects in the development of joints;
- excessive physical work, which was based on the work of hands;
- excessive hypothermia;
- the presence of any disease, both articular and distinctive character, for example, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, diabetes mellitus and others;
- metabolic disorders of the whole organism;
- transferred infectious diseases - chlamydia and others.
The stages of the disease and the characteristics of
The symptoms of arthrosis of the fingers differ significantly depending on the stage of the disease.
So, there are three stages, each of which manifests itself in its own way:
- The first stage of the is characterized by initial signs: pain in the joints arises every time under heavy loads;there is a characteristic crunch in the fingers;manifested swelling of the joints;diagnose joint joints between the phalanges of the fingers;a constant tension of the periarticular muscular tissues, which is manifested by difficulties in self-service.
- In the second stage of , a person is concerned about persistent joint pain, as joint inflammation occurs. It is hard for a person not only to serve himself, but simply to move his fingers. Inflammation of the joints is always accompanied by
. On the photo, arthrosis of the fingers of the third stage
increases the local temperature( with palpation, you can notice an increase in the temperature of the skin in the joints).
- The third stage of is the beginning of an irreversible process. A person suffers constant pains of the fingers, a deformation of the phalanges is noted. Deformation of bones also leads to the lack of mobility of the fingers or all brushes. Treatment of the third stage is extremely difficult and does not return a person to their former life.
A person should consult a specialist at the first manifestations of the disease. At the first stage, the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers can completely restore the cartilaginous tissue and return the patient a previous standard of living.
Rizartrosis of the thumb
Arthrosis of the thumb has the second name - rizartroz. It appears quite rarely - in about 5% of all cases diagnosed with joint diseases.
In this case, the metacarpal joint is affected at the junction with the wrist bone. In the place of lesion, deformation of the joint is observed with its protrusion outward.
Diagnosis in the medical institution
Pathology is diagnosed by visual examination with a doctor and subsequent X-ray examination.
The picture shows typical damage to the joints, as well as determine the stage of development of the presented disease.
Treatment of the disease involves the restoration of the former joint mobility by restoring the cartilaginous tissue by any suitable method.
Traditional medicine and effective folk methods are used here.
Methods of treatment with traditional medicine directly depend on the stage of manifestation of the disease.
Here are applied:
- Medical therapy - first of all, a specialist prescribes the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to eliminate inflammation and pain syndrome. After some relief, the patient starts taking chondroprotectors - drugs for restoring the cartilaginous tissue.
- Physiotherapy - laser therapy, magnetic therapy, paraffin applications, ozocerite baths are used. Sessions perfectly relieve the pain.
- LFK - the patient should perform simple exercises to restore the former mobility. Tapping fingers on the table uses all the joints of the fingers.
- Massage - easy stroking and rubbing - gentle massage regime, conducted by an experienced specialist.
- Diet - throughout the treatment the patient must adhere to a low-fat diet, so that the liquid does not stay in the body, and therefore, does not provoke swelling and inflammation.
- Surgical intervention - the patient performs the removal of outgrowths in the articular parts, and with arthrosis of the thumb, the joint is immobilized with the help of the fixation device - arthrodesis.
Traditional medicine in most cases is applied in a complex manner. The patient must comply with all the prescriptions of the doctor, in order to quickly eliminate the pain syndrome and return to the previous standard of living.
Treatment of arthrosis of the fingers of the hands with folk remedies is used only for relief of pain, elimination of edema and inflammation, as they do not stop the process of destruction of cartilage tissue and do not help restore the balance of microelements.
In particular, they use such recipes:
- Mix honey and salt in equal proportions. Stir the mixture thoroughly and apply it to the aching joints. Cover your hands with polyethylene and put on woolen mittens. Leave the compress on overnight.
- Compress for the night is recommended to make from crushed burdock leaves. They are pre-washed and passed through a meat grinder.
In addition to compresses for the treatment of arthrosis, you can use infusion and other oral preparations. Squeeze out fresh celery juice and take 2 teaspoons three times a day.
Caution, possible complications!
Pathology with untimely intervention is fraught with its own serious consequences.
Surgical intervention is already the result of the complications of the onset of the disease, since the operative method is used in case of deformation of the joint and the adjacent bone.Among other things, doctors argue that a neglected inflammatory process can lead to the development of synovitis, periarthritis, erosive arthrosis.
Therefore, at the first manifestations of aches in fingers, you should contact specialists for help.
Methods of preventionAs a preventive measure, experts recommend eating right - eating more vegetables and fruits, do not abuse salt.
Distribute the physical load correctly so that the fingers do not take all the weight on themselves. If you have relatives in the family with similar problems, take preventive measures diligently.
Hand health directly depends on the person's attitude towards themselves. In the world of fuss you often do not have time to visit a doctor at the initial stages of the development of a serious illness.
Such a kind of negligence can lead to significant problems, the elimination of which will take a long time.
Osteoarthritis of the fingers of the symptoms and treatment |How to treat arthrosis of the fingers
The main causes of the appearance of this disease: it is a constant load on the joints of the hand, microtrauma in the bones and in the joints of the fingers and also X-ray irradiation. Osteoarthritis of the fingers often arises against a background of chronic arthritis. This disease most often affects women after 45 years.
Manifestations of arthrosis of the fingers
First there is pain in the joint, not acute, but constantly aching. The pain intensifies at night. The following symptoms of arthrosis are swelling in the soft tissues around the joints. But the patient's movements remain normal.
In the second stage of the development of the disease of the hands, the pain intensifies and becomes regular. Even with a small load on the hands and fingers, there is a sharp pain. During the movements in the joints, crackling is heard. Atrophy of the muscles of the affected fingers and hand begins to appear. The joint begins to increase in volume.
And at the last stage of the disease joints are attached to the symptoms of arthrosis. They are in the position to which they were forced by the forced situation. When arthrosis of the fingers is almost completely broken trophic interarticulate cartilage and bones. This, in turn, leads to their destruction. The enlarged marginal nodules begin to deform, and this leads to fragility of the bones and their fractures. Around the diseased joint with arthrosis of the fingers appears redness and swelling.
Symptoms of deforming arthrosis of the hands
Deforming arthrosis of the hands is a joint disease in which the cartilaginous tissue of the joint is affected and at the same time the structure of the bony heads begins to deform and change. Symptoms of the disease are noticeable at once - this is1.4.
deforms the joints and bones of the fingers of the hand.
The first symptoms of deformation are the changes of the thumb. In case of arthrosis of the fingers, deformity of all the fingers is also found. All the phalanges of the fingers begin to bend simultaneously.
How to treat arthrosis of the fingers of this form, not everyone knows and turns to the doctors, who in turn help in the treatment of arthrosis. But do not forget that in this case you can, and you can also use folk remedies.
How to treat arthrosis of the fingers
First of all, what needs to be done in this situation:1.
Restoring the mobility of the joints of the fingers4.
Restoring the trophic exchange
At the initial stage of arthrosis of the hands, the treatment passes faster and will be more effective than already inneglected form.
Therapy methods for hand arthrosis
Massage. It will slightly improve the blood supply and trophism of tissues. You can do it yourself and no matter where you are now - before or at work. It only takes a few minutes.2.
Exercises. They are well done before bedtime, after taking a warm bath.3.
Physiotherapy in the treatment of arthrosis of the hands. After it, the cartilage trophy is improved. Procedures - magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, laser therapy.4.
Paraffin applications, you can also ozokerite. After their application, the pain with arthrosis of the fingers decreases or disappears altogether.5.
Folk application of herbs and various products from natural products.6.
To reduce the pain associated with arthrosis of the fingers, it is necessary to apply anesthetic injections, the easiest, but effective, is a shot of lidocaine. Can be used to treat arthrosis and a soluble / insoluble corticosteroid. Medications only relieve the pain symptom and inflammatory reaction. That is, drugs do not fight the cause of joint disease. These are basically analgesics. Also, ointments and rubbers are used.7.
There are times when you can not do without surgical intervention. But, let's start to treat for the beginning, and after that, in case of emergency, we will leave the operation, perhaps it will not be useful.
These were a few simple methods for treating arthrosis of the fingers. Now let's move on to the next, slightly unpleasant, moment - complications of arthrosis.
Treatment of complications of arthrosis1.
When arthrosis symptoms of complicated forms appear in the form of synovitis and periarthritis, a good effect results in hydrophorrhizone phonophoresis, which is placed on a diseased joint or injected internally with a corticosteroid.2.
In case of erosive arthrosis, local treatment is used. Positive effect of injection of anti-inflammatory drugs.3.
With rizartroze of fingers it is necessary surgical full immobilization of the joint - arthrodesis.
How to treat folk remedies with arthrosis of the fingers?
As always, do not forget about folk medicine, it is the main assistant to our modern medicine. For the treatment of various kinds of tinctures, lotions, decoctions, ointments, compresses on the composition of herbs are used.1.
Preparation of the tincture:
Grinded 100 gr.eucalyptus, then poured 0.5 liters.vodka and insists for a week in a dark place. Then, every day, rubbed into the aching joint before going to bed.2.
Baths from arthrosis of the fingers of the herbs, for example, use such herbs: thyme, three-color violet, juniper, shoots of wild rosemary, stubble grass, common.3.
Compresses made of honey and salt or alcohol. Make them better at night.4.
Take three heads of garlic, grind, juice from 10 lemons. There also put one teaspoon of shredded horseradish. All mix and insist 3 weeks in a warm, dark place. Take 1 teaspoon of elixir, diluted in 1 glass of water, 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening. The course of treatment of arthrosis of the fingers continues until the elixir is finished.5.
Eating green tea.6.
For pains in joints with arthrosis of the fingers it is recommended to apply compresses from crushed green potatoes. Grind the potatoes. The resulting mass is heated to a temperature just above 38 C. Then the potatoes, without pressing, put in a bag of sacking. The thickness of the potato layer should be 1.5-2 cm. Wrap the sore spot so that nothing flows out of the compress. With the compress should go to bed. Compresses for diseases of the joints of the hands must be done daily at night, for 7 days, or by the result.
Herbal collections in the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers
Herbalists recommend the following folk remedies:1.
Leuzea root, mint leaves, hop cones, celandine grass in one piece, herb grass, yarrow herb in two parts.2.
Folk remedy for arthrosis of the fingers: mint leaves, hop cones, yarrow, marigold flowers, weed grass, celandine grass, licorice roots, all taken equally.3.
Take calendula inflorescences, juniper fruits, buckthorn bark, elder flowers, nettle leaves, horsetail grass, willow bark, birch leaves, all taken evenly.
For treatment, you need to take 2 tablespoons of the collection, pour them with a liter of boiling water, bring to a boil and simmer for 10 minutes in a sealed container. After that, merge with the grass into the thermos and insist all night. To take a folk remedy for arthrosis of the fingers is necessary throughout the day for 150 ml for half an hour before meals. The course of treatment of folk remedies should be from three to four months. After that, you need to take a break for fifteen days and change the composition of the collection.
The causes and prevention of arthrosis of the fingers
Every third person in our time suffers from this ailment. The causes of arthrosis of the fingers are different. Someone has metabolic disorders in the body, who has a genetic disease.
Causes of developing arthrosis of the fingers:1.
For arthrosis of the thumb, the main treatment includes surgical intervention - arthrodesis, which can eliminate pain. During the operation, the immobilization of the joint of the thumb is performed. After the intervention, the finger must be fixed. There is a special bandage, which uses silicone inserts, to gradually restore the normal state of the joint.
Post-traumatic arthrosis, which is simple enough to cure at a young age and is very difficult to treat in the elderly, requires the complete elimination of traumatic factors for successful treatment. This concerns the option, when microtraumas arise in the process of labor or occupation of certain sports. Regular damage to the cartilaginous tissue, sufficiently fragile in the area of the hand and fingers, will constantly expose the joints, especially the right hand, to the risk of the disease recurring. Therefore, it is necessary to exclude the danger of damage.
Deforming arthrosis has several stages. Treatment varies, depending on whether the disease is in the acute stage. This is due to the aggravation of inflammation of the joint and an increase in pain syndrome, especially with arthrosis of the thumb. At this point, the bias is done specifically to reduce inflammation and reduce pain, when the hands and fingers are particularly hard to break and twist. It is recommended to limit any physical activities that require stress from the joint of the thumb, index, anonymous and all other joints affected by the disease. The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and external agents, in the form of compresses and ointments, is increasing. Outside the exacerbation, arthrosis of the fingers, including post-traumatic, are treated with the help of hondoprotectors - drugs that can eventually repair the damaged articular cartilage. Along with this, various procedures are prescribed to activate the circulation of the joints of the hand.
Regardless of the location, deforming arthrosis is treated with the use of anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs, hormones, chondoprotectors, anesthetics. At the same time, various external agents are used in the form of creams, ointments, compresses etc. If necessary, silicone fingertips are used to fix the remedy and enhance the positive effect, which have become an alternative to traditional materials. In some cases, intra-articular injections are administered with special medications.
Physiotherapeutic procedures are aimed at improving blood circulation and metabolic processes in the cartilage. Electrophoresis, magnetic, laser therapy is used. Significantly improve the joint condition paraffin and ozocerite applications, various compresses, mud and hand wraps with bischofite. Therapeutic physical training also promotes blood flow and maintenance of sufficient volume of movements. Post-traumatic arthrosis responds well to the effect of a polymetal, a polymeric medical film( for the fixation of which silicone pads are used), which has high rates in the restoration of cartilaginous tissues.
For arthrosis, a variety of types of massage are used, which is performed both independently and by specialists. Certain sets of exercises are prescribed by the attending physician, but there are absolutely affordable, effective techniques that can alleviate suffering and improve the nutrition of the joints of the hands and fingers. These include an easy tapping on the table and careful rubbing of the fingers from the joint to the joint. Achieving a great effect will help rubbing fir oil.
The diet is not able to cure deforming arthrosis, but in a package of measures it is a mandatory, effective addition. As with all other types of arthrosis, in this case it is necessary to adhere to the basic principles of healthy nutrition, with the exception of alcohol, preservatives, sharp and salty foods, fatty meats and carbonated beverages. Preference is given to steam and boiled food and fresh vegetables and fruits.
Careful and attentive attitude to your health, timely treatment at early stages and strict adherence to all prescriptions and recommendations is the key to successful treatment.
Treatment of arthrosis of the joints of the fingers
- Arthrosis of the joints of the fingers: treatment without exacerbation
Arthrosis of the joints of the fingers is a chronic degenerative-dystrophic disease of the interphalangeal joints, characterized by nodular, spindle deformity, curvature of the fingers and impaired function of the hand.
Arthrosis of the interphalangeal joints of the fingers is the primary osteoarthritis that develops against the background of genetically determined disorders in the synthesis of collagen. Injuries of the hand are of secondary importance, since initially the "weak" cartilaginous tissue is unable to withstand even the usual loads. Osteoarthritis proceeds with frequent exacerbations, manifested by constant pain, joint stiffness, redness, swelling and systematically leads to deformation of the fingers. How to treat arthrosis of the fingers?
Principles of the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers
Treatment of deforming osteoarthritis of the hand joints is carried out in accordance with the general principles of therapy of the disease, aimed at stopping inflammation, restoring the cartilaginous tissue of the joints and increasing the mobility of the joints.
- Drug treatment includes the administration of drugs that have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, chondroprotective action.
- Physiotherapy treatment helps with arthrosis of the fingers to cope with pain, improves metabolic processes in the cartilaginous tissue.
- Therapeutic physical training is aimed at activating the metabolic processes in the joint and increasing the volume of movements.
- Massage improves blood circulation and cartilage nutrition, eliminate muscle spasms.
- Surgical treatment is used only for arthrosis of the thumbs and implies an arthrodesis - immobilization of the joints in order to eliminate the pain syndrome.
- Folk treatment of arthrosis of the joints of the hands allows you to reduce the doses of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, improve metabolic processes in the joints.
Treatment of arthrosis of the fingers during the exacerbation of
Therapy of arthrosis of interphalangeal joints of brushes depends on the stage of the disease. With exacerbation of arthrosis and the appearance of signs of inflammation of the joints, it is aimed at reducing pain and arresting the inflammatory process.
It is recommended not to load joints, do not perform works that require small movements in interphalangeal joints, do not tolerate gravity.
The basis of drug therapy is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs), which have the ability to reduce edema, relieve joint pain caused by inflammation. The "gold standard" among NSAIDs is Diclofenac, manufactured by various companies, in various dosage forms: as injectable solutions, tablets, suppositories and gel for external use. With exacerbation of arthrosis of interphalangeal joints of the hands, the drug is prescribed in calculation for both local and systemic action.
Synaptic symptoms of synovitis or periarthritis help phonophoresis with hydrocortisone, sometimes intra-articular hormonal administration is used.
Osteoarthrosis arthrosis: treatment without exacerbation
Osteoarthritis therapy outside the exacerbation stage is aimed at restoring the cartilaginous tissue and increasing the functional capabilities of the joints. For this, chondroprotective drugs are used: chondroxide, chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine and others. Treatment with chondroprotectors is long, effective, mainly, only in the initial stages of arthrosis, when there is still no pronounced deformities of the fingers and contractures.
Physiotherapeutic procedures are aimed at activating blood circulation in the joints and improving metabolism in the cartilage. A good effect is the use of paraffin, ozocerite in the form of local baths and applications, magnetotherapy, laser therapy.
Massage for arthrosis of small finger joints should be shaking, as excessive stress on the joints can cause cartilage trauma and accelerate the development of the disease. Basically, stroking, easy trituration and brushing on the brush are used.
The therapeutic gymnastics for the hands is simple and includes fingering of the beads, playing with small plush toys, rhythmic tapping with fingers on the table. Before classes it is recommended to warm up the joints with the help of a hand bath.
From folk remedies are popular baths with aromatic oils, ointments based on propolis, wax, flax seed, sabelnik, birch leaves, fern.