Pain in the joints of the fingers - is there any escape from this scourge?
Pain and limitation of mobility in the joints of the fingers is a common occurrence among people of older age groups. According to the statistics of the pathology of small joints in the hands of people over forty years of age is found in every tenth, and after sixty - in every third. In women, this may be due to age-related changes in the hormonal background. However, the joints of the fingers are hurt not only in people after forty - there are diseases in which such a problem can occur at any age.
Without fingers we can do almost nothing physically
Why do pains occur in the joints of the fingers?
Causes of pain of this nature are usually diseases or damage to the joints and periarticular tissues. On the nature of pathology can be judged by the degree of damage - for example, in chronic processes, joints can not only ache, but also deform. Pain in the joints of the fingers is a characteristic sign of such pathologies as:
Rheumatoid arthritis is a common systemic disease associated with an autoimmune( noninfectious) inflammatory lesion in the mostly small joints of the hands and feet.
Osteoarthritis or polyosteoarthrosis is a non-inflammatory deforming process characterized by thickening of the finger joints and restriction of their mobility.
Stenosing ligamentitis is an inflammatory disease of the ring-shaped ligaments of the joints of the fingers.
Gout is a disease of meat lovers;is associated with the deposition in the joint cavities of acute crystals of salts of uric acid.
Psoriatic arthritis - inflammation of the joints on the background of psoriatic skin lesions.
Infectious arthritis is an inflammation of the bacterial or viral nature.
Predisposing factors to the development of various finger lesions of the hands are:
- pathology of the immune system;
- chronic infections;
- hormonal changes in the background;
- metabolic disorders;
- hereditary factors;
- bruising injuries, including frequent micro-traumas( sports or professional);
- long-acting harmful factors: the constant presence of hands in cold water, etc.
Let us dwell on each group of diseases.
In the photo - hand affected by arthritis
Diseases affecting the joints of the hands
This pathology is one of the most common causes of lesions of small joints of the hands. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age - both in childhood and in old age. It is characterized by a symmetrical lesion of different groups of joints, but especially strong - in the area of the fingers. The pain is accompanied by signs of inflammation: swelling and redness. On the affected areas under the skin, sometimes you can find dense formations - rheumatoid nodules. The disease proceeds wavy - with periods of remission and acute attacks.
With prolonged current rheumatoid arthritis, a characteristic deformity of the hands as "hands with lorgnette", "boutonniere" or "swan neck" often develops.
Osteoarthrosis and polyosteoarthrosis
This group of diseases is more typical for older women, because the nature of its development is directly related to the estrogenic background. However, there are other causes of osteoarthritis: heredity, metabolic disorders, occupational loads, etc.
In addition to pain for osteoarthritis of the hands, it is common to form subcutaneous nodules in the region of joints that, along with edema, contribute to the development of deformity of the fingers - they take a characteristicknotty appearance. Sometimes the fingers look like a spindle, due to the thickening in the middle. Outwardly it may resemble rheumatoid arthritis, but with arthrosis there is no damage to other groups of joints and internal organs.
Osteoarthrosis of the hands often occurs as a rizartroz, when the joints of the thumbs are insensibly affected. Risartrose often develops as a result of a prolonged overload on the thumb of the hands. Defeat in this area must always be differentiated from such pathologies as gout and psoriatic arthritis, for which this place is a favorite localization.
This disease is associated with impaired metabolism of purines - protein metabolism products, which leads to the deposition of urate salts( urates) inside the joints. Although the joints of the feet are primarily affected with gout, the hands are often involved in the process. First of all, the metacarpophalangeal joints( closest to the tips) of the thumbs suffer.
Pain with gout can be very intense, paroxysmal and have a burning, tearing character. They are accompanied by swelling and redness of the skin over the affected area. Movement in the thumb( as a rule it is he who is affected) during a painful attack is extremely difficult or impossible. Suffer from gout more often men, age 40 - 60 years.
Gouty nodules - tofusi - a characteristic sign of gout
This disease is associated with inflammation of the periarticular tissues - the ring ligament of the finger. Externally, the pathology resembles arthritis or arthrosis, so to clarify the diagnosis do X-rays.
Clinically, ligamentitis occurs typically: with pain during flexion and extension, and sometimes - with wedging of the finger in a bent state, when its extension is possible only with effort. In this case, you can hear the characteristic clicks. Why does such a picture arise? The ring-shaped ligament thickens during inflammation and loses its elasticity.
Psoriatic arthritis of the fingers is a form of psoriasis. Along with the characteristic skin lesion, 10-15% of patients are involved in the process of joints, mainly - distal( nail) phalanges of fingers and feet. The disease sometimes takes the form of dactylitis - a common inflammation of the tissues of the finger. They swell, blush, painfully and with difficulty bend. Externally take the form of sausages.
The diagnosis of "psoriatic arthritis" is usually not difficult, as the disease develops against a background of specific skin lesions.
Septic and infectious arthritis
May occur both as a pathology of a single joint( monoarthritis) and multiple( polyarthritis).The cause is always an infectious agent that enters the articular tissues or through damaged skin or blood flow.
The clinical picture can be varied depending on the shape and severity of the lesion. If there is a purulent inflammation - the symptoms will not only be local pain, but also a violation of the general condition - high body temperature, fever, intoxication.
Treatment of pain
First of all, treatment should be aimed at eliminating the underlying disease. If the pain in the joints of the fingers occurs due to the inflammatory process, antibiotics, hormones and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. In case of dystrophic damage, it is necessary to restore the damaged articular cartilages first with the help of chondroprotectors and auxiliary measures: massage, manual therapy, physiotherapy.
With severe pain, analgesics are given in the form of injections, ointments, tablets, etc. Although, as the elimination of the main pathological process, the pain will pass.
To recover faster, in the treatment of this kind of disease you can use folk remedies. Here are a few popular recipes.
Ointment from the grass hellebore caucasian. For its preparation, mix 20 grams of dry grass hellebore and honey, add 10 grams of vegetable oil and 5 grams of dry mustard. Melt all the ingredients in a water bath and mix until smooth. Cool and transfer to a dark vessel. Lubricate the joints the night before the pain disappears.
Make compresses on the affected area using fruity table vinegar.
Melt a small piece of propolis and mix it with sunflower or corn oil. Use as an ointment.
In order for the treatment to work, you must strictly follow all the recommendations of your doctor. And then the chances of recovery or significant relief will be high.
Puffy fingers on the hands: causes, diagnosis, treatment. What to do if the joints on the fingers are swollen
Quite often, with injuries, tissue damage and inflammation of the joints, the person has swollen fingers on his hands. In order for the outcome of treatment to be positive, it is necessary to determine the exact cause of this phenomenon, since each individual case needs certain therapeutic measures. When swollen joints on the fingers, there is a sharp pain that does not allow the phalanges to function normally. What to do in such situations? Let's try to consider the main causes that provoke swelling, and ways to eliminate them.
How to remove the tumor?. Puffy fingers on the hands are observed not only as a result of infectious infection or injury, but also in monotonous repetitive movements, for example, when working with a computer mouse for a long time. In such cases, a complete peace and cold compress with a tight bandage is necessary. Reduce pain, relieve inflammation and normalize blood circulation by lifting the affected toe up. Using ice, it is necessary to remember that it should be applied through a bandage, otherwise you can not only frostbite the skin, but also significantly reduce blood flow, which will cause tissue damage and complicate the subsequent rehabilitation.
It is very useful to make baths with warm salted water, in which it is recommended to lower the affected limb twice a day for 20 minutes. If the situation remains the same and the condition does not improve, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor to exclude injury or rupture of the tendon, as well as the development of the infectious process.
FractureEnough often swollen fingers on the hands are diagnosed due to traumatic effects. The first signs of a fracture is a strong swelling of soft tissues, a rapid increase in their temperature, redness, severe pain, subcutaneous hemorrhage and impaired motor activity. Before going to the hospital, it is recommended to build a special tire: it can be a pencil or a ball pen, which should be attached to a sore thumb. Remember that such a device is superimposed so that it is possible to fix the underlying and overlying joints.
Inflammatory processIf the joints on the fingers are swollen for no apparent reason, and you can not perform the usual movements, you need to see a doctor who, on the basis of blood tests and X-rays, will make appropriate conclusions about the condition of the tissues and the inflammatory processes taking place in them. Provoke edema can allergic reactions, arthritis, arthrosis and much more.
It should be noted that the thumb is structurally different from the other fingers, since it has only two phalanges. With the help of a thumb, a person can lift weights and take uncomfortable objects, so when he is injured, it is impossible to perform elementary manipulations. In such cases, a comprehensive treatment based on the intake of anti-inflammatory drugs is prescribed, as well as the use of ointments, creams, wraps, compresses and lotions. If the thumb on the hand is swollen, it is useful to apply honey cakes to it, but if there is an allergy to beekeeping products, it is better to refuse such procedure.
Joint DistortionIf the phalanges of the fingers are swollen as a result of abrasion, cut, unsuccessfully treated cuticle, it is necessary to prevent purulent inflammation. For this, disinfectants such as streptocidal ointment, hydrogen peroxide and a solution of furacilin are used. If the affected tissue becomes wet, it is better to use powdered streptocide and to change gauze bandages more often. To eliminate a deep inflammatory process that does not have obvious external manifestations, it is recommended to use Vishnevsky ointment. Local treatment is often combined with the use of antibacterial drugs, but such medications are prescribed exclusively by a doctor.
A small tumor is an ordinary sign of an open wound, but if this phenomenon continues for a long time, it is a signal that you need to see a doctor. Prevent infection by using soapy water or a disinfectant, as well as using antibacterial ointment and a sterile dressing. Open injuries of the skin that are caused by animal bites, rusty objects or deep punctures, need immediate medical attention, otherwise their consequences can seriously threaten not only health, but also human life.
Other causes of swelling of the fingersProbably, many people noticed swollen fingers in their hands after a long walk. What does it say? Most often this phenomenon is not associated with a serious illness and, as a rule, passes after a while. In most cases, the swelling of the hands is observed in inactive people who have been without movement for a long time. As a result of this lifestyle, the work of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems is disrupted, which leads to the accumulation of blood in the upper limbs. Hence, there is a swelling of the fingers, which can be accompanied by a slight tingling sensation.
Another reason may be the difference between the temperature of the air and your body. During the movement, the body warms up and begins to get rid of heat through the release of sweat. At this time, cool air acts on the open areas of the hands, blood begins to flow to them, which leads to swelling and swelling. You can ease your condition in the following way: during a walk, make stops often, periodically squeeze and unclench your fists, and do not forget to raise your hands above your head. If on return from a walk the tumor does not come off, contact the hospital.
Often women notice that they have swollen middle finger on their arm. The reason for this can be an ordinary ring, which squeezes the lower phalanx and leads to stagnation of blood. In this case, it is better to abandon such ornaments, which, among other things, can cause allergies. If you regularly swollen your fingers, do not delay the visit to the doctor, because such a symptom may indicate a serious disease, which is easier to eliminate at an early stage of development.
Life is full of surprises. And often, such surprises are related to our health. One of these unpleasant moments can become a swollen finger. Sharp pain, an increase in size, swelling and the inability to bend it in the joint, often accompany this condition. And what if my finger is swollen? Let's take everything in order. Swollen extremities can occur for various reasons and causes. Let's try them all on the pages of our article.
Why did my finger swell? The finger can swell due to traumatic effects. Make sure it is not broken. Signs of a fractured finger will be a sharp increase in soft tissue edema, increased temperature, severe pain, redness, hemorrhage under the skin, inability to produce proper motor activity, unnatural position of the finger.
Before going to a specialized medical institution, if you swell your finger on your leg, make an improvised tire, in order to immobilize it. Suitable any improvised means in the form of досочек, палочек, брусков.If the finger is swollen on the hand after the injury, then the easiest tire for him will be a pen or pencil to which he needs to be primed. Remember that the tire is always superimposed so that there is a possibility of fixing the underlying and overlying joint.
Inflammation of the joint
It happens that the finger is swollen and aching, for no apparent reason. There was no trauma, but the phalanx is swollen and does not allow full movement or do the usual work with your hands. In this case, you see an address to a doctor who, based on the results of the X-ray, blood tests, will make a conclusion about the inflammatory processes in the tissues of your finger. The reasons for this condition can be several, ranging from a banal allergic reaction of the body to progressive arthritis or arthrosis, in which the joints of the fingers and / or toes are swollen.
As a rule, complex treatment is used in such cases, which includes taking anti-inflammatory drugs, local anti-inflammatory treatment, in the form of creams and ointments, compresses, wraps and lotions.
From the recipes of traditional medicine, you can recommend the use of honey cakes, if you do not have allergies to beekeeping products. For their preparation, take in equal parts flour and honey and, kneading a thick dough out of them, form a small cake, then applying to the sick fingers. Closing the cake with cotton cloth, pribintuyte her bandage. This procedure should be done 3 weeks every day.
joint integrity was broken. If the swelling was due to a cut, abrasion, an unsuccessfully cut cuticle and, eventually, led a finger to the purulent inflammation, it is necessary first of all to remove it. To do this, use disinfectants. In their series, hydrogen peroxide, furacilin, streptocidal ointment. In the event that the tissues of the finger become wet, use streptocide in powder, changing the drying bandages from bandages twice a day. In the event that the inflammatory process in the finger goes in the depths of tissues and is not expressed by manifestations of putrefactive process, Vishnevsky ointment should be used. Often, local treatment with disinfectants should be combined with antibiotic therapy. However, do not self-medicate! Address to doctors and conduct all procedures under their supervision.
Swelling of the forefinger joint
He could have been traumatized so that he could not be noticed. Brush is an area vulnerable to microtrauma. Self-medication should not be dealt with.2 - 3 days the picture will not change. It is necessary to do radiography or ultrasound of the joint, before consulting a surgeon, a traumatologist or a microsurgeon. Movement and load is still better to limit. If the general condition worsens, it is urgent to seek qualified help.
Judging by the description of the symptoms, this can be an inflammatory process in the joint or surrounding tissues. Without a survey can not do.
eh!old age is not fun!
Observe also the otasal joints! If you did not find out the reason, rather you have a rare autoimmune disease!