What to do when the joints of the hands hurt?
The human arm is one of the most maneuverable parts of the body and has the greatest range of motion. Using our hands, we can do the most painstaking and delicate work, do writing, create masterpieces of art.
This is why it is extremely important to protect the joints of the hands from diseases and keep them strong for as long as possible, preventing the appearance of pain in the fingers.
Pain caused by arthrosis
Gout is another cause of pain
Hand joints are divided into:
- finger joints;
- wrist joints;
- wrist band;
- shoulder joint.
Diseases that cause pain in the hands ofJoints ache with various diseases of the joints of the hands, among which the most common are:
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- various injuries and stretching of muscles and ligaments;
- and many others.
Pain caused by arthrosis
In osteoarthritis, pain in the fingers occurs in the small joints of the hand, in the metacarpal joint of the thumb, usually large, as well as in the elbow and shoulder joints. The pain is characterized as dull, disturbing in most cases during the day and is greatly enhanced with active movements, after physical exertion. The smallest discomfort the pain brings in the morning and after a short rest.
Periodically you can observe the crunching and clicking on the joints. When the hands hurt, this pain can be as long, for as long as one week to a month, or for a short one, which takes place during the day.The task of treating the arthrosis of all joints is concentrated on reducing the pain of the patient, the disappearance of the manifestations of synovitis. Treatment is aimed at preventing the development of degenerative processes in the articular cartilage and subchondral bone, for a complete restoration of the primary function of the joint with subsequent qualitative improvement in human life.
Therapy of the disease and pain in the fingers is selected by the experienced rheumatologist in each case individually for the patient, depending on the stage of the disease, but one should expect that arthrosis therapy is a systematic and long-term process.
The methods used in the treatment of osteoarthritis are conditionally divided into:
- surgical intervention.
Non-pharmacological methods are quite effective at the initial stages of the development of arthrosis. With their help, you can stop further progression of the disease, greatly alleviate the patient's pain syndrome.
Nonpharmacological therapy includes: educational activities, medical gymnastics, physiotherapy.
With the help of these programs, the patient receives comprehensive information about the essence of the disease, explains the need to lead a correct lifestyle, and to eat a balanced diet. With the help of trainings, you can learn to manage pain sensations, as well as learn new behavioral patterns.
Physical therapy - therapeutic gymnastics( ASF)
It is prescribed during the remission period of the disease and includes aerobic and strength exercises for each specific muscle group.
Physiotherapy exercises should be practiced lying on your back or in a sitting position. The most effective are swimming and skiing.
Physiotherapy and massage
In addition to physical exertion, physiotherapeutic procedures can be prescribed: paraffinotherapy and paraffin-ozocerite compresses, laser therapy, ultrasound, electrostimulation of nerve endings.
Massage according to indications is carried out by courses twice a year.
It is recommended to visit hydrogen sulphide, radon, mud sources in sanatorium and resort conditions. Treatment in a sanatorium is carried out outside the exacerbation of arthrosis and is prescribed only after a thorough examination by a specialist.
The most significant place in the treatment of osteoarthritis is medication. All rheumatologically prescribed medications can be divided into two categories:
- Immediate symptomatic medications. In the process of using drugs of this group, in a short period of time, pain is significantly reduced, the inflammatory process ceases to develop. Symptomatic drugs include analgesics, glucocorticosteroid hormones, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Chondroprotectors are slow-acting drugs. Preparations of this pharmacological group have a double effect: on the one hand they provide an anti-inflammatory effect that significantly reduces the pain syndrome, and on the other hand they have a structural-modifying effect on the diseased cartilage. Chondroprotectors include such drugs as: chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine sulfate, diacerein, alflutop, preparations based on hyaluronic acid.
Please note: prescribing a drug, establishing a system of taking and dosage can only be done by the attending physician, self-medication leads to complications!
Surgical methods of treatment
Surgical methods for the treatment of arthrosis are resorted only in those cases when drug therapy and physiotherapy do not give the expected effect. Surgical treatment includes arthroscopic operations, total replacement of joints( endoprosthetics), and osteotomy.
Endoprosthetics become effective in almost 90% of cases, the survival of an artificial prosthesis is observed in 90-95% of the operated.
Useful information: for effective treatment of osteoarthritis it is useful to combine medical treatment with physicians with traditional medicine. Among the folk remedies for arthrosis is one of the most effective and curative. Under the link, read the review about the treatment of arthrosis in a 62-year-old man.
Gout( another disease name - "meat-eating disease"), usually occurs as a result of the accumulation in the joints of crystals of substances that are formed during the exchange of purines - salts of uric acid, which are found in large quantities in meat and all meat products,and causes painful symptoms in the toes( mostly), as well as pain in the fingers.
gout affects not only the joints of the legs, but also the hands of
Gout is more likely to be affected by representatives of a strong half of the population aged 40-50 years. The patient feels a sharp, throbbing, sudden pain, sometimes it becomes intolerable. The pain syndrome increases at night and decreases slightly by morning.
Gout attacks can occur several times a year and last for 3-4 days. Gout affects the joints of the wrists and elbow joints, while the diseased area swells, becomes crimson-red.
Painful seizures often provoke the intake of alcoholic beverages, excessive consumption of meat and fatty foods, visiting the bath.
The first thing you should do is to sit on a strict diet, limit consumption of meat dishes, fish, alcoholic beverages, and, strictly according to the doctor's prescription, take medications that are aimed at normalizing purine metabolism and reducing uric acid in the blood.
To prevent an attack, it is recommended to take analgesics. Also effective in the treatment of gout are and folk remedies for the treatment of this disease.
Rheumatoid arthritis overcomes the joints of the hands and phalanges of the fingers simultaneously and symmetrically on both hands, which further complicates, and makes it unbearable to perform even basic actions.
The diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis is determined exclusively by the doctor on the basis of changes in the analyzes, X-rays and the characteristic symptomatology of a particular disease - read about this in our article Diagnosis in rheumatoid arthritis: how doctors make this diagnosis.
rheumatoid arthritis affects the small joints of the hands
Symptoms of this disease are as follows: the patient feels moderate pain, while the troubled joint turns red and swells a little, one can observe the creaking and deformation of the middle finger phalanges, tingling and numbness of the wrists.
The patient may feel some stiffness after awakening: it takes several hours to "stir up" the limbs, while you can experience constant fatigue, observe an increase in body temperature. Painful sensations can accompany the patient both constantly and arise with some periodicity.
The causes of the origin of the disease are not completely established, but it is believed that rheumatoid arthritis provokes a malfunction in the human immune system, which leads to infection by infections, bacteria or viruses that have penetrated into the joints directly with blood from other organs of the body.
It is also noted that there is a genetic predisposition to this ailment, female representatives suffer from arthritis several times more often than men. In women, the disease can get aggravated against a sudden hormonal outbreak and in the postpartum period.
Types of deformations
Two types of deformation of joints with rheumatoid arthritis are common:
- type "neck of the swan";there is a bending of the finger at the base and the outer outer joint, while the middle joint remains straight, causing the finger to look crooked;
- Weinstein contracture;this curvature arises from the chronic inflammatory process of the middle joint, which leads to the bending of the finger towards the palm, while the outermost joint is bent in the opposite direction. Treatment of this type of deformation is possible only with the help of special ring and finger tires, it is often necessary to resort to surgical interventions.
The second form of inflammation is most dangerous, since it can lead to complete destruction of the affected joint.
It has long been no secret that it is easier to prevent a disease than to treat it, arthritis is no exception. Doctors recommend not without having to overload your joints, periodically give them rest, practice their training, using soft foam balls.
You should also revise the daily diet, eat more foods rich in vitamin D, fatty acids of the Omega-3 class and regularly visit a rheumatologist.
treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is not an easy task
If you can not prevent the disease, an experienced specialist will prescribe basic antirheumatic drugs that can modify the course of the disease, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and biological response modifiers.
At home, you can use folk remedies for treating rheumatoid arthritis: wet warm compresses - they dilate blood vessels, facilitating blood flow to the sore spot, and cold compresses - with constriction of blood vessels, sensitivity is reduced and edema decreases significantly.
Rheumatism develops as a complication after acute infection of the upper respiratory tract;fever and joint pain - the initial stage of the disease. Rheumatism, as a rule, overcomes large joints - such as the elbow and wrist. More information about the symptoms and treatment of joints and heart rheumatism can be found here.
Pain sensations can pass from one aching joint to another, with the affected area swelling and reddening. But not everything is so terrible, irreversible processes are not observed in this case, with a long period of illness, rheumatic nodules appear around the inflamed area - dense formations.
In the case of a child suffering from rheumatism, the patient's skin becomes covered with pale reddish spots or rings. If the disease is neglected and the doctor does not go on time, rheumatism can provoke severe forms of damage to the heart muscle.
At the moment, physicians are engaged in the development and search for new, most effective, no side effects procedures for treating various diseases of the joints of the hands.
One of the most functional and moving parts of the body are the hands. Without them, it is not possible not only to work, but also to carry out simple household affairs. That is why pain in the hands causes serious discomfort. Even its weak manifestation can severely limit human activity.
Causes of discomfort
The limitation of the mobility of the fingers, accompanied by painful sensations, is a problem for the majority of the elderly.
In women, the occurrence of this discomfort is associated with the restructuring of the hormonal background.
However, not only individuals of age are concerned about the sensations in their hands. Unfortunately, there are a number of diseases in which discomfort in the phalanges of the fingers can manifest at any, and even young age.
The main sources of
The main sources of pain can be either joint injuries or ailments. And, if the former do not raise questions, the latter require close attention. So, discomfort in the joints can cause the following diseases
- rheumatoid arthritis. An illness characterized by noninfectious inflammation. It initially affects the phalanx of the fingers. Further illnesses and other small joints are exposed;
- osteoarthritis( polyosteoarthrosis).This disease is also not inflammatory. Its distinctive feature is the thickening of the joints of the fingers. Such a pathology seriously disturbs their mobility;
- stenosing ligament. When the disease is inflamed ring-shaped ligaments;
- is psoriatic arthritis. Inflammation of the joints, provoked by skin lesions;
- gout. The disease is associated with the deposition of acute crystals in the joints of the salt of uric acid;
- infectious arthritis. Such inflammation is viral or bacterial in nature.
Predisposing factors of
All the aforementioned ailments develop gradually. Studies in this area have made it possible to identify several factors that provoke the development of diseases.
The most important of them:
The phalanges of the fingers are aching - the reasons for what to do, how to treat
Arthritis is a disease characterized by inflammation in the joints and nearby tissues. Because of this, the phalanx of the thumb often hurts, as the movements become very limited and painful. There are several types of arthritis: rheumatoid, gouty and psoriatic. Rheumatoid arthritis develops due to infections, hypothermia, viruses, bacterial diseases, stress. The main symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are swelling, redness, and pain in the phalanxes of the hands.
Gouty arthritis is characterized by pain at the base of the phalanx of the middle, index, nameless, thumb. Also, phalanxes of little fingers ache, body temperature rises. It develops due to poor metabolism, an increase in the level of uric acid, the deposition of salts in the joints of the fingers. Most often, a person experiences pain in the phalanx of the fingers at night. At risk are men and meat lovers. The so-called gouty arthritis can occur between the ages of 20 and 50 years. When the disease often there are pains in the phalanx of the thumb, but the inflammation can cover other fingers.
Psoriatic arthritis begins with psoriasis - a disease when dry peeling spots appear on the skin. The next stage - swelling of the hands, the appearance of unpleasant sensations, the skin becomes crimson. This disease rarely causes pain in the phalanges of the fingers, but this is not excluded. With this problem patients are treated from 20 to 50 years old, and more often than not, people with skin psoriasis lesions in the form of dry, reddish, dry patches. Axial inflammation can be subjected to all the fingers without exception, but the ailment is asymmetric, that is, phalanges can only ache on the left or right arm.
Rheumatoid arthritis .Pain in the phalanx of the fingers on the arm causes rheumatoid arthritis in about 7% of cases. The disease affects people at any age, but mostly develops after 30 years. Women are five times more susceptible to rheumatoid arthritis. The development of the disease can be triggered by severe stress, flu or a severe cold, hypothermia or infectious diseases.
Usually rheumatoid arthritis begins with inflammation and swelling of the phalange of the middle and index fingers. Metacarpophalangeal joints can become inflamed simultaneously with wrist joints.
Phalanges of fingers on the hands of rheumatoid arthritis become inflamed symmetrically, that is, if the joints on the right hand are affected, the same joints of the left arm will almost certainly suffer. Increased pain in this disease can occur in the middle of the night or closer to the morning. Day and evening, the syndrome is weakened. The above symptoms in rheumatoid arthritis are accompanied by an increase in body temperature, chills and a decrease in body weight, that is, the ailment causes a general deterioration in well-being.
Gout .The next cause of pain in the phalanx is gout. Many people mistakenly believe that gout is a deformity of the thumb on the leg, developing more often in women. In fact, this disease is called arthrosis of the big toe, and the present gout is mainly affected by the stronger sex and it affects the fingers.
Phalanges of the fingers with gout inflame paroxysmally. The disease develops suddenly and more often at night. The pain can be acute and accompanied by reddening of the skin, and it also becomes hot to the touch.
In some patients, especially the fairer sex, seizures are less pronounced, that is, pain in the phalanges of the fingers is not acute and redness is not strong. Be that as it may, gout causes tenderness of the joints of the fingers, which persists for a period of 3 to 10 days, and then passes without leaving any symptoms. After a while, the attack can repeat and you need to be ready for this.
TENOSINOVIT DE CERVENA .In rare cases, pain in the phalanges of the fingers is due to tenosynovitis of de Kerven, which is an inflammation of small muscles and ligaments of the thumb. Other joints are not affected in this disease.
Tenosynovitis de Kervena can develop in people of any age, and it can be diagnosed by sudden pains at the base of the thumb and under it at the point of contact with the wrist joint. Pain syndrome worsens when a patient tries to grab something with that finger.
Risartrose is a disease that affects the joint at the base of the thumb, which connects the metacarpal bone with the wrist joint. When rizartroz acts as a sign of polyostoarthrosis, the doctor easily establishes the diagnosis, but in rare cases, riarthrosis develops separately. In this case, it is not easy to distinguish an ailment from tenosynovitis de Quervain, since the symptoms are almost completely identical. Experienced specialists distinguish diseases from each other by the deformation of the bones of a diseased phalanx, which is noticeable during examination and is visible on an x-ray. With tenosynovitis de Cerven change only soft tissue, and then in rare cases.
Bursitis is characterized by inflammation of the articular handbags. Because of this, fluid accumulates in the cavity. The main symptoms of bursitis: swelling, redness, soft swelling in the joint zone of the phalanx of the finger. Very quickly passes into a chronic stage. Bursitis can appear after an injury, in this case pus accumulates, a person feels pain in the head, the body temperature rises.
Osteomyelitis is a purulent disease that affects the joints of the phalanx of the fingers and soft tissues. The main reason for the appearance is purulent bacteria. Symptoms of osteomyelitis - a sharp increase in body temperature, rapid deterioration of the state, intoxication of the body, vomiting, chills, joint pain in the fingers, limiting the mobility of the fingers.
Stenosing ligamentitis - inflammation of the ring ligament of the fingers, causing pain in the phalanx of the fingers in the morning, after sleeping, and also at night. Symptoms of this disease: the blue color of the skin of the affected area, swelling, burning, limiting mobility. Note that this disease does not hurt the phalanx of little fingers.
Osteoarthritis / polyostearthrosis is a noninflammatory disorder. The so-called knotty finger syndrome is a fairly frequent cause of pain in the phalanges of the fingers. The disease overwhelms people no older than 40, but mostly develops after 50-55 years. Men get sick less often than women. When the disease on the fingers appears a kind of nodules - mainly on the side and back of the phalanx near the nails. Nodules can appear symmetrically, that is, simultaneously on both hands. As a result of their appearance, the phalanges of the fingers are deformed, thicken, and lose mobility. This is due to the destruction of cartilage tissue.
With the development of polyostoarthrosis in the joints, burning and soreness appears, and in some cases the joints turn red and a swelling appears. In some patients, nodules form without any symptoms, and pains are not accompanied by burning.
In addition to Geberden's nodules, painless nodules sometimes appear in the middle of the fingers. They are called Buschar's knots and they differ in spindle-shaped forms, slowly expand and almost do not cause discomfort.
If you have a phalanx of the thumb on the arm when flexing( or any other finger) - this is a sign of arthrosis, osteoarthritis, stenosing ligamentitis, and possibly jamming the vertebral nerves.
The phalanxes of your fingers ache after training
If you have a pain in the phalanx of your fingers after physical exertion, then this may indicate trauma. Most often it happens a dislocation or fracture. This can happen in a normal everyday situation, for example, when carrying things. Often hand injuries are faced by athletes, especially basketball players, volleyball players.
Diseases of the joints - this is the second reason that the phalanxes of the fingers ache during the load. Pain in the joints of the fingers under load is a classic symptom of osteoarthritis, arthritis, rizartrose.With a prolonged static load, a lack of interarticulate fluid or with an incorrect position of the hands, the nerve in the metacarpal canal is pinched.
The joints of the toes hurt: to which doctor to handle
Most people do not know which doctor treats the joints of the fingers, so they do not even know who to contact when this problem occurs. As a rule, the diagnosis and therapy of the disease occurs under the supervision of a rheumatologist.
You can also contact a traumatologist, a surgeon, a neuropathologist or a hematologist, depending on the cause of the discomfort. In extreme cases, you can always consult a therapist who will refer you to the appropriate specialist.
What to do when the phalanxes of your fingers ache
First, you should consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis. Do not think for yourself about how to treat pain in the phalanx of your fingers. All manipulations should be carried out only according to the doctor's prescription.
If the pain is unbearable, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to relieve the pain syndrome, for example, Ketanov, Orthofen. You can also use ointments with anesthetic components in the composition, for example, Fastum-gul.
Pain in the phalanx of the fingers: treatment
Treatment can be therapeutic and surgical depending on the diagnosis. However, any treatment of pain in the joints of the finger is reduced to getting rid of the disease, removing the pain syndrome, restoring the functions.
After diagnosis of the disease, doctors are prescribed as an anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen, and in case of dystrophic lesion, a therapy is prescribed for the restoration of cartilage tissue using chondroprotective drugs and massages. If the pain is too strong and acute, doctors prescribe ointments, injections and pills. For conservative therapy, therapeutic baths for the joints of the hands are also recommended.
Chondroprotectors are most effective in the treatment of arthrosis with pain in the phalanx of the finger. They remove the main symptom and contribute to the regeneration of the cartilage of the affected joints, and also produce fluid to lubricate the joint. With the transition of rizartroza to the last stage of development, causing joint destruction, the effectiveness of drugs is reduced.
For therapy for pain in the phalanxes, physicians also prescribe anti-inflammatory agents and anesthetics:
Analgesics are provided by topical agents, namely ointments with anesthetics, novocaine or menthol.
Another effective drug for the treatment of pain in the phalanges of the fingers is indomethacin in tablets, capsules or injections. The daily dose is 100-150 mg of the drug, divided into several doses.
To combat acute pain, especially with gout, indomethacin is prescribed to 0.05 g three times a day, and in acute conditions and exacerbations a couple of times a day, the drug is administered intramuscularly at 60 mg. The course of treatment lasts from one to two weeks.If the disease develops due to autoimmune diseases, then the treatment is carried out by glucocorticosteroid hormones.
Often, medicinal treatment is combined with massage and special gymnastic exercises. If the pain in the phalanx of the finger is caused by a trauma, then it is necessary to provide first aid in case of injury to the finger and hand.
In rare cases, if the disease causing pain in the phalanx is strongly triggered, one must resort to a surgical operation under local anesthesia. Correct and effective treatment is prescribed by doctors after diagnosis and all examinations.
To prevent pain in the phalanx of the fingers, it is necessary not to make movements that can cause them in a particular disease. Improve the condition of blood vessels and joints allows stretching, flexing of fingers and performing elementary exercises such as squeezing and unclenching of fists.
Folk remedies for the treatment of pain in the phalanx of the fingers
The folk remedies are also good if you have a pain in your phalanxes. We present several popular recipes:
- Mix in equal proportions propolis and sunflower and corn oil. Propolis pre-melted. Apply the resulting mixture as an ointment 2-3 times a day;
- Make baths, taking in equal proportions sage, string, burdock, sabernik and field horsetail. Soak them and insist for several hours. Then dilute 2 liters of ordinary hot water with a liter of infusion and take a bath for hands;
- Make an alcohol tincture from the comfrey. Take 500 mils of vodka and 100 grams of comfrey leaves. Grind them and insist on vodka for a week. Then use as a compress.
Why do the phalanges of the fingers hurt, what should I do?
Age not specified. If the young - I will not say. And if under. .. there may be arthritis. I advise massage. Any free minute to do self-massage, you can with ointment or cream anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. In winter, do not overcool. Rabbit or dog hair should be worn.
it is necessary to check joints
Go to the therapist, do x-ray, treat long and hard.
Rub "troxyvazine" when sick, helps. There can be many reasons: for example, uric acid, its excess in the body, there may be a padahra, arthritis, etc. You have to pass blood tests and make uzi to specifically know what's the reason.