Pain in the joints of the fingers of the hand causes

Joint pain in the fingers: causes, treatment

Brushes are considered the most moving part of the human body. Due to a large change in the range of movements, it becomes possible to perform the finest work using the smallest details. That's why it's important to keep the brushes always healthy. Today, many people, including the younger generation, complain of pain in the joints in the fingers. In some cases, it becomes so strong that a person literally loses the ability to make familiar movements.

General information

The human hand can be divided into three separate departments: the wrist, the pastern and the fingers. The wrist consists of eight tiny bones, differing in irregular shape. All of them are arranged in two rows. The pile is represented by five tubular bones, each of which has a base, a body and a head in its composition. The bases connect with the wrist, and the heads form joints with phalanges of the fingers. The latter, in turn, consist of three phalanges. The exception in this case is the thumb. He has only two phalanges.

Man's hands are considered extremely thin and at the same time an accurate tool. Fingers - this is exactly the means that allows for coordinated movements. Without them, a normal life is not possible. All these movements are due to the mobility of the joints. However, because of the high daily activity, this area is at great risk of completely different ailments, mechanical injuries and injuries. Pain in the joints in the fingers is usually accompanied by this kind of pathological changes. Treatment in this case depends solely on the factor that triggered the onset of discomfort.

The main causes of

According to experts, pain in the joints of the fingers can be caused by a variety of reasons. Below we list the most common violations:

  • Arthritis.
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Bursitis.
  • Mechanical damage and injuries.
  • Osteomyelitis.


Arthritis refers to acute or chronic inflammation of the joint. Isolated involvement of the fingers is very rare. As a rule, in such patients, the pathological process affects other joints. Arthritic pain in the affected area is marked by intense intensity. They arise not only when you move your fingers, but also at rest. In addition, in the areas affected by arthritis there is a strong edema, a change in the usual shade of skin.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis. This disease is a connective tissue of an infectious-allergic nature, which is mainly of a systemic nature. The impetus to the onset of this ailment is a severe cold, frequent stress and hypothermia. Rheumatoid arthritis begins with the appearance of pain in the joint of the index finger. Affected areas swell, patients complain of a fever, a sense of weakness, a chill.
  • Psoriatic arthritis. Typically, this kind of pathology develops in those patients who already have psoriatic manifestations on the skin. These are dry peeling spots, which are characterized by a reddish shade. When the disease develops, the finger acquires a crimson hue and a sausage-like shape.
  • Gouty arthritis. Under the gout is a fairly common disease characterized by a metabolic disorder, namely purines. According to experts, such an ailment can be provoked by an increase in the level of uric acid and the subsequent deposition of its salts directly in the joint tissues. Typically, a gouty attack begins with severe discomfort in the joint of the big toe. In the absence of timely treatment, pathology extends to other joints. Attacks of gout are most often at night. They are characterized by an increase in temperature around the affected area and severe pain. The disease progresses very quickly. After a while, the patient can detect pain in the joints in the fingers of both hands. Typically, the duration of a typical attack of the disease is from two to approximately 14 days.


This disease is formed due to the consequent destruction of cartilage tissue in the area of ​​the joint surface. In the case of this pathology, the painful discomfort initially arises only after prolonged physical exertion. Then, with the progression of the disease, the intensity of pain increases, it can appear even at night.

Arthrosis of the fingers is a fairly common problem. An impetus to its development may even be insignificant damage. In the process of developing the ailment, the fingers can change their habitual shape, while bending to the side.

Risartrose. With the development of this disease, the joint, located at the base of the thumb, is also affected, which also connects the wrist with the metacarpal. This ailment results from the overload of this area. Pain in the joint of the thumb, visual deformation of the bones - these are the most common symptoms of this pathology.


Inflammation of the so-called articular handbags, accompanied by the accumulation of fluid in their cavities, is called bursitis. This pathology is characterized by painful sensations in the affected area, the appearance of edema, redness. The main symptom of bursitis is the formation of a rounded swelling in the joint zone, which is characterized by a soft consistency. It is easily determined visually.

With prolonged flow, bursitis often goes into a chronic stage. In this kind of situation, the deposition of salts in the affected area joins the inflammatory process. All this, as a rule, provokes pain in the joints in the fingers.

If the cause of the problem is a hand injury, then the pathological microflora is often attached to the inflammatory process. In this case, we are talking about the development of purulent bursitis. It is accompanied by an increase in temperature, a headache and weakness throughout the body.

Trauma and mechanical damage

The displacement of bones in the joints is called dislocation. Most often, athletes face this problem. It is accompanied by the following symptoms: severe edema of the affected area, joint deformity and severe pain syndrome.

The most common injury is a dislocation of the thumb on the arm. Such a detached location each time puts it under attack for any wrong movement. The thumb is characterized by a powerful ligament apparatus, however, and it is distinguished by a certain threshold of the load, after which excess tension occurs. All this entails a displacement of the articular surfaces.

The most common reason for a thumb dislocation is an unsuccessful fall on an open palm. Determine the presence of this problem is very easy, because the externally affected area looks deformed. The severe pain of the joint of the thumb can interfere with the usual activities, work and play sports. Skin covers in this part, as a rule, acquire a reddish shade.


A purulent process affecting the joints and nearby soft tissue is called osteomyelitis. This pathology develops due to the penetration into the body of bacteria that constantly produce pus.

Acute osteomyelitis usually begins with a fever of 40 degrees. The patient's condition deteriorates very quickly, which is caused by serious intoxication of the body. In addition, the patient may have the following symptoms: joint pain in the fingers, chills, loss of consciousness, vomiting.

During the first two days in the hands, the pain syndrome gradually builds up. Active finger movements are usually not possible. Pathology is rapidly progressing, which is manifested in the occurrence of edematous phenomena in the muscles of the hand and even the forearm. Skin covers in the affected area acquire a purple hue.


Timely requesting a specialist for advice, diagnosis, and competent treatment - all these factors allow us to identify the disease and prevent its further progression, the development of serious complications. Ignore the pain in the joints of the fingers is not worth it, since even a minor pathology can lead to a complete loss of movement and make the patient disabled. To identify the problem, the following diagnostic measures may be required:

  • Radiography of the brush.
  • Blood test( clinical / biochemical) and urine.
  • Identify the number of purines.

What should be the treatment of pain in the joints of the fingers?

Regardless of the true cause of the pathology, therapy should be comprehensive and solve simultaneously three problems: treatment of the main disease, restoration of the primary function of the hand and relief of pain.

Of course, the fight against a particular ailment depends on its nature. In each case, the doctor prescribes appropriate treatment. However, the relief of discomfort in the hand and its functional development are subject to general rules.

For the removal of discomfort, modern medicine offers a variety of medications. Most often non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed( "Ketanov", "Nimesulid", "Orthofen").

To eliminate pain syndrome, due to autoimmune diseases( for example, rheumatoid arthritis), glucocorticosteroid hormones are used. They have an excellent anti-inflammatory effect and relatively quickly bring the desired relief.

Some special ointments with anesthetic components( "Fastum-gel", "Indomethacin") can strengthen the effect of drugs.


In conclusion, it should be noted that one should not ignore the pain of the joints of the fingers. The treatment offered by modern medicine is most often effective in combating this problem. The main thing is to get help from a doctor in time and take the necessary diagnostic tests. Be healthy!

Possible causes of pain in the joints of the fingers

Our hands are significantly different from the limbs of all other living organisms. Thanks to the complex structure, a large number of flexible joints, we can perform any movement at the jewelry level. Unfortunately, many people do not notice how important the function of the hands and fingers is, as long as these movements become impossible due to pain or deformation.

There are many reasons why the joints of the fingers are sore. Among them there are not serious, but there are also very dangerous. Let us consider the main reasons why pain in the toes of the upper limb can occur.

Carpal tunnel syndrome

This neurological disease is based on the compression of the median nerve in the carpal canal( the space between the bones and the tendons of the wrist).The median nerve provides innervation of the skin of the palmar surface of the large, index and middle finger of the hand, and also participates in flexion of the hand and its retraction toward the radial bone.

When carpal tunnel syndrome develops, patients complain of:

  • pain in the thumb along the inner surface;
  • painful sensations of the index fingers;
  • numbness of the skin in the innervation of the median nerve;
  • decrease in the accuracy of small brush movements;
  • muscle slimming in the area of ​​elevation of the first finger.

With prolonged compression, if the treatment is not scheduled on time, the nerve function can be lost forever, and this threatens the inability to perform small movements with the fingers, which can even become the cause of disability.

The reason for the development of this tunnel syndrome is a prolonged overload of the joints and ligaments of the hand. Most often, pathology develops in people who perform monotonous flexion-extensor movements with a brush in the service of their duty. For example, sign language interpreters, pianists, artists, people who work with a computer, etc.

Mechanism of carpal tunnel syndrome development

Raynaud's disease and syndrome

This is a pathological condition that is associated with impaired tonus of small arteries and finger capillaries. In response to any stimuli, or for no reason, the blood vessels spasmodize for a certain time, the blood flow in the fingers tissues is disturbed, which is manifested by the corresponding symptoms:

  1. At first the vessels sharply narrows, which causes paleness of the skin of the fingers. One finger on the arm or several may be affected. At this stage, a characteristic numbness develops, which patients are often perceived as pain. Most often, only the nail phalanges suffer, but the entire finger can also be drawn.
  2. The next stage is a paralytic vasodilation, the skin turns red, becomes a dark shade, sometimes bluish. At this stage, the pain becomes burning. Fingers swell.

Reynaud's disease is distinguished when the cause of such symptoms can not be recognized, and the syndrome, when the patient has a major disease. For example, Raynaud's syndrome is a frequent companion of systemic connective tissue disease( rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, dermatomyositis).

The danger of Raynaud's syndrome or illness lies in the high risk of developing gangrene brushes. If the spasm does not pass in time, then soft tissues can die. Also, in such patients, the risk of developing panaricians( purulent inflammation of the finger), trophic ulcers, fungal skin lesions and hand nails is increased.

Reynaud Syndrome


One of the main reasons why the joints of the fingers are sore is a deforming polyostoarthrosis( approximately 40% of all cases).Women are mainly affected after 45-50 years.

For this disease, in addition to chronic pain in the affected small joints, the development of nodular formations in the area of ​​articulations of the hand( the knots of Bushard and Geberden) is characteristic. The first are localized in the area of ​​proximal interphalangeal joints, the second - distal. They develop symmetrically on both hands, accompanied by pain and deformities of the hands, which often leads to its inferior function.

From time to time, these nodules, like the affected joints themselves, can become inflamed, swell and blush. During this period, pain intensifies, anti-inflammatory treatment is necessary. Outside the exacerbation of the painful sensations appear, as a rule, after the overstrain of the joints of the fingers.

Polyostoarthrosis( nodes of Buchar and Geberden)


If the joints of the thumbs are painful, then it is necessary first of all to exclude such a disease as rizartroz. In fact, this is the osteoarthrosis of the first finger. Pathology affects the joint, which is at the base of the first finger, and connects the wrist with the first metacarpal bone. Rizartrose accounts for up to 5% of all pains in the hands.

Most often, this pathology is observed together with polyostoarthrosis, but in 20-30% of cases has an independent course, which greatly complicates the diagnosis. The main symptoms of rizartrose: pain at the base of the first finger of the left or right hand, which is strengthened during movements, characteristic crunch in the joint, deformation of the thumb bone, limitation of the amplitude of movements in the affected joint.

If rizartroz is observed as an independent pathology, then it is necessary to conduct differential diagnosis with a disease that manifests similar symptoms, with tenosynovitis de Cerven. Unlike the latter, on the roentgenogram with osteoarthritis can be found pathological changes in bones, which is not the case with tenosynovitis.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Pain, which is associated with rheumatoid arthritis, accounts for 5-7% of all cases. People of any age and even children are ill. Women are 5 times more likely than men. As a rule, the pathology develops after 30 years.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory systemic disease that mainly affects the small joints of the body, but it is possible that major joints and internal organs are involved in the pathological process.

Disease, as a rule, begins acutely after the acute respiratory viral infection, stressful situation, hypothermia. Inflammation of metacarpophalangeal joints of the index and middle fingers. Articulations swell, redden, the skin over them becomes hot to the touch. Joints are very sore, a person can not even squeeze his hand into a fist. The defeat is often symmetrical on both hands. A characteristic feature is that the inflamed joints hurt in the morning or in the second half of the night, this is accompanied by stiffness of movements in the hands. By the evening painful sensations pass.

At the same time, other joints may also be inflamed, for example, wrist, knee, ankle, elbow. Often, the exacerbation of the disease is accompanied by fever, a general malaise.

Over time, if the patient has not received adequate treatment, the brush is deformed, its function is completely lost. And the curvature of the hand is so characteristic and typical that they are called "visiting card" rheumatoid arthritis.

Brush deformity due to rheumatoid arthritis

Gouty arthritis

Gout is an exchange disease that is accompanied by excessive formation in the body of uric acid and its deposition in the form of salts in peripheral tissues. Most often, the joint of the first toe of the foot suffers with gout, but sometimes( especially in women) psoriatic arthritis affects the upper limbs with the development of arthritis, which is very similar in appearance to rheumatoid arthritis.

Also you can read: Why did the finger on the finger inflame?

Signs of psoriatic arthritis of the fingers:

  • Inflammation manifests itself in the form of sudden attacks.
  • The pain is very sharp, it is impossible to touch the finger.
  • The joint blushes, swells, the skin above it shines, has a cyanotic shade.
  • With a prolonged course of the disease, there are gauze-specific nodules to the gout, which are a collection of urate salts.
  • The attack lasts 3-10 days and passes independently or under the effect of treatment( injections, pills, ointments).

If you do not resort to therapy and secondary prevention( diet, medicine), then eventually affected joints are destroyed, the brush deforms and loses its function.

Psoriatic arthropathy

In 7% of cases, the skin disease of psoriasis is complicated by the development of chronic inflammation of the joints( psoriatic arthropathy).The reasons for this, as well as the psoriasis itself, are unknown.

This arthritis is characterized by a so-called axial lesion, when all joints of one or several fingers are simultaneously inflamed. Because of this, it becomes like a sausage( sausage-shaped fingers).

The pain is very strong, it is observed both at rest and during movements. The finger is enlarged in size, red, the skin over it is hot. The defeat is asymmetrical. In the diagnosis help the patient's instructions for skin psoriasis rash in the past or her presence at the moment.

Psoriatic arthritis

Vibration disease

Occurs in persons who work with manual mechanized instruments that produce vibration. With its long-term exposure, a local vibration disease can develop which has several stages.

In the beginning, patients complain of passing pains, numbness, a feeling of runniness creepy in the fingers. Further, the pain becomes more pronounced, the sensitivity of the skin of the fingers is gradually lost, and other types of it drop out, for example, temperature and vibration. Vascular tone is disrupted and Raynaud's syndrome may occur. At the last stage develop trophic complications( ulcers, gangrene), which threatens the loss of individual fingers or a whole brush.


This is a purulent inflammation of all the tissues of the finger. Usually the nail phalanx is affected. The reason for the panarisation is the penetration of the infection into soft tissues, for example, a cut, a finger puncture, burr pulling, an unsuccessful manicure, etc.

The first sign of a panic is pain that has a pulling or pulsating character that intensifies at night. Then redness and swelling are added, the skin becomes hot to the touch, you can find a wound with pus. The general condition of a person suffers: the temperature rises to high values, general malaise develops.

Panaritium is a dangerous disease not only for one finger, but for human life, because infection can get into the blood with the development of sepsis and death. Therefore purulent inflammation is an urgent condition that requires urgent surgical care and adequate antibiotic therapy.

These are only the main reasons why the joints of the fingers are sore. In fact, there are a lot of them. If the pain does not leave you for a long time, is not associated with a bruise, is accompanied by other pathological signs, then it is mandatory to be examined by a doctor. After all, such, at first glance, a trifling symptom can cost not only hands, but also life.

Pain in the joints of the fingers

The most functional, mobile and necessary part of the body is, of course, the hands. Without them it is impossible not only to work, but also to engage in simple daily affairs. Therefore, pain in the joints of the fingers, even weak, causes severe discomfort and significantly limits the actions of the person.

Joints of the fingers are aching - the reason is

The pain-provoking factors are many enough to correctly diagnose a disease, it is necessary to pay attention to its characteristic symptoms, localization, the intensity of unpleasant sensations, their duration. The main causes of pain in the joints of the fingers:

  • gout;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • polyostoarthrosis;
  • carpal tunnel syndrome;
  • Raynaud's syndrome;
  • psoriatic arthritis;
  • rizartrose;
  • tenosynovit de Cervena;
  • osteomyelitis;
  • stenosing ligament;
  • infectious, septic arthritis.

We consider these diseases in more detail.

Why are the fingers sore?

With gout in the joints is deposited urate - salts of uric acid. This leads to swelling, reddening of the tissues in the metacarpophalangeal areas of the fingers. Later, there is a restriction of joint mobility, pain is of an intense nature, it arises from attacks.

Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by deformation and the formation of tight nodules on the joints that are palpated under the skin. Pain in the fingers of the average degree, can be constant and periodic. As a rule, joint damage occurs symmetrically on both extremities.

Polyostoarthrosis is accompanied by a thickening of the fingers in the middle and closer to the nails( Geberden's nodules).Discomfort and unpleasant sensations disturb during active actions, standing position and noticeably decrease during and after a dream. The joint of the thumb is the hardest to ache, which then becomes inactive.

For Raynaud's syndrome and carpal tunnel, there is a strong numbness in the hands, in addition to severe pain of high intensity. Often patients complain of the inability to bend fingers or squeeze them into a fist.

In psoriatic arthritis all joints on the finger are inflamed. In this case, it is strongly hyperemic, puffiness is observed. It is worth noting that psoriasis causes asymmetrical lesions of the fingers, so it is easy to distinguish from other diseases. In addition, psoriatic arthritis in any case is accompanied by symptoms on the skin in the form of flaky plaques.

During the course of rizartroza, the thumb is on the arm. The cause of the development of this disease is a constant excessive strain on this joint. Risatrose is characterized by a strong deformation of the bones, which is noticeable even visually, without X-ray examination.

Tenosynovitis de Kervena is symptomatically very similar to rizatroz. The main difference is the absence of deformations and other joint changes. The pain occurs suddenly, usually when the thumb is loaded.

Osteomyelitis is caused by purulent inflammatory processes in the bone marrow and joints. Characteristic signs - increased body temperature, severe pain in the joints of the fingers, limiting their mobility.

With stenosing ligament the ring band of periarticular tissues is affected. There is an inability of the patient to bend or unbend his fingers, as this causes intense pain, short clicks can be heard.

Septic, infectious arthritis occurs due to entry into the joint of infectious agents. In addition to discomfort and discomfort in the fingers, the disease is accompanied by symptoms of intoxication and increased body temperature.

Your fingers hurt - what should I do?

You must first contact the therapist to identify possible causes of the ailment. You will also need to take an X-ray of the patient's fingers, visit a rheumatologist and surgeon. Only after establishing an accurate diagnosis, the true cause of the pain, you can proceed to treatment.

The main causes of pain in the joints of the fingers

Hands for man are very important. With their help, we perform almost all the work, except that only graceful finger movements allow us to write, draw, play musical instruments and create works of art. But often it happens that the usual and everyday movements prevent us from performing pain in the joints of the fingers. Only then does a person begin to appreciate this part of his body. Why this symptom develops, what it can warn us about and how to deal with it - we'll talk below. Briefly about the anatomy of

The brush is the distal part of the upper limb of a person, which consists of a large number of bones, joints, muscles and ligaments. A brush of 3 anatomical parts - a wrist, a pastern and a skeleton of phalanges of fingers is constructed. When mention of pain in the joints of the fingers, they mean metacarpophalangeal, proximal and distal interphalangeal joints. These joints are larger than all the joints of the hand and are prone to negative effects due to superficial location and great motor activity.

Pseudo-phalanx joints consist of the heads of the metacarpal bones and the base of the proximal phalanges of the fingers. The shape of the joint is spherical, which provides the amplitude of movements in the range of flexion and extension, reduction and retraction, as well as circular rotation.

Interphalangeal joints are divided into proximal( between the proximal and middle phalanx of the fingers) and distal( between the middle and distal phalanges of the fingers).Only the skeleton of the first finger, in view of its features and functions, has one interphalangeal joint( since a finger is constructed from two, and not from three phalanges, like the rest).These joints have the form of a block, which provides them with an amplitude of movements in the range of only flexion and extension.

Hand brush consists of a large number of joints, most often affected by metacarpophalangeal, proximal and distal interphalangeal

The main causes of pain

If your joints are aching painfully or become painful during movement, then most likely you have a disease,which occurs with the defeat of these structures of the musculoskeletal system. Because of usual fatigue, the pain in the fingers is rarely developed. This is possible, for example, in schoolchildren after the summer holidays, when for a long time the fingers did not feel loads and in similar situations. But this pain is characterized as a feeling of fatigue, does not require treatment and quickly passes after a minimum rest.

Persistent pain in the joints of the fingers can indicate the following diseases:

  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • polyostoarthrosis;
  • gouty arthritis;
  • psoriatic arthritis;
  • stenosing ligament;
  • acute infectious arthritis( bacterial, viral, fungal).

Consider each option separately. Knowing the features of the course of a disease will help in each case to suspect you the true causes of pain in the joints of the fingers and to appoint the right treatment.

Factors that contribute to the defeat of the joints of the fingers:

  • the presence of autoimmune diseases and disorders;
  • presence in the body of chronic foci of infection( carious teeth, chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis, etc.);
  • hormonal imbalance in the body, endocrine pathology;
  • diseases, which are accompanied by a violation of metabolic processes;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • traumatic injuries of the brushes in the anamnesis;
  • permanent negative impact of environmental factors( cold, hot water or air, vibration);
  • professional harmfulness.

Rheumatoid arthritis

This chronic autoimmune disease of the musculoskeletal system is the most common cause of lesions of small joints, in particular the joints of the fingers. The disease has an undulating course with alternating periods of exacerbation and remission. It affects all age groups of patients, is more often observed in women than in men.

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Symptoms of hand polyarthritis

For the initial stages of rheumatoid arthritis, tenderness in the small joints of the hand is characteristic, sometimes it is even painful to bend the hand in a fist. Exacerbation is accompanied by inflammatory changes in the joints - swelling, redness, increased local skin temperature over diseased joints, inability to fully execute the volume of movements first because of pain, later due to deformities of the brush.

A characteristic symptom of rheumatoid arthritis is pain in the hands in the morning and a feeling of stiffness. Sometimes it hurts to perform any movements for a long time - stiffness goes to dinner or even by evening.

In the late stages of the disease irreversible changes occur in the joint and muscle-ligamentous apparatus of the hands, with the development of typical deformities, which are called the visiting card of rheumatoid arthritis:

  • hand with a lorgnette;
  • by type of buttonhole;
  • the neck of the swan;
  • fingers have a button fastening position.

When the disease worsens, there may be general symptoms - fever, anorexia, muscle pain, poor health. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect any joints in the body, but the favorite location is the joints of the fingers of the hands.

So the brush of a patient with late stage of rheumatoid arthritis looks like


This is a chronic degenerative-dystrophic joint disease. Usually, osteoarthritis affects the large joints of the body( knee, hip, ankle), but sometimes the small joints of the hands are drawn into the pathological process. In this case, the symptoms are most often found in women in menopause, which confirms the relationship of the disease with the estrogenic background of the body.

Pain in the fingers with polyostoarthrosis appears more often in the evening, after a day's work and physical stress on the joints, and not in the morning, as in rheumatoid arthritis. Accompanied by a crunch in the affected joints, rarely occurs with signs of inflammation. Over time, as the pathological process progresses, the joints are deformed, their mobility is lost, which often leads to the inability to perform small movements, and sometimes even to service themselves.

Specific features of polyointearthrosis of the fingers are specific formations - the nodules of Bouchard and Geberden. Bushar's nodules are formations that develop gradually around the affected proximal interphalangeal joints. Their favorite place of localization is the lateral surfaces of the indicated joints, this leads to a kind of spindle-shaped thickening of the fingers and restriction of mobility in the hands.

Geberden's nodules are formations that grow on the lateral surface of the distal interphalangeal joints. Their growth is accompanied, in contrast to Bouchard's nodes, by symptoms of inflammation and pain. With the progression of polyostoarthrosis, the fingers become knotty, which can be called pathognomonic signs of the disease.

The characteristic features of the polyostoarthrosis of the hands are the nodes of Geberden and Bouchard

A variant of the polyostearthrosis of the fingers of the hand is rizartroz. This is a lesion of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the first finger of the hand. It develops due to constant loads on this joint. Very often difficulties arise in the diagnosis, since the pathology of this localization is also characteristic of psoriatic and gouty arthritis.

Psoriatic arthritis

Contrary to popular belief, psoriasis is not only a skin disease, in 10-15% of cases, the pathology occurs with joint damage. The disease occurs with periods of exacerbations and remissions. The preferred location is the distal interphalangeal joints. In some cases, psoriatic arthritis proceeds as pandactylitis, when the entire finger suffers - it becomes swollen, red, it hurts not only in the morning, but constantly, almost does not bend, in shape resembles a sausage. Recognize psoriatic arthritis is usually not difficult - along with the damage to the fingers of the fingers, one can observe typical psoriatic skin rashes.

Video about psoriatic arthritis:

Gouty arthritis

Gout is an exchange disease characterized by impaired purine metabolism with excess uric acid formation, which is debugged in the form of salts in peripheral tissues and joint capsule. Although gout mainly affects the thumb on the leg, but the localization on the fingers is also common. In the pathological process, the metacarpophalangeal joints, especially the thumb, are drawn.

Gouty arthritis has a paroxysmal course. When the pain is exacerbated, the pain is so severe that the patient can not even touch the affected area. Soreness accompanied by symptoms of inflammation - swelling, redness and increased local temperature.

It is also possible to observe subcutaneous painless deposits of uric acid salts - tofusi, the size of which can vary from barely noticeable to giant.

Gouty Arthritis of the Toes

Stenosing ligamentitis

This pathology is very often confused with arthrosis and arthritis. It is based on inflammation of the ring-shaped ligaments of the fingers. This leads to soreness with active and passive movements in them with specific clicks. In diagnosis, radiography helps, in pictures with ligament pathological changes will not be visible. As a rule, local therapy for this disease, for example, analgesic ointment is more effective than with other lesions.

Acute infectious arthritis

In most cases, infectious lesions proceed as a monoarthritis - a lesion of one joint, rarely two or more joints are drawn into the pathological process. This pathology can be caused by any pathological microorganisms that can penetrate into the joint directly from the external environment, be carried with blood flow or penetrate from neighboring tissues. Infectious arthritis with pronounced pain, inflammation and violation of the general condition of the patient flows.

Establishing the true cause of pain in the joints of the fingers plays a very important role, after all, recognizing the enemy in person, it becomes much easier to fight with him. Therefore, the treatment of articular pathology should be primarily etiological, and then symptomatic. Why do the joints of the fingers ache? How to get rid of joint pain by folk remedies?| |LS Health October 29, 2014. Viewings: 12647 I like 0

Pain in the joints of the hands is one of the most common reasons people turn to a doctor. If the discomfort is too strong and persists for a long time, even simple household affairs become painful. This gives a person a lot of inconvenience and violates his professional activities.

The soreness of the joints can be different, as are its causes. It is important when you have discomfort and pain, even if only insignificant, to see a doctor. A neglected disease can lead to deformities of the hands, which is very dangerous. Often they significantly disrupt the movement in the joints.

Why do the joints of hurt on the hands?

Doctors-rheumatologists subdivide all joint pains into 2 large categories: mechanical and inflammatory nature. Painful sensations of a mechanical nature develop due to degenerative changes in the joints. They do not show a feeling of stiffness in the morning. Only in rare cases it is present. But, as a rule, very insignificant and weakly expressed, passes already in 30 minutes after awakening. Mechanical pains subside in a calm state.

Pain sensations of an inflammatory nature are characterized by prolonged stiffness in the mornings, which can persist for an hour or more. Pain decreases when performing movements. In addition, with inflammatory pains, patients notice other symptoms: redness in the joint area, edema, a decrease in the volume of movements performed, and a violation of flexibility. Mechanical pain can be accompanied by signs of local inflammation. But the latter, as a rule, are insignificant and weakly expressed. Often patients do not even notice them.

Joints in the joints of the hands: causes and diagnoses

  • Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common cause of pain in the joints of the hands. This disease is systemic in nature and affects not only the joints, but the entire human body. The disease can develop at any age. Often it is diagnosed in children and young people. Symptomatic lesion of joints is a characteristic feature. That is, with rheumatoid arthritis joints of both hands ache. If you are concerned about pain only from the 1st side, then the reason, most likely, lies in another disease. Also, with arthritis, periods of exacerbation are followed by periods of recovery and reduction of pain and stiffness.
  • Osteoarthrosis of is manifested by deformation of the joints - they thicken and lose their former mobility. Osteoarthritis is mainly caused by elderly women. The development of pathology is associated with estrogen hormones: when there are few of them, joint deformity arises. Also, the development of the disease affects hereditary dispositions and professional loads on the hands. A characteristic feature is nodules and swelling of the periarticular region.
  • Risartrose affects only the thumbs, other joints are not involved in the process. Disease occurs when overloading the thumbs during work.
  • Ligamentitis stenosing is characterized by an inflammatory process in the joints of the joints. Pain is felt during extension and flexion. Fingers jam in a bent position, and in order to unbend them, you have to apply effort. When you move, you can hear characteristic clicks.
  • Gout is a fairly common disease that is affected mostly by people over 50 years old. The cause of gout is a violation of uric acid metabolism-the latter is poorly excreted from the body and deposited in the joints and cartilage, interfering with their normal function. A characteristic sign of gout is intense burning pain.
  • Psoriatic arthritis occurs with psoriasis. In addition to joints, the disease covers the skin and internal organs. In this case, the fingers swell and swell in volume. Characteristic signs - pain and movement disorders.
  • Arthritis of an infectious nature occurs when the joints are affected by bacteria or viruses. Can have 1 or more joints. Often this inflammation is accompanied by additional symptoms( for example, an increase in body temperature).
  • Pregnancy .The defeat of joints in pregnancy is associated with a lack of calcium.

Factors affecting the appearance of joint pain:

  1. Diseases of the immune system
  2. Infectious diseases with chronic course
  3. Exchange disorders

Pain in the joints of the fingers: causes, treatment


Our hands more often than other organs come into contact with the outside world,and therefore are susceptible to the development of various diseases and injuries. The most vulnerable part of the hand is the brush. It is in her most often there are painful sensations.

Causes of pain in the joints of the fingers

Conditionally all the causes of the pain can be divided into those that appeared as a result of injuries of the limbs, and those that developed due to the appearance of any disease. Joint dislocation is one of the most common injuries of the hands. The risk of bone bias is not limited to people whose work may be associated with heavy physical labor. Dislocations are often with athletes. Displacement can occur when falling, lifting weights, etc. Evidence of trauma is such symptoms as numbness of the fingers, pain and difficulty in movement. If, shortly before the onset of pain, there were no injuries, it is likely that pain can be a symptom of a disease.


In this disease, inflammation occurs not only in the joint itself, but also in nearby tissues. Pain in arthritis can be felt even in a state of rest. The affected area can also be determined by the presence of swelling and redness. In the absence of treatment, the joints gradually deform, the pain intensifies, and movements are much more difficult and accompanied by a crunch. There are several varieties of arthritis:

  • Psoriatic .Occurs in patients suffering from psoriasis. At the patient all the joints of the affected finger can simultaneously inflame. Symmetric inflammation is usually not observed.
  • Rheumatic .If an infection occurs or if an allergic reaction occurs, this type of disease may occur. Unlike psoriatic, rheumatoid arthritis develops symmetrically, that is, the development of the disease occurs on both hands. The patient experiences constant pain and chills. The body weight decreases, and the temperature increases.
  • Gouty .It is a consequence of the deterioration of metabolism. The disease occurs against a background of progressive gout. The patient experiences seizures of pain. Gouty arthritis begins to develop on the joints of the toes, gradually moving to the joints of the fingers.

Osteoarthritis, rizartrose, osteoarthrosis

Arthrosis is no less serious than arthritis. In the absence of timely treatment, irreversible deformity of the joints occurs. If the inflammation affects the joint that connects the thumb and the wrist, you can talk about a disease like rizartroz, arising from the systematic sharpening of the load on the hands. The destruction of the cartilaginous tissue around the joint indicates the presence of such a disease as osteoarthritis. Movement in this disease is accompanied by a crunch and become more constrained. In the area of ​​the affected joint, the appearance of seals can be seen.


When the joint volume increases the volume of synovial fluid, the inflammatory process begins. In such cases, the patient is diagnosed with bursitis. The amazed finger at bursitis swells and becomes crimson. The patient suffers severe pain.

Treatment of pain in the joints of the fingers of the hands

Even if the patient feels that he knows the cause of the onset of pain or deformity( for example, he recently received an injury), one should not draw independent conclusions and make a diagnosis. Only specialists can establish exact reasons. Nevertheless, some measures can be taken before contacting a doctor. In the case of mechanical trauma, before going to the clinic, it is necessary to apply a cold compress. If the tumor does not subside, it is possible that the patient has a fracture or dislocation. Without the participation of a specialist, this problem can not be solved.

In the event that the appearance of pain and swelling caused by arthritis, bursitis and other diseases, the effect of low temperatures may be useless. The patient needs medical treatment. Probably, the doctor will recommend treating the affected areas with special ointments and creams, prescribe painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. As ancillary a patient may be prescribed therapeutic gymnastics and massage. In the presence of gouty arthritis, a special diet is prepared for the patient, which he must rigorously follow. Some diseases, for example, rheumatoid arthritis, require cardinal measures, that is, surgical intervention. In parallel with taking medications, the patient may be prescribed mud therapy or physiotherapy.

To eliminate the disease, the patient may need chondroprotectors contained in such drugs as "Collagen Ultra".The composition of such drugs may include extracts of medicinal plants and mineral-vitamin complexes. Due to the presence of chondroprotectors, metabolic processes in the joints are significantly improved, inflammations pass.

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