Knee arthrosis knee joint
The knee used for arthrosis of the corresponding joint is a device for fixing it used by patients for the purpose of rehabilitation and reduction of pain. Regular wearing of it will contribute to the fact that the affected knee joint will receive more blood, and with it necessary nutrients for the restoration of cartilage.
For arthrosis, knee pads are used to achieve the following:
Removal of puffiness, due to outflow of synovial fluid.
Reduced pain threshold.
Removing the restriction in limb movement.
Normalization of blood circulation.
How to choose a knee for arthrosis of the knee joint
Before you decide on a particular band for supporting a knee joint suffering from arthrosis, you need to familiarize yourself with their main features:
If it was decided to stop the choice on a product made of wool or cotton fabric, it is worth to know that their main advantages are comfort in use, pleasant sensations during socks. Nevertheless, there are drawbacks - it is frequent washing and fast wear.
Knee pads made from neoproten will last for a long time, compared to woolen and fabric bandages. But their significant disadvantage is that neoproten does not miss either moisture or air, so the leg under the bandage will constantly sweat.
An indispensable tool for the treatment of arthrosis, especially post-traumatic is the knee, made of dog hair. Also, these products have proven themselves and for the treatment of other types of arthrosis. They have a pronounced therapeutic effect and perfectly warm up the aching joint. The effect is achieved due to the fact that the dog's hair is highly hygroscopic. It also contains certain surfactants that penetrate the skin of a person and have an anti-inflammatory effect.
The last word in the knee pads for people suffering from arthrosis remains for products made of polyester or elastane. It is these bandages that are ready to serve long periods, and they are the most unpretentious in care. But there is one drawback - this is a relatively high cost.
Do not shift the purchase of the product to someone else's shoulders, because it is extremely important to measure the knee before making the final choice. Such an approach will provide an opportunity to more accurately determine the size.
Supporting knee orthopedic design can be soft, semi-rigid or rigid.
Choosing an open or closed knee, you need to proceed from the nature of pain. If they are intense and arise when lifting a leg, it is better to give preference to a product that has spiral stiffeners. If the patient is at the stage of rehabilitation and the pain is rarely disturbed to him, then it is better to recommend an open knee.
When an unpleasant sensation occurs in the area below the patella, then it is advisable to purchase a product to support the tendons.
The pain caused by post-traumatic arthrosis will help to remove the articulated knee.
There are the following types of knee pads:
Type "closed".To buy such a product is better in the case when the pain is not amenable to localization.
Type "open", with the possibility of adjusting the tension. Purchase this knee should be done for people who are at the stage of rehabilitation and experiencing mild pain.
Type "open", with stiffeners in the form of spirals. Such a bandage will be an ideal solution for those people who experience pain when climbing the stairs.
Knee brace. A universal product suitable for all types of arthrosis.
Knee, supporting the tendons. This bandage will be an indispensable "friend" of those patients who suffer from pain under the knee cap.
Recommendations when using knee braces
When carrying a knee brace, these tips should be considered:
Wear the product for no more than 3 hours per day. And it is necessary to distribute this time competently and to put on the knee in when the leg will experience increased physical exertion.
It is impossible to allow a bandage to strongly compress the knee, disrupting the circulation, otherwise it would do harm instead of good. To notice excessive compression it will be possible visually - in the region of the knee, edema develops.
It is worth selecting the product in size, if the knee is dangling, the patient will not feel the therapeutic and analgesic effect. In order for the knee to fit, it is necessary to measure the girth of the leg in two places - above the knee and under it. The distance to the measurement site is 15 cm from the cup itself up and down.
Orthopedic knee braces are indispensable helpers in the fight against arthrosis. Their wearing will be an excellent complement to the general therapeutic scheme followed by man. Do not assume that the usual elastic bandage can fully replace the modern bandage for the knee. After all, these products are developed taking into account all the features of the structure of the knee joint.
At this time in front of patients with arthrosis of the knee opens a wide range of various models of bandages: with locks of metal, having a knee cap, soft products, and with built-in burs and other devices. The main thing is not to make choices thoughtlessly and before buying, be sure to consult a doctor.
Author of the article: Kaplan Alexander Sergeevich, Trauma Physician, orthopedist
How and what to choose knee pads for arthrosis
Known osteoarthritis of the knee joint( gonarthrosis) is almost all. Pathogenesis and mechanisms of the launch of this disease have been described for a very long time. But, despite this, new approaches to treatment are formed and reviewed by each generation of specialists.
Modern orthopedists have come to a conclusion about the advisability of minimally using medicamentous influences in patients with initial stages of gonarthrosis. They should be replaced by a correction of lifestyle and activities aimed at protecting joints from the factors that cause the onset and progression of the disease. Using knee joints for arthrosis, achieve this goal. But even in such a simple medical event there are a lot of subtleties that must be taken into account to ensure maximum efficiency from its inclusion in the medical complex.
Justification of the use of
knee pads Numerous scientific studies and many years of medical practice have clearly established that the leading role in the occurrence of most cases of arthrosis of knee joints belongs to their constant overstrain and traumatism. Loads on the articular cartilage, not corresponding to its actual capabilities and endurance, cause premature aging of the structures forming the knee joint.
By external fixation and additional strengthening of the joint, a regular and even distribution of the loads to all its components( hyaline cartilage, capsule, meniscus, ligamentous apparatus) is achieved. This provides therapeutic effects and physiological stability of the knee joint. Movements are performed more confidently and less painfully or not at all accompanied by pain syndrome.
It's important to remember! Gonarthrosis can be one of the consequences of any traumatic and inflammatory changes in the structures that form the knee. Fixation with the knee helps to reduce the pressure of the joint surfaces on each other. Such medical measures support the microcirculatory and trophic processes in the hyaline cartilage at the proper level, which prevents premature degeneration and dystrophy!
Principles of external fixation in gonarthrosis: how good the
knee pads Any diseases of the osteoarticular apparatus require a certain type of immobilization of the affected segment. This will ensure the fastest recovery of damaged structures. Bony, cartilaginous and connective tissue formations related to the knee joint have weak regenerative abilities.
Therefore, the fixing time for their recovery should be quite long. Since gonarthrosis is a chronic disease with a prolonged course, the fixing devices must ensure the maximum preservation of the functional capabilities of the knee joint. Naturally, hard gypsum and Scotchkast bandages do not meet these requirements and can not be used for a long time.
The first way to strengthen osteoarthritis affected knee joints was the use of elastic bandages. The method has been used for a long time and has been successfully applied, but in the course of everyday observations a number of shortcomings were noticed:
- difficulties with the correct application of bandages;
- the need to re-bandage because of its poor fixation;
- non-uniform distribution of a compression on different areas of an articulation;
- mobility impairment;
- tissue compression;
- formation of edema of the lower leg and foot.
All the listed drawbacks of hard bandages and elastic bandages are devoid of special knee pads and orthoses. Patients with osteoarthritis of the knee joints of any stage can use these orthopedic products in everyday life for a long time.
The availability of different types of knee pads provides the possibility of individual selection of the product
How to choose the right kind of knee
Before choosing knee pads for arthrosis, you need to familiarize yourself with their existing species. The second rule that allows you to choose the right product is to take into account the stage of the pathological process and the degree of fixation required. Observance of these two conditions in combination with taking into account the individual anatomical and functional characteristics of each patient will provide the maximum benefit.
It's important to remember! The use of the knee in arthrosis of the knee joint is the same treatment measure as the other components of the complex treatment. Therefore, the selection of a suitable product is best done by consulting with your doctor or an expert!
Companies that manufacture orthopedic products have taken care of ensuring that the products meet all possible requirements and the necessary options for fixing the knee joint. The assortment of fixators is so wide( magnetic, elastic, rigid, etc.) that even specialists can not trace all their varieties. Therefore, the main thing is to know the fundamental differences between them, direct purpose and fixing and functional capabilities. Another important point: the selection of the right knee size depends on the circumference of the knee area.
The main types of knee joint arthrosis and their brief description are given in the table.
|Type of knee according to the materials and construction of the product||Description and function of the product|
Bandages - group of knee pads intended for soft fixation
|Simple circular knee-type elastic knee-guard||A universal product that can be used for any manifestation of gonarthrosis. Strengthens the joint when performing any volume of movements.|
|Knee brace of open-type elastic materials||Due to the possibility of adjusting the compression of the fabric, it is easy to fix. It is indicated for arthrosis with periodic enhancement of pain syndrome and preserved stability of the knee joint.|
|Open elastic bandage, additionally reinforced with metal inserts( stiffeners)||Used for arthrosis accompanied by puncture pains for certain types of exercise( transition from sitting to vertical position, squatting, walking on stairs, running)|
|Orthoses - devices that provide rigid fixationwith the possibility of motor activity||Elastic, reinforced with rigid plates||By design resemble a reinforced elastic band. The latter are distinguished by a more rigid fixation. Are shown at an arthrosis, combined with lateral instability of a joint.|
|On hinged or mixed basis||Provides movements in the knee joint solely in a volume of moderate flexion and extension. Appointed after surgery, with arthrosis, due to traumatic lesions of intraarticular structures( menisci, cruciate ligaments).|
|Tutors - special products for rigid fixation of the knee joint||Consist of dense and elastic fabric, strengthened by rigid fixed plates with the possibility of adjusting the fixation density||For arthrosis are used extremely rarely. Indications can be pronounced exacerbations in the form of arthrosis-arthritis, early postoperative period, severe pain syndrome with minimal movements, any traumatic injuries of the knee against the background of gonarthrosis.|
|Special types||Heating knee pads with infrared source||Both types of knee protectors have additional healing properties in addition to fixation, in the form of a thermal effect. This allows to reduce the severity of the pain syndrome and protects the joint from hypothermia.|
|Containing fibers from animal hair( dog or camel)|
|Magnetic knee braces||Represents elastic elastics, reinforced with metal and magnetic plates. The magnetic field, which they create, provides a permanent beneficial effect on the affected joint tissue by the type of magnetotherapy.|
The cost of the
depends on the price of the knee pads varies widely and depends on the manufacturer, the quantity and quality of the materials from which the product is made. The most common models range from 27-30 to 250-300 dollars.
Practical advice! When choosing the knee, preference should be given either to branded firms or to those that enjoy the highest popularity. It is not advisable to buy products that are too cheap, but look like expensive ones. Their service life is much less, and the quality of fixation leaves much to be desired!
Use of knee pads for arthrosis is an aid proven by the ages
Treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint should be carried out in a complex manner. The doctor registers the treatment plan, and most importantly, what he prescribes are medicines, and here you can not remove something or, especially, add yourself. As for other methods of therapy - the patient, in general, is free to choose and even experiment within reasonable limits. For many years people have been using knee pads for arthrosis, which not only reduces pain, but also the treatment process becomes more effective. What kinds of knee pads does the market offer to us today, and what results do the manufacturers promise?
In the photo - knee with camel wool
Advantages of using
The main function of knee pads, as well as elastic bandage, is to fix the ligaments and joints. For a healthy person, such a device can be needed only with increased physical exertion: sometimes it is worn by people who professionally engage in sports, as well as workers in some industries. They also wear it after knee injuries for faster recovery and prevention of complications.
For a person with arthrosis of the knee joint, simple walking is already an increased load. Physiotherapy and easy exercise with regular exercise will be a plus, but a big load on your knees is a minus. Those who have been sick for a long time already - may begin to deform the joint, and the knee can partially resist this process.
Why is it better to choose a knee pads rather than an elastic bandage? Bandage should be periodically bandaged( sometimes several times a day), it is difficult to calculate how tight it should be tightened. The knee is selected at the time of purchase in consultation with the attending physician and will not crush, dangle, or fall.
It would seem that the better you pull the leg, the better the bundles - but it's not. After an excessively strong dressing bandage knee or part of the leg can turn blue( due to a violation of blood flow), there may be a swelling. With knee pads this does not happen, in addition, there are models that allow you to change the strength of fixation.
The choice of knee for arthrosis
It is best to check with a doctor about the purchase. By the type of fixation, the knee joints for arthrosis are divided into light, medium and tight. How to choose? Again, the doctor will help you determine, but in general, the more the disease is launched, the more tightly the fixation should be. At the same time, make sure that your leg is not numb.
In addition to fixing, the knee has a warming function, which alleviates the pain. There are models of canine and camel wool: the microparticles of such material themselves have healing properties that people have noticed in ancient times. They alone will not cure arthrosis, but they will significantly reduce pain and help to speed up the recovery process - this is confirmed by positive patient feedback.
Orthopedic models soften movements, and the joint is much less stressed. They are developed and manufactured by medical companies, so these devices should only be purchased at a pharmacy or a specialized store.
Knee pads are heated and without, there are models with hinges, and when they are manufactured using a variety of materials
There are also more expensive models - with heating. This construction is more difficult, but due to warming it greatly reduces pain. Increased temperature is achieved by heating the knee with thermal rays of a halogen or infrared lamp built into the knee.
Before buying, be sure to consult a doctor.
Knee joints with knee arthrosis slowly, but very confidently forced out of the market elastic bandages, used earlier for the treatment of articular pathology.
It is very important during periods of exacerbation of the disease to minimize the load on the bone articulation, because the additional fixation of the joint structure is very important.
Why are the knee pads better than elastic bandages?
Even the simplest, cheapest knee pads will cost several times more than the most expensive elastic bandage. But in this economy there is no reason. Bandages, at least twice a day, will need to be re-bandaged, which brings inconvenience to the habitual way of life.
Self-calculation of the tension force is difficult, because it is easy to squeeze the vessels of the lower limb, which will certainly hurt your legs. With tight bandaging, the delivery of nutrients to the area of inflammation deteriorates sharply, which aggravates the symptomatic picture of pathology.
The elastic fabric practically does not pass air, the skin ceases to "breathe", sweating appears and the infection joins. The inflamed joint needs to be warmed well, in order to slow down the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue. Bandages do not have a warming effect, therefore they are of little use as a treatment for arthrosis of the knee joint.
Types of knee pads
Knee pads come in several forms:
- closed bandage. It is very convenient to use. He is appointed in the first stages of the disease, when a large area needs heating;
- if the pain syndrome increases with increasing load on the knee, then pick up the product options with stiffeners. They will allow to unload the joint and will serve as protection for the entire joint structure;
- after surgery on the knee necessarily require knee pads, where the function of tension control is provided;
- knee pads with a hole allow the knee to rigidly fix;
- for warming, warm products will do. We will dwell on them in more detail;
- if the arthrosis is deforming, or if there is an aggressive course, then hinges will be required, they will rigidly fix the joint, preventing the change of its shape;
- a bandage for fixing tendons is suitable for those people who have a hotbed located directly under the patella or behind the foot.
How to choose a knee to warm the knee
Pay attention to the material from which the product is made
It should fit tightly to the foot, but not tighten the fabric. The warmth of the knee joint is ideally suited for dogs and camels. It has already been proved that the knee pads of dog hair have an anti-inflammatory effect. Somewhat less often, for the production of the article, they use the fluff of rabbits, sheep's wool.
But progress is inexorable. Today, completely new designs with built-in infrared lamps have been developed. Healing radiation penetrates deeply into the tissue, providing uniform heating. Such knee pads have a somewhat higher cost, but they can reduce the intake of unsafe anti-inflammatory drugs and pain medications.
Fabrics for the manufacture of knee braces
Various fabrics are used for the manufacture of knee pads:
- Cotton is breathable and perfectly absorbs moisture, but frequent washing quickly causes the fabric to become unusable. Cotton products are practically devoid of contracting properties, therefore they have a small consumer value.
- The coat warms the sick knee well. It excretes substances that improve the quality of blood, and therefore, enhance the process of cartilage regeneration.
- Neoprene has good fixing properties, is resistant to abrasion, perfectly tolerates washing. But, it very poorly transmits moisture, bringing a lot of discomfort when using the knee. To increase the moisture absorption, it is advised to wear thin liners made of natural fabrics, but they do not help much in this situation.
- Elan or polyesteaster has become a true tandem, combining all the useful properties. But there is a significant disadvantage - they are quite expensive in price. A knee joint for arthrosis will last you a long time and will be comfortable with it.
Magnetic and orthopedic knee joints for knee arthrosis
The magnetic knee, as a means of treating arthrosis, has a good reputation. Magnetic waves have a good effect on the joint, because their regular use is indicated in the presence of articular pathologies. When choosing products with magnets, pay attention to its weight. Rarely, but there are specimens with an inflated mass, because they are somewhat inconvenient to use.
How to choose an orthopedic knee will tell your treating trauma. Well "fitted" design does not slip, but does not press on the limb. The doctor as accurately as possible can pick up on a material and the size, considering a stage and features of a course of illness.
How to choose orthopedic knee pads
Initially, elastic bandages were successfully used to fix knee joints in arthrosis, however this method had a number of drawbacks. The bandage did not provide the correct distribution of loads on the joint, the bandage squeezed the tissues, which aggravated the problems with cartilage nutrition. In addition, the dressing provokes the formation of swelling of the lower leg and foot. Hard plaster bandages completely impede movement and are unsuitable for long-term use.
Later, special knee pads were developed, in which flaws were eliminated. Modern orthopedic products intended for use in the complex treatment of gonarthrosis are divided into several groups, depending on the design features and the type of material. The choice in favor of a particular product depends on the nature and localization of pain, origin and severity of the disease.to the contents ↑
For soft joint fixing, bandages are used. Closed tubular bandage is a universal product made of elastic material. Knee joints of this type reliably fix the joints, grasping the adjacent areas of the limb by about 12-15 cm on both sides of the joint. Closed bandages do not constrain movements, they are used to prevent injuries, as well as at any stage of gonarthrosis with unclear localization of pain.
In the early stages of arthrosis of the knee joint, as well as with arthrosis of traumatic origin, open bandages with the ability to adjust the degree of compression of the limb are recommended.In case of arthrosis with pinpoint pains arising from walking on stairs, squats, etc., open bandages with stiffeners are used. To contents ↑
The third type of knee pads is orthoses, devices for rigid fixation of joints, but allowing movement. Orthoses are produced with plates and on a hinged base. Adapters based on wafers are used in cases where arthrosis is aggravated by lateral instability of the joint. Knee joints provide minimal mobility of the affected knee and are usually used in the postoperative period and in trauma.A group of special products stands out rather arbitrarily. It includes knee pads with camel and dog hair, infrared heating and magnetic inserts.
Cotton, wool, elastane, nylon and a number of other materials are used for the manufacture of knee pads. Optimum fixation is provided by neoprene knee pads, however this material is absolutely waterproof and it is impossible to put the knee on the naked body. On them must necessarily be a layer of fabric made from natural fibers to normalize the gas exchange. A common drawback of all knee joints made of synthetic materials is the absence of warming inserts. If the key factor of choice is protection against hypothermia, it is worth paying attention to the models made with the use of wool.to content ↑
The case when a patient chooses an orthopedic device based solely on the advisability of using a particular product can be considered an unattainable ideal. In most cases, you have to pay attention to prices. The simplest bandages cost about 800 rubles, the lower price bracket of orthoses is 2000 rubles. The cost of special models for rigid fixation, products from modern materials such as neoprene or elan can be expressed in tens of thousands of rubles.It should be remembered that more expensive - does not always mean better in each case. The best knee - the one that is picked individually, based on the patient's condition. Did you like the article? Put your name!
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2 replies to " How to choose knee joints for arthrosis of the knee joint? »
- Vlad Nikiforov 08.08.2015 at 09:26
I have a kind of disease is not very pleasant. Osteoarthritis, the knee joint is overstretched and the anterior cruciate ligament is stretched. In general, you know, without a knee can not do. So, my first unpleasant experience was that I bought the cheapest one in the store. At first, he squeezed and the pains were great, he thought so and should be, to push! But then there was no strength and decided to go to the pharmacy, bought an expensive and more convenient and high-quality, surprisingly really could help and even take away the pain. Fixes well does not crush and the price difference is big.
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is a degenerative stage, as a result of ignoring the chronic inflammatory-dystrophic process. Treatment of the disease consists in the elimination of the inflammatory process and the maximum restoration of damaged joint elements. Rehabilitation for arthrosis is lengthy, requiring strict adherence to the recommendations and timing of the use of various methods of restoring a reduced or partially lost function of the knee joint.
All efforts to regenerate the articular complex require complete elimination of causative and contributing factors, and, if possible, reduction of motor activity. Considering that the knee joint is the main participant in the physiological function of walking. A need for movement is important for the overall health of the body and helps to accelerate the rehabilitation period for arthrosis of the knee joint.
For combining two almost opposite purposes - reducing the load on the joint, but maintaining the overall physical activity of the body, orthopedic knee pads are used. These are various special bandage fixation means for full or partial immobilization of the knee joint.
Indications for wearing knee pads.
Knee pads for joints are shown in the following conditions of the body:
- Habitual chronic dislocations and subluxations of the knee, associated with professional sports activities or as a result of specific working conditions.
- With increased sharp excessive loads during the execution of household items, for example, heavy weights.
- After surgery or puncture with knee joint hemarthrosis.
- With professional hazards that require a long standing static work - surgeons, sellers, teachers.
- During the rehabilitation period for arthritis and arthrosis of the knee joint.
- In acute injury, accompanied by tearing or rupture of the cruciate ligament or tendon-muscle apparatus.
Advantages of orthopedic knee pads.
- When performing unloading of the articular complex, the knee pads indirectly reduce the manifestation of symptoms characteristic of arthrosis of the knee joint. The intensity of pain syndrome decreases, paresthetic phenomena, weight and lameness go away.
- The obvious advantages of knee pads before bandaging of elastic bandages is the prevention of the transmission of superficial veins and lymphatic vessels, which can significantly damage the limbs and worsen the joint condition in particular. In addition, there is a time saving compared with the application of tours, dressing the knee pads is convenient and quickly solves the problem.
- Durability is an important advantage of knee pads, considering the total waste for the constant need to purchase new bandages instead of worn out and overstrained.
- The next positive and functional factor of the knee action is its warming function, by introducing various components into the material. Such as: camel's or dog's hair, which provide the effect of a dry compress, improves local feeling and stimulates blood flow, thereby eliminating swelling and pain.
Types and differences of knee pads.
The choice of an orthopedic knee joint is dependent on the requirements for it. To simplify the task, they are classified:
- By compression ratio: light, medium and hard.
- On the degree of control of the joint elements:
- Elastic closed - for easy short-term non-healing fixation, if necessary, load on the joint during sports or at work.
- Elastic open - for the possibility of dynamic self-adjustment of the degree of compression, is usually prescribed in the inactive stage of arthrosis or in the recovery post-traumatic period.
- Reinforced with plastic spiral stiff sides, if necessary insulation and firm fixation of the patella, in case of its age or degenerative "looseness".
- Supplemented with special hinged metal elements are shown in the postoperative period or with ligament ruptures.
- Clamp for tendons in their stretching, tearing or tearing.
- Knee Pad with built-in infrared sensor for physiotherapy effect.
The strength of the fixation, the presence of additional elements of the regime and the duration of wearing the knee for arthrosis of the knee joint is determined only by the attending physician. The standard scheme for using a hard stop is up to 4 hours no more than twice a day. There is one known objective pattern - the more serious and more pronounced pathological changes in the joint, the fixation of the foot in the knee should be stronger. But it is important not to overdo it so as not to cause stasis of venous blood in the lower leg and foot, which will lead to its cooling, blue, numbness and swelling.
Materials used for the manufacture of orthopedic knee pads differ in their stiffness and wear resistance: nylon, elastane, lycra, neoprene and spandex.