The knee hurts what to do or make than treat

Why knee joints can hurt

Knee joint device includes meniscus-shock absorbers

The knee is the largest joint in the entire human body. He is often subjected to great physical exertion. The knee joint is prone to injury and disease. The powerful muscles of the legs, surrounding the joint of the knee, carry a tremendous strain on it.

This is why the knee is predisposed to degenerative inflammatory processes and injuries. In this connection, the question arises: why knees ache? It is especially important to know the answer if the pain arises suddenly. The correct diagnosis can establish a good doctor. But to have an idea of ​​the structure of one's own body is an elementary respect for oneself. It is important to know the structure of the knee joint and understand what can lead to pain and how to avoid it.

Functionality of the knee is provided by muscles, ligaments, cushioning layers of cartilaginous tissue and, of course, bones. The spherical endings of the bones are called condyles. This form creates a joint of bones, between them is a meniscus - a special cartilaginous layer, which allows you to distribute stress on the leg, increase the area of ​​contact between the joints. The friction of the joints is protected by the synovial fluid. It is located in certain places - the bursa.


Causes of knee pain

Many people periodically feel pain in their knees. Initially, this symptom does not cause much inconvenience. However, the disease is gradually developing, since daily overload, wear and injury continue to act on the joint. Problems with the knees are frequent enough to address a specialist.

One of the causes of pain in the knees may be age: in older people, the knee joints become more and more painful over the years, these are possible signs of developing arthrosis. The knees of people are also hurt due to damage to blood vessels, hypothermia, various injuries. Age in such diseases can be different.

When the knee hurts, do not delay the treatment of a specialist, it is he who can accurately diagnose and determine why the legs are aching. Such an expert may be an orthopedist or rheumatologist, traumatologist or neurologist. The most frequent reason for going to hospital are knee injuries. From such damages, as a stretching of ligaments or tendons, a break of a meniscus, nobody is insured. Only from one awkward movement there are dislocations of the kneecap.

Other causes of pain may be dystrophic changes, infections, excess weight, salt deposition and chronic injuries of the limbs. Constant aching pain, accompanied by a crunch in the joint during movement, is an indicator of wear of the cartilaginous tissue. Most often the diagnosis of such symptoms is arthrosis. Arthritis is an inflammation of the joint. The knee with this problem swells, inflames. The cause of suffering and pain, in some cases, become a cyst or a malignant tumor.

One of the reasons for the painful condition of the knee joint may be uncontrolled use of antibiotics.

It is worth mentioning the food you eat, it can also cause suffering. Sausage products, which are stuffed with preservatives, enter the human body. It is there that the action of the drugs introduced into food continues. People with weak kidneys and overweight are more likely to accumulate excess fluid in the body. If the liquid accumulates in the knee joints, it deforms it.


Methods of treatment

Why joints hurt, doctors can identify. Therefore, a timely visit to a specialist is an important component for quickly and correctly eliminating the problem that has arisen. What should not be done in the period of arisen in the knees, so this is an independent treatment.

A competent doctor will definitely appoint an X-ray, and if necessary, an ultrasound. Having established the diagnosis, will recommend medicamentous or operative treatment. If the problem in the joint is insignificant, the specialist will suggest using folk methods of eliminating the disease or preparations of homeopathic action.

Any method of treatment is based on certain principles. Pain must first be removed. Then the inflammation is eliminated, the organ is restored. To fix the treatment it is important to remove the cause of the disease, improve the metabolic process in the body.

If an injury is obtained, it is important not to apply heat to the knee for a minimum of two days. Refuse hot baths and visit the bath. After reducing the pain symptom and reducing edema, you can use warm medical compresses and easy gymnastics for joint development.

Reduces edema. It is important to properly implement it. To re-bandage it is not necessary too hardly, behind a status of a leg or foot at thus it is necessary to watch or keep up.

Surgically, pain is eliminated by indications. Modern medicine allows you to perform operations with minimal tissue damage. The patient in such cases spends in the hospital no more than 3 days.

With excess weight, you need to drastically change the diet. Excess kilograms act negatively on the entire body and gradually destroy joints. As a preventive maintenance of the disease, perform massage, therapeutic gymnastics. Do not lift the weight without some preparation.

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The knees hurt - what should I do?

Every day our legs withstand enormous loads. Since our distant ancestors - humanoid primates - have risen to the hind limbs, it is on the feet that the entire mass of the body lies. And since the knees are involved in the bending of the foot, it is often they who first let know that something undesirable happens with the legs. Of course, the best fight against knee diseases is the prevention of disease( moderate exercise, caring for the right weight, healthy lifestyle).But, let's say, we already have a situation when the knees are very sore: what to do in this case?

Let's start by examining why the knees can hurt. The human knee is the largest joint of the body. The bones of the knee are divided by two menisci( disks), their tendons, ligaments and muscles interlace. That all this extremely mobile structure unhindered to bend and unbend, inside the knee joint there is an articular cartilage, fulfilling the role of "machine lubrication".It also serves as a shock absorber for bruises and falls on the knee. So, if violations occur in at least one part of this complex joint, a person's knees ache. What can I do and can I help my feet?

Of course, you can, and even at home. Although self-medication without consulting a doctor will bring harm rather than good. After all, only an expert can reveal the reason why the knee hurts, what to do and how to treat it. If you are a fan of traditional medicine, you can help the basic treatment, but only the doctor will determine what your knee needs - physiotherapy, medication or he needs surgical intervention. After all, the causes of pain and treatment depends.

Now consider the main causes of pain in the knee joint. The most common cause is knee injury. But what exactly is damaged in the knee joint - a fracture or a crack in the patella or tibia, a rupture of one of the menisci, a dislocation or a sprain of the ligaments or tendons - the surgeon must say after the X-ray. So, consider the situation when there was edema or hematoma at the injury site, you feel numbness, tingling, legs become pale or become blue;or, on the contrary, the place of injury becomes hotter than other parts of the body, and the knees ache greatly, what to do before going to the doctor? Apply a cold compress( ice pack) to the site of the injury and take an anesthetic. Try not to step on your aching leg. Do not rush to put a tight bandage or elastic bandage - for some injuries it is contraindicated. And in no case can not apply heating or alcohol compresses.

Often, knee joints suffer from athletes due to hard training( weightlifting, bicyclists, weightlifters).But even in ordinary people, sometimes because of the loads, there are such troubles: it is necessary to abuse too great a burden, during pregnancy, or because of excess body weight - first of all, the knees suffer and hurt. What to do in this situation? It is appropriate to impose an elastic bandage to fix the loosened joint. In pharmacies are now sold a variety of bandage knee pads, what exactly is needed for your leg - the doctor will tell. If you are a young girl and only recently discovered the advantages of heels, then most likely, you have knees ached due to a patellar bias. You will have to give up high pins until your legs get stronger.

But what if there were no injuries, we did not wear weights, and did not put on heels, and my knees still hurt? The cause of this phenomenon may be the drying of the joint fluid. With age or by virtue of a genetic predisposition, this fluid, responsible for the smooth sliding of the bones in the knee joint, dries up, and the person feels discomfort, his knees ache. Treatment should be aimed at making the body produce this fluid. The drug "Teraflex" has shown its effectiveness, although it takes a long time to take it. Of the folk remedies, a tincture of 3 tablespoons of eucalyptus leaf, 2 weeks on a half liter of vodka, has proved its worth. This tincture needs to be rubbed into the knee. Compresses made of kefir and chalk, and baths with buttercup also help. Inside, you can take on an empty stomach mixture of ground celery, lemon, a small head of garlic and 2-3 tbsp.spoons of honey.

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Pain in the knees is a sign that you have something wrong with the joints. What can be determined only by the doctor as a result of the analysis of symptoms and the results of laboratory studies. Maybe my knees were aching because of merciless physical overload. Or maybe it's a signal that your joints have been "attacked" by a serious illness.

So, for example, the pain in the knees can be one of the symptoms of arthritis or arthrosis. Inflammatory process in the joints with these diseases can lead to disability, if not taken seriously seriously treatment.

As a rule, medications prescribed by a doctor are used to treat pain in the knees caused by joint diseases. However, in parallel, it is possible to successfully apply proven effective folk remedies for years.

Horseradish leaves in pain in the knees

Large fresh horseradish sheet scalded with boiling water and put on knee for five minutes. Cover the top with compress paper and warm handkerchief. A "shitty" compress will help to quickly remove acute pain in the knees, but there is one "but": with particularly sensitive skin, horseradish can cause you a burn, especially if you overdo it with the time of application. Repeat the procedure for a week daily, and inflammation in the joints will subside.

Dandelion from knee pain

Two handfuls of fresh yellow dandelion flowers pour into a jar and pour two glasses of vodka. Infuse for three days, then apply as a compress: wash in a received liquid rag from a dense fabric, put on a knee and wrap it in layered waxed paper, cotton wool, woolen scarf. Soak for about an hour. But you can spend the night with this compress. The course of treatment is 5-7 days.

In some recipes, dandelion infusion is recommended for making on triple cologne. The principle of drug use does not change from this.

Medical bile from knee pain

Take in equal proportions bile( buy in a pharmacy), ammonia, olive oil, honey and alcohol solution of iodine. All put in a jar with a well-fitting lid, close and properly shake. In the resulting liquid, wet the rag and put on your knees, then wrap your feet like with a classic compress. Ideally, it would be good to pull thick woolen stockings over a compress and walk around the clock. Then give the knees a "rest" for a day, and repeat all over again. According to reviews, this popular way of treating pain in the knees helps to cope with acute manifestations of arthritis and arthrosis, prolongs the stage of remission. The main condition is to do the procedures within two months. Against the background of the fact that then for two or three years you can forget about the pains in your knees, the time is short.

Jerusalem artichoke from pain in the knees

Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke are suitable for the treatment of inflammation of the joints. Stir in Jerusalem artichoke with the skin, pour steep boiling water and let it brew until completely cooled. Then re-heat, drain into the pelvis and soar your legs, while applying on the knees of the applique from the moistened pieces of gauze in the infusion. After the bath, wipe your feet dry, remove the knee from the application, lubricate the knees with any warming solution or ointment based on bee or snake venom. Pull the long woolen stockings on your feet and go to bed. Those who tested this drug claim that the pain in their knees goes through three or four of these sessions.

Folk medicine for knee pain

This drug is popularly called an "ambulance".Preparing a mixture of available ingredients, is used exclusively for external use.

A tablespoon of sea salt is dissolved in a liter of water in a jar with a screw cap.100 grams of 10% ammonia in a separate dish with a teaspoon of camphor alcohol. Pour the alcohol mixture into the brine. In the solution, white "chips" appear immediately. Close the jar with a lid and shake until the chips are dissolved. Use the medicine for compresses on the aching joints. It is advisable to make compressions at night. The course of treatment is not less than three weeks.

Ointment for pain in the knees

For the treatment of inflammation of the joints and with pains in the knees, prepare such folk ointment: a tablespoon of St. John's wort and two tablespoons of yarrow crush. On a water bath, melt a tablespoon of petroleum jelly. Pour the herb into hot petrolatum and thoroughly rub it to a uniform consistency. With this ointment rub the diseased knees at night. The drug well relieves pain and gradually relieves inflammation.

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From the above it becomes clear that to establish the cause of pain in the knee joint is not so easy. That is why when you have the very first unpleasant sensations in the knee area, you should immediately consult a doctor for a comprehensive examination of the entire body.

Diagnosis

Before you treat knee pain, you must pass all the diagnostic examinations prescribed by the doctor. The most informative and safe of them are:

  • Interrogation, making an anamnesis;
  • General blood test( leukocytosis, anemia, etc.);
  • Microbiological examination;
  • X-ray examination( carried out almost always);
  • Serologic analysis is prescribed for suspected rheumatoid arthritis;
  • Puncture of the joint( in this case, a certain amount of articular fluid is taken for analysis);
  • Puncture biopsy( with suspected osteomyelitis or bone tuberculosis);
  • Arthroscopy( technically complex manipulation, which is often performed not only with diagnostic, but also with a therapeutic purpose);
  • Densitometry( mandatory examination for initial manifestations of osteoporosis);
  • MRI and CT( the most informative examinations, which allow to detect even the slightest changes in the structure of the knee joint);
  • ultrasound( appointed often enough, because it is informative enough and does not require large expenditures, for example, for traumatic injuries, osteoarthritis and other diseases).

How to cure pain in the knees?

If there is pain in the knee joint, do not immediately begin treatment with all available means. Such actions can lead to serious consequences. The whole point is that you need to treat the underlying disease, the symptom of which was pain in the knee. For this, it is necessary to go to the doctor and go through all the diagnostic tests he has been assigned, which were mentioned above.

Many people, having felt pain in the knee area, eliminate it with the help of topical medications( ointments, lotions, gels, etc.) However, this should not be done. It is very dangerous to use any medication without the permission of a doctor. In addition, it can lead to "blurring" the clinical picture, and diagnose the underlying disease to the doctor will be quite difficult.

What do doctors recommend and appoint when a patient has a knee?

The main directions in the fight against this problem:

  • Maximum analgesia;
  • Prevention of pain, which consists in restoring the function and structure of the joint.

So, how to treat a knee? Below are the most effective methods of combating knee pain:

  • Reduce the load on the joint to the point where there will not be unpleasant sensations. If the pain is acute enough, the best option will be a complete lack of load on the joint and its fixation with a special bandage. The knee should remain as stationary as possible;
  • For the purpose of stabilizing the joint during stretching or after trauma, it is recommended to wear a bandage or to bandage the knee every day with an elastic bandage;
  • In the absence of contraindications, hot compresses can be used. They are applied to the knee joint, thereby improving the microcirculation of the tissues. A similar effect is also possessed by warming ointments, for example, finalgon. When intolerable acute pain during the first day you can use cold compresses. They have a good analgesic effect;
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs are used, such as ibuprofen, paracetamol, etc.;
  • Massage and chiropractic;
  • Mud applications and radon baths;
  • Physiotherapy, physiotherapy;
  • In order to prevent pain, you must thoroughly knead the joint before training. And you need to do this with a gradual increase in the load.

However, not always these methods are enough to cope with the pain.

In cases where conservative methods do not give a noticeable effect, doctors recommend resorting to surgical methods of treatment.

However, even before the surgery, the patient must undergo a course of physiotherapy and physiotherapy exercises - this will allow to remove the edema and to some extent restore the mobility of the joint.

After the preparation, an arthroscopic operation is performed, during which the surgeon tries to completely eliminate the cause of the pain. As a rule, after such treatment a person is fully restored within a month.

Treatment with folk remedies

Of course, treatment with folk remedies can in no case replace traditional medicine. However, it is quite possible to supplement the basic treatment with the help of "grandmother's" recipes. In addition, most doctors are quite positive about this issue.

Experts recommend the use of folk methods when the disease does not carry a great danger to human health, but at the same time it gives him a lot of unpleasant sensations, for example, if you have to treat a knee injury.

The following methods are the most effective and safe:

  • Daily soda lotion;
  • Compresses with propolis, honey and medical bile;
  • Rubbing of the interior beef fat;

You can also read an article about how best to treat cones on your legs. Pain in the knee joint: causes, treatment.

izbavsa.ruWhat to do if the knee joint

arthritis arthritis

This inflammatory disease of the knee joint manifests itself through an increase in temperature in the affected area, severe pain, the intensity of which increases with walking( but also at rest the pain does not leave the patient), the swelling of the joint and its stiffnessmovement, progressive joint deformity. Among the common causes of arthritis can be called heredity, penetration of the knee joint infections, physical inactivity in daily life, unbalanced nutrition.

Reactive arthritis

In this disease, the inflammatory process affects not only the knee joint, but also the nearby tendons, other joints and even the eyes. Causes reactive arthritis most often infectious urogenital diseases( gonorrhea, ureoplazma, chlamydia) or intestinal ailments( salmonellosis, dysentery).

Synovitis

Inflammatory disease of the lining of the joint of the synovial membrane lining the inside is characterized by the formation of a so-called effusion, which is collected in the joint bag. Common causes of synovitis are trauma, autoimmune processes, metabolic disorders, etc. The disease is aseptic in nature( ie, there is no infection with synovitis), but in case of infection in the synovial fluid, pus appears, and it is already a purulentsynovitis. This disease is accompanied by dull pain and an unpleasant feeling of bursting from the inside.

Goff's disease

This disease is accompanied by degeneration and damage to the surrounding joint of adipose tissue. Hoff's disease is difficult to diagnose, often it is taken for meniscopathy or other pathology. The danger of the disease is that gradually the fat tissue loses its "buffer" protective function. A common cause of the disease is a knee injury, in which the fatty lobes are entangled and swollen. Damaged cells are replaced with fibrous tissue, and it has a completely different structure than fatty tissue, so it can not serve as a buffer.

Osteoporosis

Serious serious illness, proceeding with a change in the structure of bones. As a result, bone tissue becomes very fragile and vulnerable, a person suffers from frequent fractures. And pain in the knee joint( along with aching pain in the spine and nocturnal cramps) is just a frequent first sign of osteoporosis.

Osteomyelitis

The causative agents of this purulent necrotic process in the bone tissue are bacteria. Practically from the very beginning of the disease, the patient feels a sharp, sharp pain that drips from the inside, the intensity of which increases even from the slightest movement. Along with this characteristic symptom, there are others: weakness, fever. The aching knee swells, the skin on it blushes.

Bone tuberculosis

This is a serious disease that begins with the melting of bone substance. The process is gradually progressing, capturing all new sites. Bone tuberculosis proceeds with the formation of a purulent fistula or an outward opening of the

cavity. Aching the knee pain what to do?

Pain in the knee to ignore is extremely dangerous. It is not known what is its cause - perhaps the whole blame for the disease, the treatment of which is effective at the early stages. Therefore at the first disturbing signs it is expedient to address for the help to the doctor. To which? It all depends on the situation. If the knee was injured, a surgeon's consultation is necessary. Otherwise it is worth to visit the therapist, who will ask a further survey vector. Most often the patient is referred to an orthopedist, a neurologist, an osteopath or a rheumatologist.

The following research procedures may be required to make an accurate diagnosis:

  • a questioning of a patient( clarifying his feelings, the behavior of pain while moving limbs, revealing the patient's history, peculiarities of his work and lifestyle, the occurrence of pain circumstances, etc.);
  • examination - sometimes already by external signs an experienced doctor can diagnose or even suspect a particular disease;
  • the general or common analysis of a blood( leucocytosis, an anemia, increase in an ESR is found out, conclusions about presence of an inflammation, etc. are made);
  • biochemistry( elevated levels of uric acid, for example, can diagnose gout);
  • microbiological studies( for example, if suspected of reactive arthritis, scraping from the urethra may be necessary to detect chlamydia);
  • serological studies;
  • radiography is a very informative method of research in the presence of pain in the knee joint;the picture usually shows pathologies and changes characteristic of a disease;
  • magnetic resonance imaging;
  • ultrasound - especially informative for suspected traumatic knee injury, meniscopathy, osteoarthritis;
  • arthroscopy - is carried out with the help of special equipment for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes;
  • puncture bone biopsy( osteomyelitis or bone tuberculosis is required to confirm the diagnosis);
  • puncture of the joint - with the help of a special needle it takes a part of the escudata from the knee joint for further investigation( check the transparency of the material, the level of blood cells and protein in it, the presence of microorganisms, etc.);
  • densitometry - this method examines bone density in osteoporosis( or suspected of this disease).

Pain in the knee joint: treatment

A specific list of treatment measures depends on the cause that caused pain in the knee joint. As already mentioned above, there are a great many such diseases and conditions, so self-medication in case of knee arthroplasty is ineffective and even dangerous. To put the exact diagnosis and appoint competent treatment can only the specialist, visit to which should not be postponed, if:

  • the pain in the knee does not abate for a long time;
  • intensity of pain does not decrease with time, or, moreover, increases;
  • pain arose suddenly and without reason;
  • has redness of the knee;
  • changed the sensitivity of the knee and adjacent areas;
  • there is a deformation of the knee.

In each case, a list of research and treatment activities will be selected individually.

So, depending on the cause that caused pain in the knee joint, the doctor can use the following measures and recommendations in the patient's treatment:

  • decrease or even a complete restriction of physical activity( sometimes it requires a special fixing bandage restraining the knee at rest);
  • use of elastic bandage or bandage - contributes to the stabilization of the joint;
  • careful long knee joint warm-up before training, gradual increase in load;
  • treatment by compresses - the doctor in some cases can recommend warm compresses or warming ointments( to improve microcirculation of tissues);sometimes it is advisable to apply cold compresses( to relieve acute pain, while the procedure time should not exceed 15 minutes);
  • drug therapy - for example, in the presence of an inflammatory disease of the knee joint, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed; if there was a trauma, restoring remedies are used;
  • surgical intervention;

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