Symptoms and treatment of cervical arthrosis
In the present time, more and more people can be found who suffer from diseases of the joints and spine. Usually the appearance of such diseases can be caused by natural aging of the organism or by a sedentary way of life and sports or work-related injuries. One of the most common diseases in our time is arthrosis of the cervical spine. Cervical arthrosis is the degeneration of the joints and intervertebral discs in the cervical region.
Usually arthrosis is very difficult to treat. The arisen process of destruction of articular cartilage is quite difficult to stop. Intervertebral discs can only be fed directly through the surrounding tissues, so it is not possible to directly affect them. Medications are used only for additional treatment. The patient is prescribed an anesthetic to relieve the pain symptom.
Causes of cervical arthrosis
One of the most common causes of cervical arthrosis is high physical activity. Often this disease occurs due to an incorrect position of the body during physical work. Also, the state of the spine and excessive static, and regular dynamic loads can be negatively affected. They disrupt the normal blood supply and adversely affect the condition of cartilage and soft tissue around them. Another cause of this disease may be a trauma to the back or spine. In addition, between the injury and the appearance of the first symptoms of cervical arthrosis can take several years.
To provoke the development of arthrosis may have hernias and protrusions in the spine. We should not forget about the inflammatory and dystrophic processes of the spinal column. These processes in most cases occur with aging of tissues in the body or in traumatizing this area. Another, rather specific, cause of the disease may be a disruption of the thyroid gland, especially for women.
Symptoms of cervical arthrosis of the spine
When diagnosed with cervical arthrosis, patients most often complain about:
- Inability to fully tilt the head down or turn it in the side.
- Aching in the neck, often unilateral.
- Often, pain occurs in the morning after sleep.
- Visual impairment.
- Ringing in the ears.
- Numbness of the lower part of the face.
- Poorly treatable headaches.
- With palpation of pain in the intervertebral joints.
Symptoms of this disease do not give any specific clinic. Such manifestations may be signs of many other diseases. To diagnose arthrosis, it is necessary to conduct magnetic resonance imaging( MRI).The cervical segment should be viewed in several projections. Arthrosis itself can cause some complications:
- stroke or microinsult;
- compression of the spinal canal;
- squeezing or damage to the nerve roots.
How to treat arthrosis of the spine?
Treatment of this disease first of all involves the use of analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or hormones. Corticosteroids are injected into the intervertebral joints to reduce and eliminate painful sensations. Sometimes the pain is so strong that the patient may have a mental condition. In this case, the doctor may prescribe antidepressants. Well, water treatment and acupuncture help, but only in the early stages of the disease. If the arthrosis in the advanced stage and progresses, the doctor can prescribe denervation of the intervertebral joints. Only the doctor must decide how to treat this ailment in each specific case.
The next stage of treatment should be a change in the lifestyle of the patient. People with a diagnosis of cervical arthrosis need to work while working at a computer or reading to sit straight with a flat back. To speed up the treatment of arthrosis, you should exclude high and soft pillows, and you need to sleep on special orthopedic supplies. In order not to worsen your condition, do not make sharp turns to the sides and throw your head back, especially when lifting weights.
The main therapy for arthrosis is the treatment of gymnastics. How to treat and what to use with this exercise, can tell only the doctor, but you can do them at home yourself, focusing on your feelings. Gymnastics should be treated very carefully, without making sudden movements to avoid complications of the disease. There is a specially selected complex of movements, which consists of the simplest exercises:
- Turning the head to the left and to the right.
- Head inclinations in different directions.
- Rotations in both directions alternately.
- Light head nodding.
All exercises should be performed while sitting. The gymnastics session should last no more than 20 minutes. If during the exercises you have a sharp pain, stop the gymnastics immediately. It is also recommended to see a doctor as soon as possible to find out the causes of pain. When doing exercise therapy, the cervical region acquires mobility. The main task is the regularity of these exercises.
Treatment of spinal arthrosis still includes manual therapy and therapeutic massage. Massage can relieve tension in the neck and improve blood circulation in this area. To treat arthrosis with manual therapy and massage should be done by a professional. Otherwise, you can damage your body.
Preventive measures are better than treatment of
Everyone knows that it is better to prevent any disease than to treat it later. For the prevention of cervical arthrosis, there are several simple rules. First, the first enemy of arthrosis is movement. It is necessary to participate in sports activities and walk more. Physical exercises will help increase circulation around the articular cartilage and improve blood flow in surrounding tissues.
Secondly, it is important to eat properly so that the body can receive the necessary nutrients and components. It is also necessary to monitor your weight, arthrosis does not like obesity. Excess weight increases the load on the joints, and if the arthrosis has already hit the joints, the extra pounds can aggravate the disease, and it will begin to progress.
The third rule of prevention of arthrosis is to avoid hypothermia and joint trauma. Thus, take for yourself the rule of protecting your joints from injuries and hypothermia. In old age, this will help you reduce the chances of an unnecessary problem. Be healthy!
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine: symptoms and treatment
Deforming or unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is the defeat of the joints of the spine and intervertebral discs, in which there are bony outgrowths on the cervical vertebrae. From Latin, unco-vertebral means: the formation is like a hook + vertebra.
Many of us who feel pain and an unpleasant crunch when turning the head, can have this pathology. Let's see how dangerous it is and whether it can be treated.
Causes of unco-vertebral arthrosis
The causes that cause the disease can be conditionally divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital pathologies include anomalies in the development of cervical vertebrae. Among the acquired causes, the most common injuries are the cervical spine and the effects of flat feet.
A sedentary lifestyle and excess weight can provoke a disease. And this affects most urban residents. But the rest of the population may be at risk, because weight lifting and unregulated physical activity can also cause disease.
What changes occur in the affected spine? In unco-vertebral arthrosis, the intervertebral disc is affected. Its cartilaginous tissue plays the role of a cushioning "padding" between the vertebrae. It protects the intervertebral nerves and vessels from damage. During the disease, the cartilaginous disc loses its fluid, becomes thin and less elastic. As a result, he can not perform his functions to the fullest, bulges out and squeezes nearby tissues, causing painful symptoms.
In addition, on the cervical vertebrae begin to appear osteophytes - acute spines from bone tissue. They grow towards each other and injure sensitive ligaments of the spine.
Symptoms and signs of
The main symptoms of development of arthrosis of unco-vertebral joints * are:
* Uncovertebral joints are joints( neoarthroses) forming between the hook-shaped processes of the cervical vertebrae and the base of the arch and / or the body of the overlying vertebra. Normally do not exist, are formed as a result of a decrease in the height of intervertebral discs.
- Severe pain in the area of the affected vertebra that is provoked by abrupt movements
- Subluxation of joints between arcuate processes that serve to connect two adjacent vertebrae
- Soreness enhanced by prolonged exposure in one pose
- Severe crunch when turning the neck
- Blood pressure changes
If you have these symptoms, you need an urgent examination with a neurologist or orthopedic vertebrologist. In the initial stages, this disease can be overcome. In later stages, treatment can only bring temporary relief.
Methods of treatment
Treatment of unco-vertebral arthrosis is performed on an outpatient basis and is aimed at the removal of pain and muscle spasm. When the disease worsens, the use of an orthopedic collar is necessary. It will help reduce the burden on the cervical vertebrae.
Medical treatment methods
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain relief and inflammation( diclofenac, nimesulide)
Muscle relaxants for the removal of muscular tension( sirdalud)
To improve blood circulation and microcirculation in affected areas, the use of actovegin, curantyl
Chondroprotectors - drugs supplying cartilage cells necessary substancesto restore them. These medicines allow you to suspend the course of the disease and slow the destruction of intervertebral discs.
The treatment regimen and dosage of medications are prescribed individually after a thorough examination of the patient.
Physiotherapy has a good analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, helps to eliminate unpleasant symptoms. The following 3 methods are the most effective and will really help to overcome uncoovertebral arthrosis:
- magnetotherapy - relieves pain, inflammation and swelling in the affected area with the help of the
- magnetic field. Sinusoidal modulated currents( amplipulse therapy) - Amplipulse apparatus that helps to get rid of painassisted modulated currents of different directions and frequency
- phonophoresis with a solution of novocaine or lidocaine - the administration of an anesthetic drug to the patient site with the help of ultrasound
massage is a very effective method. In combination with curative gymnastics and acupuncture, the health effect improves significantly. However, it must be remembered that the course is conducted during remission( without exacerbation of symptoms) - when there are no severe pains.
Absolute contraindication to the massage is the loss of the herniated intervertebral disc. This disease can be a complication of spinal arthrosis. Therefore, before proceeding to treatment, it is necessary to consult a specialist.
Remember that a timely visit to the doctor will help you to stay healthy. Only an experienced specialist can choose a complex treatment that will help to eliminate all unpleasant symptoms and will lead a full life.
Arthrosis of the cervical spine - the causes of the appearance, treatment
Arthrosis of the cervical spine is a disease manifested in the form of deformation of the intervertebral discs and joints in the cervical spine. The main symptom of this disease is the appearance of pain in this area.
Causes of arthrosis in the cervical part of
One of the most common causes of this disease is high physical activity. Often arthrosis of the cervical spine arises from the incorrect position of the body with prolonged physical work - on the state of the cartilage and soft tissues surrounding the spinal column equally excessive negative and excessive static and dynamic stresses that disrupt the normal blood supply of this anatomical area.
Most often, the cause of osteoarthritis of the cervical spine is a high load of
Any trauma to the neck and back can also provoke the development of cervical spine arthrosis, and between the time of injury and the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease can take several years. Do not forget about inflammation of the spinal column, joint degeneration and deformation of the intervertebral discs. All these phenomena can have a traumatic character or develop due to aging of the body tissues in old age.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine already at the very beginning of development can lead to unusual sounds when moving joints. It's crunching or clicking when you turn your neck. Over time, there are painful sensations after strong physical exertion, or during them. In serious stages, pain is not related to the level of physical activity and can bother the sufferer even at rest.
With pathological changes in the cartilage inherent in this disease, often there is a jamming of nerves and vessels. This can occur in the occurrence of severe headaches, numbness of the lower half of the face, frequent feeling of dizziness, increased pressure - the patients develop severe circulatory failure in the vertebrobasilar basin( vertebral artery syndrome), which can adversely affect the patient's overall well-being and ability to work. In this case, the use of conventional painkillers and drugs for the treatment of hypertension does not bring relief.
The specific cause of this disease is a violation of the thyroid gland functioning.
Timely diagnosis is the key to successful treatment of
If any of these symptoms are present, should urgently consult a doctor - timely diagnosis of cervical spine arthrosis and its complications become a prerequisite for normalizing the patient's condition and helps to choose a therapy program. The sooner the disease is diagnosed, the faster and more successfully will be his treatment. To make an accurate diagnosis, you will need to have an x-ray of the cervical spine in several projections. Often as an auxiliary study, tomography and angiography of vessels is performed - these methods of investigation not only help to diagnose cervical spine arthrosis, but also to determine the exact localization of the pathological process.
Manual therapy, massage and exercise therapy help cure arthrosis of the cervical spine
The main directions of the treatment of this disease are manual therapy, massage and physiotherapy exercises. It is also possible to prescribe medications for the removal of inflammation and hormonal medications. In order to speed up the treatment process, it is recommended to use special orthopedic bedding and means for skeletal extension of the cervical spine( the collar of Shantz).The patient should also monitor his position during walking and prolonged sitting - it is recommended that you try to keep your back straight.
It is necessary to perform therapeutic exercises with extreme caution. If pain occurs during the session, it is necessary to refrain from doing this exercise and immediately consult with your doctor. Exercises of the complex of therapeutic gymnastics for the correction of such a disease as deforming arthrosis of the cervical spine are distinguished by their simplicity. It can be head turns, slopes to the sides, circular rotation. The doctor should appoint them, you can perform at home, focusing on your own feelings.
Since arthrosis of the cervical spine has symptoms not the most pleasant, because of the illness the mental state of a person can suffer. Increased nervous excitability, depression and apathy often arise from prolonged pain. In this case, additional treatment with antidepressants may be prescribed.
Prevention - better than treatment
To prevent the development of cervical spine arthrosis, moderate moderate exercise is recommended. Ideally, perform a short complex of simple exercises for the neck several times a day. It is also necessary to follow the balance of the diet. Not the least role in preventing problems with the spine is played by maintaining proper posture. To do this, it is also recommended to lead a mobile lifestyle, to monitor the correct position of the back during the day.
Give your health enough time and do not hesitate to contact the hospital for any unusual sensations.
Over the years, it has been proven that such comprehensive treatment can bring lasting, positive results,action of medicines, is strengthened with folk remedies and procedures.
Spondylosis involves therapy with drugs of different orientations:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs. They remove the edema of the affected vertebra, suppress inflammatory processes, reduce pain. What kind of medications are prescribed depends on the degree of arthrosis, individual intolerance, concomitant diseases, the stage of the disease.
- Muscle relaxants. Remove spasm in the muscular skeleton of the cervical region.
- Drugs that promote strengthening of the vertebral joints, normalizing blood circulation, in the affected area.
- Hondprotectors. Are effective, restoring cartilage tissues, by means. Are able to suspend pathological processes, such as destruction of intervertebral discs. Relevant at the initial stages of arthrosis( stage 1, 2).If the disease has reached a more serious degree of development, then such means will not bring a significant result.
- Vitamins, minerals, microelements. Regular reception, promotes high-grade nutrition of joint tissues, improvement of a condition of patients of joints of a backbone.
- External medicinal products, in the form of gels, ointments, rubs, help to remove inflammation, puffiness, reduce pain in the affected joints of the vertebrae.
Observance of certain principles in the daily diet, as well as regular charging, can have a real, positive effect on the joints suffering from cervical arthrosis. Such a diet, helps to treat spondylosis and maintain the optimal balance, of all the substances necessary for the body.
- Refusal of alcohol and carbonated drinks.
- Elimination of fatty varieties of meat and fish, replacing them with lean meats.
- Refusal from smoked products, sausages, canned products.
- Decrease in consumption of salt of sugar, refusal of bitter, sharp seasonings.
- Replacement of refractory fats, various vegetable oils.
- Increase in the amount of liquid to be drunk, up to 1.5 - 2 liters, per day.
- Introduction to the menu of a large number of fresh vegetables and fruits.
- Switching to cereal bread, coarse grinding, refusal of confectionery baking.
- Preference for boiled, stewed, baked dishes.
The most effective, the following physiotherapeutic procedures are considered:
- magnetotherapy: exposure to magnetic fields can remove all the negative symptoms of cervical arthrosis.
- phonophoresis: local, ultrasound, analgesics.
- influence multidirectional, different-frequency currents, with the help of special equipment, has a high analgesic effect.
Massages are an effective method that enhances the positive dynamics, which provides comprehensive treatment. Improving the circulatory process, contribute to the restoration of the functions of vertebral joints, relieve tension and spasms. Limitations - the phase of acute exacerbation.
Therapeutic physical training
Daily exercise, including mandatory exercises for the neck, helps to restore joint mobility, maintain high muscle tone. The emergence of painful sensations and inconveniences, in the process of implementation, the symptoms that speak about the need to select other, more sparing, exercises. Charging, performed in the fresh air, without excessive loads, can repeatedly strengthen the benefits of all other procedures, and make treatment more versatile, and properly selected health-improving exercises, tones up the entire body.
Cervical vertebrae, with arthrosis, are subjected to overloads and pinching. Using special tools - orthopedic collar, underwear, pillows, can help relieve tension, reduce spasms, ease the severity of attacks, reduce the swelling of the vertebrae.
Treatment with folk remedies
As a diet, exercise and massage, traditional medicine, an affordable, widely used method, to combat arthrosis of the cervical spine. Razirki, ointments, compresses, tinctures. Which means to use depends on the phase of the disease, individual tolerability and concomitant diseases, since folk remedies, although not medicines, but they also have a large number of contraindications. Among neutral, almost unlimited use of funds, it is possible to distinguish some compresses and ointments for grinding:
- Flaxseed oil, propolis, turpentine, in the ratio 4 /1/ 1. In a "water bath", at low heat, melt the propolis, add turpentine andlinseed oil. Stir well until smooth consistency. Pour into a glass container, preferably in a dark color. Store in a cool, dark place. It is recommended before bedtime, rub the neck area, with soft, circular motions. Wrap a handkerchief or scarf. With regular use, reduces swelling, pain.
- Mixed in equal parts sunflower oil and geranium oil, insists in a cool, dark place, for two weeks. The composition rubs the sore spots. It is advisable not to use, directly, before going outside. It alleviates all negative symptoms.
- In warmed up on a "water bath", sea-buckthorn oil, the gauze cloth is moistened, it is imposed on area of patients of cervical vertebra. The top is covered with a film, or a special, silicone pad, wrapped in a warm scarf. It is recommended to do the procedure at night. Has anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect.
Any, even such a serious disease as spondylosis, is treatable, provided that all medical appointments, a healthy lifestyle, timely access to help are observed.
Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine: we identify the causes, choose the treatment
The site of the spine in the neck is called the cervical department. In a healthy state, due to the strength of the joints and the elasticity of the intervertebral discs, this section provides full motor activity of the neck and head. However, under the influence of negative factors, deformation of the constituent elements of the cervical spine can occur. In this situation, a person begins to suffer from severe pain. This disease is quite serious and is called arthrosis of the cervical spine .Its development and aggravation depends not only on external factors, but also on the person himself, so information about why this disease develops will be useful to everyone.
Causes of arthrosis of the cervical spine
Arthrosis changes in the cervical spine can occur for the following reasons:
Inappropriate physical activity
Incorrect posture can often lead to deformation of joints and intervertebral discs. If the body is in the wrong position, the pressure on the cervical spine is constant. As a result of its long-term impact, the joints, not sustaining such a static load, are shifted. In addition, the spinal column is also adversely affected by persistent physical activity requiring great effort. Dynamic overload of the cervical region adversely affects the processes of blood circulation and metabolism in this area. Neck and back injuries
Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine can be the result of getting one or another trauma. In this case, not necessarily the disease will manifest immediately after a traumatic effect. Most often, arthrosis begins to signal about its progression when the trauma does not leave a trace, sometimes even in a few years.
Incorrect thyroid gland
Arthrosis of this origin occurs relatively rarely, but it should not be ruled out. Excessive or insufficient production of hormones can cause unwanted changes in the cartilaginous tissue surrounding the joints of the cervical spine.
The most dangerous form of arthrosis is unco-vertebral
. In some cases, under the influence of the above factors, unconvertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine may develop. With this disease, the cartilage deforms and the formation of new joints behind the cervical vertebrae. These changes are accompanied by a pain syndrome, which in the first stages of the disease can not be particularly manifested. The first signal of this ailment is the clicks or crunch that are heard with each movement of the neck. In the future, pain starts after the load. But when the pain does not stop even in a state of rest, then the disease has already passed into a more serious stage.
In addition, with unco-vertebral arthrosis, there may be a jamming of nerves, as well as vessels. Symptoms of these changes are frequent headaches, dizziness, high blood pressure. Some patients also note that the lower half of the face begins to grow dull in this disease. Analgesics, as well as drugs to reduce blood pressure, in this situation have no effect.
This form of arthrosis is very serious and dangerous for human health disease. After all, in connection with the pinched nerves, this or that neurological disease can develop. Therefore, it is very important to recognize the arthrosis in time and begin the necessary treatment.
How to treat arthrosis of the neck: effective methods of
If you experience discomfort in the neck, and the overall well-being worsens, consult a doctor immediately. If in time to begin treatment of cervical spine arthrosis , many undesirable consequences can be avoided and the person's condition can be normalized quickly enough.
The most effective methods of treatment of this ailment are manual therapy, massage, and also therapeutic gymnastics. In addition, anti-inflammatory and hormonal drugs may be prescribed. It is quite good process of recovery accelerates bed linen with orthopedic effect, as well as the collar of Shantz. This is a special device designed to stretch the spine in the neck.
Physiotherapy involves a set of special exercises for the neck. Select them should only a specialist who already knows the features of your body and the degree of disease. If a painful feeling arises during any exercise, then it should no longer be performed. In addition, during the entire treatment period, you must try to maintain proper posture, so that the neck section of the spine does not get too much pressure.