As orthopedic insoles for flatfoot,should be preferred. The human foot has two longitudinal arches and one transverse, which are held by muscles and ligaments.
Such features of the structure allow the foot to protect the musculoskeletal system when walking, running and jumping.
If the ligaments and muscles of the foot are weakened, then it loses its shape and flattenes. At the same time, when the movements are shaken, the spine and joints of the legs take over. But since they are not calculated for this, they perform this function correctly.
As a result, the muscles of the legs are overloaded, and the ligaments are greatly stretched.
What are the tasks of orthopedic insolesOrthopedic insoles for flat feet are special footwear products that are necessary to maintain the arches of the foot and to correct those violations that caused flat feet.
They also perform the following functions:
- improve blood flow in the feet;
- increases stability when walking and standing;
- reduces the load on the joints;
- prevents the development of unhealthy changes in the musculoskeletal system;
- reduce fatigue in the legs.
Due to these properties of the insoles, the load is distributed correctly.
In order for a person not to feel uncomfortable when wearing them, they must be competently matched, depending on the individual characteristics.How to protect your child from flat feet? Exercises with flat feet - the best method of preventing this pathology of feet in children.
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What is the product
All manufactured insoles have a similar structure.
It is standard in such an insole to install the arch support on the inner arch of the foot, the roll-off area is raised, a groove is made in the heel area and a special pillow for the transverse arch is located.
The front part of the insole does not participate in the correction, so in some cases it is removed.One of the most important parts of the product are the "wedges".They are needed to change the angle of the foot.
With a flat-valgus form of the heel, the heel is turned outward with respect to the foot axis.
To correct the position under the heel, place a "wedge", the thickening of which is facing the inside of the foot, because of which the heel will move in the correct position when moving.
To neutralize the flattening of the longitudinal arch, a conventional product has two wedges at the same time - one under the heel and the other under the front of the foot.
The effectiveness of the insole is influenced by the location of the wedges and the height.
Standard insoles and custom-made
Today you can buy orthopedic insoles that will help you with flat feet, on the Internet, in pharmacies and in special stores.
Among other things, it is possible to make insoles for individual orders.
It should be taken into account that making a product on an individual impression will always be the most suitable option.
This insole will fully meet the tasks that it should solve: support the arches of the foot, cushioning while walking, eliminating the inconvenience.
The only drawback that these insoles have is the high price, which is 5 times higher than the finished products.
If the individual product is too expensive, when choosing a ready-made insole, consider the following nuances:
- for lateral violation - for the presence and height of the support in the front of the product;
- in the presence of changes in the calcaneus - the height of the wedges under the heel;
- with a longitudinal deflection - the height of the lift roll.
As a pleasant addition to the insole, there may be an antibacterial impregnation of and a layer of sorbent for absorbing moisture.
These ingredients take care of foot hygiene.There is another important nuance: any orthopedic product can not be worn for more than a year without correction.
During the treatment year, the shape of the arches of the foot changes, and these changes cause the replacement or verification of compliance of medical products.
If you use an individual insole, it is possible and necessary to more often fit and modify individual orthopedic parts during the use of the product.
What are the different insoles depending on the type of flatfoot
What is the difference between the applied insoles for transverse and longitudinal flatfoot:
- Orthopedic insoles with transverse flatfoot. The main task is to correct the transverse arch and prevent transverse flatfoot. In this case, the insole has a calculator and a finger separator in the form of a roller.
- Orthopedic insoles for longitudinal flat feet. They differ in the height of the instep for correcting the longitudinal arch of the foot. An important indicator is the wedges, through which you can change the angle of the foot when walking.
Productivity of the
So, given the structure of the insole, it can be summarized that it serves to correctly distribute the load, while neutralizing the disadvantages of the foot.
Thanks to the distribution of the load, a person can walk normally, without fatigue and pain, and other joints will be protected from wear.
Orthopedic orthopedic insole with discharge of burrs
If we talk about treatment, then the product can not completely correct the violation that appeared in an adult, at the same time, when treating a child, orthopedic insoles with flat feet have positive reviews in terms of prevention.
Do orthopedic insoles help with transverse and longitudinal flatfoot?
Orthopedic insoles are used for flat feet and other foot diseases. They represent a certain modified insole, intended for the gradual correction of various violations in the structure of the foot, as well as the maintenance of its arches.
Special insoles have now been widely used both for the treatment of longitudinal and transverse flatfoot. It should be noted that different types of such insoles are used only for various pathologies of the foot, "preventive"( which are sometimes offered in stores) can not be in principle, they are not intended for prevention. Therefore, they really need a man only if he has a flat foot.
To understand if orthopedic insoles help with flatfoot, you need to understand what they are.
What are the insoles for the treatment of flatfoot?
Orthopedic insoles for the treatment of platypodia
All the insole proposed for the treatment of flatfoot have approximately the same structure. Usually in such an insole put the instep in the area of the inward arch of the foot, the rift zone is raised, a depression is made in the heel area and a metatarsal pillow is placed in the region of the transverse arch. In this case, the front part of the insole( the so-called "knuckle") does not take part in the correction, so in some cases it is removed( half-stem is obtained).
One of the most important elements in this insole is the "wedges".They make it possible to change the angle of the foot with respect to the surface. So, for example, with a flat-valgus flat-foot shape, the heel is turned outward with respect to the axis of the entire leg. To correct the situation, a "wedge" is placed under the heel, the thickening of which will be directed toward the inside of the foot, so that the heel when walking will take the correct position. To eliminate flattening of the longitudinal arch, the usual orthopedic insole has at once two wedges - one located under the heel, and the second - under the front part of the foot. The efficiency of the insole is influenced both by the position of the wedges and their height.
Disadvantages of the "standard"
With flatfoot man, to "simplify your life" and not to fool with the order of special shoes, you can buy special insoles in the pharmacy. But this solution is not optimal, even if you bought the most expensive and best of the proposed insoles. The fact that orthopedic insoles should be made by specialists for a specific patient, taking into account the peculiarities of the structure of his foot. Only in this case they will be effective enough.
"Standard" insole can be used to treat flat feet in children of early school age. Special softened insoles for diabetics may also be helpful. It should be noted that such insoles are slightly different from the usual orthopedic, used for flat feet - they are soft pads made of synthetic tissue and filled with gel. When walking, the gel takes the form of a foot, ensuring an even distribution of the load, protecting the foot from scuffs, and soft rollers at the same time support the arches of the foot. Such insoles assume protection of the foot from abrasions, calluses and other injuries, but they will not help with flat feet.
How is the orthopedic insole manufactured?
There is a mass of manufacturing techniques for orthopedic insoles with flat feet, often the technology used determines their price. But practically all the prospective technologies consist of 4 stages:
- diagnostics and formulation of the formulation;
- base fabrication;
- fitting and delivery of ready-made insoles to the patient;
- correction during operation.
Diagnosis is carried out by an orthopedic physician, and it is up to him to compose the formula. After that, a plaster cast of the foot is made, along which the orthopedic insole will be made. In some cases a computer image is used instead of a snapshot, but this "advancement" of technologies does not have additional advantages. The key is the extent to which the recipe was correctly selected and how accurately it is implemented in the structure and shape of the insole. The insole can be made of different materials, the choice is wide - from skin to polymers.
If you read reviews on the use of orthopedic insoles with flat feet, then we can conclude that the best material is the familiar to all natural leather. In the process of walking, it can itself be formed on the foot, while the entire lifetime will remain in shape. Wedges and a substrate are usually made of expanded polyethylene, which is strong enough and safe.
What can be drawn from this conclusion?
So, considering the features of the structure of the orthopedic insole, we can conclude that it is designed to optimally distribute the load, while eliminating the defects of the foot. Due to the correct distribution of the load, a person can walk freely, without fatigue and pain, and other joints will be protected from wear.
If we talk only about treatment, then the orthopedic insole can not completely correct the pathology that appeared in the adult person. Well, when treating a child, such an insole is more "warning" in nature, not giving progress to the disease, only to a small extent producing correction. Orthopedic Insoles for longitudinal - transverse flat feet - how to choose?
Orthopedic insoles and arch supports are one of the most famous and popular methods of treatment of transverse, longitudinal and combined flatfoot. On the other hand, on the expanses of the Internet it is impossible to find a more controversial issue than orthopedic devices with flat feet.
Payment for the erection
According to statistics, more than two thirds of the population suffer from flat feet. Equally, all its types:
- longitudinally transverse.
Flat-footedness began to pester humanity from the moment when evolution, in a literal sense, put him on his feet. Therefore, choose orthopedic insoles for flat feet, children, including, quite a challenge.
Today's assortment of industrial products is represented by a product of various colors, made of natural, synthetic materials and produced in many countries of the world. Some craftsmen even try to make the instep with their own hands. But in this matter you do not need to save or buy expensive designer goods, especially when it comes to children's insole for flat feet.
Who should wear it?
All orthopedic insoles can be worn with longitudinal platypodia. If the patient is an adult, then in this case they perform rather than curative, and corrective function, being a kind of supportive support for the foot and the entire joint-muscular apparatus.
How to choose?
In the case, how to choose a manufacturer, it is better to trust specialists from orthopedic prosthetic enterprises, who have many years of experience, achievements and medical recommendations. You will be carefully measured and will fulfill the order by individual measures. You do not need to choose such items on the market counter. Products sold in large batches are made from cheap, low-quality materials, have no certificates, do not take into account the features of the foot.
You can take measurements from the foot in the following ways:
- by tracing the contours of the foot;
- make special computer measurements, followed by a three-dimensional reconstruction.
Seven times measure
Insoles are made on the basis of genuine leather or modern polymer materials. Natural skin, like a breathable material, is preferred to people who are vulnerable to foot skin and for children's insoles. This lining in the process of socks "adjusts" to the contours of your foot. Silicone insole more hygienic, but, unfortunately, less elastic, wear out quickly and do not suit heavy people.
You should choose a similar object strictly according to the indications. This medicine and it should prescribe a doctor.
If you do not suffer from a flat foot, then you do not need fixators for flat feet for permanent wearing. Otherwise, you risk getting the same longitudinal flatfoot.
Just your bundles, feeling the support, will relax - they do not need to do their work anymore. Correctly selected insoles, you will appreciate in the literal sense from the first walk - pain in the joints, edema and heaviness in the legs will disappear. They will also help with other joint diseases, for example, with rheumatoid arthritis. You need to wear the instep arresters by removing the "native" lining from the shoes.
Who needs what?
- Especially it would be desirable to mention about pregnant women. During this period, the load on the locomotor apparatus increases. From the second half of pregnancy there are feelings of heaviness and convulsions. The joints of the foot experience not only the weight load, the ligaments relax due to hormonal effects, and longitudinal flatfoot may form.
- An exceptional situation is diabetic patients with diabetic foot. In such cases, the insole should be made of high-quality and soft materials. It should not cause the formation of rubbing, puffiness and calluses.
- If you need to choose a supinator with a patient with a spur, then recommend a product with a special horseshoe-shaped horseshoe to reduce pressure on the heel.
- In patients with excess weight, in which the foot is experiencing an already high load, it is necessary to use insoles made of strong polymeric materials, the soft insoles will deform under the weight of a person and not have the proper effect.
- Insole for sports shoes are also made for high load and increased sweating.
- How do you know what the insole is for you?
- If the shoes with orthopedic insole and do not cause discomfort, your legs do not pour with lead weight and feel rested, then everything is selected correctly.
All the best for children
If you need to choose children's insoles, then everything is a little different. What can parents do? Their direct duty is to ensure the correct formation of the foot. This will help special children's insteps. They repeat the correct bending of the legs, produced and safe materials and protect the baby's legs from fatigue. The first thing you need to understand:
- The diagnosis of flat feet for children, whether longitudinal or other, is not a verdict. Bunches and bones of the baby are not yet developed enough, so at a young age, it is possible to correct the pathology, using baby insoles.
- Choose only by size. Having bought an arch supports for growth, you will finally "finish" the baby's foot.
- Try to ask for certificates for children's products and choose products from safe materials.
- Baby and insoles child can use up to 7 years, that is, up to that age, as the stop stops forming.
How to care?
Insole, especially made from high-quality expensive materials, should be washed with gentle detergents and dried without the use of batteries or heaters, otherwise they deform, crack and become unusable.
And the last. No method of treatment is able to help yourself. Only a complex impact. Regular exercises of exercise therapy, massage, manual therapy together with the use of insoles, no doubt, will help you to achieve success in treatment.
How to choose orthopedic insoles from flat feet
Flat feet - this is the most common disease in orthopedics. It arises from the congenital weakness of the ligaments, the wearing of uncomfortable shoes, heavy loads on the feet, during pregnancy, etc. And most often it occurs in women.
Correcting insoles are prescribed by orthopedic doctors, usually with the diagnosis of flat feet, which can be longitudinal, transverse and combined.
It is about how to choose orthopedic insoles with flat feet correctly, the Female site of Orekhovo-Zuevo and will tell you in this article.
We will choose the so-called ready-made insoles, which are sold in different sizes in salons and pharmacies. They are cheaper and better quality than individual ones.
Why do we need footbeds for
Why do we need insole, what functional role do they play? As the arch of the foot weakens, and it flattenes, the muscles are no longer able to take on the entire load of the body while walking. It is not distributed correctly, and as a result there are various deformities, for example, valgus or Hallux Valgus, more known as bones on the big toes.
Insoles have a pelote or instep support and help our feet in that they effectively support the transverse or longitudinal arch, unloading the feet and damping the load.
Thanks to orthopedic insoles, blood circulation improves and pains decrease not only in feet, but also in the joints of the legs - in the ankle, knee, hip, and also in the spine.
Also, if the insoles are selected correctly, then you can ensure a more correct posture. And by itself, much greater comfort when walking.
It is especially important to use orthopedic insoles for women who wear heels above 5-7 cm. In this case, the foot loses one of the points of support on the heel, and all the load goes to the sock, that is, to the front arch of the foot.
And after a while there is a feeling of heaviness, burning, there may be corns and corns. Of course, with ordinary insoles in the model shoes is not entirely comfortable, because, although they are thin, and even ultra-thin, but the place in the shoes occupy. And if you pick them wrong, then you can cause serious inconveniences.
Therefore, for shoes with heels and open shoes - sandals, half-insole are invented, various inserts-crossbars and foot arch supports. Also in non-anatomical shoes it is recommended to wear heel pads.
Types of orthopedic insoles from platypodia
Insoles of arch supports are of three types: orthopedic transverse insoles, insoles for longitudinal flat feet and insoles longitudinally transverse.
They differ in the calculations of vaults. Insoles in transverse flatfoot have a metatarsal pelote in the place of the corresponding arch of the foot, that is, a special cushion in the center. A longitudinal insoles, respectively, laying along the inner side of the foot or instep.
And what if the disease has a combined form? For this purpose, insoles are invented for longitudinally transverse flat feet, which combine both of these elements.
Often the product includes a shock absorber, reducing the load even for it. The higher the degree of flatfoot, the more serious the design should be.
For example, soft insole, as well as gel( silicone), just reduce the load, and rigid, wireframe, reliably support the foot. Insoles with a frame are more suitable for ordinary walking or long standing on legs, soft - with pain in the foot, they are slightly thicker, but much more comfortable. For sports shoes it is better to choose products without a skeleton.
You can make individual insoles by purchasing a set of insoles consisting of a base with a longitudinal arch and a removable pelota.
How to choose insoles for flatfoot
Now let's talk about how to choose the insole for the size and anatomical structure of your foot. Just trying on this product, in general, is useless. It is difficult to understand if you are comfortable doing a few steps in the salon.
It is necessary to choose the insoles for transverse flatfoot not only according to the size of the foot, because the length of the fingers is different for all, and there is a possibility that the pelot will not go where it should be. Therefore, orthopedists advise individual selection of insoles when buying this way - to measure the ruler the distance from the heel to the front edge of this liner.
What happens in the end? The distance L should be approximately: