If the bones and joints ache

Why the bones of the hands hurt and what if it happens

In the fist clenched hand, joints are best seen. Since there are very few surrounding and protecting tissues, it is easy to damage these joints of the finger bones, especially when they are compressed. Other causes of pain in the bones of the hand are associated with diseases and their severe complications.

Bones of the hand

The human hand consists of 27 bones of the hand, 2 forearms, 1 shoulder and 2 shoulder girdles. The bones of the wrist in each hand are distributed as follows:

This makes the brush one of the most flexible parts of the body. Each finger consists of 3 bones( proximal, middle and distal phalanx), except for the large one. He is from 2 bones.

Why the bones in the arm hurt

Predominantly the pain appears as a result of injury from the impact of a hard object. Discomfort in the joints arises due to excessive use of the hand and fingers, which leads to deformation of the muscles, tendons and joints of bones. It is not always possible to distinguish between bone and joint pain, so their condition is treated together.

Injury to the limb

Joint injury occurs due to the following factors:
  • Impact.
  • Screwing.
  • Excessive use.

In most cases, it causes inflammation of the soft tissues, and bone itself is rarely damaged. Muscles and tendons become strained, ligaments in the injured area are stretched or even torn. From a very hard blow, the bone is damaged or even broken. Stress fractures are tiny cracks in the bone. They appear when the tissues are unable to withstand the applied force.

We do not think about that, but the pain in the wrists arises from long hours of working with the mouse of the computer, manipulating the mobile phone or the video game controller on it. This is due to carpal tunnel syndrome, but excessive stress on the wrist also affects the joints. Muscle cramps and tendonitis( tendon inflammation) affects the back of the hand and extends to the fingers. This is due to sports injuries and abusing manipulations with the limbs.

Other causes of injuries - the impact of aggressive chemicals, burns and insect bites - affect the surface tissues, the skin and what is under it, rather than on bones or joints.

Infection

Affects bones, joints and subcutaneous tissue covering them. Infection without injuries with skin damage, when germs, in particular bacteria, can get inside, is rare. Sometimes microbes circulate with blood and reach bones. Infection of their and adjacent areas then takes the form:

  • Septic arthritis - joint infections.
  • Cellulitis - infections of the subcutaneous tissue.
  • Impetigo or erysipelas is a skin infection.
In most of these cases, the infection occurs by bacteria living on the skin( from its normal flora), streptococcal epidermal staphylococcus.

Diseases of

In and around the bones, non-infection-related or traumatic diseases occur. Sometimes they develop after tissue damage or infection, but also occur spontaneously. Speaking of the latter case, it can be associated with other processes, autoimmune diseases, when the immune system attacks the tissues of the body, thereby causing inflammation.

Bones, muscles, tendons and joints are the basic structures of the hand. Most limb diseases affect many of these structures.

  • Myositis is an inflammation of the muscles that is not associated with trauma. This is the cause of significant muscle pain.
  • Tendonitis is an inflammation of the muscle tendons that fix the muscles to the bones. Tendons with the back of the palm are often inflamed with excessive use of the hand.
  • Osteoarthritis - wear and damage to cartilage at the ends of bones in the joint.
  • Gout - accumulation in the joints of urate crystals, resulting in inflammation of the joints.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis - inflammation of the joints due to the influence of the immune system, which attacks the cartilage shell of the bones.
  • Peripheral neuropathy is a disease of the nerve in the limbs that causes pain in the affected area without trauma and inflammation of other tissues.

Skin disease

The cause of the pain are problems with the skin over the joint. Some skin diseases are visible, others are indicated by less obvious symptoms, pain and itching. The skin looks healthy at the same time.

skagite-doktor.ru

Pain in the bones - bone pain. Causes and diseases in which the bones ache.

Bone pain

situation, when the whole body seemed to ache and bones ache, or a change in the weather, or after any physical stress and simply do not understand why, at rest, is able to bring a person to a nervous disorder. Pain in the bones is familiar to many. Let's try to make out the reasons. Often bones ache after considerable physical stress. This is due to increased loss of nutrients in bone tissue and metabolic disorders. In this case, pain in the bones arises in the primary picture of a malfunction in the diet of bone tissue, the lack of any structural bone substances.

Select disturbing your symptoms and get a list of possible diseases

Causes pain in the bones

People who are overweight often hurt leg bones. The pains are provoked by the fullness, or rather the increased load on the bones and joints. In addition, because of the high load, there is a disturbance in the metabolism of bone tissue, which also leads to pain. It turns out a vicious circle - you can treat the bone as much as you like, but the excess mass still presses on them, causing a new round of exchange disturbance. And, finally, bones ache in elderly people whose osteoarticular system is subjected to senile degenerative changes. In this case, the bones undergo age-related changes - thin out, lose collagen, which is the main structural element of the bone, as well as calcium and other minerals. As a result, bone tissue becomes weak and fragile and, of course, there is pain in the bones.

There are other reasons - injuries( fractures, bruises), blood disorders( leukemia, Hodgkin's disease), multiple myeloma, bone tumors, infectious and autoimmune diseases, and allergic reactions steomielit, taking any medications - hormones, impaired collagen synthesis. Any of these diseases leads to metabolic disturbances of bone tissue, which is manifested by pain in the bones.

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Search Questions and Answers on "Pain in the bones"

Question: Why are "aching" pain in the bones or muscles of the lower leg? Fracture was not, but occasionally aching bones or some muscles during movement. Answer: Many different reasons cause pain in the legs. These are diseases of the spine and vessels of the legs, joints and muscles. Often the occurrence of pain in the legs is caused by vascular disease. Violation of the outflow of venous blood and increased pressure in the vessels. Or maybe stagnation of blood in the veins. Irritable nerve endings and pain syndrome develop. Sometimes there are pains of a dull character, there is a heaviness in the legs. The cause of pain may be varicose veins, thrombophlebitis and arteriosclerosis. In general, with pain of any nature, you need to consult a doctor and undergo a complete examination and treatment.

Question: The bones of the legs are below the knee( which are sensitive to shock). Answer: Pain in the lower legs is a complex clinical picture. There are many reasons. If your passion is martial arts, pain in the bones of the lower leg can mean sub-periosteal hematoma. Possible inflammatory processes in the tissues of the shin( muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, vessels).You should consult a specialist, start by visiting a trauma doctor.

Question: After a strong nervous overstrain, the pains began to ache on the outside of the upper part of the left hand, and the brush became dumb. At the present time there is still dull pain in the shoulder area. To me of 57 years, active, but the big excess weight. From drugs I take a cardiomagnet and atenolol. What can you recommend from medicines? Answer: Hello! You need to make an ECG as soon as possible, measure pressure and undergo a doctor's examination. Symptoms may indicate heart problems. You can prescribe medicines in your situation only after examination.

Every person from childhood knows that the joint is that part of the skeleton that moves, that is, it is some kind of mobile connection of two or more bones. Between the moving bones of any joint, there is an articular cavity, and no matter what the volume of motion in the joint - from the vibrational movements in the joints to the rotational movements in the shoulder joints.

The joint ends of the bone are covered with hyaline cartilage, the thickness of which, depending on the volume of motion in this or that joint, varies from 1 to 7 mm. The articulated ends of the bones are isolated from the surrounding tissues by a capsule that tightly attaches to the bone tissue at some distance from the end of the bone. This distance can be from 1-2 mm to 4-5 cm, depending on everything from the same mobility of this or that joint.

The joint capsule is strengthened by the tendon fibers of the surrounding muscles interlacing with it and the joints of the joint and is rich in blood vessels, due to which it produces a synovial fluid that performs not only the function of "lubrication", but also nourishes the articular surfaces( cartilage layer of the joint).

The first main reason why

joints hurt If blood circulation of the synovial membrane of the joint is impaired, the synovial fluid of the joint swiftly "clogs" and the ability of regeneration( restoration of the cartilaginous tissue) deteriorates significantly. The destruction of articular cartilage begins, and later other parts of the joint are affected - the bone located directly under the cartilaginous tissue, the synovial membrane, ie, the joint capsule, the ligaments that strengthen the joint, and the muscles surrounding the joint. There is a gradual destruction, which is accompanied by pain, the body signals us that it's time to do something.

The second main reason why the joints hurt

This is our food. Food that modern man consumes, as a rule, contains much less quantity of necessary microelements, than the organism demands for the correct functioning of all organs and systems.

Therefore, for normal life, microelements are taken from the osteoarticular apparatus, which serves as a "warehouse" or "depot" of minerals such as calcium, potassium, manganese, boron, phosphorus, silicon, zinc.

By giving mineral substances to the leading systems of the body, the osteoarticular apparatus is "depleted", which is another prerequisite for the development of various joint diseases, bones, joints periodically, at first rarely, and then constantly ache, fade, bones and ligaments grow weak and developosteosclerosis, osteochondrosis, osteoarthritis and other diseases.

The third main reason why joints hurt

A sedentary lifestyle leads eventually to problems with joints. Joints hurt if you move little, because only in the process of development of synovial fluid, full metabolic processes in the joints and their nutrition. Little move - and again there are stagnant phenomena, "zashlakovka" synovial fluid and destrukivnye processes. So our joints are arranged - their food is provided only in movement, and hence health.

When joints hurt - this is the first call that it's time to take care of the health

At the very beginning of the development of the diseases, the joints ache is unstable and insignificant. So a person, at this time, does not pay attention to them and quickly forgets. And he remembers only when he answers the doctor's questions and, as a rule, if it turns out that joint pain began 3-4 or even 5 years ago, we can already say that the disease is slowly but surely close enough alreadygot close to you. It is no accident that they say, for example, about deforming arthrosis, that it "sneaks" unnoticed. If in this "creeping" period to begin the correct preventive treatment, then the development of the disease can be stopped.

Joint pains are typical for the development of deforming arthrosis traits:

  1. Mechanical pain - occur when the joint is loaded. They worry more by the evening and, as a rule, pass or abate after an overnight rest.
  2. Starting pains - appear at the beginning of movement, with rising, at the beginning of walking, at any load on the diseased joint. Then these pains disappear. Often people say: "I'll walk 10-50-100 meters and the pain goes away."
  3. Night pain. The name indicates the time of their occurrence. As a rule, they are dull, aching in nature and disappear in the morning when walking.
  4. Reflected pain. Sometimes pathological processes can occur in the spine, and pain can be in the hip and knee joints, and even in the foot, but not in the vertebral column itself. When the hip joint is very often treated, the knee joint is performed, since it is the knee that hurts, and not the hip joint. And even pain in the heart can be associated with a disease of the spine, not the heart itself. All these pains are called reflected pains.

Prevention of joint diseases

One of the main conditions for the prevention of joint diseases: polyarthritis, Bechterew's disease, gout and others - is a sufficient intake of minerals and various vitamins with food, the priming in the nutrition of plants that improve the work of the gastrointestinal

Question: I ask you to provide reasons for pains in the zygomatic bone of the face, a week ago, blood pressure and temperature increased sharply 37.0 - the therapist doctor prescribed a course of treatment, including Arbidol and a spray in the throat of Miramistin( 3-4 times a day.) And after the next appointment of the therapistalready has appointed or nominated except for a spray also a rinse of an oral cavity Miramistinom( 3-4 times a day.).After rinsing just 1 time before bedtime, Miramistin's mouth began to ache in the tooth on the upper jaw for the morning, during the day the pain did not increase, but passed to the cheekbone of the face. Now at me except for temperature and the raised arterial pressure also pains in a tooth and in a cheekbone. What could it be? Answer: Hello! Very often, toothaches irradiate( give away) along the branches of the nerve. Sometimes it's the entire half of the face, the temple ear, etc. In your case, this may be a manifestation of a tooth disease. It is necessary to consult a dentist. Rinse will not help!

Question: Hello. I am 39 years old, a woman. In recent years( during the year), there is a subcutaneous pain in the legs, in the upper part, as if a subcutaneous burn, colic, as a nettle burned. And the bones of the body are very sore, especially at night and in the morning. Maybe it's from varicose veins? Though varices at me( hereditary) only on the left leg or foot. Help with the diagnosis. Thanks for the answer! Answer: Hello! You should contact a rheumatologist for an internal consultation.

Question: I'm 65 years old. Three years ago she underwent surgery "Breast Cancer", irradiation for three years, pass hormone therapy( arimidex, femara).One year ago I was operated again( cervical cancer).For the third month, all the bones became unbearably sick, especially at night. It is necessary to drink daily anesthetizing preparations. Has passed or has taken place a scitigraphy in an oncologic dispensary, it's OK.Are these pains associated with the progression of the disease? Pain mainly in the bones, there are also in the joints. Especially at night, the day is easier. Appetite and weight did not change. Weakness is present. Onocomarkers did not check blood for two years. Surveys of all organs go through every 6 months, the last three months ago, there were no changes. Answer: 1. Hand in oncomarkers - compare with previous indicators.2. Give blood biochemistry with rheumo-tests. 3. Eliminate osteoporosis( possible against the background of taking aromatase inhibitors) - radiography of bones( most disturbing area) + osteodensitometry 4. Course of systemic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

diagnos-online.ru

Why joints hurt: causes and prevention of joint diseases / Publications / Rheumatology: a healthy lifestyle, prevention and treatment of diseases

rheumatology.org.ua

What if the bones ache?

Alexander

You need to exclude myeloma, make a radiograph of flat bones, about.the analysis of blood with platelets, the total protein and its fractions, then the consultation of the hematologist.

Velvet vampire

eat kaltsy and drink clean water)

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