Diet with osteochondrosis of the spine

Diet in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine

In any diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which are degenerative-dystrophic, it is necessary to adhere to a rational diet. This is especially important for osteochondrosis. The diet for osteochondrosis is based on nutrition, which is balanced, low in calories, rich in vitamins and minerals.

Basic principles of nutrition in osteochondrosis

First of all, it is necessary that the body receives a sufficient amount of substances responsible for the synthesis of cartilaginous tissue. These substances are chondroprotectors, which are still called mucopolysaccharides. They can be obtained if you include a cold and a jellied fish in your diet. The chill is also rich in collagen and protein, necessary for connective tissue. Another product that will provide your body with chondroprotectors is jelly. It will be an excellent dessert for people suffering from osteochondrosis.

Drinking regimen

In the treatment of any pathology of the spine, adherence to the drinking regimen is of the utmost importance - the patient should receive the amount of fluid that corresponds to his age, health status, professional activity. Insufficient intake of water into the body can become the initiator of the first changes in the cartilaginous tissue - these phenomena are also directly related to the inability to accumulate and retain water tissues of the intervertebral disc.

Therapeutic diet in diseases of the spine - types of diets

There are several types of diets in osteochondrosis. All of them are based on fractional food, that is, should be eaten at least 5 times a day, but in small portions of .This is an important aspect, since it is necessary to reduce the burden on the spine, which can be achieved by reducing weight with its excess.

Rice diet

One of the most common diets is a rice diet for osteochondrosis. It will require six cans, a half-liter volume, pre-numbered. In each jar you need to pour 2 tbsp.l.rice grains. Pour water on each jar of rice and cover with a gauze cloth to avoid dust. You need to do this in the morning so that you can cook rice for breakfast the next day.

The next morning it will be necessary to drain the water from the jar at number one. Boil rice for 5 minutes in 500 ml of water. Boiled rice will serve you breakfast, after which you can not eat or drink anything for 4 hours. In an empty jar again pour 2 tbsp.spoon( 30 grams) of rice, pour water and set aside at the end of the row. In other banks you need to change the water.

The same procedure should be repeated in the morning for 42 days. Rice diet will help to remove salt from the body and lose weight.

Diet with salt restriction

The diet for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is based on the reduction of the amount of salts in the body( the factor of tissue dehydration).Therefore, it is necessary to limit the intake of salty foods, pickles, smoked products and spices. Coffee and sweet soda water should be excluded from the diet. If in addition to the disease you have excess weight, you must also limit the consumption of bakery products. It is allowed in the diet to include bread from wholemeal, rye and bran, a little dry biscuits.

Compulsory food

At least one third of the substances consumed must be taken up by proteins. To do this, the diet should be a sufficient amount of meat, poultry, fish, milk and eggs. Among the products of vegetable origin, protein is rich in legumes, eggplants and nuts.

Also on the menu are fresh vegetables and fruits. Benefits of the body are tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, cabbage, peppers, carrots and beets, prepared in the form of salads with the addition of celery and parsley. It is desirable to fill salads with olive oil with the addition of small amounts of lemon juice. Olive oil is rich in unsaturated fats, which should also be included in the daily diet. Unsaturated fats in large quantities are also found in nuts and fatty fish.

In order not to break the structure of bone tissue, it is important that the body receives the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals. These are vitamins A, C, D and group B, as well as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and manganese.

Calcium is rich in dairy products and cheeses, almonds, legumes and lettuce. To calcium absorbed, you need to use foods that contain vitamin D, namely sea fish, eggs and butter. In order to produce this vitamin in the body you need to take sun baths. To calcium involved in the development of bone tissue, you need magnesium, otherwise with a lack of this mineral, calcium will be washed away. Seeds of sunflower, avocado, nuts, and cucumbers contain the essential element. Sufficient phosphorus is found in bran, pea, white cabbage, soy, fish and cottage cheese. Manganese is present in cottage cheese, chicken meat, egg yolk, potato peel, beans, onions, celery, bananas and nuts.

Vitamin A is rich in raw eggs, liver, fish, carrots, pumpkin and melon. B group vitamins are contained in maximum quantity in red meat( pork and beef), seafood, mushrooms, milk and cereals. Ascorbic acid( vitamin C) is rich in fresh fruits, especially citrus fruits. Vitamin C needs to be replenished daily in the body, since it can not accumulate. It is necessary to take into account the fact that this vitamin is in sufficient quantity in fresh fruit, but their storage and heat treatment reduce the content of ascorbic acid by several times.

The diet for osteochondrosis of the spine, including diet for cervical osteochondrosis, is very diverse. A large selection of recommended products makes it possible to form an individual diet with all personal preferences taken into account. However, in addition to dieting, it is necessary to engage in exercise therapy to strengthen muscles, develop joints and maintain the flexibility of the spine.

Diet for osteochondrosis: recommendations of specialists

Osteochondrosis is a dystrophic disorder that occurs in articular cartilage.

In most cases, intervertebral joints of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine are affected.

Proper nutrition of in case of osteochondrosis is one of the conditions for successful treatment of the disease.

Regardless of which department of the spine you are worried about - cervical, thoracic or lumbar, normalizing nutrition is an important factor in an integrated approach to treatment.

The main principles of the diet to be adhered to are:

  1. predominance in the menu of plant products
  2. low caloric content of food
  3. consumption of vitamins and minerals
  4. nutrition balance( mono-dietary rice, kefir, apple and others, which exclude the full entry of all nutrientsin the body)

Compliance with these recommendations not only minimizes the risk of side effects of drug therapy, but also speeds up the process of rehabilitation of the affected xplavatory tissue.

Body weight correction

Before starting the actual medical nutrition, it is necessary to pay attention to such an important point as weight loss in patients with osteochondrosis( for those, of course, who have it excessive).

The fact is that every extra kilogram is an excessive load on our spine, and in particular on intervertebral disks.

Obesity is one of the indirect causes of the disease , and eliminating excess weight is important for both prevention and treatment of the disease.

Products for dietotherapy for osteochondrosis

Nutrition for this disease requires a serious correction in the diet of consumed products.

What to exclude?

The first thing to make sick with osteochondrosis, is to exclude from the diet too sharp, too salty and too flavored dishes. Also, do not abuse coffee, strong tea and alcohol.

In general, sharp, fatty foods and refined carbohydrates are harmful to healthy people, so excluding them from the menu can also be used as an prophylactic measure of against osteochondrosis in middle-aged and older people at risk for this disease.

These dishes adversely affect the metabolic processes occurring in the body, disrupt the balance of microelements, reduce microcirculation in cells( including cartilaginous tissues) and affect body weight - in the worst, of course, the side.
It is inadvisable to completely exclude from the diet, table salt, as recommended for osteochondrosis in the last century. Recent medical studies show that salt deposition is not the main cause of osteochondrosis .

In the disease, it is not the salt that is to blame, but the inactive way of life of a person, his inattention to his own body, the lack of necessary physical exertion on the spinal muscles and spine.

Even if the salts are deposited in the intervertebral tissue, these are completely different salts, and their excess percentage in the body is determined by the doctor with the help of urine analysis.

Natural chondroprotectors

Care should be taken for the ingestion of substances involved in the synthesis of cartilaginous tissue. Such substances are called chondroprotectors( protecting cartilage).

These substances can be consumed in the form of medications that are prescribed by the decision of your doctor. But they are contained in the mucopolysaccharides included in food products such as cold or aspic fish .In addition, the composition of the cold also includes collagen and protein, which are also extremely useful for connective tissue.

Another product that can provide the body with natural chondroprotectors is jelly ( gelatin ).This dessert will perfectly replace flour or chocolate products.

Vegetable food

Vegetable food should be the predominant part of the diet. Fruits and vegetables, in addition to the fact that they contain vitamins and trace elements, help to fight overweight. In addition, they have a beneficial effect on the activity of the digestive system.


Seafood can provide the body with the necessary amount of nutrients - polyunsaturated fats and vitamins, very useful for osteochondrosis.

Also in seafood are contained mucopolysaccharides, which have already been mentioned above.

Vitamins and minerals

In principle, vitamins and minerals are found in a fair amount in vegetables, fruits and seafood. But it will not be superfluous to undergo a one-month course of medicamentous vitaminization of the body. This will establish metabolic processes in tissues and organ systems.

It should be separately said about such an important nutritional element in osteochondrosis, as calcium .This element must be injected into the body regularly to prevent further degenerative changes in bone tissue.

Calcium is rich in cheeses, cottage cheese and other products of fermented milk, as well as nuts and lettuce. However, for calcium to be absorbed, you need the presence of vitamin D, which is in eggs, butter and sea fish.

The synthesis of vitamin D is also facilitated by exposure to the sun. Remember only the danger of direct and excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation on the skin - do not abuse sunbathing. Read more about calcium preparations here.

Another element that helps calcium to participate in the restoration of bone tissue is magnesium .Without the participation of magnesium, calcium will simply "wash out" from the body, not having time to fulfill its mission.

Magnesium is found in sunflower seeds, nuts and vegetables.

Proper nutrition will help in the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint. Do not forget that the treatment of diseases requires an integrated approach. A detailed treatment plan for the treatment of lumbar hernia can be obtained in this section. About the choice of chondroprotectors for arthrosis more in the article - http: // hondroprotektory-pri-artroze.html

Power balance

This is one of the conditions of therapeutic effect from any diets. The food should be as varied as possible and ensure the intake of all the substances necessary to it - proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Another thing is that you should change the percentage of each other's three groups of organic compounds.

When osteochondrosis, it is necessary to reduce the amount of fats and refined carbohydrates( in other words, harmful carbohydrates with a high glycemic index), but the protein contained in useful foods( dietary meat, legumes and nuts) must be supplied in sufficient quantities.

Fractional food

Fractional food, which is recommended by some sources for osteochondrosis, in itself does not improve and will not worsen the condition. Rather, it will benefit the gastrointestinal tract than the cartilaginous and connective tissue of the spine.

Therefore, if you have a healthy stomach or liver, do not change the usual schedule of meals. Another thing is that abundant and rare food intake in themselves gives the an unnecessary load of .

There are many harmful for a healthy person. Overeating in any case is worse than malnutrition.

Drinking mode

There is another established public stereotype , according to which osteochondrosis is a consequence of the "drying" of the intervertebral discs. On the one hand, it really is. However, this "drying out" occurs not because the person drinks a little, but about the fact that the does not receive enough blood from the vertebrae.

So the excessive use of water is unlikely to help improve the situation with osteochondrosis. Another thing is that some people in general consume too little liquid .Therefore, the inclusion in the diet of healthy juices, fruit drinks, compotes and clean water will not hurt the general state of health, but rather, on the contrary - will bring a certain benefit.

Comprehensive approach to

Do not forget that a single change in the diet is not enough.

In osteochondrosis, you need to adjust not only food intake, but the entire lifestyle .Therapy for osteochondrosis, in addition to medicamental effects, also includes special exercises for the spine, outdoor exercise, massage and manual procedures. What diet will help to cope with osteochondrosis?

Dietary nutrition is the first thing that a doctor will advise you in any chronic illness. For a long time, dietitians have developed an optimal diet for each disease, which is not only included in the number of mandatory medical measures, but also preventive. Each ailment has its own individual menu, diet, forbidden and recommended products. There is dietary nutrition for diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

But the diet for osteochondrosis is somewhat different from our usual understanding of this word. If, for example, food with heart failure strictly prohibits the use of table salt, a lot of free fluid, and if kidney disease is necessary to sharply limit the protein, then with osteochondrosis such strict prohibitions do not exist.

Nutrition in diseases of the spine should not have the appearance of a short-term diet, but a constant healthy and balanced diet, which is aimed at eliminating risk factors for osteochondrosis( obesity, for example).

Principles of a healthy diet

It is immediately necessary to understand that a diet in the osteochondrosis of the cervical department or any other does not in any case replace the main treatment, it will be effective only with prolonged use and in combination with all other medicamentous and non-medicamentous( therapeutic exercises, massage, kinesiotherapy, physiotherapy, reflexology, etc.) by methods of treatment.

The main goal of therapeutic nutrition is to get rid of the risk factors of vertebral pathology, to provide the body with all the necessary substances for proper functioning and renewal. The first thing that nutrition should be directed to is getting rid of excess kilograms. Excess body weight significantly increases the load on the diseased vertebra, only increasing the dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs.

Basic principles of a diet for osteochondrosis:

See article: Manual therapy for osteochondrosis
  • caloric intake should correspond to the ideal mass, height and sex of a person, the type of his occupation, if there is a problem of excess weight, then the calorie needs to be reduced;
  • individual food intake, frequent and divided meals are not so important here as, for example, with gastritis, if the diet is aimed at reducing weight, then the interval between meals should not exceed 3-4 hours, so as not to develop a feeling of hunger;
  • menu should be balanced for protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, trace elements, you need to limit the use of simple sugars, animal fats, various extractives;
  • it is necessary to comply with the optimal drinking regime( at least 1.2-2 L of free liquid per day), if the state of health allows( there is no heart failure, kidney disease, etc.).

As you can see, there is nothing special about such nutrition, and we all know about these healthy principles, but for some reason we do not observe them. In order not to list products that can be consumed and which it is desirable to exclude, we cite as an example a food pyramid of healthy nutrition. Those foods that are at the bottom of the pyramid should form the basis of the diet, as you move up the pyramid, you must limit the food that is on the top.

Healthy food pyramid

Diets that are misleading

Often you can find information about "miraculous" nutrition in the chest, lumbar or cervical osteochondrosis, they say, sit for a week or two on such a diet - and everything as hand will remove. It is a pity, but believing in such stories, you will only be disappointed and, in addition, suffering from an absolutely irrational and the same type of nutrition, or a new disease from such a "cure."

Below are the most popular pseudo diets that can be found even on authoritative websites about health.

Rice diet

It involves eating lots of rice( not salty and steamed with boiling water) for 40-45 days. Ostensibly during this time, the rice will remove all the slag from the intestine and exacerbation of the osteochondrosis will pass. First, during such a time, any aggravation will occur even without treatment, and secondly, there is no slag in the intestine( the epithelium that lines the intestine is renewed every three days, because nothing can "stick" to it, and the peristalsisall undigested substances pushes out).But even if we allow for a moment that this is possible, then it is difficult to find cause and effect relations between slags and osteochondrosis to the mind that understands the essence of this disease.

Rice diet will help to lose a couple of kilograms, but will not cure of osteochondrosis

Diets without salt

Especially recommend this nutrition in case of lesion of the lumbar region. The basis is a significant restriction or complete cessation of salt intake. Many people think that osteochondrosis is the deposition of salts in the spine, but this is the main misconception about this disease! It develops for completely different reasons: degenerative and dystrophic changes in the cartilaginous tissue of the intervertebral discs, cartilage is destroyed by constant overloads and reduced blood supply with age. Salt in the joints is postponed for another disease - gout, but this is certainly not the salt, but the substance that is formed and accumulates in the body when violating the purine metabolism.

Video about the main principles of proper nutrition:

A diet enriched with vitamin D and calcium

Again, this is probably invented by those who absolutely do not understand the pathogenesis and causes of osteochondrosis. The main slogan of such a diet - calcium will strengthen bone tissue and slow the progression of pathology. But, as already mentioned, the essence of the disease is not in the decrease of calcium in the bones( they have nothing to do with it!), But in the destruction of the intervertebral cartilaginous disc. True, there is another pathological condition with a very similar name, which consists precisely in reducing the bone mineral density, osteoporosis. Maybe the counselors just got it wrong?

But, if it goes deeper, then probably a piece of truth here can be found. The fact is that often osteochondrosis and osteoporosis occur together, especially in women in menopause and people of advanced age. Only in this case, the use of calcium and vitamin D will have a positive effect on the general condition of the patient.

Never believe that a diet with osteochondrosis can help you get rid of painful symptoms in a short time and forever. There is no such food! Instead of sitting all day in search of a panacea, engage in physical therapy - that's really will have a positive effect.

Diet for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine at home

  • Sample diet menu for osteochondrosis

Diet conditions for osteochondrosis

The starting position of a diet for osteochondrosis is observance of the method of fractional nutrition, which includes eating 5-6 times a day in small portions.

Observance of this method is mandatory, it is also necessary to limit the amount of salt, carbohydrates.

An important condition of a diet for osteochondrosis is the rejection of spicy, fried, pickled, smoked food. Of great importance in the therapy of cervical osteochondrosis is the way in which food was prepared. Meat and fish are better cooked steamed or boiled, you can wrap in foil, bake in the oven, vegetables cooked for a couple or stew.

Nutrition for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine should not have a short-term character - in the form of a short diet, it should be a constant healthy, balanced diet, aimed at eliminating the causes of the risk of osteochondrosis.

Principles of nutrition in osteochondrosis

Nutrients contained in different types of products

Drinking salt

In osteochondrosis of the cervical department, the diet suggests reducing salt intake. It is necessary to limit pickles, spicy seasonings, salty foods. If the patient has excess weight - from the diet to remove rolls, bread, pastries. It is allowed, there is only bread of rough grinding, dry biscuit biscuits.

Water and other liquids

During the day, it is necessary to observe the drinking regime. The patient uses as much fluid as necessary for his age category, general condition, but not less than 2 liters per day. At the same time, sweet carbonated drinks and coffee are completely excluded.

If you reduce the flow of water, it can cause negative changes on the cartilaginous tissues of the spine.

Proteins in a diet with osteochondrosis

In a diet with osteochondrosis, a third of the substances used are proteins. It is necessary to include meat, fish, milk, poultry, eggs in the menu.

Proteins of vegetable origin of a sufficient quantity are found in beans, nuts, eggplants. Be sure to include in the diet fresh fruits and vegetables.

Huge benefit to the body from tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, carrots, peppers, beets, lettuce, celery, parsley. Salads from fresh vegetables are better seasoned with olive or sunflower oil with the addition of lemon juice.


The diet should include products with substances responsible for the restoration of cartilage. Such substances are called hondoprotectors or mucopolysaccharides.

These substances come with jellied dishes - fish, chill.

The value of these dishes lies in the availability of collagen, necessary for connective tissues. Another product that provides the human body with chondoprotectors - jelly. Ideal dessert for patients with osteochondrosis.


To ensure that bones and cartilage are not destroyed, the body needs to receive the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals, especially calcium. Calcium is found in dairy products, cheeses, almonds and lettuce, legumes.

To assimilate the body of calcium, vitamin D is required, which is contained in sea fish, eggs, butter.

What not to use for osteochondrosis?

Doctors recommend to exclude the following products from the menu:

Supper should be easy - kefir or yoghurt

The last meal should be about 3.5 hours before bedtime. Try not to eat up for dinner, confine yourself to a jar of yogurt, a glass of milk, kefir.

What products can not be consumed

There are products that are not recommended for osteochondrosis:

  1. Grapes, grape juice, wine, beans, sorrel, rye bread - these products have an irritating effect on the tissues and are harmful in the treatment of the spine.
  2. Baked pastry, milk chocolate, fatty meat - contribute to a sharp increase in weight, which is not welcome in the treatment of diseases associated with the spine.
  3. Sour-salted dishes. Although the salts deposited in the vertebrae and the salt consumed with the food are different things, nevertheless the strong seasonings are badly "friends" with the medications prescribed for the treatment of the disease( your stomach receives a double load).In addition, salts enhance the destructive processes, dehydrating the body.

In case of problems with the spine, strict vegetarian food is prohibited. The fact is that without meat, fish, eggs it is difficult to get enough protein and calcium, and they are so important in the treatment of osteochondrosis.

Special breakfast

Specialists recommend that in case of osteochondrosis try a rice diet that allows you to remove salt from the body and lose weight. Rice contains a large amount of protein, helps in the restoration of cartilage and ligaments.

In the conventional understanding, the rice diet for osteochondrosis is not exactly a diet, as it does not mean "sitting" on one product and starvation. It is more correct to call it "rice breakfast".In the evening, add two tablespoons of rice( preferably unpolished) to the dishes and fill it with 500 grams of water. In the morning, drain the infused water and boil the rice for five minutes. Do not salt it and do not season it with anything - yes, it is not the most delicious food, but useful. The next meal should take place no earlier than 2.5 hours - during the day you can eat any food allowed to consume with osteochondrosis. Rice diet for osteochondrosis of the spine should be observed for at least 30 days. If necessary, repeat it in a couple of months.

It is good to follow the rice diet, which helps to remove salt from the body and lose weight.

Useful products

Try to eat products for osteochondrosis, containing:

  1. Chondoprotectors( glucosamines, chondroitins), which contribute to the restoration of cartilaginous tissue. First of all, the chondoprotectors are contained in jelly, cold, and jellied fish. Try to eat them every day.
  2. Microelements and vitamins for cervical osteochondrosis( and any other department).Vegetables, fruits, berries, herbs are useful in any form - in raw form, in the form of compotes, stews, juices, salads. To restore the bone structure is particularly important vitamins A, B, as well as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese.
  3. Animal proteins are the main structural element that "builds" cells. That is necessary at restoration of the damaged backbone! In the diet must necessarily contain white poultry meat, eggs, rabbit meat, fish, dairy products.
  4. Vegetable proteins - eggplant, zucchini, seeds, corn, mushrooms.
  5. Unsaturated fatty acids necessary for cell membrane repair. They are found in nuts, sea fish, olive oil. Calcium, necessary for strengthening bones. First of all, they are rich in cottage cheese, kefir, almonds, salad. Remember: for better absorption of calcium, the body needs vitamin D - it is found in sea fish, eggs, butter. Be sure to add them to your meals.

As you managed to notice, the rules of nutrition for osteochondrosis are very simple and, if desired, they can be performed by everyone who cares about health and wants to get rid of problems with the spine. There is no need to sit on some hard diets, severely limit yourself in your favorite foods. The main thing is not to overeat, do not eat foods containing harmful substances for bones, and watch the diet.

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