Diet for gout
Diet for gout is perhaps one of the main measures aimed at the speedy removal of pain and normalization of metabolism in the body.
Gout is a systemic disease that results in impaired uric acid metabolism. Gout often recurs, against the background of well-being, there may be an exacerbation. Salts of sodium urate accumulate in the ligamentous apparatus, articular joints, cartilaginous membranes, etc. Most often gout is observed in those people who do not control food intake, often uses meat, spicy foods, alcohol. To aggravate the predisposition to the disease can be a fixed rhythm of life, emotional shock, chronic stress. An hereditary factor of transmission of the disease also takes place, especially if the lifestyle described above is adopted in the family. Gout begins acutely, most often at night. First, the pain is localized in the large joint of the toes, in the foot, elbows and knees. Pain can last a day, then wane, leaving a feeling of lack of mobility and friction in the joint. Seizures can be repeated, spreading to other joints, the affected articular articulation, markedly redness. To alleviate the condition, a diet is prescribed, based on reducing the amount of protein consumed to 0.8-1 grams per kg.body weight, which will stop the production of uric acid by the body.
Diet for gout on the legs
Gout is a fairly common pathology of articular joints, the cause of gout lies in the violation of normal metabolism in the body, and specifically when the urine sodium( its salt residue) accumulates in joint bags and ligaments.
Diet for gout on the legs requires the patient to keep certain limits of the products allowed in use is only moderately and not to starve, fasting produces more uric acid, and this provokes peaks of pain. Overeating increases the burden on the urinary system, and this also leads to excessive accumulation of uric acid. Patients with gout are contraindicated for eating meat, fish, broths in meat and fish, animal fats, all smoked, by-products, caviar. Also you will have to refrain from using beans, spices. In addition, the diet with gout on the legs implies a complete refusal to drink alcoholic beverages - beer, wine and other. The patient is contraindicated: chocolate, strong tea, coffee, cocoa, cakes with creams, raspberries, figs, grapes, spicy and salty cheeses.
Diet for gout on hands
Diet for gout on the hands means stabilization of the percentage of urea in the body, as well as metabolism in general, by excluding from the daily diet of food containing many urine bases. At the same time it is allowed to consume milk, eggs, fruits, vegetables, cheese, it is established that in them the percentage of purines is very low, besides they have high energy value and perfectly satisfy hunger.
With gout, uric acid is most often deposited in articular hand bags, causing inflammation and severe pain. At the peak of the aggravation of the patient's illness, concern is the limited and painful movements. The first thing that can help at such a moment is a strict diet with the exception of certain foods.
Almost all types of meat are not recommended for consumption, broths except broths on vegetables, sauce dressings, jellied, smoked, packaged soups, fish eggs, fish, canned goods, saturated tea, coffee, cocoa, legumes, extended shelf life products, spicy herbs,cakes with cream, chocolate, alcohol, figs, grapes, raspberries.
Limit daily consumption of boiled poultry and fish, tomatoes( no more than 3 per day), color cabbage, sorrel, bell pepper, celery, rhubarb and asparagus. Also, you should limit the amount of green onions and parsley, butter, milk.
In the menu for each day you can include such products: squid, shrimp, chicken eggs, vegetarian soups, low-fat cottage cheese, cheese, sour cream, various cereals, bread, pasta, nuts, seeds, cabbage, various vegetables, honey, marmalade, marshmallows, apples, citrus, melons, avocados. Kvass, juices, compotes, various vegetable oil.
With strict adherence to dietary nutrition and correct medication, painful spasms in the movement in the hands will decrease, and the usual movements will not cause unbearable pain.
Diet 6 for gout
Diet 6 for gout is also indicated for the treatment of diseases of the urinary system, diathesis with high uric acid, oxaluria, cystinuria. Nutrition is aimed at normalizing the production of uric acid, restoring the normal environment of urine( from acidic to alkaline).
The use of dietary nutrition in reducing the intake of foods rich in purines, oxalic acid and the predominance of food in the daily menu, which can normalize the metabolism. Special preparation of the products is not necessary, the cooking process is simple enough, but meat and fish products need to be boiled in order to withdraw some of the purines from the products into broth broth. Further, based on the boiled products, you can prepare a variety of second dishes, but remember that meat can be consumed no more than 2-3 times a week for 150 grams, fish can be eaten more often, but portions of not more than 170 grams.
You need to eat a meal, 4-6 times a day, not forgetting to drink while drinking enough liquid. Once in seven-ten days you can arrange days of unloading, eating cottage cheese or fruit, you can also kefir. On such days the patient needs to drink at least 2.5 liters of fluid. Fasting is unacceptable, as it can cause complication of the disease.
Menu diet 6 for gout should comply with the norms: daily protein ratio 80-90 g, fat daily ratio 80-90 g, carbohydrate daily coefficient 400 g;the number of calories per day 2600-2900 kcal;retinol 0.5 mg, thiamine 1.5 mg, ascorbic acid 150 mg;sodium 4 g, potassium 3.5 g, calcium 0.75 g, etc.
You can eat a little lean fish, dairy products, cereals, eggs, vegetables, fruits, alkaline mineral water, weak tea.
Diet 8 for gout
Diet 8 for gout is prescribed if the patient has obesity of any degree. Obesity, as a consequence of overeating, creates an additional burden on all body systems and aggravates any current disease. The essence of the diet is to eliminate excess fat in the tissues. Caloric content of the diet is maintained due to a greater percentage of proteins and a decrease in the percentage of fats and virtually eliminating carbohydrates( 120-130 g of proteins, 80 g of fat, 120 g of carbohydrates, calories - up to 2000).
Menu table № 8 allows you to use: a little rye, wheat bread with bran, soups on vegetables, 2-3 times a week you can eat a little lean beef, dishes based on chicken, fish - hake, cod. Fish and meat are served stewed, boiled and baked. Cereals and pasta are limited. Sour milk products - kefir, low-fat cottage cheese. Eggs can be eaten no more than 1-2 per day. Berries and fruits can be eaten fresh and as compotes, juices. Showed tea, weak coffee, juices from fruits, vegetables. Completely excluded from the menu: baked pastry, pasta, various sweets, rice and semolina, sweet fruit, grapes, any fatty or spicy food is also contraindicated.
Diet menu for gout
The diet menu for gout excludes foods rich in purine. Only limiting the production of uric acid can alleviate pain. The diet should be taken seriously enough, the food is divided into fractions - 4 times a day, it is absolutely unacceptable to starve - this stimulates the production of uric acid. It is important to note that dietary nutrition is important, as is treatment with medicines. Variations in dietary nutrition are many, but many patients make an exemplary menu themselves, based on the differences of a particular organism and taking as a basis the products allowed for consumption. Diet № 6 with gout is the most effective complex for diet therapy for gout, but some nuances of nutrition still better clarified by the treating doctor to avoid possible complications. So, consider an approximate diet for one day with a gout:
- 1st breakfast: vegetable salad, fruit pie with millet, boiled egg.
- 2 nd breakfast: broth of wild rose, you can brew a berry broth.
- Lunch: noodles on milk, jelly.
- Snack: fresh fruit.
- Dinner: syrniki, vegetable cabbage rolls, not strong tea.
The resulted menu approximately, as a dish for a dinner it is possible to prepare a vegetable stew or other hot dish. The nature of the dishes can vary, but one rule should be unchanged - a larger percentage of food should be served in a liquid form.
Diet for a week with gout
The diet for a week with gout can be quite varied and tasty, most importantly - do not go beyond and prepare meals only from the allowed products. Special cooking skills are not required, preparing special dishes for gout patients is easy, and they are in many respects similar to the food of vegetarians.
A strict diet for a week with gout is prescribed in the acute period of the disease, in addition, the patient is prescribed a strict bed rest, medicinal treatment prescribed by a doctor. The food should be mostly liquid, it is unacceptably fasting, it is also important to drink about two liters of liquid per day. Example of dietary nutrition for two days with gout:
- Before meals: a glass of rose hip broth.
- 1 breakfast: tea with milk, cabbage salad.
- 2 breakfast: vegetable juice.
- Lunch: borscht on vegetable broth, a piece of boiled meat with white sauce( no more than 100 gr.)
- Snack: a glass of rosehip broth.
- Dinner: buckwheat with milk, vegetable cabbage rolls.
- Before going to bed: fruit juice.
The second day:
- Before meals: a glass of rose hip broth.
- 1 breakfast: tea with milk, beet salad, seasoned with butter or sour cream.
- 2 breakfast: vegetable juice.
- Lunch: vegetable soup with pearl barley, cabbage schnitzel.
- Snack: fruit juice.
- Dinner: carrot chops, kissel.
- Before going to bed: watermelon or a glass of curdled milk.
The list of dishes can be combined, do not forget that the effect of diet therapy can be achieved and fixed for a long time only if it is fully observed.
Recipes for gout
Recipes for gout are not complex and do not require special preparation or a specific set of products. Vegetable slicks, salads:
- Salad from cucumbers and lettuce leaves. Vegetables finely chop, salt, you can fill with sour cream or low-fat cream.
- Vinaigrette. Cut the boiled potatoes, carrots, beets into cubes, add chopped cucumbers, apples, lettuce leaves. Mix all ingredients, add salt and season with sunflower oil. Carrot salad with green peas. Carrots grind with a grater, add greens and canned peas, season with low-fat sour cream.
- Potato soup. First, the potatoes are cooked until ready, then it is wiped through a sieve and diluted with a decoction to the desired state. Then add white sauce, butter and egg. All together boiled for a few minutes, after which it is served to the table with greens and sour cream. Milk Vermicelli Soup. First, the vermicelli is cooked in water for about 5 minutes, then boiled milk is added and the soup is cooked until the vermicelli is ready. At the end of the cooking, add butter and sugar.
Garnish, desserts and sauces:
- Oatmeal with milk. Boil the milk, add the oatmeal, salt and sugar to taste, cook until cooked. At the end of the cooking, add a little butter.
- Omelette. Rub in a small amount of milk flour, then add the beaten eggs, the remnants of milk, once again shake everything and put in a frying pan in the oven at an average temperature.
- Cheesecake. Mix cottage cheese with semolina, egg to a thick consistency, then form the syrup and roll in flour. Fry in oil and serve warm for tea.
- White sauce. Dry the flour in a frying pan to a cream shade, combine with butter, stirring constantly. Add the hot broth to the mixture and boil for 10 minutes.
Diet for exacerbation of gout
The diet for exacerbation of gout is prescribed at the first manifestation of the disease. The aggravation most often begins at night, like an attack of acute arthritis of the first metatarsal-phalanal joint. Symptoms:
- Rapid development of clinical symptoms, reaches a maximum in 2-6 hours.
- Strong painful sensations in the affected joint bag.
- Swelling and redness of the affected joint.
- The disappearance of all manifestations of the disease in 5-14 days with the restoration of motor activity.
The main principle of treatment during the period of exacerbation is to prevent the progression of the disease, with the formation of a correct lifestyle of the patient.
- Restricting the consumption of meat, broths, poultry, fish, offal, seafood, beans).In the diet should be a lot of carbohydrates and milk proteins. The liquid is consumed up to 2-3 liters per day.
- Refusal of alcoholic beverages.
- Change of treatment regimen if diuretics are prescribed.
The diet for exacerbation of gout is prescribed for 10-14 days. The emphasis on the menu is on the use of liquid food - sour-milk products, kissels, compotes, juices, weak tea, soups from vegetables. It is useful to drink alkaline mineral water.
During the exacerbation of digestive disorders, it is important to maintain a sparing diet. When the disease goes on a decline, you can eat a small amount of meat and fish( not more often 1-2 times a week and 100-150 gr.).You can use dairy products, vegetables, eggs, cereals, fruits.
The antipuric diet is a menu with products in which the uric acid content is almost minimal. Assign her with gout, as well as those who have urate nephrolithiasis, hyperuricemia, hyperuricosuria.
Completely banned the use of:
- Honey, coffee, chocolate, grapes and its products, broths( except vegetable), smoked products, by-products, legumes, cakes, cream cakes, whole milk, sorrel, turnip, radish, fish, pork, cauliflower,alcohol.
Restrict intake for food:
- Whole boiled-smoked, coffee, tomato, greens, plums, fat, butter.
It is recommended to eat:
- Potatoes, cereals, chicken, rabbit, carrots, beets, cucumbers, pumpkin, sour cream, cottage cheese, kefir, watermelons, lemons, white cabbage, onion, garlic, white bread, eggs, green tea, dill, sausages,boiled sausage, vegetable oil.
An antipuric diet is prescribed for a period of 10-14 days, until the patient's condition improves. Further, depending on the state of health, little by little, more foods are introduced into the diet, but according to the main provisions of the diet. A sharp change in the diet can trigger another aggravation and in this case you will have to start treatment first.
Diet for gout and arthritis
The diet for gout and arthritis, or, as they say, "aristocrat disease" is reduced to one - restriction of food intake, rich in uric acid. The disease is unpleasant, mainly due to severe pain in the joints, but easily amenable to treatment, and first of all, thanks to a diet.
Even with the most expensive foreign medicines without a diet, recovery will not come. With proper dietary nutrition, the improvement occurs after a week or two, and under certain conditions of treatment, after a year all restrictions and prohibitions on the use of foods can be abolished altogether.
At first, it is worth to abandon the meat of animals, meat and fish soups, by-products, sardines, herring, mackerel, alcohol.
Reduce the use of beef, sausages, fish, beans, radish, cauliflower, spinach, cocoa, coffee.
Do not confine yourself to eating cereals, pasta, dairy products, cheese, eggs, jelly, oil. You can vegetable soups on vegetable broth, meat and fish can, but only in a cooked form and not more often 1-2 times a week.
If there are no pathologies from the cardiovascular system and the urinary system, you can increase the daily intake of fluid to 2-2.5 liters per day. A decoction of wild rose, juices from berries, lime tea is useful. From mineral waters it is possible alkaline waters - Smirnovsky, Borjomi.
Diet for gout and obesity
The diet for gout and obesity is based on a reduction in the amount of calories in the daily diet due to light and quickly digestible carbohydrates, fats, while increasing the percentage of protein in a daily portion. Due to this, the body weight decreases, fat metabolism and water-electrolyte balance are restored.
According to the composition, the daily norm of diet No. 8 contains: proteins - 100-110 g, fats - 80-90 g( of which 50% are plant), carbohydrates - 120-150 g, kilocalories - 1600-1800.Only in a hospital with a severe degree of obesity, a diet with an energy value of 1200 kcal is prescribed.
It should be eaten in fractional portions, 5-6 times a day, with a small volume. Calculate the weight of the portion can be done with the help of kitchen scales, and the volume of the portion is reached at the expense of vegetables, it gives a feeling of satiety, and also does not create an organism for a stressful situation and the diet can be observed for a long period of time. Dishes should be better stewed, boiled, baked, and the use of fried, chopped dishes is better to reduce
Liquid with diet number 8 is regulated in a volume of 1.2-1.5 liters. For example - no more than half a bowl of soup, no more than 5-6 glasses of liquid per day, salt - about 5g, give up spices and alcohol. You can consume seafood( if there are no contraindications).
If you follow a diet, and at a later date include in the daily routine of physical activity, you can accelerate the process of recovery and restore metabolism, fixing a positive result. Of course, following the prescription of a nutritionist, you can stop acute attacks of gout, but you can cure completely only when combined with drug therapy. Therefore, when the first signs appear, you should immediately go to a clinic to a specialist to prevent the development of severe systemic changes. It is absolutely counter-indicative to be engaged in a selftreatment and to ignore a prescription of a diet at a gout.
What kind of diet for gout: approximate menu
Gout develops as a result of metabolic disorders, in which the salts of uric acid are not completely removed from the body and stored in the joints. This disease brings severe pain, especially in the phase of exacerbation, deforms the joints of the hands and feet. Observance of the therapeutic diet for gout reduces the risk of outbreaks, prolonging the state of remission.
Basic rules for feeding with gout
When gout is to be observed several specific rules for food:
- never overeat;
- to eat at the same time;
- eat 5-6 times a day in small portions;
- does not starve, observing the balance of nutrients;
- reduce to a minimum high-calorie foods;
- remove food products containing purine substances from the diet;
- full ban on alcohol.
And now we'll take a closer look at what a diet should be for this disease. An example menu will be provided at the end of the publication.
What can not be eaten with gout?
Every gout should clearly represent that it should not be eaten under any circumstances. As mentioned above, it is necessary to completely remove foods containing purines from the diet, since these compounds take a direct part in the synthesis of uric acid. The banned products include:
- legumes: peas, lentils, beans;
- chocolate and cocoa;
- coffee and black tea.
The leader in the content of purine compounds is black tea - in 100 g of this product is present up to 2800 mg of purine. By the way, neither coffee nor tea in the production of uric acid is involved, but their diuretic effect, decreasing the level of water in the cells, increases the concentration of this acid.
What else excludes diet for gout of legs and hands? Strangely enough, it's such a useful product as honey. Gout is not worth eating, which is due to the presence in it of oxalic acid, which does not have the best effect on the treatment of gout.In the acute phase, a complete rejection of fish and any, even dietary lean meat is needed.
Any products that can dehydrate the body should be removed from the diet. This is why it is also forbidden for gout salty, spicy and alcoholic.
What can I eat with gout?
With gout, the body especially needs vitamins, antioxidants and fiber. Therefore, a large part of the diet should be vegetables and fruits. Of course, except for those that contain a lot of purines. Do not forget to regularly eat nuts in small quantities, be sure to add to the dishes such greens as dill, and as much as possible. For cooking, choose vegetables and fruits:
Extremely useful for gout tomatoes, eat them as often as possible( just not canned!), These vegetables contain a decent amount of vitamin B and fiber.
Fasting is not indicated for gout, but during exacerbations, fasting days are useful and necessary, in which only compotes, water and juices are consumed.
Outside exacerbations, it is allowed to eat lean rabbit meat, chicken without skin, cheese, chicken egg, cottage cheese. By the way, in yolk in very small quantities there are purines, so do not get carried away. For example, prepare an omelet from two proteins and only one egg yolk.
Principles of the therapeutic diet number 6
Alcohol for gout, especially during the exacerbation, is strictly prohibited
The most common diet for gout is the therapeutic diet number 6, the basic rules of which can be represented thus:
- remove the salt from the diet or reduce its amount to a minimum( 1 g);
- eat less protein - meat, legumes;
- we limit to the maximum the solid fats, for example, margarine, pork fat;
- completely exclude products with a high content of oxalic acid, including currants, beans, beets, beans, beer, eggplants, celery, etc.;
- instead of broth from meat, mushrooms or fish, make vegetable broths;
- drink enough water: up to 2 liters per day.
Garlic is also recommended for use, as it not only kills pathogenic microbes, but also destroys carcinogens in the body, reduces cholesterol.
Sample menu for the day
It's up to you to make a useful menu for yourself every day, the main thing is to know on what principles a diet should be built for gout. The table below contains an approximate menu for one day.
What can not be eaten with gout
During the exacerbation the patient is prescribed bed rest and complete rest. The main food should consist of liquid or semi-liquid food. With particularly acute pain, the first day should be spent on a day of unloading. Do not take any heavy food. It is better to focus on juices, jelly, mineral water, compotes.
The next day in the diet, you can enter a more complete food. It is desirable that it contains a large amount of minerals and vitamins. In the process of exacerbation, do not consume broth that has remained after cooking chicken poultry.
Do not forget to drink a lot
A large number of liquids, this is the most important in such a disease as gout. As a rule, finding out that you can eat with this disease, many completely overlook the abundant drink. Of course, it's not all drinks that can be drunk in large quantities.
It is advisable to refrain from drinking such drinks as highly carbonated lemonades, alcohol, canned drinks. It is better to give preference to such drinks as non-carbonated mineral water, herbal tea, compotes of apples or strawberries, fruit drinks.
It is useful to brew tea from the leaves of cranberries. Well, of course, in large quantities you can drink the most ordinary water. In addition to compulsory use of it during the day, be sure to take before drinking any food at least one glass of liquid an hour before eating.
We improve the diet
Do not think that with gout you will lose tasty food completely. In fact, with gout, there is a fairly large list of foods that can be deliciously prepared and eat without worrying about excessive salt deposition:
- it is possible to prepare vegetarian soups, with the addition of various cereals;
- allowed to eat dietary meat in small quantities, for example, turkey meat.
Many people who suffer from this disease are interested, but is it possible to have honey for gout? Undoubtedly, this is the very natural sweetness, the use of which is not forbidden, but it should also be eaten in moderation. Honey can be added to tea or infusion of herbs. It is very important to remember that you can not eat with this disease products enriched with purines. For example, legumes.
Gout - can it be cured?
The question that worries all the sick. To cure this disease it is possible. This will take a long time and complex treatment. Any person who has already encountered gout should remember that all folk remedies are ineffective without the necessary diet.
If you eat correctly and apply complex procedures( for example, make foot baths, wraps), then you can be sure that you will not wake up at night from an acute attack of pain in the leg.
In addition to knowing what foods can not be eaten with gout, every patient should know that the pain syndrome can disappear and without treatment. But this fact does not mean that the disease itself has gone away.
If you do not act and ignore the disease, in the future, gout will return. You can be sure that the next time the attack of pain will be stronger several times.
With a progressive disease, it will spread to larger joints, and also affect the functioning of the kidneys and urine of the excretory system. In the future this can cause disability.
How to live with such a disease
This disease should cause the ill, first of all, to reconsider their way of life. This applies not only to proper nutrition. Known since ancient times, "sore" has been studied by many luminaries of medicine. The same Hippocrates claimed that this is a disease of fat and rich people who love a lot and tasty food.
But, despite multiple external factors, hereditary predisposition plays a significant role in the occurrence of gout at the age of 40 years. And to a greater extent, it affects men.
According to the statistical data, only one woman is responsible for 9 cases of severe sex. Today, more than 14 million people with this disease are registered in Russia.
If you find the first signs of a disease, then do not wait until it manifests itself with all its force. Get rid of bad habits and get used to a more lively lifestyle.
For many years, scientists have repeatedly said that in the human body everything is interconnected. And the first cause of all diseases is not only the wrong diet, but the very way of life.
Having provided proper nutrition and a set of physical exercises, you can get rid of gout without letting it spread. Nobody says that now you have to expose yourself to the massive loads in the gym every day. You can find more alternative ways. For example, swimming is an ideal option. Pleasant and very useful for health. You do not know how to swim?then you have a great opportunity to do it with benefit for your own organism.
Do not forget about proper nutrition. Be sure to exclude from your diet foods that can not be eaten with gout. If you adore sweets, then you can completely replace them with honey, but in moderation.
During discomfort in the joint, do not be lazy, and every day make foot baths. They will help to prevent pain during exacerbations, and also relieve inflammation.
How about to steam?
If you like a sauna or a sauna, then you need to know if you can sweat with gout. At any stage of the disease, neither the sauna nor the sauna is prohibited. During bath procedures, you should drink plenty of fluids. This prevents kidneys from overloading and will protect you from the formation of stones in them. The fact is that during bath procedures, with increasing temperature, the body increases blood flow, which can lead to increased formation of uric acid. It is a large amount of liquid that can significantly smooth out this process.
Summing up, I want to note that gout is a disease that can be got rid of. But if she has already shown herself to be chronic attacks, exacerbations, it will take a lot of time to heal.
Agree that any disease is much easier to prevent than then treat it and its consequences. That is why it is worth right now to analyze your lifestyle, your diet and change it so that after forty you do not get to know such an unpleasant illness as gout.
The diet with gout of the feet is of great importance. It has three objectives:
- Derivation of accumulated uric acid.
- Do not exacerbate gout with foods that contain a lot of uric acid.
- Recovery of the body through vitamins.
The latter function is especially important for general health, as gout causes calcium leaching from the body.
Joints are destroyed due to a lack of trace elements. The basis in the form of the right amount of vitamins, fats, carbohydrates, proteins guarantees high immunity, protection against all diseases, including the development of gout. The vitamins of groups B and C are especially important. The first play an important role in the matter of cell regeneration, and the latter confront the inflammatory focus, preventing it from spreading.
When appointing a diet, one should not be guided by one's own opinion, since most people do not understand how much uric acid is contained in certain products. In this matter, it is better to trust a rheumatologist. A skillfully selected diet will not only stop the gouty attack, but also refuse many medications. The best results are achieved with a combination of proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle, which includes physical exercise and the rejection of bad habits.Back to the table of contents
Diet Compliance Rules for this disease
First of all, a diet with gout on the legs implies a certain diet. There should be 4 meals per day. You can not tolerate overeating or starvation. It should be noted that patients with excess fat should not overly concentrate on losing weight, as a sharp loss of kilograms can trigger an attack. But this does not mean that you have to accept. Just the process of losing weight should be gradual.
Two diets are good for treating gout: №6 and №8.
№ 6 - food implies the rejection of purines( catalysts of the disease).The diet has three goals: stimulating metabolic processes, enriching the body with vitamins and microelements, getting rid of uric acid by consuming a large amount of liquid.
No. 8 is used if the patient is obese. The main limitation is fish and meat. It is recommended to use sour-milk products and drinks.
Diet No. 5 is also used, which limits consumption of fish and meat. The appointment of a specific diet is made in two cases:
- There are enlarged joints.
- A blood test shows an excessive level of uric acid.
In this case, for patients with digestive and hypertensive problems, a general diet against gout is not suitable. For them, the food system is selected individually.
In general, when dieting from gout on legs, it is recommended to eat mainly vegetables and fruits, sour-milk products, eggs. Some fatty foods, such as oil, are allowed. Porridge from whole grains, nuts and honey are considered useful. You can also eat almonds, pistachios, hazelnuts, pine nuts and seeds. Watermelons, gooseberries, citrus fruits are not contraindicated. It is allowed to eat dishes from lean boiled fish. Boiled meat can be eaten no more than 3 times a week.
Fresh berries are worth eating as much as possible. Bread can be consumed, but only one made from wholemeal flour. From the sweet are allowed pastille, jam, marmalade. Very useful are vegetable soups, borsch. Pasta should be eaten restrainedly. Soy products are very useful, especially tofu. They contain substances that promote the removal of uric acid. Doctors recommend and pineapple, as it helps to lose excess weight and reduces inflammation. Remember that there is a pineapple you need right after cutting.
Unfortunately, there are a lot of restrictions on the diet from gout. Categorically prohibited meat and fish fatty varieties, canned food, mushrooms, some vegetables. I'll have to say goodbye to raspberries, chocolate, strong coffee and tea, cocoa. It is not recommended to use products made of butter and puff pastry. To cause an attack can be sharp, salty and pickled snacks, alcohol, grapes, raspberries, raisins, figs. You should give up spices and spices. Exceptions are salt, vinegar, bay leaf. Consumption of greenery should be limited. Ketchup and tomato paste are replaced with sauces on vegetable broth.
In small quantities, tomatoes, bell peppers, spinach, and lard are allowed. But you can not eat foods that promote the excitation of the nervous system.
The diet includes a special drinking regimen. Recommended mineral alkaline water and citrus juices. Between meals should definitely drink. The rate per day is 2.5 liters, but this is in the absence of contraindications. As a liquid, a decoction of rose hips, jelly, compote, juice and mors. Sugar is not added to drinks, as uric acid release slows down.Back to the table of contents
Unloading days for foot gout
Once a week, you need to arrange a day off. But this does not mean that you will have to starve. Vegetable and fruit unloading days allow you to consume a whole kilogram of what you want more. And in curd - you can eat 0.5 kg of low-fat cottage cheese. Do not forget about the liquid. On a fasting day you should drink at least 1.5 liters of liquid. Green tea, juice, mineral water, etc. will adhere. Observance of such days will allow to accelerate a metabolism, uric acid starts to leave quickly an organism, and the risk of attacks becomes minimal. People with excess weight are recommended to spend unloading days 2-3 times a week.
Approximate daily nutrition:
- buckwheat milk porridge for breakfast;
- fruit salad as a snack;
- vegetable soup and salad at lunch time;
- mashed potatoes with squash for mid-morning snack;Oatmeal porridge for dinner.
If seizures overwhelm, despite compliance with all dietary recommendations, you need to consult a doctor and take additional tests. Do not let go of your hand, because the treatment of gout is a slow process. You need to keep a diet without interruptions. Take alcohol and eat chocolate - it means breaking the diet. It is these disruptions that lead to sudden attacks.
xBack to index
Life without seizures
To treat gout by ignoring the diet means cheating yourself. Despite the fact that such food is quite strict, only when it is observed can you expect to have no seizures and stop the development of the disease. In addition, the diet should not be an obstacle to a varied and balanced diet. You can easily afford vegetarian borscht, vegetable stew, squash caviar, etc.
Diet for gout( № 6): recipes, products, what can and can not be eaten with gout joints
Food is compulsorily taken, rich in vitamin C, niacin and vitamin B1, because these substances can accelerate the excretion of urates from the body. In the subacute period, and allowed to add to the menu all products, except those under strict prohibition.
It is necessary to remember that vegetable food containing purines will bring much less harm than single consumption of alcohol or lots of meat, which can provoke another relapse of the disease.
Diet №6 for gout
The therapeutic diet for gout involves the use of different dietary regimens during exacerbation of the disease and in the disease-free period, differing by the total absence of meat, fish in the menu, and an increase in the proportion of vegetables and dairy products in the acute phase of gout.When expressed obesity, the food system limits carbohydrates( baking, sweet food).
The total daily caloric value of the diet is 2700-2800 kcal. The chemical composition of the daily menu includes:
- proteins - 80 g( including animals - 50% of the total volume);
- carbohydrates - 400 g;
- fats - 80 g.( Vegetable - 40%).
Total salt intake is allowed, the amount of which is calculated taking into account its content in products, no more than 5 g / day. Drinking regime - 2 liters.fluid in the absence of diseases of the heart and blood vessels;with contraindications to abundant drinking, water intake should be reduced to 1.4-1.5 liters / day. The diet should provide the patient with a sufficient supply of vitamins and trace elements.
Main courses allowed for consumption according to diet number 6:
- The first dishes( soups) - vegetarian borscht, potato soup, cereal soup, soup, cold first courses, milk soups with pasta, any vegetable soups.
- Bread and baking - any bakery products made from rye, wheat flour( preferably, 1-2 grades), as well as pastries with the addition of bran.
- Meat, fish ( 1-2 weeks after acute symptoms removal) - up to 400 g / week lean meat or poultry, 200 g / week boiled lean fish. The preferred method of preparing protein products is boiling or steaming.
- Dairy products - any dairy food fat content is not more than 1-2% for kefir and other drinks, 10% for sour cream, 3% for cottage cheese. Recommended for consumption cheese - brynza, mozzarella, ricotta, other cheese cheeses without salt.
- Chicken eggs ( 1 pcs./day) or quail eggs( up to 4 pcs / day).
- Groats - in any volume, except for legumes and oatmeal.
- Vegetables , except for banned - in large quantities, fresh or steamed, boiled, steamed, baked.
- Sauces - are prepared on vegetable broths, based on unsalted tomato juice, low-fat sour cream, on milk. It is allowed to add cinnamon and bay leaves, parsley and dill.
- Snacks - puree from vegetables, vinaigrettes and salads from vegetables and fruits, sandwiches with cheese, leaf greens.
- Fats - creamy and vegetable( corn, olive, rapeseed, red-carrot oils).
- Fruits, berries - in a large volume, excluding banned. You can eat fruits raw or baked, as well as dried fruits.
- Sweet dishes - marmalade, caramel candy, pastille, honey, jam, jam, confiture, protein meringue.
- Nuts - up to 30 g / day, except for peanuts.
- Drinks - kissels , broths of wild rose and hawthorn, compotes, fruit berries, diluted juices, green tea, loose black tea, milk cocktails with fruits.
In a single portion of a piece of meat or cutlet does not exceed 150 grams of weight;fish portion - up to 160 g. The unloading day includes up to 2.5 liters.liquid, and also up to 400 g. of vegetables and fruits, 300 ml.milk drinks. Fasting is strictly contraindicated due to a sharp increase in the concentration of uric acid.Before going to bed, according to diet number 6, you need to drink 200 ml.any liquid.
Approximate daily menu for gout
After elimination of the main symptoms observed in the acute phase of the disease, the diet of the patient may be as follows:
- Breakfast: grated beets with apples( 150 g.), Seasoned with sour cream( 10 g.), Green tea(200 ml.).
- Second breakfast: fried eggs from 1 egg, 0.5 tomatoes, 1 apple.
- Lunch: pancakes( 100 g.), Milk soup with pasta( 200 g.), Fruit jelly( 200 ml).
- Snack: a glass of orange juice, a roll( 70 g.).
- Dinner: casserole from white cabbage( 150 g), cottage cheese( 100 g), sour cream( 15 g), tea with milk( 1 glass).
- Before going to bed: a glass of ryazhenka.
Recipes of traditional medicine
Phytotherapy helps to accelerate the excretion of uric acid, and also has a general strengthening effect, improves microcirculation of blood in tissues.
Effective folk recipes used in any period of the disease:
- Tea from cranberry leaf. The preparation is prepared based on 1 spoon of leaves per 200 ml.water. This amount of tea should be drunk for 1 day.
- To increase the intake of liquid, you can drink other herbal teas - from the flowers of chamomile, calendula, linden, as well as herbs of St. John's wort, the roots of the madder red.
Medications for gout: additional tips
To improve the bowel, suffering from the use of antidiagnostic drugs, is recommended to take a spoonful of flaxseed daily. This product can be added to any dish, as well as to eat in a slightly toasted form( without adding oil).
To reduce the production of uric acid, it will be useful to eat onions / week onion soup: wash 1 onion with husk, pour water( 400 ml.), And cook for 20 minutes. Then grind the boiled onion with a blender and eat the soup in one go.
A healthy lifestyle, rational nutrition, observance of all the doctor's recommendations - the best prevention of gout recurrence.