Causes and consequences of
A flat foot is a significant deformation of the foot due to the sagging of its arches. As a result of the weakening and sagging of the muscles, the foot settles, and its surface practically touches the floor at almost all points.
Disturbance of balance and posture, clubfoot and joint deformity are the satellites of this disease. They lead to even less pleasant consequences: since the foot does not perform the function of depreciation imposed on it, the load is transferred to the shin, hip joints and spine. Hence, in a very young age, there are such formidable diagnoses as arthritis, arthrosis, scoliosis, osteoporosis, varicose veins, chronic headache.
Only 3% of children suffer from congenital( hereditary) flatfoot, other forms are acquired during the course of life.
The main reasons for the development of this pathology in children are:
Memo to parents: children's flatfoot( video)
How and at what age to determine the problem in a child
It is important to diagnose flatfoot as early as possible in order to take appropriate measures. But this is due to certain difficulties. So, the baby's 1.5-3-year-old foot is just forming. It is partly composed of cartilaginous tissue, and the muscles and ligaments are still weak and prone to sprains. In addition, the notch of the arch is disguised as a fat pad, which protects undeveloped bone tissue from trauma. Therefore, at an early age, the visually flat surface of the foot does not yet indicate the presence of the disease. The anomaly is diagnosed most often at the age of 5 years.
It's worth worrying if the child complains of pain in the legs and back, fatigue when walking, especially for overweight children. Pay attention to shoes: worn shoes signal that the child walks with the support on the inner edge of the foot. If symptoms persist, contact your orthopedist immediately.
Try to diagnose at home: spread the baby's feet with watercolor( finger) paints or vegetable oil. Put it on a sheet of white paper. He must maintain this position for 30 seconds. Now examine the imprint.
The figure shows how to interpret the resulting image:
Determine the degree of flatfoot from the foot print
Bear in mind that the flat feet are of two types: longitudinal and transverse. Sometimes there is a combined form.
Degrees and forms of flatfoot in adults and children
How to recognize pathology, what to look for?(video)
Shoes and Orthopedic Insoles
If you do not want to face the problem of flat feet in a child, buy him only high-quality shoes that fit in size. Boots that a baby wears out for someone is not the best option, as they are already deformed to someone else's leg, which can affect the fledgling muscles and joints.
For diagnosed platypodia, special orthopedic footwear is selected. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to choose products from natural materials( leather, textiles) with a firm back;the presence of a small heel and soft instep is welcomed.
Requirements for orthopedic shoes with flat feet
Important! Shoes without a back and on a flat sole are harmful to children predisposed to flat feet.
Comfort foot will provide a special orthopedic insole, which will help the muscles to form properly. The built-in arch supports the foot in the arch area. Such an insole is used for the purpose of the attending physician and is inserted into shoes of any type. It is sold in pharmacies and specialized stores.
The principle of the orthopedic insole is simple: the built-in arch support lifts the foot around the arch
Children's shoes and flat feet - Dr. Komarovsky's school( video)
Massage procedures are considered an effective means of preventing flat feet. However, to achieve the effect, sessions should be lengthy and regular. Therapeutic massage is not limited to the stop zone, it starts from the lumbar region, then descends to the gastrocnemius muscle, then follows the Achilles, the shin, the upper part of the foot and the sole. At the end, the gastrocnemius muscle and the sole surface are rewound.
The plantar part is rubbed with the palm of the hand from the heel to the toes. Then the interdigital spaces are kneaded. When fixing the foot in the ankle, the foot turns to the right and to the left.
A full-scale, high-quality massage is performed by a qualified master. Sessions are recommended to be held at least 1 time in 1.5 months during the year.
At home, massage procedures are performed using special equipment: massage mat, balls, roller.
Orthopedic mat - assistant in the struggle with the flatfoot
Has on the surface a lot of bulges of different size and height. On such a rug you can walk or even just stand on it, the effect will still be there. It improves blood circulation, doses the load, provides the necessary relief. Remember: a lot of walking barefoot on a flat surface for children with flat feet is simply harmful. Therefore, accustom the child to systematic activities on the massage mat( walking, gymnastics, games) at least two times a day.
Moreover, it is possible to make a mat suitable for the child with their own hands. A few simple ways we have already described in our article.
Physiotherapy is extremely important in the prevention of flatfoot. Therefore, accustom the child to daily activities at least 2 times a day. This gymnastics can be done in a game form and with music. Choose several exercises and alternate them so that the child is not bored. Each do several times, bringing the number of repetitions to 15. They are performed barefoot. Gymnastics is aimed at strengthening the ligaments and muscles of the legs. Joints become strong, mobile, free.
Plane exercise exercises
Flatfoot exercises( video lessons)
Other methods of
For the prevention of flatfoot, it is recommended also:
Prophylactic measures( photo gallery)Orthopedic shoes help to form the right foot Massage mat - your ally in the fight against flatfoot Warm foot baths with saline or herbal infusion Foot massage is an effective remedy against flat feet
If a symptom of flat feet is found, the child should not panic, but it's also not easy to take a problem. The older the person, the more difficult it is to fight the disease and its consequences. The soft foot of a child willingly succumbs to the gentle effect of massage, gymnastics and specialized means. The prevention of flatfoot will help to forget about the problem with time.
Children's shoes and flat feet - Dr. Komarovsky's school
Flat feet frighten many parents. In the program, Dr. Komarovsky will tell the singer Natalia Pugacheva about what it is - flat feet, what factors lead to it and how to prevent it. Particular attention is paid to the recommendations for the purchase of shoes.
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Flat feet in children
Flat feet - a problem not only medical, but also aesthetic. It deprives a light, flying gait, making the steps heavy. Therefore, it is necessary to struggle with flat feet from childhood. How? Learn from the program "Healthy" on the site http: //www.zdorovo.ua/videos/ ploskost. ..https: //www.youtube.com/ watch? V = y-wnkoV3UVE