Why all the joints of the body ache: possible causes and treatment.
It is very important that the patient in a timely manner seek medical help, when all the joints of the body ache, the reason, their treatment is established only by a specialist. Your attending physician will analyze the symptoms and tell you where to go. With age, the joints of a person begin to gradually wear out. Therefore, in most cases, complaints of pain are made by patients of old age. But in some cases young people can complain about it. What is the reason for the fact that several joint groups start to hurt at the same time, and how to cope with this problem?
Risk Factors for
There are several risk factors that can lead to a disease. One of the most common is heredity. If, for example, the grandmother and mother were suffering from several joint groups at the same time, then the next generation may sooner or later have this problem.
Sex is another risk factor. It is noticed that among women, joint diseases are several times more common than in men. In this case, women often become ill after the onset of their menopause. This is due to the fact that before him "women" are protected by their own sex hormones. With age, their number begins to inexorably decrease, and after they practically disappear, there is no one to protect the woman, and the joints begin to gradually deform and collapse. Men do not have such a problem. Therefore, the joints due to the violation of the hormonal background, they hurt a little less often than women.
In men, pain in the joints occurs mainly due to heavy physical labor. This is due to the fact that they are constantly subjected to a heavy load. Gradually the cartilage begins to wear out, the joints themselves become inflamed and at the same time deformed.
People who often suffer from a disease such as angina can complain about joint pain. This is due to the fact that the bacteria that cause angina can negatively affect the joints, especially the large ones.
Causes and treatment of pain in all joints of the body are closely interrelated.
Causes of joint pain
Often, patients ask their attending physicians why almost all joints and back ache immediately? There are many different reasons for this.
Age. In the bone tissue there are two groups of cells. One group, osteoblasts, helps the bone tissue to be renewed. And the second group, osteoclasts, takes a very direct part in the destruction of bone. With age, the joints are broken more and more, therefore to old age they are deformed and destroyed. This is the main reason why older people begin to suffer joints and spine at the same time.
The hypodynamia, from which a large part of the population "suffers", can lead to the fact that several groups of joints begin to hurt a person at once. Injuries to the joints can also lead to the fact that the disease begins to develop. This problem can arise in sportsmen who professionally engage in sports. Most often this is due to the fact that during intensive training the cartilage of the joints quickly wear out.
Infectious diseases and their complications often lead to the appearance of joint pains throughout the body and back.
Very often the diagnosis of polyarthritis, that is, the inflammation of several joint groups, is given to those people who have some problems with being overweight.
Some people are interested, but is there a correlation between malnutrition and joint diseases throughout the body? Experts unequivocally declare: yes, and the most direct! Improper eating, which is the excessive use of fried, fatty, spicy foods and alcohol-containing beverages, leads to a metabolic disorder. As a result, a large amount of a substance such as uric acid begins to form in the body. Its surpluses are just deposited on the joints. This leads to the fact that almost all joints and spine begin to hurt in a person.
Prolonged intake of certain hormonal drugs, especially glucocorticosteroids, leads to the gradual destruction of joints. In this case, the lesion covers mainly large groups of joints. Most often, hip, knee, wrist and whole spine suffer. In this case, the pains in the whole body, including the back, are so intense that it is very difficult to remove them with conventional anti-inflammatory analgesic drugs.
Severe pain can occur when a person falls on the back and strikes the surface with the vertebral body. In this case, a fracture of the spine is possible, it requires long-term treatment in the hospital, and then at home.
Causes of the disease are diverse. Therefore, before the appointment of drug therapy it is necessary to establish what led to the defeat in this case.
The diagnosis of the disease is made not only on the basis of complaints of the patient himself, his examination, but also on the results of these laboratory and other additional survey methods. The most informative method for diagnosing diseases of all joints and spine is x-ray. Another method that allows to confirm or refute the diagnosis is a computer tomography.
From laboratory methods of research the most informative is the general analysis of blood with the expanded formula. Recently, the defeat of joints throughout the body is caused by autoimmune causes, so the immunological analysis of the blood can become informative, it helps to identify antibodies that are produced to the cells of the joints of their body.
Treatment of diseases
Treatment of diseases should begin after the causes of their occurrence are precisely established.
As the pain basically causes a person to see a doctor, the first thing to do in any case is anesthesia. This can help conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Very often the disease is accompanied by fever, pain and body aches. This, too, must be taken into account when prescribing treatment. Usually, these symptoms indicate a disease such as rheumatism. It is autoimmune, so it affects not only the joints, but the whole body. For his treatment, immunomodulators should be prescribed.
Non-pharmacological methods should include such therapeutic measures as massage and physiotherapy. But at the same time it is necessary to take into account that when they are carried out the patient should not feel any pain.
If the cause of the disease is severe physical exertion, experts recommend using elastic bandages before it, which will reduce the impact of the load on the joints.
In order to save your joints, you must constantly protect them and engage in preventive work. It's not for nothing that people agree with the statement that the disease is easier to prevent than cure. The first thing to do is to avoid hypothermia whenever possible, as it can lead to a disease like angina. And it, in turn, can give complications. And in itself, hypothermia can lead to inflammation of several groups of joints.
Both women and men need to closely monitor their weight, since excess weight is a direct way to deforming arthrosis of at least knee and hip joints. Men and women need to monitor their motor activity. When moving, there is no stagnation of blood and joint fluid. Joints do not deform and do not hurt.
In addition, you need to monitor your drinking regimen. It is known that an average adult person should drink at least two liters of liquid per day. In this case, the synovial articular fluid is constantly updated. If the fluid is not enough, the cartilage begins to rub, causing severe pain, and the joints begin to deform.
If you carefully monitor your joints, then problems with them will not arise.
The main causes of pain in muscles and joints
When the pain in the muscles and joints starts to be disturbed, the reasons can be different. Such pain can also indicate the presence of many diseases. At the same time, patients have stiffness in their movements, a feeling of fatigue, poor state of health and an increased load on the muscles. In especially severe cases, the symptoms of the disease are so severe that a person is no longer able to move independently. Constant painful sensations in the joints lead to degenerative and inflammatory processes, which provoke the development of diseases.
The main characterizing moments of
As you know, the joints serve as bone connectors for the whole body. At the same time, it acquires at the same time two necessary qualities: mobility and stability. The structure of the joint includes two surfaces of bone, which are covered from above with cartilage, with a lumen in the form of a gap between them. This gap is filled with joint fluid. And the joint itself has its seat of the joint capsule. To fully ensure the normal functionality of the joints are connective bags, mucous surfaces and those fragments that increase the area of the tendon, the tendons and ligaments themselves.
Inflammation of the joints is accompanied by a feeling of stiffness during movements, the appearance of swelling, redness, and an apparent external inflammation of a certain area, which is expressed in increased sensitivity with pressure and motor activity.
Articular diseases are conventionally divided into two main groups:
- inflammatory diseases;
- is a degenerative disease.
Diseases of inflammatory joints can be classified as rheumatic changes.
In medical practice, there are the following ailments associated with joints:
- degenerative changes, destroying processes( arthrosis);
- rheumatic inflammatory processes in the joints;
- infectious processes;
- abnormalities in the joint structure;
- malformations, dysplasia;
- arthrosis is secondary, developed as a result of the injury.
In many cases, bones, ligaments, muscles, tendons and the joint itself are affected, most often in the knees. Diseases of a degenerative nature are inherent in people of older age.
The most common manifestation is knee, hip and vertebral joint damage. Increased stress on the joint as the cause of arthrosis is most common in professional athletes and in people with excess weight. In posttraumatic arthrosis, the joints of the feet, knees and shoulders are affected. People involved in skiing and football, most often suffer from tears of meniscus and cruciate ligament. A frequent phenomenon are dislocations, muscle and tendon lesions, ruptures of capsules and nerves.
As a causative factor may be defects, which were detected at birth. An example is dysplasia, when the acetabulum is too small and can not completely accommodate the head of the femur. Inflammatory processes in the joints are diseases of autoimmune origin.
In rheumatoid arthritis, the affected hands are primarily affected, in very rare cases other joints and groups are affected. The disease has periodic "wandering" pain, accompanied by an active inflammatory process. The main cause of the disease is getting into the joint of the infection along with the blood.
The appearance of arthritis on the background of psoriasis, impaired metabolism, with Bechterew's disease and chondrocalcinosis, which is also called false gout. The development of the disease with accompanying ailments with an independent course most often reveals its appearance with a weakened functionality of the immune system, the very first sign of which is the volatile pain in the joints.
Musculoskeletal pain and its causes
To answer the question of why muscles ache, it is necessary to establish the cause, which often indicates the presence of a particular disease. Muscle pains, or myalgia, are used to appear as a result of inflammation.
The human muscular corset consists of an elastic tissue capable of contraction under the action of impulses. Muscles are designed to perform various body movements, insertion of the vocal cords and the implementation of respiratory processes.
For myalgia, the appearance of pain with muscle mobility, or when pressing on certain areas of the body, is characteristic. The lesion can be subjected to either a single muscle or a specific muscle group. In this case, the spread of pain to closely located tendons, fasciae and ligaments. Most often, the pain in the muscles occurs with large physical exertion as a result of stretching or trauma.
It is worth noting that in this scenario, a certain muscular group is exposed to the disease some time after exposure to it. To the appearance of muscle pains, a number of other causative factors may also be relevant, for example, taking medications that help lower cholesterol levels, as well as enzyme inhibitors that can lower blood pressure.
Some features of
The inflammatory process in skeletal muscles is used to appear as a complication after having transmitted viral and infectious diseases of the common cold.
The causes can be covered in the bacterial and parasitic nature of the occurrence. With myositis, there are painful sensations in the hands, lower extremities and trunk, which tend to become more pronounced with active movements of the body. In the muscles, seizures can be felt in the form of a string or nodules. In the event that a person has an open trauma, there may be a purulent myositis.
The characteristic signs of the disease include:
- temperature increase;
- appearance of trembling, chills;
- increased pain, swelling;
- muscular tension with seals and reddened skin.
One of the peculiar forms is the parasitic myositis, which, affecting the muscles, is characterized by the appearance of fever, muscle pains in the extremities, in the chest and tongue. The lack of calcium with potassium provokes the appearance of electrolyte pathologies. And the pains that arise in the muscular structures and, moreover, are the most common manifestations, can be safely attributed to the category of fibromyalgia.
According to the studies, it is with fibromyalgia that periodic sleep disturbances can occur.
The disease is characterized by symptoms such as pain, a feeling of stiffness in the morning, frequent insomnia, fatigue and fatigue. Localized fibromyalgia may occur in different parts of the body. It is noted that the most frequent lesions are the occipital region, loins, neck, shoulder joints, chest, hips and knee joints. In this case, the most common occurrence of pain is noted in the female half of the population.
In the presence of physical exertion, insomnia, trauma, dampness and systematic rheumatic diseases, the discomfort sensation tends to increase. The development of the syndrome of fibromyalgia is most often observed in young women with an anxious and receptive character who are in a state of stress and depression.
According to statistics, people of adolescence are also exposed to the disease, mostly girls. As for men, they fall ill mainly with physical overloads associated with professional activities or occupations in professional sports. In primary-type fibromyalgia, muscle pain can be observed throughout the body with the presence of points with increased sensitivity, which can be easily determined by palpation.
It goes without saying that when joints and muscles ache, it is not possible to treat these symptoms superficially. In order to know what to do next and what measures to take, the first thing to do is to conduct a detailed examination of the patient. After conducting the appropriate diagnosis, the treating doctor prescribes a course of treatment and gymnastics.
Diagnosis and treatment of pain in joints and muscles
Specification of the diagnosis of pain in the joints and muscles is made by external examination of the patient, clinical blood tests, joint X-rays, examination with magnetic resonance and computer diagnostics, ultrasound, arthroscopy and endoscopy.
You may need to reproduce the joint puncture for more detailed data. In such clinical manifestations, regardless of the cause of their occurrence, doctors usually prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of tablets and gel. This is due to the need to remove pain, remove puffiness( for example, using the same gel), reduce inflammation, remove fever and temperature. The tablets themselves contain organic acids:
- is enolia.
Side effects of these drugs include a negative effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract due to the fact that they are made on the basis of the above acids. There are no other specific side effects when taking these medications. Basically, if the joints and muscles ache, the treatment is performed by the following drugs:
- Diclofenac sodium;
- acetylsalicylic acid.
The use of painkillers for pain in the joints and muscles is considered mandatory. After specifying the diagnosis, the doctor himself selects the necessary medicine for each specific patient. However, the treatment of the disease provides for a comprehensive approach aimed not only at removing the pain syndrome. Further actions suggest the introduction of homeopathic treatment, correction of diet, the appointment of a course of medical gymnastics and physical education, as well as manual therapy.
If there is pain in the muscles, as well as in the joints, especially if it begins to acquire a stable form, it is absolutely necessary to seek medical help. This symptomatology is by no means harmless and can ultimately lead to more serious consequences.
Why all the joints of the body ache, the reason |Joints without pain - it's possible
In the human body there are 360 joints. Pain in one or two of them already presents a problem: articulation swells, movement is limited, daily activities are difficult. And if the disease is exposed to many areas - knees, elbows, wrists, then a person literally turns into an invalid.
In this case, when all the joints of the body ache, the cause can be established only after a thorough examination.
The symptom itself is considered to be uninformative. However, it allows several to localize the defeat.
- Acute shooting pain is a sign of pinched nerve.
- Diffuse, that is, extending from the joint down the limb, indicates the vascular origin of it.
- If soreness is felt during movement, this indicates a mechanical cause: excessive loading, stretching, damage to the tendon apparatus.
- Unpleasant sensations even at rest indicate inflammation - autonomic or associated with another disease.
Obviously, when all the joints of the body ache, the cause and treatment will be different.
This group includes all the ailments caused by abrasion of the cartilaginous tissue of the joint and the stretching of the tendon-ligament apparatus.
- Excessive load - occurs in professional athletes.
- Insufficient load is a much more common cause of the disease. Poor blood supply affects the rate of renewal of cartilaginous tissue, as a result, it collapses faster than it is restored.
- Osteoarthritis - dystrophic diseases affecting the cartilaginous tissue. The mechanism is the same: the destruction of the cartilage occurs faster than the renewal.
The main role in the treatment in this case is the correct load. The joint does not have its own blood vessels. Only when moving, the cartilaginous plate is able to dispose of the decay products and mechanically "suck in" the nutrients.
When all the joints of the body swell and hurt, the cause is almost always inflammation. A distinctive feature is the reduction of soreness and stiffness after a warm-up and a load, and not at rest. The explanation is simple: intensive blood circulation removes decay products.
- Rheumatism - for the most part is a consequence of the transferred staphylococcal angina. Cure is possible, but it takes a long time. The course can consist of a semi-annual medication intake for 5 years.
- Arthritis - often caused by infectious diseases. A characteristic symptom is the symmetry of joint damage. The treatment is complex, since the primary treatment is the coping of the underlying disease.
Causes of "aching" in the joints and muscles and the remedy
Each of us knows the sensation of pain, weakness and "aches" in the body for cold and flu. Even at a relatively low temperature, we feel overwhelmed and unable to work or engage in the usual business. Sometimes other symptoms are added to the common ailment, for example, a constant, aching headache. Let's see why the temperature "lomit" the entire body and how to remove these unpleasant sensations.
Why does the cold feel "ache" in the body of
Very often people suffering from infectious diseases complain of weakness, weakness, "aching" in the muscles, bones and joints, restless sleep. When the temperature rises, chills are added to these unpleasant symptoms. Asthenia occurs due to intoxication of the body with enzymes of viruses and bacteria."Lomota" at a temperature is a component of the pain syndrome, which also occurs when intoxication. To understand why the muscles ache with flu and cold, it is necessary to understand the mechanism of exposure of toxins to our body. From the focus of infection, they first enter the blood and lymph, and then spread throughout the body, penetrating into cells and disrupting metabolism. Special cells "nociceptors", or pain receptors, signal to the central nervous system about the occurring disorders. These signals are physiologically perceived as an "ache" in the joints, bones, muscles. A person may have a feeling that the entire body is aching.
Symptoms of ache
According to a study among people with colds and flu( Russia, 2012), 44% of people with flu or cold are concerned about body pain."Lumbago" in the bones can be observed at or without the temperature. Most often, the sick complain that they "break", and describe their feelings as aching pain in several parts of the body at the same time( arms, legs, trunk, etc.).Sometimes muscles, bones and joints ache so much that committing any active movements becomes simply impossible. In this case, it is difficult for a person to even get out of bed. Often, people who have ARVI have high fever, body and head ache, other symptoms are observed, further aggravating the "ache" in the body( runny nose, sore throat, etc.).
How do drugs that reduce the feeling of "aches" for colds and flu?
Paracetamol is one of the active substances that can reduce discomfort when it breaks the body and hurts the head. This is a widespread and well-studied analgesic. It affects the centers of pain and thermoregulation, helping to reduce "aches and pains", fever, headache, sore throat, bones, joints and muscles of our body. RINZA® contains 500 mg of paracetamol and RINZASip® with 750 mg of vitamin C, which corresponds to the recommended content of this substance in the preparations for the management of cold symptoms( single dose of 500-1000 mg and daily dose of 2000-4000 mg).
About what the muscle pain says
Muscle pain is also called myalgia. And absolutely everything has been and continues to be faced with this problem. Muscles can ache both in tension and relaxed. Dangers to life, this ailment does not represent, but we still feel some inconveniences.back to top
Why there is muscle pain
Numerous studies have shown that joint and muscle pains of are caused by the formation of a muscular spasm that has a persistent character. This spasm can appear for various reasons.
In addition to physical activity, one of the first causes is trauma. There may also be an overvoltage. Their pain muscles respond to such unpleasant phenomena.
Spasm occurs when the posture is incorrect. A prolonged stay in a position that is uncomfortable for the body will lead to a spasm. And it's not necessary to sit at an uncomfortable table and on an uncomfortable chair. It is enough to always carry a bag on one shoulder.
Sometimes you can feel, for example, pain in the gastrocnemius muscle , although you did not run and did not do it. Surprisingly, severe muscle pain may appear as a result of stress. And this symptom does not have age limitations.
There is a form of myalgia called fibromyalgia, which results in pain in the ligaments, fibrous muscles and tendons. Painful sensations can be so unpleasant that there is insomnia. Most often, the muscles of the occiput, neck, shoulders, chest and near the knee joints suffer from this ailment. The risk group consists of women who are constantly nedosypaet, experiencing excessive physical and emotional stress.
There is such a thing as primary myalgia. The state of soft tissues is disrupted, which allows the pain to hit large areas of the muscles. But if you push at a certain point of the affected muscle, all the pain seems to run down into the place of pressure.
Pain can also be caused by inflammation of the muscle fibers, whose medical name is myositis. He often appears in the role of complications after severe infectious diseases and injuries. The pain is stupid, and becomes more intense during exercise.
When appears in the muscles, the causes of can be much more serious. Poliomyositis and rheumatic polymyalgia are serious diseases that provoke severe muscle pain.top
Muscle pain after training can be good and bad. A good pain appears after a load on the muscle. It begins to work intensively, and as a result of metabolic processes, lactic acid accumulates in the muscle. Its number, as well as the intensity of pain, is directly proportional to the degree of exercise. If the muscles get the "right" load, then after training you will feel a slight burning sensation in those muscles that have trained. The presence of lactic acid in the blood accelerates the regeneration processes by binding free radicals.
If you want to get rid of the pain enough to dissolve a pinch of soda in a glass of water and drink. Such a simple recipe can increase the pain threshold.
Muscle pain from workouts may be delayed. It occurs in those who regularly trains, but does not stop there. Even in a well-trained body from new exercises or increase in the amount and intensity of the usual there will be pain in the muscles.
In this case, the pain is a consequence of the microscopic ruptures occurring in the muscle bundles. That is, in the muscles appear tiny wound with a hemorrhage. Naturally, after such a muscle will hurt. But such a trauma makes the body work more actively, releasing hormones and other active substances to speed up the process of tissue regeneration. And the muscles at this time become larger. It is noteworthy that the processes are accelerated not only in those muscles that succumbed to the load, but also throughout the body. Blood carries active substances to all organs and tissues. It is noticed that even nails and hair start to grow faster.
Bad pains result from injuries and overtraining. If you train too hard and often, then the body simply will not have the strength and time to cope with all micro-trauma. As a result, immunity becomes weaker, and a person can easily be injured.
Other reasons for
In fact, there are a lot of reasons, so let's focus on the most common ones.
Pain in the leg muscles may occur due to flat feet or obesity, thrombophlebitis or atherosclerosis, due to spine disease.
Pain in the muscles of the hands of may be a consequence of infectious diseases, due to metabolic disorders, diffuse myalgia or muscle rheumatism.
Back pain is a symptom of osteochondrosis, scoliosis, disc hernia or kyphosis.
Pain in the neck muscles can tell you that you have somewhere "blown" or you have taken a particularly strange and uncomfortable pose in a dream. It can also be a symptom of osteochondrosis.
Inflammation of the arteries can provoke pain in the thigh muscles .