The main causes of pain in the foot
Stop carries the highest burden - the body weight of a person. It is distinguished by a complex structure, performs important functions - support during standing and walking. All the bones of the foot, combined in a single elastic structure, play the role of a shock absorber. The sole connects the person to the ground or other surface.
In the foot of 26 bones, there are still muscles, ligaments, joints, fasciae, vessels, nerves. Pain in the foot can appear with the development of pathology in any of the listed structures.
The foot has a complex structure that allows performing numerous functions of
. All bones are divided into 3 sections:
- tarsus, consisting of rammed, cuboid, navicular, heel and three wedge-shaped bones;
- metatarsus formed by 5 tubular bones that have articulations with the bases of the phalanges of the fingers;
- fingers( four fingers have 3 phalanges each, large - two).
The foot with the shank is connected by an ankle joint formed by the ends of the tibia, fibula and the talus bone. A multitude of joints provide the foot with free flexion, extension, rotation in the ankle and sole area. All the joint bones surrounded by ligaments, fasciae and muscles form an elastic, convex top of the foot.
Causes of pain
The stop can hurt for various reasons. For example, by the end of the day, the muscles are tired, the bones somewhat flattened, lengthen, resulting in pain. Very often, the person is to blame for this. Bad physical form, untrained muscles and weak ligaments help to turn the foot, dislocations of the joints. When turning outward, pain appears on the outside of the foot and vice versa.
Heel spur causes unbearable suffering to the patient
Improper nutrition affects the condition of the bones. When the balance of consumption of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, as well as with mono-diets, the bone lacks calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and other minerals. As a result, they become brittle and brittle. When falling from the height of their growth, they easily break. Any fractures are accompanied by severe pain.
But there are other causes of pain. A woman by nature is a potential victim of pain in bones and joints. With the onset of menopause, she develops fractures, develops arthrosis, osteoporosis, arthritis. The amount of calcium in this period decreases annually by 1%.If you systematize all the causes of pain, the following picture is revealed. Pain in the foot causes the following reasons:
- non-infectious and infectious arthritis;
- fractures and bruises;
- tight shoes, high heel;
- pathology - flat feet, "horse foot", Greek, Egyptian, valgus deformation;
- club foot;Heel spur;
- panaritium on the toes, ingrown nail, etc.
The straightness of a man greatly increased the burden on the foot. Weight, significantly exceeding physiological norms affects the appearance of joint pain of the foot.
Chronic dystrophic disease affects the cartilage of the joints of the toes and ankle. The disease is characterized by a gradual onset and a prolonged increase in symptoms. First there are weak pains and a crunch.
Deforming arthrosis destroys the cartilage of the thumb
As the cartilage is destroyed and the bones are involved in the pathological process with the formation of sprouting( osteophytes), the pain intensifies. Limited mobility of joints, there are swelling, fingers gradually deformed. Arthrosis of the ankle marked pain in the upper part of the foot.
Inflammatory infectious and non-infectious diseases of joints - frequent culprits of painful pain. The group of these diseases includes arthritis:
- reactive or infectious-allergic;
- is rheumatoid;
- Reiter syndrome;
- infectious, etc.
Regardless of the reason, with arthritis, the upper part of the foot, the toes, hurts. The disease is accompanied by swelling, a decrease in the range of mobility of the joints. With reactive, infectious arthritis, the temperature can increase, the picture of blood changes. If the inflammation is localized in the toes, they are difficult and painful to bend - unbend. Often, the disease takes a long or chronic course. Exacerbations are replaced by remissions of different duration.
The disease is associated with a violation of purine metabolism in the body, with the formation of crystals of uric acid( tofus) in the tissues. It flows like mono and polyarthritis. Gouty inflammation is localized in the fingers and at the site of the lift of the foot.
The leg turns red, swollen, severe pain appears with the slightest movement. The disease is chronic, with failures in nutrition there are exacerbations. In urine and blood, salts of uric acid are found. Over time, joints can become deformed. Gout more often appears in men after 40 years.
Women are sick more often than men 20 times! Why does it hurt women? The desire to wear beautiful fashionable shoes often turns into a deformation of the thumb of the foot. It was exquisite high-heeled shoes that became the main cause of valgus deformation.
High-heeled shoes - frequent cause of deformation of feet
Foot pads along with fingers are under constant load, muscles and ligaments weaken, the vault is flattened. The joint of the first metatarsal bone under pressure is gradually deflected outward, forming a valgus angle. The apex of this angle is the head of the joint of the metatarsal bone. It eventually thickens, deforms, swells and hurts, forming that most painful bone.
ClubfootAlso can read: What is foot arthritis?
Congenital, less commonly acquired one-sided or bilateral deformation of the feet. The feet can completely turn inside. In this case, the external sides of the feet ache. Sometimes only the heel is turned inside or out. Treatment of a defect can be conservative, according to the method of the American orthopedist Ponseti, or operative.
Inflammation of the plantar fascia( calcaneal spur) is another common cause of severe pain in women with walking. The fact is that the muscles and fasciae of the foot are much weaker than the males. The long plantar fascia is dense, but thin, elastic, long. It begins at the fingers, passes under the arch of the foot and is attached to the heel bone.
Under the influence of a constant load, the fascia dilate, forming microtraumas at the attachment points. Against the background of chronic inflammation on the bone appear outgrowths( spurs).They press on soft tissues, nerve fibers. Sometimes spurs reach large sizes, it is impossible to step on the heel.
For spurs are characterized by starting pains - when you get up on your feet in the mornings or after a long sitting. During the day with pacing, the pain subsides, towards evening after the load again intensify.
The reasons are as follows:
- flat stop;
- long standing on the legs;
- long walking;
- excess weight.
It is congenital, but more often a flat foot is formed in children and young age due to the weakness of the ligamentous, muscular apparatus, large static loads. With flat feet, the outline of the foot changes. There is increased fatigue in the legs, pain when walking. The foot on the top and in the sole hurts with slight pressure on the fingers.
Clear difference in prints of a sick and healthy foot
The fingers are gradually deformed. Corns over the bones of the metatarsus. On this the sufferings of the patient do not end. The pathological process extends to the knees, lower back, spine. They also begin to get sick.
Fingernails can be of different lengths. Depending on the size of the fingers, the types of feet are different:
- Egyptian - the longest is the big or the first finger;
- Greek - the second finger is longer than the large and third;
- Roman - all toes are almost identical.
Different length of fingers affects the selection of comfortable shoes. This applies more to women. It is difficult to wear narrow shoes with a narrowed toe at the Roman foot. Fingers are squeezed, hurt, deformed, swollen. There may be corns and calluses. The same problems occur with a long second finger. Fashionable shoes are difficult to wear not only all day, but even a couple of hours. The leg starts to ache badly under the finger, squeezed from both sides.
Equine( foot) foot - congenital or acquired deformity of the foot with persistent plantar flexion in the ankle. The foot painfully bend. The patient is not able to rely on the entire surface of the sole. It comes only on the heel, the convex part of the sole or the side of the foot.
Severe degree of leg deformation by horse type
- abnormalities of embryonic development;
- ankle contracture,
- sciatic nerve injury;
- spastic hemiparesis.
The disease manifests itself in rough skin folds, pain in the zone of permanent support. There is a deformation of the foot in the foot and the mutual arrangement of its parts is changing.
Panaritium is a nonspecific or purulent inflammation of the toes. Purulent lesions are more common. Occur as a result of the penetration of pyogenic bacteria( streptococci, staphylococci) deep into the finger in the region of tendinous bridges. The entrance gates of infection are scrapes, scratches, abrasions, wounds, splinters.
Purulent inflammation of the fingers causes acute pain.
. The disease is characterized by an acute onset, severe pain. The finger quickly swells, turns red, becomes hot. At the site of inflammation, panaritia differ:
Treatment of panaritium operative, with dissection of the abscess. Prevention is the timely removal of injuries and skin damage.
The diagnosis of many foot leg ailments is not very difficult. Sometimes for a qualified diagnosis it is enough to examine the patient and his complaints. Other methods of examination are also used:
- laboratory tests.
Radiography is an informative diagnostic method available
Treatment of foot pains in some cases is conservative, others require surgical intervention. The table shows the main methods and principles of therapy.
|Name||Methods of treatment|
|Arthrosis||Conservative - chondroprotectors, NSAIDs, analgesics, corticosteroids, exercise therapy, physiotherapy, less surgical intervention.|
|Arthritis||Conservative - NSAIDs, antibiotics, corticosteroids, exercise therapy, physiotherapy, sanatorium.|
|Gout||Specific + diet food, NSAIDs.|
|Valgus deformation||Conservative and operative - fixation of the foot, surgical intervention.|
|Pediatric Stop||Elimination of the cause, exercise therapy, massage, orthopedic shoes, surgery is possible.|
|Panaritium||Operative with autopsy of an abscess, antibiotics.|
|Flat-foot||LFK, massage, orthopedic insoles. Possible osoplasty operation.|
|Fractures||Without bias - immobilization, with displacement - comparison of wreckage, cold - heat, fixation, exercise therapy, physiotherapy.|
In many foot pathologies, pain is a consequence of a number of diseases. It is possible to eliminate pain only by influencing the cause of their appearance.
Pain in the upper part of the foot
If the foot is hurting from above, then this trouble causes tension when walking, distracts attention and generally prevents you from living peacefully. Often the pain in the foot from above overtakes unexpectedly and takes unawares. I want to get rid of her as soon as possible. Because of what can the upper part of the foot hurt? The answer to this question can not be unambiguous until you contact a doctor who will put an accurate diagnosis. What doctors are involved in such problems? Your assistant for pain in the foot at the top( depending on the cause) may be a traumatologist, orthopedist, rheumatologist or surgeon. But first of all your way lies in the therapist's office and diagnostic procedures: X-ray, ultrasound, blood test will help to establish an accurate diagnosis.
Pain is most often associated with diseases of the entire foot. Of course, if it is not caused by a trauma or uncomfortable shoes. So, let's look at the reasons why the upper part of the foot can hurt.
The first and most obvious reason is uncomfortable shoes. Narrow sock, hard top, "not your" lift cause discomfort: the foot does not feel free, it strongly impacts the shoes when driving, pressure on the upper part, rubbing and pain. Therefore, listen carefully to your feelings when buying a new pair of shoes. A little tip: it's a good idea to buy shoes in the afternoon - by the evening the legs are slightly swollen from the day's load. Thus, the pair you bought will not be close and by the end of the day cause a terrible desire to remove it as soon as possible.
The second reason is also obvious - trauma to the foot. Injuries can be different - from fractures and dislocations to simple bruises and injuries from falling on the foot of something heavy. The severity of the injury is determined with the help of an X-ray, so if this happens, be sure to consult a doctor. Ask for help from friends or relatives if you find it difficult to move around. To go to the hospital is very important, do not start the disease. According to the X-ray, the doctor will determine the type of injury and prescribe the treatment: on-site correction, anesthesia, gypsum or outpatient treatment.
We turn to the diseases that cover the entire foot and responding pain in the upper part of the foot. It can be both known flatfoot and arthritis, and lesser known, but more dangerous hygroma, ganglion, "march stop," gout. Also, if you are interested, you can read about the pain in the sole of the foot.
As you know, flat feet - this is a violation of the correct shape of the foot. Flat feet can be congenital, and can appear due to weight gain, overload of feet due to a profession that assumes a long standing position, due to a decrease in muscle strength with age, wearing narrow uncomfortable shoes. The flat feet are as follows: the arch of the foot is smoothed out and loses its ascent, while the interposition of the foot bones changes pathologically( they approach each other), and because of this, important nerves and tendons are squeezed and ligaments are stretched. A man with a flatfoot rests on the entire foot, and not only on the outer part of it. Pain in the foot appears with the further development of flat feet. Plain foot exercises are treated with gymnastics, orthopedic footwear( or insoles), general strengthening procedures.
Arthritis and arthrosis
Contrary to the widespread misconception, arthritis and arthrosis are different diseases. They are similar in that both suffer from joints. However, if arthrosis only hurts the joints, then with arthritis inflammatory processes appear throughout the body. Also, as you know, arthrosis appears with age, and arthritis is characteristic for the age group up to 40 years. The essence of arthritis and arthrosis is that the antibodies produced by the body, for some reason, attack not only pathogenic bacteria, but also the body itself. The valves of the heart and the joints of the hands and feet are subject to attack. Therefore, there may be pain in the foot from above. Affected joints eventually deform and collapse. Painful sensations in the affected areas appear not only during movement, but also at rest. Also, the joints begin to crunch. For the treatment of arthritis and arthrosis, the doctor prescribes a decrease in the load on the joints, anti-inflammatory ointments and injections of hormonal drugs, exercise therapy and diet, and physiotherapy.
At the "march stop" the upper part hurts. The name of the diagnosis is due to the fact that it is most often caused by a military march and found in soldiers at the beginning of the service. Also, this disease occurs because of frequent climbing the stairs and lifting heavy objects. These loads exert an unusually strong pressure on the joints and ligaments of the foot, which leads to deformations of the bone structure, which causes pain.
For treatment it is necessary to address to the traumatologist. It is treated strictly conservatively, that is, with the help of gypsum and subsequent physiotherapeutic procedures( massage, warm paraffin, etc.).
If the foot is swollen from above and it hurts - it can be a hygroma. This benign tumor near the joints - a congestion of fluid and mucus and pathological impurities. Outwardly it is a lump rising above the foot. Appears due to heavy loads or unsuitable, uncomfortable shoes. Over time, it sprouts and begins to ache. For the same reasons, the ganglion appears. Only in contrast to the hygroma, this is the accumulation of nerve cells and fluids, and it forms in the area of the tendons. These tumors, in which the upper leg hurts, are treated like this: the tumor is pierced, its contents are removed, the disinfecting composition is introduced, and then the leg is fixed for a certain period in one position.
Gout arises from metabolic disorders due to excessive consumption of coffee, tobacco, alcohol, or impaired renal function. Because of this, uric acid begins to accumulate in the joints. Together with gout develops gouty arthritis, because of which pain in the leg appears. The pain is very strong and sudden, any touch strengthens it. The diagnosis is set by the doctor during special studies. It is treated with anti-inflammatory drugs and diets.
Do not neglect the simple rules of prevention:
- wear comfortable and suitable shoes;
- move more, but do not allow high loads and overstrain of the foot;
- eat properly and rationally, do not forget about vitamins.
What to do if the foot is aching in the foot and how to treat such pain?
Pain is always unpleasant, no matter where it is located. And this is the body's signal that something is wrong. And because of what the leg in the field of foot can hurt? What to do in this case?
Causes of pain
If foot pains hurt, then this is due to some reason. We list the most common:Plantar fasciitis. This disease occurs due to inflammation of the plantar fascia, which is part of the connective tissue of the foot, extending from the heel part to the very toes. If the ligament of the plantar fascia is excessively stretched and damaged( due to heavy loads or excess weight), then painful sensations arise. Particularly aching feet after sleep, when they are not yet developed. It is difficult for a person to walk and even stand. In the absence of necessary measures, fasciitis can develop into a heel spur.
What should I do?
What should I do? First of all, we need to find out why the feet hurt in this place. After all, symptoms can be eliminated and quite successfully, but it is important to identify and eliminate the cause, only then the pain will go away forever. Find out what causes pain, maybe a doctor. He is likely to prescribe an X-ray. Sometimes other tests are needed to identify all possible disorders that could affect the condition of the foot. So the first thing you have to do is contact a specialist. This may be a surgeon, neurologist, orthopedist, rheumatologist or angio-surgeon. First you can visit your own doctor-therapist, so that he gives directions to a specialist.
In each case, a particular treatment is indicated. We list several cases.
- Injuries require medical intervention, because if the position is not corrected by a specialist, the stop can function incorrectly or completely lose its mobility.
- Treatment of fasciitis can be conservative or surgical. In the first case, the patient is assigned certain exercises aimed at stretching the calcaneal tendon. In addition, it is often fixed in a certain position. Recovery may take a full year. And if no measures help, then surgery is indicated.
- The heel spur is eliminated with the help of massage and wearing special insoles, which evenly distribute the load on the foot. In addition, the doctor can prescribe medications. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are indicated( for example, "Movalis" or "Diclofenac").Sometimes help hormones, corticosteroids( "Diprospan").Another method of treatment is shock wave therapy. In particularly severe cases, surgery is required.
- Treating bursitis involves providing a rest stop. Bandage bandages are applied, sometimes massage helps. Also, a doctor can prescribe anti-inflammatory and pain medications.
- Neuroma is treated with conservative methods: wearing free footwear, using anti-inflammatory drugs. If the measures are useless, then the tumor is excised surgically.
- Corns heal themselves, sometimes treatment with antiseptics is required( if a wound has formed on the spot of the callus).
- With flat feet, wearing special orthopedic shoes is required, as well as a certain gymnastics.
- Treatment of osteomyelitis should be comprehensive. In particular, it is conducted in several directions: strengthening of immunity, elimination of the cause of infection and relief of symptoms. Sometimes an operation is shown.
- Anesthetic and antiseptic drugs are used to treat arthritis.
- Treatment of gout suggests a decrease in the level of uric acid in the body, a certain diet and exercise.
To prevent the foot from hurting or swelling, just follow some guidelines:
- Make sure that the foot load is moderate. Avoid overvoltage.
- Be careful, avoid injury and damage.
- Protect yourself from infections.
- Treat any wounds on the feet with antiseptics. Wear only comfortable shoes.
- Eat right and varied.
- Keep track of your health.
You can only add that you need to see a doctor. Self-medication can be not only ineffective, but also dangerous.
Types of pain in the foot
The foot, being a complex mechanism, experiences tremendous physical activity during walking, sustaining weight by 50% more than the body weight of a person. With the weakness of the muscular ligaments, a flattening of the sole occurs, which leads to deformation. Pain in walking is very common with flat feet.
Plantar fasciitis is a classic of complaints of pain when walking. Prerequisites are excessive loads, pregnancy, overweight, uncomfortable shoes. The connective tissue that forms the vault is unnecessarily stretched and inflamed. Pain in the heel or arch changes gait, even more straining the fascia, which causes the heel spur.
Possible causes of joint pain
Pain in the joints of the foot indicates many diseases. Arthritis, osteoporosis, gout, deformity of bones, varicose veins, bursitis, flat feet, spectromelalgia, neuroma and age-related changes cause severe suffering to a person with severe pain, especially when walking.
Severe pain in the joints of the foot occurs with inflammation, which is caused by arthritis. When the shoes become uncomfortable, you have to seek help from an orthopedist. At any age, arthritis reduces joint mobility, especially in the morning. Edema, redness of the skin, deterioration of overall health are common signs of inflammation. Usually, for treatment, the doctor prescribes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Arthritis causes osteoarthritis - dystrophic changes in the joints and tissues of the cartilage, destruction of the bone surface. Deformations lead to the fact that one toe comes to the other, and there are difficulties in the selection of shoes. When you walk, you hear a crunch and creak in the joints of your feet. Often there are dull pain at night, and morning stiffness occurs during movements.
Paroxysmal night pains accompany gout, which develops due to the accumulation of salt crystals of uric acid, which has sharp and prickly facets. Even a slight depression of the swollen joint causes unbearable pain.
Pain in the front of the foot
Chronic pain in the foot pad is not only the consequence of shoes on their heels and the day spent on their feet. The most common cause is Morton's neuroma - inflammation of the tissues due to pinching of the nerve. Pillow burns, tingles, disturbs the cramps of the front of the foot.
The front of the foot hurts with inflammation of the joints of the sesamoid bones of the thumb. The disease proceeds without external manifestations and is usually associated with thinning of the fatty layer.
The puncture is located between the phalanx of the fingers and the tarsal bone. Pain in the metatarsus of the foot is associated with lesions of one of the five tubular bones, as well as their tendons. The displacement of the head of bones leads to inflammation of the joint and all its elements, and the correct sign is the formation of persistent corns.
Sometimes an inclined ankle can cause fracture. Direct strokes also increase the risk of injury. The crunch testifies to the violation of the integrity of the bone: the finger is shortened and deviates to the side. Osteoporosis, long loads on the legs( jumping, running) cause the appearance of cracks in the metatarsal bones, as a result of which they ache after the load, and the surface of the foot swells.
The foot bones suffer from age-related deformities caused by decreased bone tissue density. Changes in the structure of the ankle( metatarsalgia) also cause pain, numbness. Starting factors are excess weight and heavy sports training.
Bulging bones and neoplasms
The appearance of protrusions, outgrowths is not the result of a poor choice of shoes. Many diseases of the distal part of the limb are manifested by bulging the bones in the sides, from above or directly on the sole. The cone from the side is most often caused by valgus deformation, which changes the angle of the thumb. The foot hurts as a result of incorrect distribution of loads, inflammation of the joints.
The cones between the heel and the arch are caused by flat feet. Reddened and inflamed formations indicate arthrosis, gout, bursitis, which concentrate at the base of the fingers. Subcutaneous soft ball above the joint means hygromous - cyst or benign tumor. Painful compaction on the foot may be the result of a plantar wart caused by papillomavirus.
Often the cause of pain is simply too intense exercise. If a person has to stay on his feet for a long time, especially in uncomfortable shoes or high heels, muscles and ligaments get very tired. To get rid of discomfort, enough to relax, do a massage and a bath, lie down, putting your feet above the level of the head.
The foot has swollen in the field of foot, has swelled up and hurts when you step, after kompresov it is even more swelled up, what to do?
Who can answer you. ..There is no known cause of the tumor( trauma. .. or disease, null,null,null, there are many diseases of the joints, muscles, ligaments, null,null,) which compresses were used, of which. ..It is not that simple. Look for qualified specialists and surrender to them. ..And here you will not be cured. ..
only step on the other leg, and this one should keep on weight
do not step( do not walk)
Go to the trauma and IMMEDIATELY! !!!
to see a doctor
It is urgent to go to a doctor. And less to step on this leg. Do not become self-medicated.you can hurt yourself.
impose a cold and in the Trauma center!
Ice on the foot and in the emergency room immediately. This inflammation can be purulent. You can not warm up.
for the beginning-diagnosis to establish. ..