Indications for MRI of hip jointsIn our time, the number of abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system has sharply increased. To successfully diagnose a disease, a method of investigation, such as magnetic resonance imaging( MRI), has been developed. Thanks to him, doctors can accurately determine the degree of organ damage.
MRI of hip joints is prescribed for both adults and children. During the procedure, a person is not exposed to X-rays, so it can be used even for examining newborns. This method of research is safe for pregnant women.
MRI is very popular because it has a high degree of informativeness. This method of investigation is used for hip injuries, various diseases affecting this site. In the images, the joint components are clearly visible, which allows physicians to accurately determine the pathological processes taking place in it.
Three-dimensional images are taken during MRI.They can see not only the condition of the bone of the hip joint, but also the vessels. When preparing for surgery, this data is very important, because it allows you to plan the course of the operation in advance.
When should the MRI of an
MRI of the hip be performed in the presence of pain in the hip and lumbar region, the inability to move with the foot, the loss of sensitivity in the limb, edema and other symptoms. Hip fractures are not always visible. That is why tomography is required to establish an accurate diagnosis.
Diagnosis allows to determine the state of these human organs
Hip joint pains can be caused by injuries and the presence of various diseases:
- tumors in tissues, bones;
- dislocations of the hip joint;
- avascular necrosis;
- Perthes disease;
- epiphysis of the head of the hip bone;
- rheumatic diseases;
- Bechterew's disease.
How is MRI of the hip joint done and how to prepare for the procedure? How long does it last? To carry out the diagnosis, it is necessary to lie on the flat surface of the apparatus table, called the magnetic resonance tomograph.
Immediately before the procedure itself, all metal objects are removed from the room. It is impossible, that next to the device there were:
- jewelry or other jewelry.
How the diagnostic device
is arranged. It is important for women to remember that on the day of MRI of the hip joint, it is better not to use cosmetics, since metal particles can be contained in it. Do not wear clothes with lightning or metal clasps, then do not have to change into a hospital shirt. Notify medical staff about the presence of dentures or iron pins in the teeth.
Sometimes there is an indication for the introduction of an MRI contrast component. For example, if you suspect a tumor in the thigh area. The procedure itself is painless, does not require any special preparation. By time it takes a maximum of 30 minutes.
Although such a diagnosis of the hip joint, as magnetic resonance imaging, is safe, there are a number of contraindications that do not allow using it for examination of absolutely all patients.
Contraindications to tomography
Contraindications to MRI of the hip joint are divided into two groups: absolute and relative. It is strictly forbidden to carry out the diagnosis of the hip joint if the patient has a pacemaker, since the magnetic radiation of the equipment can disrupt the functioning of the heart. The presence of electronic implants of the middle ear also serves as a contraindication to this procedure.
Ready image of magnetic resonance imaging
MRI should not be given to patients who have large metal implants or hemostatic clamps in the brain vessel. The device can cause bleeding in the brain. Even if there is evidence for an MRI, the procedure is not performed if the patient is carrying Ilizarov's apparatus.
Relative contraindications relate to temporary conditions in which patients stay. For example, MRI is not performed if a person uses nerve stimulants or has been diagnosed with decompensated heart failure. Carefully prescribed procedure for pregnant women in the first trimester. The doctor should determine the possible risk and whether the benefits of diagnosis exceed the harm to the fetus and the mother. Patients suffering from claustrophobia can not stand for 30 minutes in an enclosed space. Sometimes a person is in a very serious condition that does not allow a CT scan.
Another important contraindication to MRI of the hip joint is the presence on the patient's body of colored tattoos that are made with dyes containing metal components. Any iron element in the patient's body prohibits the examination, since the magnetic field of the apparatus attracts such objects. In some clinics, nurses use a metal detector to make sure there are no metal particles in the body.
The main advantage of this diagnostic method is the absence of harmful radiation that occurs during radiography. That is why such a procedure can be done more than once.
How to test a child
Indications for MRI of the hip joint are available if the child is sick. Before the procedure, you should discuss all the details with your doctor. For diagnostics, it is important that the patient lies quietly, then the pictures will be of high quality. But children can not stand long without movement, which makes it difficult to conduct a survey and affects the accuracy of diagnosis.
If a doctor recommends a small patient to have a MRI of a hip joint, it is necessary to discuss the procedure with the child in advance. Explain to the baby how the examination will be carried out. Calm him, stressing that the procedure is painless, he will only need to lie down quietly. Sometimes children are afraid of the sound produced by the tomograph. In some clinics, you can use special headphones that muffle the device.
Before beginning the scan, the health care provider will check if the child has any contraindications to the procedure. These can be pacemakers or metal implants. Tell the nurse about the presence of allergic reactions, if any. Sometimes children are given sedatives so that they lie without moving.
Contrast substance is used for the accuracy of the images. Before entering it, local anesthesia is used. To prevent the child from experiencing discomfort, one of the parents is allowed to stay in the room. But if the mother is on the first trimester of pregnancy, it is better that someone else was with the child.
Subject to all precautions, the examination will be successful. The scan results will be ready in half an hour after the completion of the procedure.
MRI of the hip joint is made by many clinics in Moscow, prices can be specified by phone or on the sites of medical centers.
Contraindications for MRI of the hip joint
If you decide to make an MRI joint, you need to know that there are some contraindications for this survey.
Doctors do not recommend MRI to patients who have metal elements in their body:
- vascular clips;
- endoprosthesis, except titanium.
In principle, to date, all endoprostheses are made from materials that are not subject to the negative effects of MRI devices, but if you have an old design, be sure to notify the doctor.
The magnetic field that the MRI device generates during operation can disrupt the operation of the devices in the patient's body, and the metal parts of the endoprostheses, under the influence of the electromagnetic field, can heat up and shift.
With caution and only for emergency, an MRI of the joint is prescribed and during pregnancy, especially in the first and last trimesters, when the fetus is most vulnerable and there is a threat of miscarriage.
Absolutely contraindicated MRI of the joint with a pregnant contrast at any time and during lactation. Contrast has a harmful effect on the fetus and milk of the nursing mother. If the patient is diagnosed with chronic renal failure, it is also not possible to impose contrast due to further problems with excretion from the body. Some people have an allergy to a contrast agent.
If the patient suffers from claustrophobia, the examination is performed on an open-type MRI device or the person is injected into a sleep state.
Methods Alternative to MRI of the Hip Joint
If a patient needs an MRI joint, there is a suspicion of a neoplasm, dysplasia, mobility problems, and other symptoms, and he has serious contraindications, an alternative method is CT, as well as conventionalradiography. But the x-ray is not as informative as CT.These methods are effective in fractures, bone development abnormalities. You can also make ultrasound, arthrography or arthroscopy.
How the MRI of the Hip Joint is Carried out in Moscow
The Moscow Diagnostic Centers offer patients the opportunity to make an MRI of the joint at an affordable price.
Before the examination, the patient should not have any metal objects, chains, earrings, rings. The person lies on a special horizontal surface of the MRI device, with the fixation of legs and trunk special adaptation. The platform with the patient calls into the ring of the MRI of the device. In the study, the ring rotates around the area of the body being examined. At work the tomograph can make noise, therefore it is recommended to use earplugs.
To make the images on the MRI machine clear, the patient must remain stationary during the procedure. When conducting a contrast test, the substance is injected into the patient's vein. No unpleasant sensations, any discomfort in the study of a person does not feel.
Preparation for examination, time for
No special preparation is required for the MRI of the joint. The patient's lifestyle does not change, there is no need to comply with any diet or taking any medications. To conduct a survey on this device, you need to take a referral from the attending physician, an extract from the card, and other necessary documents. The duration of MRI examination with contrast is about an hour, without contrast - about 30 minutes.
Contrast substance with MRI is used when there is a need to clarify the size and distribution of pathology. The substance is administered intravenously. In general, low-toxic drugs with gadolinium are used in Moscow clinics. Contrast is used to improve the visualization of the area under investigation, as the colorant accumulates through the vessels. A complete excretion from the body takes place during the day.
After the MRI examination, a doctor's opinion is written, if the disease is not difficult and not life-threatening, then the doctor can give it to you in an hour, otherwise, the conclusion is given the next day. The patient receives pictures and a description, which he gives to his doctor.
Provided that the patient underwent the MRI procedure at his own request and the apparatus was found to be in trouble, the person should register for a consultation with a specialized specialist.
Cost of examination
If you are interested in MRI of the hip joint in Moscow, you can call the clinics specializing in this survey, call center operators will give you full and detailed information. The cost depends on several components:
- scanned plot;
- whether the contrast is used or not;
- type of apparatus;
- price policy of the clinic.
It is necessary to know that early in the morning, late at night and at night( some centers work around the clock), the cost is much lower than at the usual time. Clinics that have an MRI device are available in all districts of Moscow.
MRI of the hip joint in Moscow |Price from 4 400 rub.
MRI examination of the hip has long been recognized as one of the most effective and informative to determine or confirm any diagnosis. With the help of the obtained images( in three-dimensional projection), a qualified specialist can examine the structure of this joint in detail, notice the presence of any developmental anomaly or acquired traumas( dislocation, fracture), and evaluate the ongoing physiological processes.
Duration of examination: 20-30 minutes
Preparation for examination: not required
Preparation of conclusion: within one hour
Weight restriction: up to 170 kg.
Cost of examination: from 4 400 rubles.
Location of the clinic: Kuzminki district, Pechatniki, Ryazan
Indications for MRI of the hip joint
Typically, the attending physician can prescribe a hip joint examination with MRI with such indications:
- various diseases of the hip joints. This includes arthritis( rheumatoid and infectious), lupus erythematosus, Bechterew's disease, hemarthrosis, coxarthrosis, etc.;
- deviations in the formation of the hip joint - dysplasia;
- dislocations of the hip joints;
- sharp pains in the pelvic region;
- necrosis of the femoral head.
MRI can be shown to the patient in other cases, at the discretion of the attending physician. Research of this type can be carried out both to confirm the diagnosis( if a certain disease is suspected), and to monitor the condition of the hip joint of the patient whose diagnosis is known.
MRI of the hip joint, price in Moscow
One of the main factors in choosing a diagnostic center for MRI of the hip joint is the cost. In the center "We and Children" is an acceptable price policy, which is accessible to a wide range of people.
The cost of this procedure is 6000 rubles. We also have a certain group of people who, when they apply to us, will receive a discount of 10% - they are pensioners, disabled people, and families with many children. The minimum price threshold with a discount is 3600 rubles.
Advantages of performing an MRI procedure in the "We and Children" center
We choose the Diagnostic Center "We and Children" for the MRI procedure for the hip joint for the following reasons:
- The hip joint is performed using a modern device that provides high-precision data on the patient's conditionthis moment.
- Fast process of diagnostics and providing results - within 1 hour.
- MRI examination is performed only by experienced radiologists, who have achieved great success in diagnosis.
- Wide age range. It is possible to study the hip joint with an MRI device not only for adults, but also for children from the age of 4.This is very important, because recently such a violation of hip joint development as dysplasia occurs in children quite often, and its timely detection and determination of severity is the first stage of proper treatment. The upper limit of the age range is open, that is, without restrictions.
- Patients with a weight of up to 170 kg can be examined.
- During the MRI, a relative may be near the subject.
- No need to wait long in the queue thanks to the pre-recording system.
To find out about the conditions of the procedure for MRI of the hip joint in Moscow, what price, discounts and other information you can by our phone number +7( 495) 798-34-36.Our center is located at: m. Kuzminki ul. Zelenodolskaya, 32, building 5
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MRI of hip joint in Moscow, prices
MRI of hip joint: advanced diagnostics of soft tissues
When there is a need for diagnostics of tissues and surrounding elements of the joints, very successfully recommends a MRI of the hip joint. Any damage that affects this area is fraught with serious consequences for the general condition and specifically the musculoskeletal system, which is why it becomes necessary to accurately examine the joints and to identify the cause of the disease. Given that the MRI does not show the exact anomalies or pathologies of the bone, since it is configured to detect defects in surrounding elements, if suspicions of inflammation of the solid material itself are directly involved, other forms and methods of diagnosis, such as radiography, should be consulted.
In MRI images, pathologies of tendons, foci of inflammatory processes, hemorrhages, purulent or bloody formations, other abnormalities and defects, deformations are clearly visible. MRI of the hip joint is very often prescribed when osteonecrosis is suspected, which begins its formation under the cartilage of the joints. MRI can detect foci with a size of a tenth of a millimeter. As a rule, tomography is prescribed by either traumatologists or rheumatologists, who deal with injuries, inflammatory processes of the joints. In addition to the above situations, MRI is strongly recommended when:
- shows signs of arthritis or arthrosis;
- sharp or aching pain after injury, or without it;
- contraindications to passage of other radiographs;
- other rheumatic diseases that can spread to the hip area;
- mechanical injuries, deformation of joints, dislocations, visible lesions;
- abnormalities in the formation and development of joints;
- neoplasms and suspicions for oncological diseases;
- preparation for intervention in the hip joint.
Types of MRI of the hip: how to choose
There are two methods of MRI: the standard - without special preparations, and contrasted - through the introduction of iodinated substance into the blood. As a rule, contrasting is used in special cases, when it is necessary to "highlight" and express defects and anomalies of the body. More often it concerns tumors that have a dense blood-grid, a bright spot visible in the picture of MRI.The mechanism of such "illumination" is the ingress of a special iodinated substance into the blood, and its spread through the veins and vessels of the body. Interacting with magnetic fields, iodine is significantly highlighted, appearing in the picture. A contrasted MRI of the hip joint in Moscow can be performed in most clinics that perform these procedures, but the price will be slightly different, because the price will also include the price of the drug.
The patient can independently choose the second method of MRI, or use the recommendation of a doctor. Before passing the procedure, you must cancel lunch for 6 hours. It is best to take an MRI using contrast, on an empty stomach. The substance itself will not have a negative effect, unless, of course, the patient has an allergy to iodine. Completely it leaves the body after 24 hours.
Cautions for MRI of the hip
Before deciding on an MRI, you should read the contraindications and cautions of the procedure. Thus, it is strictly forbidden tomography to persons who have built-in metal implants, for example, spokes or plates. Allowed are such metals that do not have magnetic properties, for example titanium. If we neglect this, the magnetic field of the MRI device can significantly affect the metal, heating, and maybe even shifting it in soft tissues, causing pain or internal bleeding. Similarly, MRI of the hip joint and patients with pacemakers or other devices in the body that are capable of distorting their work after the influence of magnetic fields are prohibited. Even if the stimulants are made entirely of plastic or other material that is not subjected to magnetic reactions - do not take chances.
Contrast MRI is also prohibited for pregnant women, and usual - is not recommended in the first few months. In addition to categorical prohibitions, doctors do not recommend passing MRI to patients suffering acute pains, which are not drowned out by analgesics, since inside the scanner should lie without movements, which is unlikely to happen with constant pain.
MRI of the hip joint
MRI of the hip and knee joint in Moscow takes only about an hour of time, which the patient spends lying on the table top of the device. As a rule, it is additionally fastened, guaranteeing a greater degree of stability and protection from movements. The table with the patient automatically slowly enters the MRI tube, which starts to rotate, taking a lot of pictures. Subsequently, the joint can be viewed from all sides, thanks to the rotating tunnel of the apparatus. The hip joint is scanned from three sides, decomposing into thin layers, so that you can reliably view each and identify the problem. MRI provides one hundred percent accurate diagnostic result.